Roots of Brazilian Relative Economic Backwardness Book

Roots of Brazilian Relative Economic Backwardness


  • Author : Alexandre Rands Barros
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-07-19
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128097571

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Roots of Brazilian Relative Economic Backwardness Excerpt :

Roots of Brazil’s Relative Economic Backwardness explains Brazil’s development level in light of modern theories regarding economic growth and international economics. It focuses on both the proximate and fundamental causes of Brazil’s slow development, turning currently dominant hypotheses upside down. To support its arguments, the book presents extensive statistical analysis of Brazilian long-term development, with some new series on per capita GDP, population ethnical composition, and human capital stock, among others. It is an important resource in the ongoing debate on the causes of Latin American underdeveloped economies. Argues that low human capital accumulation is the major source of Brazilian relative underdevelopment Considers class conflict as the major determinant of Brazil’s historically low human capital accumulation and underdevelopment Presents new statistical information about Brazilian early development

The Oxford Handbook of the Brazilian Economy Book

The Oxford Handbook of the Brazilian Economy


  • Author : Edmund Amann
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-08-01
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 864
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190600006

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The Oxford Handbook of the Brazilian Economy Excerpt :

Brazil is a globally vital but troubled economy. This volume offers comprehensive insight into Brazil's economic development, focusing on its most salient characteristics and analyzing its structural features across various dimensions. This innovative Oxford Handbook provides an understanding of the economy's evolution over time and highlights the implications of the past trajectory and decisions for current challenges and opportunities. The opening section covers the country's economic history, beginning with the colonial economy, through import-substitution, to the era of neoliberalism. Second, it analyses Brazil's broader place in the global economy, and considers the ways in which this role has changed, and is likely to change, over coming years. Particular attention is given to the productive sectors of Brazil's economy, for example manufacturing, agriculture, services, energy, and infrastructure. In addition to discussions of regional differences within Brazil, socio-economic dimensions are examined. These include income distribution, human capital, environmental issues, and health. Also included is a discussion of Brazil in the world economy, such as the increase in "South-South" cooperation and trade as well as foreign direct investment. Last but not least is a discussion of the role of the Brazilian state in the economy, whether through state enterprises, competition policy, or corruption.

INDIA   S GDP LOW  WHY   Book

INDIA S GDP LOW WHY


  • Author : Dr. V.V.L.N. Sastry
  • Publisher : Idea Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-04-06
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN 10 : 978186723xxxx

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INDIA S GDP LOW WHY Excerpt :

India is the second most populous country in the world. India’s economy is characterized by marginalization and exclusion due to social inequalities. Low rates of female participation in the labor force has also hampered the growth of the Indian economy. The majority of businesses in India are small-scale enterprises (SSEs). It does not have adequate skilled workers given that its system of offering vocational training is not tailor-made to address the specific needs of the informal or casual labor force which makes up for at least 90% of the total workers in India. State governments play a major role in the allocation of resources as they account for approximately 57% of total expenditure in India. Most Indian firms depend on politicians and public officials for resources supplied by the government to facilitate various aspects of their operations. Agriculture, manufacturing, and services are the main economic sectors in India. Therefore, they would provide a good indication of the economic health of the country. India has one of the largest service sectors in the world and is the export hub of software services. Its market share in the total global outsourcing market is approximately 55%. India’s middle class is expected to grow economically to account for 17% of the global consumption, which would be second largest in the world. Increase in the young working population is also expected to contribute towards the future growth of the manufacturing sector in India. India is the 7th largest country in the world in terms of national nominal GDPs. But, the GDP does not commensurate with the population it boasts of as the per capita income is very low and lesser than per capita income of Argentina, Malaysia,Mexico, and Nigeria. It is also the third largest economy in the world in terms of national purchasing power parity (PPP). However, India is striving to achieve economic development to match the economies of developed nations. India has a long way to go to match

Rethinking International Political Economy Book

Rethinking International Political Economy


  • Author : Cohen, Benjamin J.
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release Date : 2022-02-11
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789908657

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Rethinking International Political Economy Excerpt :

In this timely book, Benjamin J. Cohen identifies and analyses a range of critical pathologies currently afflicting the field of international political economy (IPE) and offers remedies to restore the field’s vitality. The book addresses the purpose of IPE as a field of study, highlighting the key questions posed by scholars since the modern field’s inception, and explores how research seeks to engage with politics in practice.

Case Studies in the Origins of Capitalism Book

Case Studies in the Origins of Capitalism


  • Author : Xavier Lafrance
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-09-19
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319956572

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Case Studies in the Origins of Capitalism Excerpt :

This edited volume builds and expands on the groundbreaking work of Robert Brenner and Ellen Meiksins Wood on the origins of capitalism. Whereas Brenner and Wood focused mostly on the emergence of capitalism in the English countryside (agrarian capitalism), this book utilizes their approach to offer original, theoretically sophisticated, and empirically informed accounts of transitions to capitalism – both agrarian and industrial – in a wide range of countries in order to provide within a single volume a diverse collection of relatively brief yet detailed case studies of the historical transition to capitalism distributed across three continents. Offering a new and highly original analysis of the global spread of capitalism, this book will be a unique contribution to the longstanding debate on the transition to capitalism.

The Economic Growth of Brazil Book

The Economic Growth of Brazil


  • Author : Celso Furtado
  • Publisher : University of California Press
  • Release Date : 2021-05-28
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN 10 : 9780520365315

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The Economic Growth of Brazil Excerpt :

This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1963.

Brazil Book

Brazil


  • Author : Leslie Bethell
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 1989-05-26
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 0521368375

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Brazil Excerpt :

The transformation of Brazil from Portuguese colony to independent nation continues through Brazilian independence to the Paraguayan War, the age of reform (1870-1889) and The First Republic (1889-1930).

The Independence of Latin America Book

The Independence of Latin America


  • Author : Leslie Bethell
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 1987-05-07
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN 10 : 0521349273

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The Independence of Latin America Excerpt :

Latin America's quest for independence is revealed through the national struggles of Mexico, Spanish Central and South America, and Brazil. Excerpted from the Cambridge History of Latin America.

The Cambridge History of Latin America Book
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The Cambridge History of Latin America


  • Author : Leslie Bethell
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 1984
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 978
  • ISBN 10 : 0521232244

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The Cambridge History of Latin America Excerpt :

Volume III looks at the period of history in Latin America from independence to c.1870.

Diverse Development Paths and Structural Transformation in the Escape from Poverty Book

Diverse Development Paths and Structural Transformation in the Escape from Poverty


  • Author : Martin Andersson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-21
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191057175

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Diverse Development Paths and Structural Transformation in the Escape from Poverty Excerpt :

This volume analyzes the experiences of developing countries in Asia, Latin America, and Sub-Saharan Africa, and examines how they might catch up. Based on growth performance across the developing world over the last five decades, it offers a thorough account of the possibilities to engage in such processes in an increasingly globalized world. Together, the chapters highlight the diversity and variation of development pathways and provide valuable lessons and implications for how to approach this difficult question. The book shows the importance of acknowledging that the process of development is dynamic and that the possibilities for catch up are situation dependent. At the same time it makes clear that without structural change, and in particular agricultural transformation, sustained catch up is unlikely to happen. The volume demonstrates how analysis of current growth processes in developing countries can be enriched by paying closer attention to the multifaceted nature of both economic backwardness and successful pathways to escape it.

Contemporary Authors New Revision Book

Contemporary Authors New Revision


  • Author : Pamela Dear
  • Publisher : Contemporary Authors New Revis
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN 10 : 0787630942

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Contemporary Authors New Revision Excerpt :

In response to the escalating need for up-to-date information on writers, Contemporary Authors® New Revision Series brings researchers the most recent data on the world's most-popular authors. These exciting and unique author profiles are essential to your holdings because sketches are entirely revised and up-to-date, and completely replace the original Contemporary Authors® entries. For your convenience, a soft-cover cumulative index is sent biannually.

New Order and Progress Book

New Order and Progress


  • Author : Ben Ross Schneider
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2016
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190462888

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New Order and Progress Excerpt :

"Collectively, the chapters offer sobering insight into why Brazil has not been the rising economic star of the BRIC [Brazil, Russia, India and China] that many predicted it would be, but also documents the gains that Brazil has made toward greater equality and stability ... The authors analyze core issues in Brazil's evolving political economy, including falling inequality, the new middle class, equalizing federalism, the politicization of the federal bureaucracy, resurgent state capitalism, labor market discrimination, survival of political dynasties, the expansion of suffrage, oil and the resource curse, exchange rates and capital controls, protest movements, and the frayed social contract."--Provided by publisher.

International Development Book

International Development


  • Author : Bruce Currie-Alder
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2014
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 972
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199671663

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International Development Excerpt :

A central premise is that an objective and universally‐accepted measure of “success” in development and paths to it does not exist.

International Capital Flows Book

International Capital Flows


  • Author : Martin Feldstein
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2007-12-01
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 578
  • ISBN 10 : 9780226241807

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International Capital Flows Excerpt :

Recent changes in technology, along with the opening up of many regions previously closed to investment, have led to explosive growth in the international movement of capital. Flows from foreign direct investment and debt and equity financing can bring countries substantial gains by augmenting local savings and by improving technology and incentives. Investing companies acquire market access, lower cost inputs, and opportunities for profitable introductions of production methods in the countries where they invest. But, as was underscored recently by the economic and financial crises in several Asian countries, capital flows can also bring risks. Although there is no simple explanation of the currency crisis in Asia, it is clear that fixed exchange rates and chronic deficits increased the likelihood of a breakdown. Similarly, during the 1970s, the United States and other industrial countries loaned OPEC surpluses to borrowers in Latin America. But when the U.S. Federal Reserve raised interest rates to control soaring inflation, the result was a widespread debt moratorium in Latin America as many countries throughout the region struggled to pay the high interest on their foreign loans. International Capital Flows contains recent work by eminent scholars and practitioners on the experience of capital flows to Latin America, Asia, and eastern Europe. These papers discuss the role of banks, equity markets, and foreign direct investment in international capital flows, and the risks that investors and others face with these transactions. By focusing on capital flows' productivity and determinants, and the policy issues they raise, this collection is a valuable resource for economists, policymakers, and financial market participants.