Signal Processing for Neuroscientists Book

Signal Processing for Neuroscientists


  • Author : Wim van Drongelen
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2006-12-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 008046775X

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Signal Processing for Neuroscientists Book Description :

Signal Processing for Neuroscientists introduces analysis techniques primarily aimed at neuroscientists and biomedical engineering students with a reasonable but modest background in mathematics, physics, and computer programming. The focus of this text is on what can be considered the ‘golden trio’ in the signal processing field: averaging, Fourier analysis, and filtering. Techniques such as convolution, correlation, coherence, and wavelet analysis are considered in the context of time and frequency domain analysis. The whole spectrum of signal analysis is covered, ranging from data acquisition to data processing; and from the mathematical background of the analysis to the practical application of processing algorithms. Overall, the approach to the mathematics is informal with a focus on basic understanding of the methods and their interrelationships rather than detailed proofs or derivations. One of the principle goals is to provide the reader with the background required to understand the principles of commercially available analyses software, and to allow him/her to construct his/her own analysis tools in an environment such as MATLAB®. Multiple color illustrations are integrated in the text Includes an introduction to biomedical signals, noise characteristics, and recording techniques Basics and background for more advanced topics can be found in extensive notes and appendices A Companion Website hosts the MATLAB scripts and several data files: http://www.elsevierdirect.com/companion.jsp?ISBN=9780123708670

Signal Processing for Neuroscientists Book

Signal Processing for Neuroscientists


  • Author : Wim van Drongelen
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-04-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 740
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128104835

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Signal Processing for Neuroscientists Book Description :

Signal Processing for Neuroscientists, Second Edition provides an introduction to signal processing and modeling for those with a modest understanding of algebra, trigonometry and calculus. With a robust modeling component, this book describes modeling from the fundamental level of differential equations all the way up to practical applications in neuronal modeling. It features nine new chapters and an exercise section developed by the author. Since the modeling of systems and signal analysis are closely related, integrated presentation of these topics using identical or similar mathematics presents a didactic advantage and a significant resource for neuroscientists with quantitative interest. Although each of the topics introduced could fill several volumes, this book provides a fundamental and uncluttered background for the non-specialist scientist or engineer to not only get applications started, but also evaluate more advanced literature on signal processing and modeling. Includes an introduction to biomedical signals, noise characteristics, recording techniques, and the more advanced topics of linear, nonlinear and multi-channel systems analysis Features new chapters on the fundamentals of modeling, application to neuronal modeling, Kalman filter, multi-taper power spectrum estimation, and practice exercises Contains the basics and background for more advanced topics in extensive notes and appendices Includes practical examples of algorithm development and implementation in MATLAB Features a companion website with MATLAB scripts, data files, figures and video lectures

Signal Processing for Neuroscientists Book

Signal Processing for Neuroscientists


  • Author : Wim van Drongelen
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN 10 : 0123708672

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Signal Processing for Neuroscientists Book Description :

Signal Processing for Neuroscientists introduces analysis techniques primarily aimed at neuroscientists and biomedical engineering students with a reasonable but modest background in mathematics, physics, and computer programming. The focus of this text is on what can be considered the 'golden trio' in the signal processing field: averaging, Fourier analysis, and filtering. Techniques such as convolution, correlation, coherence, and wavelet analysis are considered in the context of time and frequency domain analysis. The whole spectrum of signal analysis is covered, ranging from data acquisition to data processing; and from the mathematical background of the analysis to the practical application of processing algorithms. Overall, the approach to the mathematics is informal with a focus on basic understanding of the methods and their interrelationships rather than detailed proofs or derivations. One of the principle goals is to provide the reader with the background required to understand the principles of commercially available analyses software, and to allow him/her to construct his/her own analysis tools in an environment such as MATLAB®. * Multiple color illustrations are integrated in the text * Includes an introduction to biomedical signals, noise characteristics, and recording techniques * Basics and background for more advanced topics can be found in extensive notes and appendices * A Companion Website hosts the MATLAB scripts and several data files: http://www.elsevierdirect.com/companion.jsp?ISBN=9780123708670

Web Application Obfuscation Book

Web Application Obfuscation


  • Author : Mario Heiderich
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-01-13
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN 10 : 9781597496056

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Web Application Obfuscation Book Description :

Web applications are used every day by millions of users, which is why they are one of the most popular vectors for attackers. Obfuscation of code has allowed hackers to take one attack and create hundreds-if not millions-of variants that can evade your security measures. Web Application Obfuscation takes a look at common Web infrastructure and security controls from an attacker's perspective, allowing the reader to understand the shortcomings of their security systems. Find out how an attacker would bypass different types of security controls, how these very security controls introduce new types of vulnerabilities, and how to avoid common pitfalls in order to strengthen your defenses. Named a 2011 Best Hacking and Pen Testing Book by InfoSec Reviews Looks at security tools like IDS/IPS that are often the only defense in protecting sensitive data and assets Evaluates Web application vulnerabilties from the attacker's perspective and explains how these very systems introduce new types of vulnerabilities Teaches how to secure your data, including info on browser quirks, new attacks and syntax tricks to add to your defenses against XSS, SQL injection, and more

Signal Processing for Neuroscientists Book

Signal Processing for Neuroscientists


  • Author : Wim van Drongelen
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Neurology
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN 10 : 0123740991

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Signal Processing for Neuroscientists Book Description :

"Signal Processing for Neuroscientists introduces analysis techniques primarily aimed at neuroscientists and biomedical engineering students with a reasonable but modest background in mathematics, physics, and computer programming. The focus of this text is on what can be considered the 'golden trio' in the signal processing field: averaging, Fourier analysis, and filtering. Techniques such as convolution, correlation, coherence, and wavelet analysis are considered in the context of time and frequency domain analysis. The whole spectrum of signal analysis is covered, ranging from data acquisition to data processing; and from the mathematical background of the analysis to the practical application of processing algorithms. Overall, the approach to the mathematics is informal with a focus on basic understanding of the methods and their interrelationships rather than detailed proofs or derivations. One of the principle goals is to provide the reader with the background required to understand the principles of commercially available analyses software, and to allow him/her to construct his/her own analysis tools in an environment such as MATLAB. - Multiple color illustrations are integrated in the text. - Includes an introduction to biomedical signals, noise characteristics, and recording techniques. - Basics and background for more advanced topics can be found in extensive notes and appendices."--Publisher's description.

Signal Processing in Neuroscience Book

Signal Processing in Neuroscience


  • Author : Xiaoli Li
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-08-31
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811018220

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Signal Processing in Neuroscience Book Description :

This book reviews cutting-edge developments in neural signalling processing (NSP), systematically introducing readers to various models and methods in the context of NSP. Neuronal Signal Processing is a comparatively new field in computer sciences and neuroscience, and is rapidly establishing itself as an important tool, one that offers an ideal opportunity to forge stronger links between experimentalists and computer scientists. This new signal-processing tool can be used in conjunction with existing computational tools to analyse neural activity, which is monitored through different sensors such as spike trains, local filed potentials and EEG. The analysis of neural activity can yield vital insights into the function of the brain. This book highlights the contribution of signal processing in the area of computational neuroscience by providing a forum for researchers in this field to share their experiences to date.

Statistical Signal Processing for Neuroscience and Neurotechnology Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Statistical Signal Processing for Neuroscience and Neurotechnology


  • Author : Karim G. Oweiss
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2010-09-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 433
  • ISBN 10 : 0080962963

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Statistical Signal Processing for Neuroscience and Neurotechnology Book Description :

This is a uniquely comprehensive reference that summarizes the state of the art of signal processing theory and techniques for solving emerging problems in neuroscience, and which clearly presents new theory, algorithms, software and hardware tools that are specifically tailored to the nature of the neurobiological environment. It gives a broad overview of the basic principles, theories and methods in statistical signal processing for basic and applied neuroscience problems. Written by experts in the field, the book is an ideal reference for researchers working in the field of neural engineering, neural interface, computational neuroscience, neuroinformatics, neuropsychology and neural physiology. By giving a broad overview of the basic principles, theories and methods, it is also an ideal introduction to statistical signal processing in neuroscience. A comprehensive overview of the specific problems in neuroscience that require application of existing and development of new theory, techniques, and technology by the signal processing community Contains state-of-the-art signal processing, information theory, and machine learning algorithms and techniques for neuroscience research Presents quantitative and information-driven science that has been, or can be, applied to basic and translational neuroscience problems

MATLAB for Neuroscientists Book

MATLAB for Neuroscientists


  • Author : Pascal Wallisch
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-01-09
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 570
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123838377

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MATLAB for Neuroscientists Book Description :

MATLAB for Neuroscientists serves as the only complete study manual and teaching resource for MATLAB, the globally accepted standard for scientific computing, in the neurosciences and psychology. This unique introduction can be used to learn the entire empirical and experimental process (including stimulus generation, experimental control, data collection, data analysis, modeling, and more), and the 2nd Edition continues to ensure that a wide variety of computational problems can be addressed in a single programming environment. This updated edition features additional material on the creation of visual stimuli, advanced psychophysics, analysis of LFP data, choice probabilities, synchrony, and advanced spectral analysis. Users at a variety of levels—advanced undergraduates, beginning graduate students, and researchers looking to modernize their skills—will learn to design and implement their own analytical tools, and gain the fluency required to meet the computational needs of neuroscience practitioners. The first complete volume on MATLAB focusing on neuroscience and psychology applications Problem-based approach with many examples from neuroscience and cognitive psychology using real data Illustrated in full color throughout Careful tutorial approach, by authors who are award-winning educators with strong teaching experience

Signal Processing in Auditory Neuroscience Book

Signal Processing in Auditory Neuroscience


  • Author : Yoichi Ando
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-05-22
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128159392

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Signal Processing in Auditory Neuroscience Book Description :

Signal Processing in Auditory Neuroscience: Temporal and Spatial Features of Sound and Speech discusses how the physical attributes of different sounds manifest in neural signals and how to tease-apart their different influences. It includes EEG/MEG as additional variables to be considered when studying neural mechanisms of auditory processing in general, specifically in speech. Focuses on signal processing in human auditory-neuroscience Contains information that will be useful to researchers using a MEG/EEG recording of brain activity to study neural mechanisms of auditory processing and speech Gives an important overview and methodological background for techniques that are useful in human auditory-neuroscience

EEG Signal Processing and Feature Extraction Book

EEG Signal Processing and Feature Extraction


  • Author : Li Hu
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-10-12
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 437
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811391132

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EEG Signal Processing and Feature Extraction Book Description :

This book presents the conceptual and mathematical basis and the implementation of both electroencephalogram (EEG) and EEG signal processing in a comprehensive, simple, and easy-to-understand manner. EEG records the electrical activity generated by the firing of neurons within human brain at the scalp. They are widely used in clinical neuroscience, psychology, and neural engineering, and a series of EEG signal-processing techniques have been developed. Intended for cognitive neuroscientists, psychologists and other interested readers, the book discusses a range of current mainstream EEG signal-processing and feature-extraction techniques in depth, and includes chapters on the principles and implementation strategies.

Analyzing Neural Time Series Data Book

Analyzing Neural Time Series Data


  • Author : Mike X Cohen
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2014-01-17
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262019873

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Analyzing Neural Time Series Data Book Description :

A comprehensive guide to the conceptual, mathematical, and implementational aspects of analyzing electrical brain signals, including data from MEG, EEG, and LFP recordings.

EEG ERP Analysis Book

EEG ERP Analysis


  • Author : Kamel Nidal
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-10-23
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN 10 : 9781482224719

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EEG ERP Analysis Book Description :

Changes in the neurological functions of the human brain are often a precursor to numerous degenerative diseases. Advanced EEG systems and other monitoring systems used in preventive diagnostic procedures incorporate innovative features for brain monitoring functions such as real-time automated signal processing techniques and sophisticated amplifiers. Highlighting the US, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Korea, China, and many other areas, EEG/ERP Analysis: Methods and Applications examines how researchers from various disciplines have started to work in the field of brain science, and explains the different techniques used for processing EEG/ERP data. Engineers can learn more about the clinical applications, while clinicians and biomedical scientists can familiarize themselves with the technical aspects and theoretical approaches. This book explores the recent advances involved in EEG/ERP analysis for brain monitoring, details successful EEG and ERP applications, and presents the neurological aspects in a simplified way so that those with an engineering background can better design clinical instruments. It consists of 13 chapters and includes the advanced techniques used for signal enhancement, source localization, data fusion, classification, and quantitative EEG. In addition, some of the chapters are contributed by neurologists and neurosurgeons providing the clinical aspects of EEG/ERP analysis. Covers a wide range of EEG/ERP applications with state-of-the-art techniques for denoising, analysis, and classification Examines new applications related to 3D display devices Includes MATLAB® codes EEG/ERP Analysis: Methods and Applications is a resource for biomedical and neuroscience scientists who are working on neural signal processing and interpretation, and biomedical engineers who are working on EEG/ERP signal analysis methods and developing clinical instrumentation. It can also assist neurosurgeons, psychiatrists, and postgraduate students doing researc

Brain Signals Book

Brain Signals


  • Author : Risto J. Ilmoniemi
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2019-05-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262039826

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Brain Signals Book Description :

A unified treatment of the generation and analysis of brain-generated electromagnetic fields. In Brain Signals, Risto Ilmoniemi and Jukka Sarvas present the basic physical and mathematical principles of magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG), describing what kind of information is available in the neuroelectromagnetic field and how the measured MEG and EEG signals can be analyzed. Unlike most previous works on these topics, which have been collections of writings by different authors using different conventions, this book presents the material in a unified manner, providing the reader with a thorough understanding of basic principles and a firm basis for analyzing data generated by MEG and EEG. The book first provides a brief introduction to brain states and the early history of EEG and MEG, describes the generation of electromagnetic fields by neuronal activity, and discusses the electromagnetic forward problem. The authors then turn to EEG and MEG analysis, offering a review of linear and matrix algebra and basic statistics needed for analysis of the data, and presenting several analysis methods: dipole fitting; the minimum norm estimate (MNE); beamforming; the multiple signal classification algorithm (MUSIC), including RAP-MUSIC with the RAP dilemma and TRAP-MUSIC, which removes the RAP dilemma; independent component analysis (ICA); and blind source separation (BSS) with joint diagonalization.

Correlative Learning Book

Correlative Learning


  • Author : Zhe Chen
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2008-01-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470171448

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Correlative Learning Book Description :

Correlative Learning: A Basis for Brain and Adaptive Systems provides a bridge between three disciplines: computational neuroscience, neural networks, and signal processing. First, the authors lay down the preliminary neuroscience background for engineers. The book also presents an overview of the role of correlation in the human brain as well as in the adaptive signal processing world; unifies many well-established synaptic adaptations (learning) rules within the correlation-based learning framework, focusing on a particular correlative learning paradigm, ALOPEX; and presents case studies that illustrate how to use different computational tools and ALOPEX to help readers understand certain brain functions or fit specific engineering applications.

MATLAB for Brain and Cognitive Scientists Book

MATLAB for Brain and Cognitive Scientists


  • Author : Mike X Cohen
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2017-05-12
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262035828

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MATLAB for Brain and Cognitive Scientists Book Description :

An introduction to a popular programming language for neuroscience research, taking the reader from beginning to intermediate and advanced levels of MATLAB programming.

Time Frequency Signal Analysis and Processing Book
Score: 3.5
From 3 Ratings

Time Frequency Signal Analysis and Processing


  • Author : Boualem Boashash
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-12-11
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 1056
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123985255

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Time Frequency Signal Analysis and Processing Book Description :

Time-Frequency Signal Analysis and Processing (TFSAP) is a collection of theory, techniques and algorithms used for the analysis and processing of non-stationary signals, as found in a wide range of applications including telecommunications, radar, and biomedical engineering. This book gives the university researcher and R&D engineer insights into how to use TFSAP methods to develop and implement the engineering application systems they require. New to this edition: New sections on Efficient and Fast Algorithms; a "Getting Started" chapter enabling readers to start using the algorithms on simulated and real examples with the TFSAP toolbox, compare the results with the ones presented in the book and then insert the algorithms in their own applications and adapt them as needed. Two new chapters and twenty three new sections, including updated references. New topics including: efficient algorithms for optimal TFDs (with source code), the enhanced spectrogram, time-frequency modelling, more mathematical foundations, the relationships between QTFDs and Wavelet Transforms, new advanced applications such as cognitive radio, watermarking, noise reduction in the time-frequency domain, algorithms for Time-Frequency Image Processing, and Time-Frequency applications in neuroscience (new chapter). A comprehensive tutorial introduction to Time-Frequency Signal Analysis and Processing (TFSAP), accessible to anyone who has taken a first course in signals Key advances in theory, methodology and algorithms, are concisely presented by some of the leading authorities on the respective topics Applications written by leading researchers showing how to use TFSAP methods

Brain Computer Interfacing for Assistive Robotics Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Brain Computer Interfacing for Assistive Robotics


  • Author : Vaibhav Gandhi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-09-24
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128015872

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Brain Computer Interfacing for Assistive Robotics Book Description :

Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology provides a means of communication that allows individuals with severely impaired movement to communicate with assistive devices using the electroencephalogram (EEG) or other brain signals. The practicality of a BCI has been possible due to advances in multi-disciplinary areas of research related to cognitive neuroscience, brain-imaging techniques and human-computer interfaces. However, two major challenges remain in making BCI for assistive robotics practical for day-to-day use: the inherent lower bandwidth of BCI, and how to best handle the unknown embedded noise within the raw EEG. Brain-Computer Interfacing for Assistive Robotics is a result of research focusing on these important aspects of BCI for real-time assistive robotic application. It details the fundamental issues related to non-stationary EEG signal processing (filtering) and the need of an alternative approach for the same. Additionally, the book also discusses techniques for overcoming lower bandwidth of BCIs by designing novel use-centric graphical user interfaces. A detailed investigation into both these approaches is discussed. An innovative reference on the brain-computer interface (BCI) and its utility in computational neuroscience and assistive robotics Written for mature and early stage researchers, postgraduate and doctoral students, and computational neuroscientists, this book is a novel guide to the fundamentals of quantum mechanics for BCI Full-colour text that focuses on brain-computer interfacing for real-time assistive robotic application and details the fundamental issues related with signal processing and the need for alternative approaches A detailed introduction as well as an in-depth analysis of challenges and issues in developing practical brain-computer interfaces.

Practical Guide for Biomedical Signals Analysis Using Machine Learning Techniques Book

Practical Guide for Biomedical Signals Analysis Using Machine Learning Techniques


  • Author : Abdulhamit Subasi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-03-16
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128176733

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Practical Guide for Biomedical Signals Analysis Using Machine Learning Techniques Book Description :

Practical Guide for Biomedical Signals Analysis Using Machine Learning Techniques: A MATLAB Based Approach presents how machine learning and biomedical signal processing methods can be used in biomedical signal analysis. Different machine learning applications in biomedical signal analysis, including those for electrocardiogram, electroencephalogram and electromyogram are described in a practical and comprehensive way, helping readers with limited knowledge. Sections cover biomedical signals and machine learning techniques, biomedical signals, such as electroencephalogram (EEG), electromyogram (EMG) and electrocardiogram (ECG), different signal-processing techniques, signal de-noising, feature extraction and dimension reduction techniques, such as PCA, ICA, KPCA, MSPCA, entropy measures, and other statistical measures, and more. This book is a valuable source for bioinformaticians, medical doctors and other members of the biomedical field who need a cogent resource on the most recent and promising machine learning techniques for biomedical signals analysis. Provides comprehensive knowledge in the application of machine learning tools in biomedical signal analysis for medical diagnostics, brain computer interface and man/machine interaction Explains how to apply machine learning techniques to EEG, ECG and EMG signals Gives basic knowledge on predictive modeling in biomedical time series and advanced knowledge in machine learning for biomedical time series

Methods in Insect Sensory Neuroscience Book

Methods in Insect Sensory Neuroscience


  • Author : Thomas A. Christensen
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2004-12-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420039429

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Methods in Insect Sensory Neuroscience Book Description :

Insects are among the most diverse and adaptable organisms on Earth. They have long been our chief competitors for food and are responsible for spreading devastating afflictions such as malaria and encephalitis. The insects’ ability to thrive is due in large part to their well-developed sensory systems, which present a host of novel physiological, biochemical, and behavioral attributes that underlie their remarkable feats of sensory performance. Methods in Insect Neuroscience is the first text to showcase the tremendous variety of methods that are available to study the sensory capabilities of insects. It covers the complete spectrum of sensory modalities in insects, from vision and audition, to chemoreception and multimodal processing. The book is designed to serve as a how to guide for putting into practice a wide range of techniques, including behavioral observation, brain imaging, single- and multi-unit electrophysiology, computer modeling/signal processing, and robotics to address innumerable questions. A truly multidisciplinary synthesis of neurobiological, behavioral, and computational approaches to sensory-information processing is most likely to yield our richest understanding of the mechanisms that underlie sensation and perception. In that spirit, this book contains chapters by leading neuroethologists, comparative biologists, neuroscientists, computational biologists, geneticists, and bioengineers who have adopted insects as their models. Their hard work and dedication is evident in the quality of detail contained in every chapter. This book is intended for seasoned neuroscientists looking for state-of-the-art information, as well as discussions on the open-ended questions facing sensory neuroscience today. It is also intended as a primer for newcomers utilizing insects to embark on a study of sensory mechanisms.The opening section provides background information and references about the basic organization of the insect brain and the behavioral strateg

Guide to Research Techniques in Neuroscience Book

Guide to Research Techniques in Neuroscience


  • Author : Matt Carter
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-02-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128005972

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Guide to Research Techniques in Neuroscience Book Description :

Neuroscience is, by definition, a multidisciplinary field: some scientists study genes and proteins at the molecular level while others study neural circuitry using electrophysiology and high-resolution optics. A single topic can be studied using techniques from genetics, imaging, biochemistry, or electrophysiology. Therefore, it can be daunting for young scientists or anyone new to neuroscience to learn how to read the primary literature and develop their own experiments. This volume addresses that gap, gathering multidisciplinary knowledge and providing tools for understanding the neuroscience techniques that are essential to the field, and allowing the reader to design experiments in a variety of neuroscience disciplines. Written to provide a "hands-on" approach for graduate students, postdocs, or anyone new to the neurosciences Techniques within one field are compared, allowing readers to select the best techniques for their own work Includes key articles, books, and protocols for additional detailed study Data analysis boxes in each chapter help with data interpretation and offer guidelines on how best to represent results Walk-through boxes guide readers step-by-step through experiments