Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat Book

Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat


  • Author : Peter T. Harris
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 900
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123851406

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Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat Excerpt :

Annotation This book provides a synthesis of seabed geomorphology and benthic habitats based on the most recent, up-to-date information. Case studies from around the world are presented.

Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat Book

Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat


  • Author : Peter T Harris
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-11-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 936
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123851413

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Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat Excerpt :

The conservation of marine benthic biodiversity is a recognised goal of a number of national and international programs such as the United Nations Convention on Biodiversity (CBD). In order to attain this goal, information is needed about the distribution of life in the ocean so that spatial conservation measures such as marine protected areas (MPAs) can be designed to maximise protection within boundaries of acceptable dimensions. Ideally, a map would be produced that showed the distribution of benthic biodiversity to enable the efficient design of MPAs. The dilemma is that such maps do not exist for most areas and it is not possible at present to predict the spatial distribution of all marine life using the sparse biological information currently available. Knowledge of the geomorphology and biogeography of the seafloor has improved markedly over the past 10 years. Using multibeam sonar, the benthic ecology of submarine features such as fjords, sand banks, coral reefs, seamounts, canyons, mud volcanoes and spreading ridges has been revealed in unprecedented detail. This book provides a synthesis of seabed geomorphology and benthic habitats based on the most recent, up-to-date information. Introductory chapters explain the drivers that underpin the need for benthic habitat maps, including threats to ocean health, the habitat mapping approach based on principles of biogeography and benthic ecology and seabed (geomorphic) classification schemes. Case studies from around the world are then presented. They represent a range of seabed features where detailed bathymetric maps have been combined with seabed video and sampling to yield an integrated picture of the benthic communities that are associated with different types of benthic habitat. The final chapter examines critical knowledge gaps and future directions for benthic habitat mapping research. Reviews and compares the different methodologies currently being used Includes global case studies Provides geological exp

Submarine Geomorphology Book

Submarine Geomorphology


  • Author : Aaron Micallef
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-07-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319578521

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Submarine Geomorphology Excerpt :

This book on the current state of knowledge of submarine geomorphology aims to achieve the goals of the Submarine Geomorphology working group, set up in 2013, by establishing submarine geomorphology as a field of research, disseminating its concepts and techniques among earth scientists and professionals, and encouraging students to develop their skills and knowledge in this field. Editors have invited 30 experts from around the world to contribute chapters to this book, which is divided into 4 sections – (i) Introduction & history, (ii) Data & methods, (ii) Submarine landforms & processes and (iv) Conclusions & future directions. Each chapter provides a review of a topic, establishes the state-of-the-art, identifies the key research questions that need to be addressed, and delineates a strategy on how to achieve this. Submarine geomorphology is a priority for many research institutions, government authorities and industries globally. The book is useful for undergraduate and graduate students, and professionals with limited training in this field.

Marine Geomorphometry Book

Marine Geomorphometry


  • Author : Vanessa Lucieer
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2019-06-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9783038979548

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Marine Geomorphometry Excerpt :

Geomorphometry is the science of quantitative terrain characterization and analysis, and has traditionally focused on the investigation of terrestrial and planetary landscapes. However, applications of marine geomorphometry have now moved beyond the simple adoption of techniques developed for terrestrial studies, driven by the rise in the acquisition of high-resolution seafloor data and by the availability of user-friendly spatial analytical tools. Considering that the seafloor represents 71% of the surface of our planet, this is an important step towards understanding the Earth in its entirety. This volume is the first one dedicated to marine applications of geomorphometry. It showcases studies addressing the five steps of geomorphometry: sampling a surface (e.g., the seafloor), generating a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) from samples, preprocessing the DTM for subsequent analyses (e.g., correcting for errors and artifacts), deriving terrain attributes and/or extracting terrain features from the DTM, and using and explaining those terrain attributes and features in a given context. Throughout these studies, authors address a range of challenges and issues associated with applying geomorphometric techniques to the complex marine environment, including issues related to spatial scale, data quality, and linking seafloor topography with physical, geological, biological, and ecological processes. As marine geomorphometry becomes increasingly recognized as a sub-discipline of geomorphometry, this volume brings together a collection of research articles that reflect the types of studies that are helping to chart the course for the future of marine geomorphometry.

Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat Book

Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat


  • Author : Peter T Harris
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science
  • Release Date : 2019-11-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1076
  • ISBN 10 : 0128149604

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Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat Excerpt :

Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat: GeoHab Atlas of Seafloor Geomorphic Features and Benthic Habitats, Second Edition, provides an updated synthesis of seabed geomorphology and benthic habitats. This new edition includes new case studies from all geographic areas and habitats that were not included in the previous edition, including the Arctic, Asia, Africa and South America. Using multibeam sonar, the benthic ecology of submarine features, such as fjords, sand banks, coral reefs, seamounts, canyons, mud volcanoes and spreading ridges is revealed in unprecedented detail. This timely release offers new understanding for researchers in Marine Biodiversity, environmental managers, ecologists, and more. Explores the relationships between seabed geomorphology, oceanography and biology Provides global case studies which directly focus on habitats, including both biological and physical data Describes ways to detect change in the marine environment (change in the condition of benthic habitats), a critical aspect for judging the performance of policies and legislation

Seafloor Mapping along Continental Shelves Book

Seafloor Mapping along Continental Shelves


  • Author : Charles W. Finkl
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-03-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 293
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319251219

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Seafloor Mapping along Continental Shelves Excerpt :

This university-level reference work covers a range of remote sensing techniques that are useful for mapping and visualizing benthic environments on continental shelves. Chapters focus on overviews of the history and future of seafloor mapping techniques, cartographical visualisation and communication of seafloor mapping, and practical applications of new technologies. Seabed mapping is referenced by high-resolution seismic methods, sidescan sonar, multibeam bathymetry, satellite imagery, LiDAR, acoustic backscatter techniques, and soundscape ecology monitoring, use of autonomous underwater vehicles, among other methods. The wide breadth of subjects in this volume provides diversified coverage of seafloor imaging. This collection of modern seafloor mapping techniques summarizes the state of the art methods for mapping continental shelves.

Seafloor Mapping of the Atlantic Ocean Book

Seafloor Mapping of the Atlantic Ocean


  • Author : Pål Buhl-Mortensen
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2021-09-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889713905

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Seafloor Mapping of the Atlantic Ocean Excerpt :

Computational Science and Its Applications     ICCSA 2020 Book

Computational Science and Its Applications ICCSA 2020


  • Author : Osvaldo Gervasi
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-09-28
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 1053
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030588113

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Computational Science and Its Applications ICCSA 2020 Excerpt :

The seven volumes LNCS 12249-12255 constitute the refereed proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, ICCSA 2020, held in Cagliari, Italy, in July 2020. Due to COVID-19 pandemic the conference was organized in an online event. Computational Science is the main pillar of most of the present research, industrial and commercial applications, and plays a unique role in exploiting ICT innovative technologies. The 466 full papers and 32 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 1450 submissions. Apart from the general track, ICCSA 2020 also include 52 workshops, in various areas of computational sciences, ranging from computational science technologies, to specific areas of computational sciences, such as software engineering, security, machine learning and artificial intelligence, blockchain technologies, and of applications in many fields.

Biological Sampling in the Deep Sea Book

Biological Sampling in the Deep Sea


  • Author : Malcolm R. Clark
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-03-16
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118332559

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Biological Sampling in the Deep Sea Excerpt :

The deep sea covers over 60% of the surface of the earth, yet less than 1% has been scientifically investigated. There is growing pressure on deep-sea resources and on researchers to deliver information on biodiversity and the effects of human impacts on deep-sea ecosystems. Although scientific knowledge has increased rapidly in recent decades, there exist large gaps in global sampling coverage of the deep sea, and major efforts continue to be directed into offshore research. Biological Sampling in the Deep Sea represents the first comprehensive compilation of deep-sea sampling methodologies for a range of habitats. It reviews the real life applications of current, and in some instances developing, deep-sea sampling tools and techniques. In creating this book the authors have been able to draw upon the experiences of those at the coal face of deep-sea sampling, expanding on the existing methodological texts whilst encompassing a level of technical detail often omitted from journal publications. Ultimately the book will promote international consistency in sampling approaches and data collection, advance the integration of information into global databases, and facilitate improved data analyses and consequently uptake of science results for the management and conservation of the deep-sea environment. The book will appeal to a range of readers, including students, early-career through to seasoned researchers, as well as environmental managers and policy makers wishing to understand how the deep-sea is sampled, the challenges associated with deep survey work, and the type of information that can be obtained.

Aquatic Habitat Ecology   Conservation  Continental and Marine Ecosystems Connectivity Book

Aquatic Habitat Ecology Conservation Continental and Marine Ecosystems Connectivity


  • Author : Mario Barletta
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2020-10-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889660810

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Aquatic Habitat Ecology Conservation Continental and Marine Ecosystems Connectivity Excerpt :

The ‘Aquatic Habitat Conservation in South America’ Symposium occurred during the XXI Brazilian Society of Ichthyology Meeting. The proceedings were published as a special issue in the Journal of Fish Biology (vol. 89, Number 1, June 2016). In this special issue, authors provided an analytical overview of problems faced by the conservation of fishes and aquatic habitats of South America. Habitat loss emerged as the greatest concern for all South American aquatic ecosystems, with a long list of causes related to unsustainable development models. Based on this finding, we would like to extend this topic to other continents, different climates, fauna and flora around the world. Our goal is to provide a comprehensive and multidisciplinary overview of variables that influence flora and fauna distributions and shape their ecological interactions within aquatic ecosystems

Cold Water Corals and Ecosystems Book

Cold Water Corals and Ecosystems


  • Author : André Freiwald
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006-01-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1243
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540276739

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Cold Water Corals and Ecosystems Excerpt :

Cold-water coral ecosystems figure the formation of large seabed structures such as reefs and giant carbonate mounds; they represent unexplored paleo-environmental archives of earth history. Like their tropical cousins, cold-water coral ecosystems harbour rich species diversity. For this volume, key institutions in cold-water coral research have contributed 62 state-of-the-art articles on topics from geology and oceanography to biology and conservation, with some impressive underwater images.

Alboran Sea   Ecosystems and Marine Resources Book

Alboran Sea Ecosystems and Marine Resources


  • Author : José Carlos Báez
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-05-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 939
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030655167

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Alboran Sea Ecosystems and Marine Resources Excerpt :

The Alboran Sea represents a regional Mediterranean space where North and South worlds merges, creating a geopolitical region where marine resources and maritime activities should be managed from a national and international perspectives. It is widely known, that currently the planet is suffering a global change, and it is also affecting the Alboran Sea, its ecosystems and populations. An important first step to update a paramount vision on this region is to understand the climatic, geologic and oceanographic, including biochemical cycles, process which shapes the rich geodiversity, biodiversity, the productivity, and the sustainable use of the marine resources from Alboran Sea. The fisheries management system should take into account marine environmental variability to achieve biological sustainability of marine resources. Well-funded policy-makers’ decisions require a sound science based knowledge of the interaction between the marine environment and commercial stocks. This is because the role of marine environment in the evolution of fish stocks is sometimes even more important than the one played by fishers in the commercial exploitation of them. Finally, we should analyze the different aspects of political context that could affect the management of the resources from Alboran Sea in the context of climate change. This book reviews different aspects of the Alboran Sea to help understand the current situation from the original Tethis Ocean. The book is divided into four blocks: (i) Oceanographic, geological and ecological context (chapters 2 to 7), (ii) biodiversity and ecosystems distribution (chapters 8 to 12), (iii) fisheries resources and aquaculture (chapters 13 to 20), and (iv) conservation, management and marine polices (chapters 21 to 25).

Mediterranean Cold Water Corals  Past  Present and Future Book

Mediterranean Cold Water Corals Past Present and Future


  • Author : Covadonga Orejas
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-07-10
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319916088

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Mediterranean Cold Water Corals Past Present and Future Excerpt :

What do we know about Mediterranean Cold (Deep)-Water coral ecosystems? In this book, specialists offer answers and insights with a series of chapters and short papers about the paleoecology, biology, physiology and ecology of the corals and other organisms that comprise these ecosystems. Structured on a temporal axis—Past, Present and Future—the reviews and selected study cases cover the cold and deep coral habitats known to date in the Mediterranean Basin. This book illustrates and explains the deep Mediterranean coral habitats that might have originated similar thriving ecosystems in today’s Atlantic Ocean.

The Handbook of Sidescan Sonar Book

The Handbook of Sidescan Sonar


  • Author : Philippe Blondel
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-05-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540498865

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The Handbook of Sidescan Sonar Excerpt :

Sidescan sonar is proving to be the preeminent technique for researchers and professionals seeking knowledge about the structure and behavior of the seafloor, but its data is often difficult to interpret due to the physics of acoustic remote sensing, and to the varied geological processes at play. This book covers the fundamentals of sidescan sonar, incorporates new understanding of marine structures, and explains how to interpret sidescan sonar imagery and bathymetry.

Seabed Habitats and Hazards of the Joseph Bonaparte Gulf and Timor Sea  Northern Australia Book

Seabed Habitats and Hazards of the Joseph Bonaparte Gulf and Timor Sea Northern Australia


  • Author : Rachel Przeslawski
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre: Benthos
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 1921954515

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Seabed Habitats and Hazards of the Joseph Bonaparte Gulf and Timor Sea Northern Australia Excerpt :

"The Joseph Bonaparte Gulf and Timor Sea region (JBG-TS) is an area of significance for multiple resource needs, from marine planning to offshore industry development. As such, information on seabed environments in this region is of interest to both industry and marine management. Geoscience Australia is focussed on the collation and preparation of regional pre-competitive environmental datasets, the outputs of which can be used for pre and post-bid environmental assessments and for emergency response planning. This report provides a spatial synthesis of seabed environments for the Joseph Bonaparte Gulf and Timor Sea region (JBG-TS) by identifying and describing significant habitats, communities, and potential geohazards. Data are sourced from existing literature, including publicly available industry data, as well as data collected from two seabed mapping surveys to the Van Diemen Rise in the eastern Timor Sea (GA-322 and GA-325)." -- Online abstract.