Second and Third Generation of Feedstocks Book

Second and Third Generation of Feedstocks

  • Author : Angelo Basile
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-03-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 654
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081026564

Second and Third Generation of Feedstocks Book Description :

Second and Third Generation of Feedstocks: The Evolution of Biofuels presents a critical analysis of both the applications and potential of bioenergy production from second and third generation feedstocks. The book illustrates different aspects of the processes used for the production of biofuels, dealing specifically with second and third generation feedstocks from biomass and algae. The pretreatment of feedstocks and optimization of various forms of bioenergy are considered, along with the economic aspects of the various processes. In the last few years, industrial research efforts have focused on low cost, large-scale processing for lignocellulosic feedstocks originating from agricultural residues and municipal wastes for bioenergy production. This book shares an insight into the recent developments taking place in this industry, exploring transformation processes as well as biomass and algae conversions. Reviews existing lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks and their sources Includes processes for the conversion of various feedstocks to biofuels Discusses current research findings on second and third generation feedstocks Describes processes involved in the transformation of algal biomass into biofuels

Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels Book

Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels

  • Author : Eduardo Jacob-Lopes
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2017-01-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535128915

Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels Book Description :

Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels presents an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the possibilities for production and use of bioenergy, biofuels, and coproducts. Issues related to environment, food, and energy present serious challenges to the success and stability of nations. The challenge to provide energy to a rapidly increasing global population has made it imperative to find new technological routes to increase production of energy while also considering the biosphere's ability to regenerate resources. The bioenergy and biofuels are resources that may provide solutions to these critical challenges. Divided into 25 discreet parts, the book covers topics on characterization, production, and uses of bioenergy, biofuels, and coproducts. Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels provides an insight into future developments in each field and extensive bibliography. It will be an essential resource for researchers and academic and industry professionals in the energy field.

Third Generation Biofuels Book

Third Generation Biofuels

  • Author : Pratima Bajpai
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-10-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 76
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811323782

Third Generation Biofuels Book Description :

Growing concerns about the rapid depletion of fossil fuel reserves, rising crude oil prices, energy security and global climate change have led to increased worldwide interest in renewable energy sources such as biofuels. In this context, biofuel production from renewable sources is considered to be one of the most sustainable alternatives to fossil fuels and a viable means of achieving environmental and economic sustainability. Although biofuel processes hold great potential to provide a carbon-neutral route to fuel production, first-generation production systems are characterized by considerable economic and environmental limitations. The advent of second-generation biofuels is intended to produce fuels from lignocellulosic biomass, the woody part of plants that does not compete with food production. However, converting woody biomass into fermentable sugars requires costly technologies. Therefore, third-generation biofuels from microalgae are considered to be a viable alternative energy resource, free from the major drawbacks associated with first and second-generation biofuels. This book examines the background of third-generation biofuel production; the advantages of algae over traditional biofuel crops; algal biomass production; algae harvesting and drying methods; production of biofuel from microalgae; and future prospects.

Bioenergy Systems for the Future Book

Bioenergy Systems for the Future

  • Author : Francesco Dalena
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-06-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 628
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081010266

Bioenergy Systems for the Future Book Description :

Bioenergy Systems for the Future: Prospects for Biofuels and Biohydrogen examines the current advances in biomass conversion technologies for biofuels and biohydrogen production, including their advantages and challenges for real-world application and industrial-scale implementation. In its first part, the book explores the use of lignocellulosic biomass and agricultural wastes as feedstock, also addressing biomass conversion into biofuels, such as bioethanol, biodiesel, bio-methane, and bio-gasoline. The chapters in Part II cover several different pathways for hydrogen production, from biomass, including bioethanol and bio-methane reforming and syngas conversion. They also include a comparison between the most recent conversion technologies and conventional approaches for hydrogen production. Part III presents the status of advanced bioenergy technologies, such as applications of nanotechnology and the use of bio-alcohol in low-temperature fuel cells. The role of advanced bioenergy in a future bioeconomy and the integration of these technologies into existing systems are also discussed, providing a comprehensive, application-oriented overview that is ideal for engineering professionals, researchers, and graduate students involved in bioenergy. Explores the most recent technologies for advanced liquid and gaseous biofuels production, along with their advantages and challenges Presents real-life application of conversion technologies and their integration in existing systems Includes the most promising pathways for sustainable hydrogen production for energy applications

Recent Advancements in Biofuels and Bioenergy Utilization Book

Recent Advancements in Biofuels and Bioenergy Utilization

  • Author : Prakash Kumar Sarangi
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-09-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811313073

Recent Advancements in Biofuels and Bioenergy Utilization Book Description :

The concerns relating to global warming, climate change, and increasing energy demands have led to significant research towards the development of alternative energy to substitute the fossil energy sources. Biomass-based energy or biofuels are highly promising due to many perceptible environmental and socio-economic advantages. Cutting-edge academic research and advanced industrial product development have created tremendous scope for the implementation of biofuels at a global scale to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions and supplement the escalating energy demands. The prime focus of this book is to provide an overview of the different technologies utilized to harness the chemical energy from plant-based non-edible biomass and other organic wastes in the form of solid, liquid, and gaseous biofuels. The opportunities and challenges of different biomass conversion technologies, especially biomass-to-liquid, biomass-to-gas and gas-to-liquid routes, as well as biomass pretreatments, densification, anaerobic digestion, reforming, transesterification, supercritical fluid extraction, microalgal carbon sequestration, life-cycle assessment and techno-economic analysis have been comprehensively discussed in this book. This book is an amalgamation of fifteen different chapters each with distinctive investigations and a collective focus relating to the transition from fossil fuels towards carbon-neutral biofuels. This book serves as a benchmark for academic and industrial researchers involved in exploring the true potentials of plant residues and waste organic matter to produce alternative renewable fuels. To realize the real promises of bioenergy, this book attempts to assess the biorefining approaches, biofuel production and application, and environmental sustainability.

Biofuels  Greenhouse Gas Mitigation and Global Warming Book

Biofuels Greenhouse Gas Mitigation and Global Warming

  • Author : Ashwani Kumar
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-02-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9788132237631

Biofuels Greenhouse Gas Mitigation and Global Warming Book Description :

This timely book is a compilation of edited articles by distinguished international scientists discussing global warming, its causes as well as present and future solutions. Social and economic growth at global level is measured in terms of GDP, which requires energy inputs generally based on fossil fuel resources. These, however, are major contributors to increasing levels of CO2, causing 15 tonnes of green house gas emissions per capita. Renewable sources of energy offer an alternative to fossil fuels, and would help reduce this to the 2 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions per capita per annum needed to achieve sustainable growth. As such, the book discusses the next-generation of biofuels and all related aspects, based on the editors’ significant investigations on biofuels over the last 30 years. It also presents the latest research findings from research work carried out by contemporary researchers. Presenting global biofuel perspectives, it examines various issues related to sustainable development of biofuels in the contexts of agriculture, forestry, industry and economic growth. It covers the 1st to 4th generation biofuels, as well as the status of biofuel resources and their potential in carbon neutral economy. Offering a comprehensive, state-of-art overview of current and future biofuels at local and global levels, this book appeals to administrators, policy makers, universities and research institutions.

Green Fuels Technology Book

Green Fuels Technology

  • Author : Carlos Ricardo Soccol
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-08-10
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 555
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319302058

Green Fuels Technology Book Description :

This book presents key recent developments in biofuel policy, products, processes, patents and innovative technologies. It presents several case studies, which maximize reader insights into how innovative green energy technologies can be implemented on an industrial scale, with illustrations, photos and new approaches. It also analyzes in detail several different technological aspects of the research into and production of green fuels from the first, second and third generation, such as, bioethanol, biogas, biohydrogen, biobutanol, biofuels from pyrolysis, and discusses their economic and environmental impacts. A new source of information for engineers, technicians and students involved in production and research in the biofuels sector, this book also provides a valuable resource for industry, covering the current and future status of biofuels.

Algal Biofuels in Canada  Status and Potential Book

Algal Biofuels in Canada Status and Potential

  • Author :
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 2015
  • Genre:
  • Pages :
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1051409104

Algal Biofuels in Canada Status and Potential Book Description :

Abstract: The last decade has seen an emergence of biofuels owed in part to social and political acknowledgement that fossil fuels are a finite resource. This is evidenced by a reduction in the discovery of new fossil fuel sources and the exploitation of more energy intense reserves such as shale gas and tar sands. As a result of this reality, biofuel research and development has progressed through several stages globally and within Canada. First and second generation bioethanol production currently dominates the market, leading to concerns over sustainability while only partially addressing the issue at hand. Third generation biofuel feedstocks, derived from microalgae and cyanobacteria, present the potential to address the short falls of both first and second generation feedstocks. Specifically, third generation biofuels offer increased productivity and the opportunity to sequester nutrients from waste streams whilst also expanding the biofuel pallet to include biodiesel, as well as other target compounds. However, third generation feedstocks remain a young technology that presents several limitations, including the lack of a complement of suitable traits within a single species. Moreover, common assumptions over the use of waste streams to improve productivity and sustainability may limit scalability. These, in turn, may limit development or dictate smaller regionally located processes. The presented manuscript demonstrates that in spite of their potential, mandates and funding support for third generation biofuel feedstocks are largely overlooked within Canada, a factor that may severely limit future Canadian biofuels research, and the development of technologies to address future carbon emissions.

Bioenergy and Biofuel from Biowastes and Biomass Book

Bioenergy and Biofuel from Biowastes and Biomass

  • Author : Samir Kumar Khanal
  • Publisher : Amer Society of Civil Engineers
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 505
  • ISBN 10 : 0784410895

Bioenergy and Biofuel from Biowastes and Biomass Book Description :

Biofuel and bioenergy produced from biowastes and biomass is a clean energy source which can be produced renewably. The 21 chapters of this book provide state-of-the-art reviews, current research, and technology developments with respect to 1st, 2nd, and 3rd generation biofuels and bioenergy. The book focuses on the biological/ biochemical pathway, as this option has been reported to be the most cost-effective method for biofuel/bioenergy production. The opening chapter covers the overview of the current status of biofuel and bioenergy production. The rest of the chapters are grouped into seven categories; they cover biomethane production, microbial fuel cells, feedstock production, preprocessing, biomass pretreatment, enzyme hydrolysis, and syngas fermentation. Algal processes for biofuel production, biobutanol production, bioreactor systems, and value-added processing of biofuel residues are included. This book addresses life cycle analyses (LCA) of 1st and 2nd generation biofuels (from corn, soybean, jatropha, and cellulosic biomass) and the emerging applications of nanotechnology in biofuel/bioenergy production. The book is organized in such a way that each preceding chapter builds a foundation for the following one. At the end of each chapter, current research trends and further research needs are outlined. This is one of the first books in this emerging field of biofuel/bioenergy that provides in-depth technical information on the broad topics of biofuel and bioenergy with extensive illustrations, case studies, summary tables, and up-to-date references. This book will be valuable to researchers, instructors, senior undergraduate and graduate students, decision-makers, professionals, and others interested in the field of biofuel/bioenergy.

Bioenergy and Biofuels Book

Bioenergy and Biofuels

  • Author : Ozcan Konur
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-01-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 485
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351230681

Bioenergy and Biofuels Book Description :

This book aims to inform readers about the recent developments in bioenergy and biofuels covering current issues from an interdisciplinary approach. It will also feature coverage of anticipated future trends related to each particular biofuel. Chapters will consist of original research presented by world class experts in their respective fields. A number of interdisciplinary areas will be incorporated such as Energy & Fuels, Biotechology, Genomics, Economics, Optimization, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Algae Science. Examples will relate to a matrix of biofuel and energy types such as bioethanol, biobutanol, and biomethane.

Methanol Book


  • Author : Angelo Basile
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-10-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 706
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444640109

Methanol Book Description :

Methanol: Science and Engineering provides a comprehensive review of the chemistry, properties, and current and potential uses and applications of methanol. Divided into four parts, the book begins with a detailed account of current production methods and their economics. The second part deals with the applications of methanol, providing useful insights into future applications. Modeling of the various reactor systems is covered in the next section, with final discussions in the book focusing on the economic and environmental impact of this chemical. Users will find this to be a must-have resource for all researchers and engineers studying alternative energy sources. Provides the latest developments on methanol research Reviews methanol production methods and their economics Outlines the use of methanol as an alternative green transportation fuel Includes new technologies and many new applications of methanol

Biofuels Book


  • Author : Krzysztof Biernat
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2015-09-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535121770

Biofuels Book Description :

The edited volume presents the progress of first and second generation biofuel production technology in selected countries. Possibility of producing alternative fuels containing biocomponents and selected research methods of biofuels exploitation characteristics (also aviation fuels) was characterized. The book shows also some aspects of the environmental impact of the production and biofuels using, and describes perspectives of biofuel production technology development. It provides the review of biorefinery processes with a particular focus on pretreatment methods of selected primary and secondary raw materials. The discussion includes also a possibility of sustainable development of presented advanced biorefinery processes.

Quality Living Through Chemurgy and Green Chemistry Book

Quality Living Through Chemurgy and Green Chemistry

  • Author : Peter C.K. Lau
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-01-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 369
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662537046

Quality Living Through Chemurgy and Green Chemistry Book Description :

This book is intended to give readers an appreciation of what the future holds, as cutting-edge technologies in synthetic biology and pathway engineering and advanced bioprocessing development pave the way for providing goods and services to benefit humankind that are based on the synergy of two biomasses - i.e. of what a renewable feedstock could yield and an infinite microbial biomass could provide in terms of enzymes and biocatalysts. This 13-chapter book, with an introductory treatise on the guiding principles of green chemistry and engineering metrics, brings together a broad range of research and innovation agendas and perspectives from industries, academia and government laboratories using renewable feedstocks that include macroalgae and lignins. In addition, social-economic aspects and the pillars of competitiveness in regional cluster development are explored as we transition from fossil-fuel-based economies to a circular bioeconomy, with chemurgy and green chemistry being implicit to the innovation movement. The bulk of the book covers specific applications including the bioproduction of amino sugars, dicarboxylic acids, omega-3 fatty acids, starch and fermentable sugars from lignocellulosic materials, and phenolics as building blocks for polymer synthesis. Enzymatic systems for accessing chiral and special-purpose chemicals, as well as the development of specialized enzymes from macroalgae for biofuel and biochemical production are also addressed. Research gaps, hurdles to overcome in various biological processes, and present achievements in the production of biofuels and biochemicals from lignocellulosic materials are discussed. Going beyond the conventional expectation of discussing the production of drop-in chemicals, the book instead emphasizes how the potential of new chemicals and materials can be harnessed through innovative thinking and research. As such, it provides an invaluable reference source for researchers and graduate students interested i

Fossil Free Fuels Book

Fossil Free Fuels

  • Author : Maniruzzaman Bin A. Aziz
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-10-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 259
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000711219

Fossil Free Fuels Book Description :

Many approaches have been undertaken to mitigate global climate change, including the movement away from fossil fuels. Fossil Free Fuels: Trends in Renewable Energy examines several key topics, such as the utilization of biofuels as a sustainable renewable resource, recycling and untapped waste-to-energy products, and other carbon-neutral strategies in various industries, such as the transportation, construction, and manufacturing sectors. It provides recent updates on the latest technologies, modeling, design, and technical aspects, as well as several practical case studies. The current world energy scenario is examined and various solutions to larger environmental problems are outlined in terms of the shift to more alternative energy sources. Features: Minimizes technical jargon in a straightforward style for a wider audience Discusses sustainable options for different industries, such as the use of green materials in the construction sector, biofuels for transportation, and many more Includes numerous illustrations, tables, and figures to aid in understanding This book serves as a practical reference for engineers, researchers, environmental consultants working in renewable energy industries, and students.

Advances in Eco Fuels for a Sustainable Environment Book

Advances in Eco Fuels for a Sustainable Environment

  • Author : Kalam Azad
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2018-11-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 517
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081027776

Advances in Eco Fuels for a Sustainable Environment Book Description :

Advances in Eco-fuels for Sustainable Environment presents the most recent developments in the field of environmentally friendly eco-fuels. Dr. Kalad Azad and his team of contributors analyze the latest bio-energy technologies and emission control strategies, while also considering other important factors, such as environmental sustainability and energy efficiency improvement. Coverage includes biofuel extraction and conversion technologies, the implementation of biotechnologies and system improvement methods in the process industries. This book will help readers develop a deeper understanding of the relevant concepts and solutions to global sustainability issues with the goal of achieving cleaner, more efficient energy. Energy industry practitioners, energy policymakers and government organizations, renewables researchers and academics will find this book extremely useful. Focuses on recent developments in the field of eco-fuels, applying concepts to various medium-large scale industries Considers the societal and environmental benefits, along with an analysis of technologies and research Includes contributions from industry experts and global case studies to demonstrate the application of the research and technologies discussed

Structural Health Monitoring of Biocomposites  Fibre Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites Book

Structural Health Monitoring of Biocomposites Fibre Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites

  • Author : Mohammad Jawaid
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2018-11-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 322
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081022993

Structural Health Monitoring of Biocomposites Fibre Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites Book Description :

Structural Health Monitoring of Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites provides detailed information on failure analysis, mechanical and physical properties, structural health monitoring, durability and life prediction, modelling of damage processes of natural fiber, synthetic fibers, and natural/natural, and natural/synthetic fiber hybrid composites. It provides a comprehensive review of both established and promising new technologies currently under development in the emerging area of structural health monitoring in aerospace, construction and automotive structures. In addition, it describes SHM methods and sensors related to specific composites and how advantages and limitations of various sensors and methods can help make informed choices. Written by leading experts in the field, and covering composite materials developed from different natural fibers and their hybridization with synthetic fibers, the book's chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research on the characterization, analysis and modelling of composite materials. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Discusses recent progress on failure analysis, SHM, durability, life prediction and the modelling of damage in natural fiber-based composite materials Covers experimental, analytical and numerical analysis Provides detailed and comprehensive information on mechanical properties, testing methods and modelling techniques

House of Lords   Science and Technology Select Committee  Waste or Resource  Stimulating a Bioeconomy   HL 141 Book

House of Lords Science and Technology Select Committee Waste or Resource Stimulating a Bioeconomy HL 141

  • Author : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: Science and Technology Committee
  • Publisher : The Stationery Office
  • Release Date : 2014-03-06
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 68
  • ISBN 10 : 0108553450

House of Lords Science and Technology Select Committee Waste or Resource Stimulating a Bioeconomy HL 141 Book Description :

The Select Committee report Waste Or Resource? Stimulating A Bioeconomy? (HL 141) advises that the UK could miss out on a massive opportunity to create a flourishing multibillion pound economy from waste. Although there are many kinds of waste generated from a variety of sources, the Lords inquiry looked specifically at waste which contains carbon. Around 100 million tons of carbon-containing-waste are available every year which could potentially be exploited as a resource. While preventing the creation of waste in the first place is a laudable policy goal, it is inevitable that there will always be waste, or unavoidable by-products such as orange peel, coffee grounds or waste gas from factories and power stations. Using cutting edge technologies, wastes such as these can be converted into valuable products such as fuels, flavors and fragrances, plastics, paint or pharmaceuticals. There are environmental benefits to be had from harnessing the was

Application of Microalgae in Wastewater Treatment Book

Application of Microalgae in Wastewater Treatment

  • Author : Sanjay Kumar Gupta
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-05-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 563
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030139094

Application of Microalgae in Wastewater Treatment Book Description :

This two-volume work presents comprehensive, accurate information on the present status and contemporary development in phycoremediation of various types of domestic and industrial wastewaters. The volume covers a mechanistic understanding of microalgae based treatment of wastewaters, including current challenges in the treatment of various organic and inorganic pollutants, and future opportunities of bioremediation of wastewater and industrial effluents on an algal platform. The editors compile the work of authors from around the globe, providing insight on key issues and state-of-the-art developments in algal bioremediation that is missing from the currently available body of literature. The volume hopes to serve as a much needed resource for professors, researchers and scientists interested in microalgae applications for wastewater treatment. Volume 2 addresses the various biorefinery aspects and applications of algal-based wastewater treatment in industrial and domestic contexts. The analyses are approached from multiple perspectives, including biotechnology, commercial, economic, and sustainability. The authors discuss the potential of microalgae for integrated biomass production utilizing various resources to treat wastewaters, and include evaluations of the economical and commercialization potential for such processes.

Fungal Biorefineries Book

Fungal Biorefineries

  • Author : Sachin Kumar
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-07-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319903798

Fungal Biorefineries Book Description :

This book covers the applications of fungi used in biorefinery technology. As a great many different varieties of fungal species are available, the text focuses on the various applications of fungi for production of useful products including organic acids (lactic, citric, fumaric); hydrolytic enzymes (amylase, cellulases, xylanases, ligninases, lipases, pectinases, proteases); advanced biofuels (ethanol, single cell oils); polyols (xylitol); single cell protein (animal feed); secondary metabolites; and much more.

Advances in Feedstock Conversion Technologies for Alternative Fuels and Bioproducts Book

Advances in Feedstock Conversion Technologies for Alternative Fuels and Bioproducts

  • Author : Majid Hosseini
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-02-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128179383

Advances in Feedstock Conversion Technologies for Alternative Fuels and Bioproducts Book Description :

Advances in Feedstock Conversion Technologies for Alternative Fuels and Bioproducts: New Technologies, Challenges and Opportunities highlights the novel applications of, and new methodologies for, the advancement of biological, biochemical, thermochemical and chemical conversion systems that are required for biofuels production. The book addresses the environmental impact of value added bio-products and agricultural modernization, along with the risk assessment of industrial scaling. The book also stresses the urgency in finding creative, efficient and sustainable solutions for environmentally conscious biofuels, while underlining pertinent technical, environmental, economic, regulatory and social issues. Users will find a basis for technology assessments, current research capability, progress, and advances, as well as the challenges associated with biofuels at an industrial scale, with insights towards forthcoming developments in the industry. Presents a thorough overview of new discoveries in biofuels research and the inherent challenges associated with scale-up Highlights the novel applications and advancements for biological, biochemical, thermochemical and chemical conversion systems that are required for biofuels production Evaluates risk management concerns, addressing the environmental impact of value added bio-products and agricultural modernization, and the risk assessment of industrial scaling