Small Molecule Drug Discovery Book

Small Molecule Drug Discovery


  • Author : Andrea Trabocchi
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-11-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128183502

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Small Molecule Drug Discovery Excerpt :

Small Molecule Drug Discovery: Methods, Molecules and Applications presents the methods used to identify bioactive small molecules, synthetic strategies and techniques to produce novel chemical entities and small molecule libraries, chemoinformatics to characterize and enumerate chemical libraries, and screening methods, including biophysical techniques, virtual screening and phenotypic screening. The second part of the book gives an overview of privileged cyclic small molecules and major classes of natural product-derived small molecules, including carbohydrate-derived compounds, peptides and peptidomimetics, and alkaloid-inspired compounds. The last section comprises an exciting collection of selected case studies on drug discovery enabled by small molecules in the fields of cancer research, CNS diseases and infectious diseases. The discovery of novel molecular entities capable of specific interactions represents a significant challenge in early drug discovery. Small molecules are low molecular weight organic compounds that include natural products and metabolites, as well as drugs and other xenobiotics. When the biological target is well defined and understood, the rational design of small molecule ligands is possible. Alternatively, small molecule libraries are being used for unbiased assays for complex diseases where a target is unknown or multiple factors contribute to a disease pathology. Outlines modern concepts and synthetic strategies underlying the building of small molecules and their chemical libraries useful for drug discovery Provides modern biophysical methods to screening small molecule libraries, including high-throughput screening, small molecule microarrays, phenotypic screening and chemical genetics Presents the most advanced chemoinformatics tools to characterize the structural features of small molecule libraries in terms of chemical diversity and complexity, also including the application of virtual screening approaches Gives an overview of s

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development Book

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development


  • Author : C. Robin Ganellin
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-05-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123977700

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Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development Excerpt :

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development provides, for the first time, an introduction to the science behind successful pharmaceutical research and development programs. The book explains basic principles, then compares and contrasts approaches to both biopharmaceuticals (proteins) and small molecule drugs, presenting an overview of the business and management issues of these approaches. The latter part of the book provides carefully selected real-life case studies illustrating how the theory presented in the first part of the book is actually put into practice. Studies include Herceptin/T-DM1, erythropoietin (Epogen/Eprex/NeoRecormon), anti-HIV protease inhibitor Darunavir, and more. Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development is intended for late-stage undergraduates or postgraduates studying chemistry (at the biology interface), biochemistry, medicine, pharmacy, medicine, or allied subjects. The book is also useful in a wide variety of science degree courses, in post-graduate taught material (Masters and PhD), and as basic background reading for scientists in the pharmaceutical industry. For the first time, the fundamental scientific principles of biopharmaceuticals and small molecule chemotherapeutics are discussed side-by-side at a basic level Edited by three senior scientists with over 100 years of experience in drug research who have compiled the best scientific comparison of small molecule and biopharmaceuticals approaches to new drugs Illustrated with key examples of important drugs that exemplify the basic principles of pharmaceutical drug research and development

Natural Small Molecule Drugs from Plants Book

Natural Small Molecule Drugs from Plants


  • Author : Guan-Hua Du
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-11-19
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 741
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811080227

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Natural Small Molecule Drugs from Plants Excerpt :

This book discusses 120 types of natural, small-molecule drugs derived from plants. They are grouped into 7 parts according their clinical uses, such as drugs for cardiovascular diseases, for metabolic diseases, for neuropsychiatric diseases, for immune-mediated inflammatory diseases, anti-tumor drugs, and drugs for parasites and bacterial infection. Each chapter systematically summarizes one drug, including its physicochemical properties, sources, pharmacological effects and clinical applications. To help readers understand the drug better, the research and pharmacological activity for each drug is also described, which serves as a salutary lesson for future drug development. Written by frontline researchers, teachers and clinicians working in field of pharmacy and pharmacology it provides an overview of natural, small-molecule drugs derived from plants for researchers in the field.

Small Molecule Medicinal Chemistry Book

Small Molecule Medicinal Chemistry


  • Author : Werngard Czechtizky
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2015-11-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118771600

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Small Molecule Medicinal Chemistry Excerpt :

Stressing strategic and technological solutions to medicinal chemistry challenges, this book presents methods and practices for optimizing the chemical aspects of drug discovery. Chapters discuss benefits, challenges, case studies, and industry perspectives for improving drug discovery programs with respect to quality and costs. • Focuses on small molecules and their critical role in medicinal chemistry, reviewing chemical and economic advantages, challenges, and trends in the field from industry perspectives • Discusses novel approaches and key topics, like screening collection enhancement, risk sharing, HTS triage, new lead finding approaches, diversity-oriented synthesis, peptidomimetics, natural products, and high throughput medicinal chemistry approaches • Explains how to reduce design-make-test cycle times by integrating medicinal chemistry, physical chemistry, and ADME profiling techniques • Includes descriptive case studies, examples, and applications to illustrate new technologies and provide step-by-step explanations to enable them in a laboratory setting

Essential Metals in Medicine  Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic Book

Essential Metals in Medicine Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic


  • Author : Peggy L. Carver
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2019-01-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 455
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110526981

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Essential Metals in Medicine Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic Excerpt :

Volume 19, entitled Essential Metals in Medicine: Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic of the series Metal Ions in Life Sciences centers on the role of metal ions in clinical medicine. Metal ions are tightly regulated in human health: while essential to life, they can be toxic as well. Following an introductory chapter briefly discussing several important metal-related drugs and diseases and a chapter about drug development, the focus is fi rst on iron: its essentiality for pathogens and humans as well as its toxicity. Chelation therapy is addressed in the context of thalassemia, its relationship to neurodegenerative diseases and also the risks connected with iron administration are pointed out. A subject of intense debate is the essentiality of chromium and vanadium. For example, chromium(III) compounds are taken as a nutritional supplement by athletes and bodybuilders; in contrast, chromate, Cr(VI), is toxic and a carcinogen for humans. The benefi cial and toxic effects of manganese, cobalt, and copper on humans are discussed. The need for antiparasitic agents is emphasized as well as the clinical aspects of metal-containing antidotes for cyanide poisoning. In addition to the essential and possibly essential ones, also other metal ions play important roles in human health, causing harm (like the metalloid arsenic, lead or cadmium) or being used in diagnosis or treatment of human diseases, like gadolinium, gallium, lithium, gold, silver or platinum. The impact of this vibrant research area on metals in the clinic is provided in 14 stimulating chapters, written by internationally recognized experts from the Americas, Europe and China, and is manifested by approximately 2000 references, and about 90 illustrations and tables. Essential Metals in Medicine: Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic is an essential resource for scientists working in the wide range from pharmacology, enzymology, material sciences, analytical, organic, an

Biophysical Techniques in Drug Discovery Book

Biophysical Techniques in Drug Discovery


  • Author : Angeles Canales
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2017-11-20
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782627333

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Biophysical Techniques in Drug Discovery Excerpt :

Biophysical techniques are used in many key stages of the drug discovery process including in screening for new receptor ligands, in characterising drug mechanisms, and in validating data from biochemical and cellular assays. This book provides an overview of the biophysical methods applied in drug discovery today, including traditional techniques and newer developments. Perspectives from academia and industry across a spectrum of techniques are brought together in a single volume. Small and biotherapeutic approaches are covered and strengths and limitations of each technique are presented. Case studies illustrate the application of each technique in real applied examples. Finally, the book covers recent developments in areas such as electron microscopy with discussions of their possible impact on future drug discovery. This is a go-to volume for biophysicists, analytical chemists and medicinal chemists providing a broad overview of techniques of contemporary interest in drug discovery.

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development Book

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development


  • Author : Michael Stocks
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128061930

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Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development Excerpt :

Drug discovery of small molecules from target selection through to clinical evaluation is a very complex, challenging but rewarding area of drug discovery. There are many obstacles along the journey from initial hit-finding activities, through optimization of compounds and eventually to delivery of robust candidate drugs (CDs) for clinical evaluation. This chapter presents key issues and literature solutions with respect to the optimization of hits into CDs. Details of the key hit-finding activities namely high-throughput screening, virtual screening, natural products, fragment-based drug discovery and fast-follower approaches are discussed. Key aspects of compound quality such as lipophilicity, solubility, drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic, plasma protein binding and cytochrome P450 inhibition/induction are discussed as well as potential safety liabilities such as human ether-a-go-go related gene, genotoxicity and phospholipidosis, Finally successful hit-to-lead and lead optimization case studies are presented to illustrate and highlight the key principles.

Epi Informatics Book

Epi Informatics


  • Author : Jose Medina-Franco
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-02-24
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128028094

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Epi Informatics Excerpt :

Epi-Informatics: Discovery and Development of Small Molecule Epigenetic Drugs and Probes features multidisciplinary strategies with strong computational approaches that have led to the successful discovery and/or optimization of compounds that act as modulators of epigenetic targets. This book is intended for all those using or wanting to learn more about computational methodologies in epigenetic drug discovery, including molecular modelers, informaticians, pharmaceutical scientists, and medicinal chemists. With a better understanding of different molecular modeling and cheminformatic approaches, readers can incorporate these techniques into their own drug discovery projects that may involve chemical synthesis and medium- or high-throughput screening. In addition, this book highlights the significance of epigenetic targets to the public health for molecular modelers and chemoinformatians. The goal of this reference is to stimulate ongoing multidisciplinary research and to further improve current computational methodologies and workflows in order to accelerate the discovery and development of epi-drugs and epi-probes. Focuses on the discovery of epi-drugs as candidates to be used in therapy including combined therapies Describes new computational methodologies and screening assays utilizing recent and emerging novel structural data Highlights the discovery, development and optimization of epi-probes, which are molecular probes that elucidate epigenetic mechanisms Includes important topics such as computational-guided optimization of epi-hits, virtual screening to identify novel compounds for epigenetic targets, development and mining of epigenetic molecular databases, SAR modeling of screening data and much more

Protein Degradation with New Chemical Modalities Book

Protein Degradation with New Chemical Modalities


  • Author : Hilmar Weinmann
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2020-10-07
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN 10 : 9781839160776

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Protein Degradation with New Chemical Modalities Excerpt :

Targeting protein degradation using small molecules is one of the most exciting small-molecule therapeutic strategies in decades and a rapidly growing area of research. In particular, the development of proteolysis targeting chimera (PROTACs) as potential drugs capable of recruiting target proteins to the cellular quality control machinery for elimination has opened new avenues to address traditionally ‘difficult to target’ proteins. This book provides a comprehensive overview from the leading academic and industrial experts on recent developments, scope and limitations in this dynamically growing research area; an ideal reference work for researchers in drug discovery and chemical biology as well as advanced students.

Structural Biology in Drug Discovery Book

Structural Biology in Drug Discovery


  • Author : Jean-Paul Renaud
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-01-09
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 688
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118900505

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Structural Biology in Drug Discovery Excerpt :

With the most comprehensive and up-to-date overview of structure-based drug discovery covering both experimental and computational approaches, Structural Biology in Drug Discovery: Methods, Techniques, and Practices describes principles, methods, applications, and emerging paradigms of structural biology as a tool for more efficient drug development. Coverage includes successful examples, academic and industry insights, novel concepts, and advances in a rapidly evolving field. The combined chapters, by authors writing from the frontlines of structural biology and drug discovery, give readers a valuable reference and resource that: Presents the benefits, limitations, and potentiality of major techniques in the field such as X-ray crystallography, NMR, neutron crystallography, cryo-EM, mass spectrometry and other biophysical techniques, and computational structural biology Includes detailed chapters on druggability, allostery, complementary use of thermodynamic and kinetic information, and powerful approaches such as structural chemogenomics and fragment-based drug design Emphasizes the need for the in-depth biophysical characterization of protein targets as well as of therapeutic proteins, and for a thorough quality assessment of experimental structures Illustrates advances in the field of established therapeutic targets like kinases, serine proteinases, GPCRs, and epigenetic proteins, and of more challenging ones like protein-protein interactions and intrinsically disordered proteins

The Medicinal Chemist s Guide to Solving ADMET Challenges Book

The Medicinal Chemist s Guide to Solving ADMET Challenges


  • Author : Patrick Schnider
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2021-08-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 518
  • ISBN 10 : 9781839160493

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The Medicinal Chemist s Guide to Solving ADMET Challenges Excerpt :

The Medicinal Chemist’s Guide to Solving ADMET Challenges summarizes a series of design strategies and tactics that have been successfully employed across pharmaceutical and academic laboratories to solve common ADMET issues. These are exemplified with a curated collection of concrete examples displayed in a highly visual “table-of-contents” style format, allowing readers to rapidly identify the most promising approaches applicable to their own challenges. Each ADMET parameter is introduced in a concise yet comprehensive manner and includes background, relevance and screening strategies. Medicinal chemistry knowledge of how best to modify molecular structure to solve ADMET issues is challenging to retrieve from the literature, public databases and even corporate data warehouses. The Medicinal Chemist’s Guide to Solving ADMET Challenges addresses this gap by presenting state-of-the-art design strategies put together by a global group of experienced medicinal chemists and ADMET experts across academia and the pharmaceutical industry.

Successful Drug Discovery Book

Successful Drug Discovery


  • Author : János Fischer
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2015-01-30
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527678457

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Successful Drug Discovery Excerpt :

The first volume of the book series "Successful Drug Discovery" is focusing on new drug discoveries during the last decade, from established drugs to recently introduced drugs of all kinds: small-molecule-, peptide-, and protein-based drugs. The role of serendipity is analyzed in some very successful drugs where the research targets of the lead molecule and the drug are different. Phenotypic and target-based drug discovery approaches are discussed from the viewpoint of pioneer drugs and analogues. This volume gives an excellent overview of insulin analogues including a discussion of the properties of rapid-acting and long-acting formulations of this important hormone. The major part of the book is devoted to case histories of new drug discoveries described by their key inventors. Eight case histories range across many therapeutic fields. The goal of this book series is to help the participants of the drug research community with a reference book series and to support teaching in medicinal chemistry with case histories and review articles of new drugs.

Reactive Oxygen Species Book

Reactive Oxygen Species


  • Author : Harald H. H. W. Schmidt
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-02-23
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 425
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030685102

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Reactive Oxygen Species Excerpt :

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in almost every human disease phenotype, without much, if any, therapeutic consequence foremost exemplified by the failure of the so-called anti-oxidants. This book is a game changer for the field and many clinical areas such as cardiology and neurology. The term ‘oxidative stress’ is abandoned and replaced with a systems medicine and network pharmacology-based mechanistic approach to disease. The ROS-related drugs discussed here target either ROS- forming or ROS -modifying enzymes for which there is strong clinical evidence. In addition, ROS targets are included as they jointly participate in causal mechanisms of disease. This approach is transforming the ROS field and represents a breakthrough in redox medicine indicating a path to patient benefit. In the coming years more targets and drugs may be discovered, but the approach will remain the same and this book will thus become, and for many years remain, the leading reference for ROSopathies and their treatment by network pharmacology. Chapter "Soluble Guanylate Cyclase Stimulators and Activators" is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Phenotypic Drug Discovery Book

Phenotypic Drug Discovery


  • Author : Angelique Augustin
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2020-12-10
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 245
  • ISBN 10 : 9781788018760

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Phenotypic Drug Discovery Excerpt :

Phenotypic drug discovery has been highlighted in the past decade as an important strategy in the discovery of new medical entities. How many marketed drugs are derived from phenotypic screens? From the most recent examples, what were the factors enabling target identification and validation? This book answers these questions by elaborating on fundamental capabilities required for phenotypic drug discovery and using case studies to illustrate approaches and key success factors. Written and edited by experienced practitioners from both industry and academia, this publication will equip researchers with a thought-provoking guide to the application and future development of contemporary phenotypic drug discovery for clinical success.