Segregation in Vibrated Granular Systems Book

Segregation in Vibrated Granular Systems


  • Author : Anthony D. Rosato
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-06-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128142004

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Segregation in Vibrated Granular Systems Excerpt :

Segregation in Vibrated Granular Systems explains the individual mechanisms that influence the segregation of granular media under vibration, along with their interactions. Drawing on research from a wide range of academic disciplines, the book focuses on vibrated granular systems that are used in industry, providing a guide that will solve practical problems and help researchers. The applications of vibration-based segregation in industries, including pharmaceuticals, mining, food and chemical processing are all investigated with appropriate examples. In addition, relevant theory behind the behavior of granular media and segregation processes is explained, along with investigations of the technologies and techniques used. Analyzes all phenomena involved in the vibration-based segregation of bulk solids, including those relating to size, material properties and shape Explores how different segregation mechanisms interact Compares different technologies for investigating granular media, including PIV, MRI and X-ray tomography Explains how to use computational techniques to model the behavior of granular media, including DM, CFD and FEM

IUTAM Symposium on Segregation in Granular Flows Book

IUTAM Symposium on Segregation in Granular Flows


  • Author : Anthony D. Rosato
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401594981

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IUTAM Symposium on Segregation in Granular Flows Excerpt :

Segregation is a pervasive phenomenon whereby a flowing granular mass consisting of particles with diverse physical properties becomes spatially inhomogeneous. In the industrial sector that deals with the handling and processing of bulk solids, this non-uniformity is highly undesirable since blend homogeneity is generally a stringent requirement of most products. In the arena of geophysical flows, segregation can enhance the destructive capabilities of natural events such as avalanches and landslides. During the last 15 years, these issues have provided motivation and fostered collaborations between the communities of mathematicians, engineers, industrial researchers, and physicists to develop predictive models of segregation by integrating the perspectives and approaches of each. The collection of unique papers brings to light many of the perplexing scientific and technical issues in our current understanding of this complex phenomenon. It addresses advances in experiment, computational modeling and theory. This volume is one of the very few books devoted entirely to problems of segregation of particulate solids.

Handbook of Granular Materials Book

Handbook of Granular Materials


  • Author : Scott V. Franklin
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-03-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466509979

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Handbook of Granular Materials Excerpt :

Granular systems arise in a variety of geological and industrial settings, from landslides, avalanches, and erosion to agricultural grains and pharmaceutical powders. Understanding the underlying physics that governs their behavior is the key to developing effective handling and transport mechanisms as well as appropriate environmental policies. Handbook of Granular Materials presents foundational techniques used to investigate granular systems, examples of their use in contemporary research, and extensions to granular-like systems that greatly expand the realm of study. The book provides guidance on how to conduct research in granular materials and explores promising directions for new research. The first several chapters cover various methods used by contemporary researchers to investigate granular materials. Subsequent chapters delve into broader themes of investigation, focusing on results rather than methodology. The final chapters describe three extended systems of granular media: suspensions, emulsions and foams, and colloids.

Pattern Formation in Granular Materials Book

Pattern Formation in Granular Materials


  • Author : Gerald H. Ristow
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 161
  • ISBN 10 : 3540667016

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Pattern Formation in Granular Materials Excerpt :

Granular materials are an integral part of our everyday life. They are also the base material for most industrial processing techniques. The highly dissipative nature of the particle collisions means energy input is needed in order to mobilize the grains. This interplay of dissipation and excitation leads to a wide variety of pattern formation processes, which are addressed in this book. The reader is introduced to this wide field by, first, a description of the material properties of granular materials under different experimental conditions that are important in connection with the pattern formation dynamics and, second, by further details given later on in the description of the specific system.

Advances in Solid State Physics Book

Advances in Solid State Physics


  • Author : Bernhard Kramer
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2004-07-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 566
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540399704

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Advances in Solid State Physics Excerpt :

This Volume 44 of Advances in Solid State Physics contains the written versions of most of the invited lectures of the Spring Meeting of the Condensed Matter Physics section of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft held from March 8 to 12, 2004 in Regensburg, Germany. Many of the topical talks given at the numerous and very lively symposia are also included. They have covered extremely interesting and timely subjects. Thus the book truly reflects the status of the field of solid state physics in 2004, and indicates its importance, not only in Germany but also internationally.

Chemical  Biological and Environmental Engineering   Proceedings of the International Conference on Cbee 2009 Book

Chemical Biological and Environmental Engineering Proceedings of the International Conference on Cbee 2009


  • Author : Li Kai
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 548
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814295048

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Chemical Biological and Environmental Engineering Proceedings of the International Conference on Cbee 2009 Excerpt :

Held in Singapore from 9 to 11 October 2009, the 2009 International Conference on Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering (CBEE 2009) aims to provide a platform for researchers, engineers, academicians as well as industrial professionals from all over the world to present their research and development activities in chemical, biological and environmental engineering. Conference delegates will also have the opportunity to exchange new ideas and application experiences, establish business or research relations and find global partners for future collaboration. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: The Future of Biopharmaceutics'' Production (92 KB). Contents: Study on Pyrolysis Characteristics of Electronic Waste (J Sun et al.); Application of Noise Mapping on Environmental Management (K-T Tsai et al.); Characteristics and Transport Properties of Two Modified Zero Valent Iron (Y-H Lin et al.); Synthesis of Visible Light Active N-Doped Titania Photocatalyst (C Kusumawardani et al.); CFD-PBM Modeling of Vertical Bubbly Flows (M R Rahimi & H Karimi); Hydrotalcite-Like Synthesis Using Magnesium from Brine Water (E Heraldy et al.); Cement/Activated-Carbon Solidification/Stabilization Treatment of Nitrobenzene (Z Su et al.); Investigation of Fish Species Biodiversity in Haraz River (I Piri et al.); Risk Assessment of Fluoride in Indian Context (V Chaudhary & M Kumar); Light Transmission In Fluidized Bed (E Shahbazali et al.); Drying of Mushroom Using a Solar Tunnel Dryer (M A Basunia et al.); and other papers. Readership: Researchers, engineers, academicians and industrial professionals in related fields of chemical, biological and environmental engineering.

Handbook of Powder Science   Technology Book

Handbook of Powder Science Technology


  • Author : Muhammed Fayed
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-11-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 898
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461563730

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Handbook of Powder Science Technology Excerpt :

Since the publication of the first edition of Canada, and Australia have increased teach Handbook of Powder Science and Technology, ing, research, and training activities in areas the field of powder science and technology has related to particle science and technology. gained broader recognition and its various ar In addition, it is worth mentioning the many eas of interest have become more defined and books and monographs that have been pub focused. Research and application activities lished on specific areas of particle, powder, related to particle technology have increased and particle fluid by professional publishers, globally in academia, industry, and research technical societies and university presses. Also, institutions. During the last decade, many to date, there are many career development groups, with various scientific, technical, and courses given by specialists and universities on engineering backgrounds have been founded various facets of powder science and technol to study, apply, and promote interest in areas ogy.

Scale Invariance  Interfaces  and Non Equilibrium Dynamics Book

Scale Invariance Interfaces and Non Equilibrium Dynamics


  • Author : Alan McKane
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN 10 : 9781489914217

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Scale Invariance Interfaces and Non Equilibrium Dynamics Excerpt :

The NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Scale Invariance, Interfaces and Non Equilibrium Dynamics" was held at the Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences in Cambridge, UK from 20-30 June 1994. The topics discussed at the Institute were all concerned with the origin and nature of complex structures found far from equilibrium. Examples ranged from reaction diffusion systems and hydrodynamics through to surface growth due to deposition. A common theme was that of scale invariance due to the self-similarity of the underly ing structures. The topics that were covered can be broadly classified as pattern for mation (theoretical, computational and experimental aspects), the non-equilibrium dynamics of the growth of interfaces and other manifolds, coarsening phenomena, generic scale invariance in driven systems and the concept of self-organized critical ity. The main feature of the Institute was the four one-hour-Iong lectures given each day by invited speakers. In addition to thirty-seven of these lectures, two contributed lectures were also given. The many questions that were asked after the lectures attested to the excitement and interest that the lecturers succeeded in generating amongst the students. In addition to the discussions initiated by lectures, an im portant component of the meeting were the poster sessions, where participants were able to present their own work, which took place on three of the afternoons. The list of titles given at the end of these proceedings gives some idea of the range and scope of these posters.

Computational Gas Solids Flows and Reacting Systems  Theory  Methods and Practice Book

Computational Gas Solids Flows and Reacting Systems Theory Methods and Practice


  • Author : Pannala, Sreekanth
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2010-09-30
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN 10 : 9781615206520

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Computational Gas Solids Flows and Reacting Systems Theory Methods and Practice Excerpt :

"This book provides various approaches to computational gas-solids flow and will aid the researchers, graduate students and practicing engineers in this rapidly expanding area"--Provided by publisher.

Road and Airfield Pavement Technology Book

Road and Airfield Pavement Technology


  • Author : H. R. Pasindu
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-03-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 917
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030873790

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Road and Airfield Pavement Technology Excerpt :

This volume gathers the latest advances, innovations, and applications in the field of pavement technology, presented at the 12th International Conference in Road and Airfield Pavement Technology (ICPT), hosted by the University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka, and held on July 14-16, 2021. It covers topics such as pavement design, evaluation and construction, pavement materials characterization, sustainability in pavement engineering, pavement maintenance and rehabilitation techniques, pavement management systems and financing, transportation safety, law and enforcement related to pavement engineering, pavement drainage and erosion control, GIS applications, quarry material assessment, pavement instrumentation, IT and AI applications in pavement. Featuring peer-reviewed contributions by leading international researchers and engineers, the book is a timely and highly relevant resource for materials scientists and engineers interested in pavement engineering.

Granular Gaseous Flows Book

Granular Gaseous Flows


  • Author : Vicente Garzó
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-03-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030044442

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Granular Gaseous Flows Excerpt :

Back Cover Text: This book addresses the study of the gaseous state of granular matter in the conditions of rapid flow caused by a violent and sustained excitation. In this regime, grains only touch each other during collisions and hence, kinetic theory is a very useful tool to study granular flows. The main difference with respect to ordinary or molecular fluids is that grains are macroscopic and so, their collisions are inelastic. Given the interest in the effects of collisional dissipation on granular media under rapid flow conditions, the emphasis of this book is on an idealized model (smooth inelastic hard spheres) that isolates this effect from other important properties of granular systems. In this simple model, the inelasticity of collisions is only accounted for by a (positive) constant coefficient of normal restitution. The author of this monograph uses a kinetic theory description (which can be considered as a mesoscopic description between statistical mechanics and hydrodynamics) to study granular flows from a microscopic point of view. In particular, the inelastic version of the Boltzmann and Enskog kinetic equations is the starting point of the analysis. Conventional methods such as Chapman-Enskog expansion, Grad’s moment method and/or kinetic models are generalized to dissipative systems to get the forms of the transport coefficients and hydrodynamics. The knowledge of granular hydrodynamics opens up the possibility of understanding interesting problems such as the spontaneous formation of density clusters and velocity vortices in freely cooling flows and/or the lack of energy equipartition in granular mixtures. Some of the topics covered in this monograph include: Navier-Stokes transport coefficients for granular gases at moderate densities Long-wavelength instability in freely cooling flows Non-Newtonian transport properties in granular shear flows Energy nonequipartition in freely cooling granular mixtures Diffusion in strongly sheared granular m

Powders and Grains 2005  Two Volume Set Book

Powders and Grains 2005 Two Volume Set


  • Author : R. Garcia-Rojo
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release Date : 2005-07-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1510
  • ISBN 10 : 9780415889421

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Powders and Grains 2005 Two Volume Set Excerpt :

This volume contains the proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on the Micromechanics of Granular Media, Powders and Grains 2005. Powders and Grains is an international scientific conference held every 4 years that brings together engineers and physicists interested in the micromechanics of granular media.The book is a guide to the hotte

Granular Patterns Book

Granular Patterns


  • Author : Igor Aranson
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2009-03-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191560002

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Granular Patterns Excerpt :

This book is a systematic introduction to a new and exciting field of patterns in granular matter. Granular materials are collections of discrete macroscopic solid grains with a typical size large enough that thermal fluctuations are negligible. Despite this seeming simplicity, properties of granular materials are different from conventional solids, liquids and gases due to the dissipative and highly nonlinear nature of forces among grains. The last decade has seen an explosion of interest to nonequilibrium phenomena in granular matter among physicists, both on the experimental and theoretical side. Among these phenomena, one of the most interesting is the ability of granular matter upon mechanical excitation to form highly ordered patterns such as ripples, avalanches, or bands of segregated materials. This book presents a comprehensive review of experiments and novel theoretical concepts needed to understand the mechanisms of pattern formation in granular materials. This book is written for experienced physicists interested in this new rapidly developing field, as well as young researchers and graduate students entering this field. We hope that both experimentalists and theorists already working in the field will find it useful.

Coulson and Richardson   s Chemical Engineering Book

Coulson and Richardson s Chemical Engineering


  • Author : R. P. Chhabra
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2019-04-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 871
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081012208

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Coulson and Richardson s Chemical Engineering Excerpt :

Coulson and Richardson's Chemical Engineering: Volume 2A: Particulate Systems and Particle Technology, Sixth Edition, has been fully revised and updated to provide practitioners with an overview of chemical engineering, including clear explanations of theory and thorough coverage of practical applications, all supported by case studies. A worldwide team of contributors has pooled their experience to revise old content and add new content. The content has been updated to be more useful to practicing engineers. This complete reference to chemical engineering will support you throughout your career, as it covers every key chemical engineering topic. Fluid Flow, Heat Transfer and Mass Transfer has been developed from the series’ volume 1, 6th edition. This volume covers the three main transport process of interest to chemical engineers: momentum transfer (fluid flow), heat transfer and mass transfer and the relationships between them. Particulate Systems and Particle Technology has been developed from the series’ volume 2, 5th edition. This volume covers the properties of particulate systems, including the character of individual particles and their behavior in fluids. Sedimentation of particles, both singly and at high concentrations, flow in packed and fluidized beads and filtration are then examined. Separation Processes has been developed from the series’ volume 2, 5th edition. This volume covers distillation and gas absorption, which illustrate applications of the fundamental principles of mass transfer. Several techniques—adsorption, ion exchange, chromatographic and membrane separations, and process intensification—are described. Chemical and Biochemical Reactors and Reaction Engineering has been developed from the series’ volume 3, 3rd edition. Features fully revised reference material converted from textbooks Covers foundational to technical topics Features emerging applications, numerical methods and computational tools

Lattice Models for Fluctuating Hydrodynamics in Granular and Active Matter Book

Lattice Models for Fluctuating Hydrodynamics in Granular and Active Matter


  • Author : Alessandro Manacorda
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-07-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319950808

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Lattice Models for Fluctuating Hydrodynamics in Granular and Active Matter Excerpt :

This book investigates the common nature of granular and active systems, which is rooted in their intrinsic out-of-equilibrium behavior, with the aim of finding minimal models able to reproduce and predict the complex collective behavior observed in experiments and simulations. Granular and active matter are among the most studied systems in out-of-equilibrium statistical physics. The book guides readers through the derivation of a fluctuating hydrodynamic description of granular and active matter by means of controlled and transparent mathematical assumptions made on a lattice model. It also shows how a macroscopic description can be provided from microscopic requirements, leading to the prediction of collective states such as cooling, swarming, clustering and the transitions among them. The analytical and numerical results shed new light on the physical connection between the local, microscopic properties of few particles and the macroscopic collective motion of the whole system.