Salinity Gradient Heat Engines Book

Salinity Gradient Heat Engines


  • Author : Alessandro Tamburini
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-11-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081028643

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Salinity Gradient Heat Engines Excerpt :

Salinity Gradient Heat Engines classifies all the existing SGHEs and presents an in-depth analysis of their fundamentals, applications and perspectives. The main SGHEs analyzed in this publication are Osmotic, the Reverse Electrodialysis, and the Accumulator Mixing Heat Engines. The production and regeneration unit of both cycles are described and analyzed alongside the related economic and environmental aspects. This approach provides the reader with very thorough knowledge on how these technologies can be developed and implemented as a low-impact power generation technique, wherever low-temperature waste-heat is available. This book will also be a very beneficial resource for academic researchers and graduate students across various disciplines, including energy engineering, chemical engineering, chemistry, physics, electrical and mechanical engineering. Focuses on advanced, yet practical, recovery of waste heat via salinity gradient heat engines Outlines the existing salinity gradient heat engines and discusses fundamentals, potential and perspectives of each of them Includes economics and environmental aspects Provides an innovative reference for all industrial sectors involving processes where low-temperature waste-heat is available.

Salinity Gradient Heat Engines Book

Salinity Gradient Heat Engines


  • Author : Alessandro Tamburini
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-11-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081028476

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Salinity Gradient Heat Engines Excerpt :

Salinity Gradient Heat Engines edited by Dr. Tamburini, Dr. Cipollina and Dr. Micale classifies all the existing SGHEs and presents an in-depth analysis of fundamentals, applications and perspectives on each. The main SGHEs analysed in this publication are Osmotic, the Reverse Electrodialysis and the Accumulator Mixing Heat Engines. The production and regeneration unit of both cycles are described and analysed alongside the related economic and environmental aspects. This approach provides the reader with very thorough knowledge on how these technologies can be developed and implemented as a low-impact power generation technique, wherever low-temperature waste-heat is available. This book is a unique reference for all industry professionals aiming to solve the problem of recovering low-grade heat, and the development of innovative technologies for power generation. It is also an important reference for all those involved in energy efficiency and sustainability, as it provides a more accessible resource for those without particularly high-levels of technological knowledge on related components of SGHEs such as desalination, thermolytic salts and membranes etc. It will also be a very beneficial resource for academic researchers and graduate students across various disciplines including energy engineering, chemical engineering, chemistry, physics, electrical and mechanical engineering. Classifies an innovative set of SGHE technologies from the latest scientific research papers in a dedicated chapter each, discussing fundamentals, advances and potential perspectives Considers economics and environmental aspects of each novel technology presented Focuses on advanced technologies of waste-heat recovery in a very practical way to ensure readers acquire thorough knowledge which can be transferred and implemented into various settings

Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients Book

Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients


  • Author : Andrea Cipollina
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-03-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081003237

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Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients Excerpt :

Salinity gradient energy, also known as blue energy and osmotic energy, is the energy obtainable from the difference in salt concentration between two feed solutions, typically sea water and river water. It is a large-scale renewable resource that can be harvested and converted to electricity. Efficient extraction of this energy is not straightforward, however. Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients provides a comprehensive review of resources, technologies and applications in this area of fast-growing interest. Key technologies covered include pressure retarded osmosis, reverse electrodialysis and accumulator mixing. Environmental and economic aspects are also considered, together with the possible synergies between desalination and salinity gradient energy technologies. Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients is an essential text for R&D professionals in the energy & water industry interested in salinity gradient power and researchers in academia from post-graduate level upwards. For more than ten years the Editors have been sharing substantial research activities in the fields of renewable energy and desalination, successfully participating to a number of European Union research projects and contributing to the relevant scientific literature with more than 100 papers and 2 books on Desalination technologies and their coupling with Renewable Energy. They are intensely working in the field of Salinity Gradient Power, carrying out research with specific focus o.n open-loop and closed-loop reverse electrodialysis and pressure retarded osmosis. Covers applications of pressure retarded osmosis, reverse electrodialysis, and capacitive mixing for salinity gradient power in one convenient volume Presents the environmental aspects and economics of salinity gradient energy Explores possible synergies between desalination and salinity gradient energy

SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION AND PHOTOENERGY SYSTEMS  Thermal Systems and Desalination Plants Volume I Book

SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION AND PHOTOENERGY SYSTEMS Thermal Systems and Desalination Plants Volume I


  • Author : Julian Blanco Gálvez, Sixto Malato Rodríguez, E. Delyannis, Vassilis G. Belessiotis, S. C. Bhattacharya and S. Kumar
  • Publisher : EOLSS Publications
  • Release Date : 2010-11-20
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN 10 : 9781848263758

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SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION AND PHOTOENERGY SYSTEMS Thermal Systems and Desalination Plants Volume I Excerpt :

Solar Energy Conversion and Photoenergy Systems: Thermal Systems and Desalination Plants theme in five volumes is a component of Encyclopedia of Energy Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Solar Energy Conversion and Photoenergy Systems: Thermal Systems and Desalination Plants with contributions from distinguished experts in the field, discusses solar energy, renewable energy, thermal systems, and desalination systems, some of which are already in commercial and practical applications and others are under research and testing level. The volumes provide an analysis and discussion about the reasons behind the current efforts of our society, considering both developed and developing countries, to accelerate the exploitation of the huge solar energy potential in our normal daily lives. The five volumes also provide some basic information about the solar energy potential, history and the amazing trip of a photon from its creation in the Sun until its arrival to the Earth. These five volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers, NGOs and GOs.

Solar Energy Update Book

Solar Energy Update


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1983-08
  • Genre: Solar energy
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : IND:30000090175195

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Low Grade Thermal Energy Harvesting Book

Low Grade Thermal Energy Harvesting


  • Author : Shiren Wang
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2022-03-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128236918

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Low Grade Thermal Energy Harvesting Excerpt :

Low-Grade Thermal Energy Harvesting: Advances in Thermoelectrics, Materials, and Emerging Applications provides readers with fundamental and key concepts surrounding low-grade thermal energy conversion while also reviewing the latest research directions. The book covers the most promising and emerging technologies for low-grade heat recovery, harvesting and conversion, including wearable thermoelectrics and organic thermoelectrics. Each chapter includes key materials, principles, design and fabrication strategies for low-grade heat recovery. Special attention on emerging materials such as organic composites, 2D materials and nanomaterials are also included. The book emphasizes materials and device structures that enable the powering of wearable electronics and consumer electronics. The book is suitable for materials scientists and engineers in academia and R&D in manufacturing, industry, energy and electronics. Introduces key concepts and fundamental principles of low-grade thermal energy harvesting, storage and conversion Provides an overview on key materials, design principles and fabrication strategies for devices for low energy harvesting applications Focuses on materials and device designs that enable wearable thermoelectrics and flexible electronics applications

Ocean Energies Book

Ocean Energies


  • Author : R.H. Charlier
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1993-09-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 533
  • ISBN 10 : 0080870945

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Ocean Energies Excerpt :

This timely volume provides a comprehensive review of current technology for all ocean energies. It opens with an analysis of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC), with and without the use of an intermediate fluid. The historical and economic background is reviewed, and the geographical areas in which this energy could be utilized are pinpointed. The production of hydrogen as a side product, and environmental consequences of OTEC plants are looked at. The competitiveness of OTEC with conventional sources of energy is analysed. Optimisation, current research and development potential are also examined. Separate chapters provide a detailed examination of other ocean energy sources. The possible harnessing of solar ponds, ocean currents, and power derived from salinity differences is considered. There is a fascinating study of marine winds, and the question of using the ocean tides as a source of energy is examined, focussing on a number of tidal power plant projects, including data gathered from China, Australia, Great Britain, Korea and the USSR. Wave energy extraction has excited recent interest and activity, with a number of experimental pilot plants being built in northern Europe. This topic is discussed at length in view of its greater chance of implementation. Finally, geothermal and biomass energy are considered, and an assessment of their future is given. Each chapter contains bibliographic references. The author has also distinguished between energy schemes which might be valuable in less-industrialized regions of the world, but uneconomical in the developed countries. A large number of illustrations support the text. Every effort has been made to ensure that the book is readable and accessible for the specialist as well as the non-expert. It will be of particular interest to energy economists, engineers, geologists and oceanographers, and to environmentalists and environmental engineers.

Energy Research Abstracts Book

Energy Research Abstracts


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1984
  • Genre: Power resources
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : MINN:30000010508731

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Solar Thermal Technology Book

Solar Thermal Technology


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1980
  • Genre: Solar heating
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : CORNELL:31924058343686

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Harnessing Renewable Energy in Electric Power Systems Book

Harnessing Renewable Energy in Electric Power Systems


  • Author : Boaz Moselle
  • Publisher : Earthscan
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN 10 : 9781936331864

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Harnessing Renewable Energy in Electric Power Systems Excerpt :

Reflecting its reliance on fossil fuels, the electric power industry produces the majority of the world's greenhouse gas emissions. The need for a revolution in the industry becomes further apparent given that 'decarbonization' means an increasing electrification of other sectors of the economy�in particular, through a switch from gasoline to electric vehicles. Of the options for producing electric power without significant greenhouse gas emissions, renewable energy is most attractive to policymakers, as it promises increased national self-reliance on energy supplies and the creation of new industries and jobs, without the safety and political concerns of nuclear power or the unproven technology of carbon capture and storage.Drawing on both economic theory and the experiences of the United States and EU member states, Harnessing Renewable Energy addresses the key questions surrounding renewable energy policies. How appropriate is the focus on renewable power as a primary tool for reducing greenhouse gas emissions? If renewable energy is given specific support, what form should that support take? What are the implications for power markets if renewable generation is widely adopted? Thorough and well-evidenced, this book will be of interest to a broad range of policymakers, the electric power industry, and economists who study energy and environmental issues.

Solar Energy Book

Solar Energy


  • Author : International Solar Energy Society
  • Publisher : Earthscan
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 734
  • ISBN 10 : 1902916239

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Solar Energy Excerpt :

First Published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Solar Energy Sciences and Engineering Applications Book

Solar Energy Sciences and Engineering Applications


  • Author : Napoleon Enteria
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2013-12-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 694
  • ISBN 10 : 9781138000131

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Solar Energy Sciences and Engineering Applications Excerpt :

Solar energy is available all over the world in different intensities. Theoretically, the solar energy available on the surface of the earth is enough to support the energy requirements of the entire planet. However, in reality, progress and development of solar science and technology depends to a large extent on human desires and needs. This is due to the various barriers to overcome and to deal with the economics of practical utilization of solar energy. This book introduces the rapid development and progress in the field of solar energy applications for science and technology: the advancement in the field of biological processes & chemical processes; electricity production; and mechanical operations & building operations enhanced by solar energy. The volume covers bio-hydrogen production and other biological processes related to solar energy; chemical processes for the production of hydrogen from water and other endothermic processes using solar energy; the development of thermo-electric production through solar energy; the development of solar ponds for electric energy production; and the mechanical operation with solar energy; the building operation with solar energy optimization and urban planning. This book is an invaluable resource for scientists who need the scientific and technological knowledge of the wide coverage of solar energy sciences and engineering applications. This will further encourage researchers, scientists, engineers and students to stimulate the use of solar energy as an alternative energy source.