Salience Network of the Human Brain Book

Salience Network of the Human Brain

  • Author : Lucina Q. Uddin
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-08-24
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 46
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128045947

Salience Network of the Human Brain Excerpt :

Salience Network of the Human Brain focuses on the multiple sources of stimuli that compete for our attention, providing interesting discussions on how the relative salience—importance or prominence—of each of these inputs determines which ones we choose to focus on for more in-depth processing. The salience network is a collection of regions of the brain that select which stimuli are deserving of our attention. The network has key nodes in the insular cortex and is critical for detecting behaviorally relevant stimuli and for coordinating the brain’s neural resources in response to these stimuli. The insular cortex is a complex and multipurpose structure that plays a role in numerous cognitive functions related to perception, emotion, and interpersonal experience—and the failure of this network to function properly can lead to numerous neuropsychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorder, psychosis, and dementia. Presents the only publication available that summarizes our understanding of the salience network in one resource Authored by a leading research on this important aspect of attention Focuses on the multiple sources of stimuli that compete for our attention, providing interesting discussions on how the relative salience—importance or prominence—of each of these inputs determines which ones we choose to focus on for more in-depth processing

The Claustrum Book

The Claustrum

  • Author : John R. Smythies
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-11-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124047228

The Claustrum Excerpt :

The present day is witnessing an explosion of our understanding of how the brain works at all levels, in which complexity is piled on complexity, and mechanisms of astonishing elegance are being continually discovered. This process is most developed in the major areas of the brain, such as the cortex, thalamus, and striatum. The Claustrum instead focuses on a small, remote, and, until recently, relatively unknown area of the brain. In recent years, researchers have come to believe that the claustrum is concerned with consciousness, a bold hypothesis supported by the claustrum’s two-way connections with nearly every other region of the brain and its seeming involvement with multisensory integrations—the hallmark of consciousness. The claustrum, previously in a humble position at the back of the stage, might in fact be the conductor of the brain’s orchestra. The Claustrum brings together leading experts on the claustrum from the varied disciplines of neuroscience, providing a state-of-the-art presentation of what is currently known about the claustrum, promising lines of current research (including epigenetics), and projections of new lines of investigation on the horizon. Develops a unifying hypothesis about the claustrum’s role in consciousness, as well as the integration of sensory information and other higher brain functions. Discusses the involvement of the claustrum with autism, schizophrenia, epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease Coverage of all aspects of the claustrum, from its evolution and development to promising new lines of research, including epigenetics, provides a platform and point of reference for future investigative efforts

Brain Mapping Book

Brain Mapping

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-02-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 2658
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123973160

Brain Mapping Excerpt :

Brain Mapping: A Comprehensive Reference offers foundational information for students and researchers across neuroscience. With over 300 articles and a media rich environment, this resource provides exhaustive coverage of the methods and systems involved in brain mapping, fully links the data to disease (presenting side by side maps of healthy and diseased brains for direct comparisons), and offers data sets and fully annotated color images. Each entry is built on a layered approach of the content – basic information for those new to the area and more detailed material for experienced readers. Edited and authored by the leading experts in the field, this work offers the most reputable, easily searchable content with cross referencing across articles, a one-stop reference for students, researchers and teaching faculty. Broad overview of neuroimaging concepts with applications across the neurosciences and biomedical research Fully annotated color images and videos for best comprehension of concepts Layered content for readers of different levels of expertise Easily searchable entries for quick access of reputable information Live reference links to ScienceDirect, Scopus and PubMed

Systems Neuroscience in Depression Book

Systems Neuroscience in Depression

  • Author : Thomas Frodl
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-09-01
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128026281

Systems Neuroscience in Depression Excerpt :

Systems Neuroscience in Depression provides a comprehensive overview of the normal and depressed brain processes as studied from a systems neuroscience perspective. Systems neuroscience uses a wide variety of approaches to study how networks of neurons form the bases of higher brain function. A broad overview is discussed starting with a background from neurodevelopment and neural understanding as well as novel treatment approaches for depression. This book covers basic developmental aspects and depressive psychopathology, as well as the basic scientific background from animal models and experimental research. Current advances in systems neuroscience are highlighted in studies from child and adolescent psychiatry. Integrated approaches are presented with regards to genetics, neuroimaging and neuroinflammation as well as neuroendocrinology. The field of systems and network neuroscience is evolving rapidly and this book provides a greatly needed resource for researchers and practitioners in systems neuroscience and psychiatry. Knowledge covering the whole life span from early to later life Comprehensively written chapters developing from molecules via epigenetics and neural circuits to clinical neuroscience Understanding the neurobiology of major depressive disorder Integrating stress and environmental factors with molecular underpinnings More than 25 illustrations and tables

Brain Connectivity in Autism Book

Brain Connectivity in Autism

  • Author : Rajesh K. Kana
  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release Date : 2014-09-23
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889192823

Brain Connectivity in Autism Excerpt :

Neuroscience of Creativity Book

Neuroscience of Creativity

  • Author : Oshin Vartanian
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2013-08-30
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262314701

Neuroscience of Creativity Excerpt :

Experts describe current perspectives and experimental approaches to understanding the neural bases of creativity. This volume offers a comprehensive overview of the latest neuroscientific approaches to the scientific study of creativity. In chapters that progress logically from neurobiological fundamentals to systems neuroscience and neuroimaging, leading scholars describe the latest theoretical, genetic, structural, clinical, functional, and applied research on the neural bases of creativity. The treatment is both broad and in depth, offering a range of neuroscientific perspectives with detailed coverage by experts in each area. The contributors discuss such issues as the heritability of creativity; creativity in patients with brain damage, neurodegenerative conditions, and mental illness; clinical interventions and the relationship between psychopathology and creativity; neuroimaging studies of intelligence and creativity; the neuroscientific basis of creativity-enhancing methodologies; and the information-processing challenges of viewing visual art. Contributors Baptiste Barbot, Mathias Benedek, David Q. Beversdorf, Aaron P. Blaisdell, Margaret A. Boden, Dorret I. Boomsma, Adam S. Bristol, Shelley Carson, Marleen H. M. de Moor, Andreas Fink, Liane Gabora, Dennis Garlick, Elena L. Grigorenko, Richard J. Haier, Rex E. Jung, James C. Kaufman, Helmut Leder, Kenneth J. Leising, Bruce L. Miller, Apara Ranjan, Mark P. Roeling, W. David Stahlman, Mei Tan, Pablo P. L. Tinio, Oshin Vartanian, Indre V. Viskontas, Dahlia W. Zaidel

Connectivity and Functional Specialization in the Brain Book

Connectivity and Functional Specialization in the Brain

  • Author : Thomas Heinbockel
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2021-06-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN 10 : 9781839627965

Connectivity and Functional Specialization in the Brain Excerpt :

‘Connectivity and Functional Specialization in the Brain’ is a topic that describes nerve cells in terms of their anatomical and functional connections. The term connectome refers to a comprehensive map of neural connections, like a wiring diagram of an organism’s nervous system. Connectomics, the study of connectomes, can be applied to individual neurons and their synaptic connections, as well as to connections between neuronal populations or to functional and structural connectivity of different brain regions. This book addresses neural connectivity at these various scales in health and disease. The chapters review novel findings related to neuroanatomy and cell biology, neurophysiology, neural plasticity, changes of connectivity in neurological disorders, and sensory system connectivity. The book provides the reader with an overview of the current state-of-the-art of research of neural connectivity and focuses on the most important evidence-based developments in this area. Individual chapters focus on recent advances in specific areas of neural connectivity and in different brain regions. All chapters represent recent contributions to the rapidly developing field of neural connectivity.

Cyberpsychology and the Brain Book

Cyberpsychology and the Brain

  • Author : Thomas D. Parsons
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-04-07
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107094871

Cyberpsychology and the Brain Excerpt :

This book proposes a framework for integrating neuroscience and cyberpsychology for the study of social, cognitive, and affective processes.

Psychiatric Neuroimaging Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Psychiatric Neuroimaging

  • Author : Virginia Ng
  • Publisher : IOS Press
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 253
  • ISBN 10 : 1586033441

Psychiatric Neuroimaging Excerpt :

Augmented Cognition  Neurocognition and Machine Learning Book

Augmented Cognition Neurocognition and Machine Learning

  • Author : Dylan D. Schmorrow
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-06-28
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 586
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319586281

Augmented Cognition Neurocognition and Machine Learning Excerpt :

This volume constitutes the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Augmented Cognition, AC 2017, held as part of the International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2017, which took place in Vancouver, BC, Canada, in July 2017. HCII 2017 received a total of 4340 submissions, of which 1228 papers were accepted for publication after a careful reviewing process. The papers thoroughly cover the entire field of Human-Computer Interaction, addressing major advances in knowledge and effective use of computers in a variety of application areas. The two volumes set of AC 2017 presents 81 papers which are organized in the following topical sections: electroencephalography and brain activity measurement, eye tracking in augmented cognition, physiological measuring and bio-sensing, machine learning in augmented cognition, cognitive load and performance, adaptive learning systems, brain-computer interfaces, human cognition and behavior in complex tasks and environments.

Rhythms of the Brain Book
Score: 4
From 3 Ratings

Rhythms of the Brain

  • Author : Gyorgy Buzsaki
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2006-08-03
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198041252

Rhythms of the Brain Excerpt :

This book provides eloquent support for the idea that spontaneous neuron activity, far from being mere noise, is actually the source of our cognitive abilities. In a sequence of "cycles," György Buzsáki guides the reader from the physics of oscillations through neuronal assembly organization to complex cognitive processing and memory storage. His clear, fluid writing-accessible to any reader with some scientific knowledge-is supplemented by extensive footnotes and references that make it just as gratifying and instructive a read for the specialist. The coherent view of a single author who has been at the forefront of research in this exciting field, this volume is essential reading for anyone interested in our rapidly evolving understanding of the brain.

Assessment of Depression Book

Assessment of Depression

  • Author : Norman Sartorius
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642704864

Assessment of Depression Excerpt :

Published on Behalf of the World Health Organization

Neuroscience in the 21st Century Book

Neuroscience in the 21st Century

  • Author : Donald W. Pfaff
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-10-21
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 4144
  • ISBN 10 : 1493934732

Neuroscience in the 21st Century Excerpt :

Edited and authored by a wealth of international experts in neuroscience and related disciplines, this key new resource aims to offer medical students and graduate researchers around the world a comprehensive introduction and overview of modern neuroscience. Neuroscience research is certain to prove a vital element in combating mental illness in its various incarnations, a strategic battleground in the future of medicine, as the prevalence of mental disorders is becoming better understood each year. Hundreds of millions of people worldwide are affected by mental, behavioral, neurological and substance use disorders. The World Health Organization estimated in 2002 that 154 million people globally suffer from depression and 25 million people from schizophrenia; 91 million people are affected by alcohol use disorders and 15 million by drug use disorders. A more recent WHO report shows that 50 million people suffer from epilepsy and 24 million from Alzheimer’s and other dementias. Because neuroscience takes the etiology of disease—the complex interplay between biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors—as its object of inquiry, it is increasingly valuable in understanding an array of medical conditions. A recent report by the United States’ Surgeon General cites several such diseases: schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, early-onset depression, autism, attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder, anorexia nervosa, and panic disorder, among many others. Not only is this volume a boon to those wishing to understand the future of neuroscience, it also aims to encourage the initiation of neuroscience programs in developing countries, featuring as it does an appendix full of advice on how to develop such programs. With broad coverage of both basic science and clinical issues, comprising around 150 chapters from a diversity of international authors and including complementary video components, Neuroscience in the 21st Century in its second edition serves as a comp

Consciousness and the Social Brain Book
Score: 4
From 2 Ratings

Consciousness and the Social Brain

  • Author : Michael S. A. Graziano
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-08-01
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199928651

Consciousness and the Social Brain Excerpt :

What is consciousness and how can a brain, a mere collection of neurons, create it? In Consciousness and the Social Brain, Princeton neuroscientist Michael Graziano lays out an audacious new theory to account for the deepest mystery of them all. The human brain has evolved a complex circuitry that allows it to be socially intelligent. This social machinery has only just begun to be studied in detail. One function of this circuitry is to attribute awareness to others: to compute that person Y is aware of thing X. In Graziano's theory, the machinery that attributes awareness to others also attributes it to oneself. Damage that machinery and you disrupt your own awareness. Graziano discusses the science, the evidence, the philosophy, and the surprising implications of this new theory.

Culture  Mind  and Brain Book

Culture Mind and Brain

  • Author : Laurence J. Kirmayer
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-09-24
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781108580571

Culture Mind and Brain Excerpt :

Recent neuroscience research makes it clear that human biology is cultural biology - we develop and live our lives in socially constructed worlds that vary widely in their structure values, and institutions. This integrative volume brings together interdisciplinary perspectives from the human, social, and biological sciences to explore culture, mind, and brain interactions and their impact on personal and societal issues. Contributors provide a fresh look at emerging concepts, models, and applications of the co-constitution of culture, mind, and brain. Chapters survey the latest theoretical and methodological insights alongside the challenges in this area, and describe how these new ideas are being applied in the sciences, humanities, arts, mental health, and everyday life. Readers will gain new appreciation of the ways in which our unique biology and cultural diversity shape behavior and experience, and our ongoing adaptation to a constantly changing world.