Semiconductor Nanostructures Book

Semiconductor Nanostructures


  • Author : Thomas Ihn
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199534425

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Semiconductor Nanostructures Excerpt :

This introduction to the physics of semiconductor nanostructures and their transport properties emphasizes five fundamental transport phenomena: quantized conductance, tunnelling transport, the Aharonov-Bohm effect, the quantum Hall effect and the Coulomb blockade effect.

Advances in Semiconductor Nanostructures Book

Advances in Semiconductor Nanostructures


  • Author : Alexander V. Latyshev
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-11-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128105139

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Advances in Semiconductor Nanostructures Excerpt :

Advances in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Growth, Characterization, Properties and Applications focuses on the physical aspects of semiconductor nanostructures, including growth and processing of semiconductor nanostructures by molecular-beam epitaxy, ion-beam implantation/synthesis, pulsed laser action on all types of III–V, IV, and II–VI semiconductors, nanofabrication by bottom-up and top-down approaches, real-time observations using in situ UHV-REM and high-resolution TEM of atomic structure of quantum well, nanowires, quantum dots, and heterostructures and their electrical, optical, magnetic, and spin phenomena. The very comprehensive nature of the book makes it an indispensable source of information for researchers, scientists, and post-graduate students in the field of semiconductor physics, condensed matter physics, and physics of nanostructures, helping them in their daily research. Presents a comprehensive reference on the novel physical phenomena and properties of semiconductor nanostructures Covers recent developments in the field from all over the world Provides an International approach, as chapters are based on results obtained in collaboration with research groups from Russia, Germany, France, England, Japan, Holland, USA, Belgium, China, Israel, Brazil, and former Soviet Union countries

Theory of Transport Properties of Semiconductor Nanostructures Book

Theory of Transport Properties of Semiconductor Nanostructures


  • Author : Eckehard Schöll
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 1997-12-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 391
  • ISBN 10 : 0412731002

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Theory of Transport Properties of Semiconductor Nanostructures Excerpt :

Recent advances in the fabrication of semiconductors have created almost un limited possibilities to design structures on a nanometre scale with extraordinary electronic and optoelectronic properties. The theoretical understanding of elec trical transport in such nanostructures is of utmost importance for future device applications. This represents a challenging issue of today's basic research since it requires advanced theoretical techniques to cope with the quantum limit of charge transport, ultrafast carrier dynamics and strongly nonlinear high-field ef fects. This book, which appears in the electronic materials series, presents an over view of the theoretical background and recent developments in the theory of electrical transport in semiconductor nanostructures. It contains 11 chapters which are written by experts in their fields. Starting with a tutorial introduction to the subject in Chapter 1, it proceeds to present different approaches to transport theory. The semiclassical Boltzmann transport equation is in the centre of the next three chapters. Hydrodynamic moment equations (Chapter 2), Monte Carlo techniques (Chapter 3) and the cellular au tomaton approach (Chapter 4) are introduced and illustrated with applications to nanometre structures and device simulation. A full quantum-transport theory covering the Kubo formalism and nonequilibrium Green's functions (Chapter 5) as well as the density matrix theory (Chapter 6) is then presented.

Semiconductor Nanostructures Book

Semiconductor Nanostructures


  • Author : Dieter Bimberg
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-06-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 357
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540778998

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Semiconductor Nanostructures Excerpt :

Reducing the size of a coherently grown semiconductor cluster in all three directions of space to a value below the de Broglie wavelength of a charge carrier leads to complete quantization of the energy levels, density of states, etc. Such “quantum dots” are more similar to giant atoms in a dielectric cage than to classical solids or semiconductors showing a dispersion of energy as a function of wavevector. Their electronic and optical properties depend strongly on their size and shape, i.e. on their geometry. By designing the geometry by controlling the growth of QDs, absolutely novel possibilities for material design leading to novel devices are opened. This multiauthor book written by world-wide recognized leaders of their particular fields and edited by the recipient of the Max-Born Award and Medal 2006 Professor Dieter Bimberg reports on the state of the art of the growing of quantum dots, the theory of self-organised growth, the theory of electronic and excitonic states, optical properties and transport in a variety of materials. It covers the subject from the early work beginning of the 1990s up to 2006. The topics addressed in the book are the focus of research in all leading semiconductor and optoelectronic device laboratories of the world.

Semiconductor Nanostructures for Optoelectronic Devices Book

Semiconductor Nanostructures for Optoelectronic Devices


  • Author : Gyu-Chul Yi
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-01-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642224805

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Semiconductor Nanostructures for Optoelectronic Devices Excerpt :

This book presents the fabrication of optoelectronic nanodevices. The structures considered are nanowires, nanorods, hybrid semiconductor nanostructures, wide bandgap nanostructures for visible light emitters and graphene. The device applications of these structures are broadly explained. The book deals also with the characterization of semiconductor nanostructures. It appeals to researchers and graduate students.

Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Semiconductors and Semiconductor Nanostructures Book

Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Semiconductors and Semiconductor Nanostructures


  • Author : Jagdeep Shah
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-11-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 522
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662037706

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Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Semiconductors and Semiconductor Nanostructures Excerpt :

Ultrafast spectroscopy of semiconductors and semiconductor nanostructures is currently one of the most exciting areas of research in condensed-matter physics. Remarkable recent progress in the generation of tunable femtosecond pulses has allowed direct investigation of the most fundamental dynamical processes in semiconductors. This second edition presents the most striking recent advances in the techniques of ultrashort pulse generation and ultrafast spectroscopy; it discusses the physics of relaxation, tunneling and transport dynamics in semiconductors and semiconductor nanostructures following excitation by femtosecond laser pulses.

Optical Properties of Semiconductor Nanostructures Book

Optical Properties of Semiconductor Nanostructures


  • Author : Marcin L. Sadowski
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401141581

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Optical Properties of Semiconductor Nanostructures Excerpt :

Optical methods for investigating semiconductors and the theoretical description of optical processes have always been an important part of semiconductor physics. Only the emphasis placed on different materials changes with time. Here, a large number of papers are devoted to quantum dots, presenting the theory, spectroscopic investigation and methods of producing such structures. Another major part of the book reflects the growing interest in diluted semiconductors and II-IV nanosystems in general. There are also discussions of the fascinating field of photonic crystals. `Classical' low dimensional systems, such as GsAs/GaAlAs quantum wells and heterostructures, still make up a significant part of the results presented, and they also serve as model systems for new phenomena. New materials are being sought, and new experimental techniques are coming on stream, in particular the combination of different spectroscopic modalities.

Quantum Optics with Semiconductor Nanostructures Book

Quantum Optics with Semiconductor Nanostructures


  • Author : Frank Jahnke
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-07-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 602
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857096395

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Quantum Optics with Semiconductor Nanostructures Excerpt :

An understanding of the interaction between light and matter on a quantum level is of fundamental interest and has many applications in optical technologies. The quantum nature of the interaction has recently attracted great attention for applications of semiconductor nanostructures in quantum information processing. Quantum optics with semiconductor nanostructures is a key guide to the theory, experimental realisation, and future potential of semiconductor nanostructures in the exploration of quantum optics. Part one provides a comprehensive overview of single quantum dot systems, beginning with a look at resonance fluorescence emission. Quantum optics with single quantum dots in photonic crystal and micro cavities are explored in detail, before part two goes on to review nanolasers with quantum dot emitters. Light-matter interaction in semiconductor nanostructures, including photon statistics and photoluminescence, is the focus of part three, whilst part four explores all-solid-state quantum optics, crystal nanobeam cavities and quantum-dot microcavity systems. Finally, part five investigates ultrafast phenomena, including femtosecond quantum optics and coherent optoelectronics with quantum dots. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Quantum optics with semiconductor nanostructures is an essential guide for all those involved with the research, development, manufacture and use of semiconductors nanodevices, lasers and optical components, as well as scientists, researchers and students. A key guide to the theory, experimental realisation, and future potential of semiconductor nanostructures in the exploration of quantum optics Chapters provide a comprehensive overview of single quantum dot systems, nanolasers with quantum dot emitters, and light-matter interaction in semiconductor nanostructures Explores all-solid-state quantum optics, crystal nanobeam cavities and quantum-dot microcavity systems, and investigates ultrafast ph

Quantum States and Scattering in Semiconductor Nanostructures Book

Quantum States and Scattering in Semiconductor Nanostructures


  • Author : Camille Ndebeka-Bandou
  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 2017-08-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9781786343048

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Quantum States and Scattering in Semiconductor Nanostructures Excerpt :

This book is an introduction to quantum states and of their scattering in semiconductor nanostructures. Written with exercises and detailed solutions, it is designed to enable readers to start modelling actual electron states and scattering in nanostructures. It first looks at practical aspects of quantum states and emphasises the variational and perturbation approaches. Following this there is analysis of quasi two-dimensional materials, including discussion of the eigenstates of nanostructures, scattering mechanisms and their numerical results. Focussing on practical applications, this book moves away from standard discourse on theory and provides students of physics, nanotechnology and materials science with the opportunity to fully understand the electronic properties of nanostructures. Contents:Practical Quantum Mechanics:Schrödinger EquationBound and Extended StatesApproximate MethodsLandau Quantisation of Electron Motion in Ideal Semiconductor Bulks and HeterostructuresThe Physics of Heterostructures:Background on HeterostructuresElectrons States in NanostructuresBeyond the Ideal WorldScreening at the Semi-Classical ApproximationResults for Static ScatterersResults for Electron-Phonon InteractionBeyond the Born ApproximationExercises Readership: Students of physics, nanoscience and materials science, professionals working with nanomaterials, and researchers.

Phonons in Semiconductor Nanostructures Book

Phonons in Semiconductor Nanostructures


  • Author : J.P. Leburton
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 509
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401116831

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Phonons in Semiconductor Nanostructures Excerpt :

In the last ten years, the physics and technology of low dimensional structures has experienced a tremendous development. Quantum structures with vertical and lateral confinements are now routinely fabricated with feature sizes below 100 run. While quantization of the electron states in mesoscopic systems has been the subject of intense investigation, the effect of confinement on lattice vibrations and its influence on the electron-phonon interaction and energy dissipation in nanostructures received atten tion only recently. This NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Phonons in Sem iconductor Nanostructures was a forum for discussion on the latest developments in the physics of phonons and their impact on the electronic properties of low-dimensional structures. Our goal was to bring together specialists in lattice dynamics and nanos tructure physics to assess the increasing importance of phonon effects on the physical properties of one-(lD) and zero-dimensional (OD) structures. The Workshop addressed various issues related to phonon physics in III-V, II-VI and IV semiconductor nanostructures. The following topics were successively covered: Models for confined phonons in semiconductor nanostructures, latest experimental observations of confined phonons and electron-phonon interaction in two-dimensional systems, elementary excitations in nanostructures, phonons and optical processes in reduced dimensionality systems, phonon limited transport phenomena, hot electron effects in quasi - ID structures, carrier relaxation and phonon bottleneck in quantum dots.

Optical Generation and Control of Quantum Coherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures Book

Optical Generation and Control of Quantum Coherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures


  • Author : Gabriela Slavcheva
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-06-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642124914

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Optical Generation and Control of Quantum Coherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures Excerpt :

The fundamental concept of quantum coherence plays a central role in quantum physics, cutting across disciplines of quantum optics, atomic and condensed matter physics. Quantum coherence represents a universal property of the quantum s- tems that applies both to light and matter thereby tying together materials and p- nomena. Moreover, the optical coherence can be transferred to the medium through the light-matter interactions. Since the early days of quantum mechanics there has been a desire to control dynamics of quantum systems. The generation and c- trol of quantum coherence in matter by optical means, in particular, represents a viable way to achieve this longstanding goal and semiconductor nanostructures are the most promising candidates for controllable quantum systems. Optical generation and control of coherent light-matter states in semiconductor quantum nanostructures is precisely the scope of the present book. Recently, there has been a great deal of interest in the subject of quantum coh- ence. We are currently witnessing parallel growth of activities in different physical systems that are all built around the central concept of manipulation of quantum coherence. The burgeoning activities in solid-state systems, and semiconductors in particular, have been strongly driven by the unprecedented control of coherence that previously has been demonstrated in quantum optics of atoms and molecules, and is now taking advantage of the remarkable advances in semiconductor fabrication technologies. A recent impetus to exploit the coherent quantum phenomena comes from the emergence of the quantum information paradigm.

Plasmonic Effects in Metal Semiconductor Nanostructures Book

Plasmonic Effects in Metal Semiconductor Nanostructures


  • Author : Alexey A. Toropov
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2015-04-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191054006

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Plasmonic Effects in Metal Semiconductor Nanostructures Excerpt :

Metal-semiconductor nanostructures represent an important new class of materials employed in designing advanced optoelectronic and nanophotonic devices, such as plasmonic nanolasers, plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes and solar cells, plasmonic emitters of single photons, and quantum devices operating in infrared and terahertz domains. The combination of surface plasmon resonances in conducting structures, providing strong concentration of an electromagnetic optical field nearby, with sharp optical resonances in semiconductors, which are highly sensitive to external electromagnetic fields, creates a platform to control light on the nanoscale. The design of the composite metal-semiconductor system imposes the consideration of both the plasmonic resonances in metal and the optical transitions in semiconductors - a key issue being their resonant interaction providing a coupling regime. In this book the reader will find descriptions of electrodynamics of conducting structures, quantum physics of semiconductor nanostructures, and guidelines for advanced engineering of metal-semiconductor composites. These constituents form together the physical basics of the metal-semiconductor plasmonics, underlying many effective practical applications. The list of covered topics also includes the review of recent results, such as the achievement of a strong coupling regime, and the preservation of non-classical statistics of photons in plasmonic cavities combined with semiconductor nanostructures.

Semiconductor Nanostructures for Optoelectronic Applications Book

Semiconductor Nanostructures for Optoelectronic Applications


  • Author : Todd D. Steiner
  • Publisher : Artech House
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN 10 : 1580537529

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Semiconductor Nanostructures for Optoelectronic Applications Excerpt :

Annotation Tiny structures measurable on the nanometer scale (one-billionth of a meter) are known as nanostructures, and nanotechnology is the emerging application of these nanostructures into useful nanoscale devices. As we enter the 21st century, more and more professional are using nanotechnology to create semiconductors for a variety of applications, including communications, information technology, medical, and transportation devices. Written by today's best researchers of semiconductor nanostructures, this cutting-edge resource provides a snapshot of this exciting and fast-changing field. The book covers the latest advances in nanotechnology and discusses the applications of nanostructures to optoelectronics, photonics, and electronics.

Handbook of Self Assembled Semiconductor Nanostructures for Novel Devices in Photonics and Electronics Book

Handbook of Self Assembled Semiconductor Nanostructures for Novel Devices in Photonics and Electronics


  • Author : Mohamed Henini
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-07-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 864
  • ISBN 10 : 0080560474

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Handbook of Self Assembled Semiconductor Nanostructures for Novel Devices in Photonics and Electronics Excerpt :

The self-assembled nanostructured materials described in this book offer a number of advantages over conventional material technologies in a wide range of sectors. World leaders in the field of self-organisation of nanostructures review the current status of research and development in the field, and give an account of the formation, properties, and self-organisation of semiconductor nanostructures. Chapters on structural, electronic and optical properties, and devices based on self-organised nanostructures are also included. Future research work on self-assembled nanostructures will connect diverse areas of material science, physics, chemistry, electronics and optoelectronics. This book will provide an excellent starting point for workers entering the field and a useful reference to the nanostructured materials research community. It will be useful to any scientist who is involved in nanotechnology and those wishing to gain a view of what is possible with modern fabrication technology. Mohamed Henini is a Professor of Applied Physics at the University of Nottingham. He has authored and co-authored over 750 papers in international journals and conference proceedings and is the founder of two international conferences. He is the Editor-in-Chief of Microelectronics Journal and has edited three previous Elsevier books. Contributors are world leaders in the field Brings together all the factors which are essential in self-organisation of quantum nanostructures Reviews the current status of research and development in self-organised nanostructured materials Provides a ready source of information on a wide range of topics Useful to any scientist who is involved in nanotechnology Excellent starting point for workers entering the field Serves as an excellent reference manual

Inelastic Light Scattering of Semiconductor Nanostructures Book

Inelastic Light Scattering of Semiconductor Nanostructures


  • Author : Christian Schüller
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006-09-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540365259

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Inelastic Light Scattering of Semiconductor Nanostructures Excerpt :

The field of semiconductor nanostructures is of enormous and still-growing research interest. On one hand, they are already realized in mass products such as high-electron-mobility field-effect transistors and quantum-well lasers. On the other hand, they allow, in specially tailored systems, the investigation of fundamental properties such as many-particle interactions of electrons in reduced dimensions. This book bridges the gap between general semiconductor textbooks and research articles.