Social Predation Book

Social Predation


  • Author : Guy Beauchamp
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-12-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124076549

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Social Predation Excerpt :

The classic literature on predation dealt almost exclusively with solitary predators and their prey. Going back to Lotka-Volterra and optimal foraging theory, the theory about predation, including predator-prey population dynamics, was developed for solitary species. Various consequences of sociality for predators have been considered only recently. Similarly, while it was long recognized that prey species can benefit from living in groups, research on the adaptive value of sociality for prey species mostly emerged in the 1970s. The main theme of this book is the various ways that predators and prey may benefit from living in groups. The first part focusses on predators and explores how group membership influences predation success rate, from searching to subduing prey. The second part focusses on how prey in groups can detect and escape predators. The final section explores group size and composition and how individuals respond over evolutionary times to the challenges posed by chasing or being chased by animals in groups. This book will help the reader understand current issues in social predation theory and provide a synthesis of the literature across a broad range of animal taxa. Includes the whole taxonomical range rather than limiting it to a select few Features in-depth analysis that allows a better understanding of many subtleties surrounding the issues related to social predation Presents both models and empirical results while covering the extensive predator and prey literature Contains extensive illustrations and separate boxes that cover more technical features, i.e., to present models and review results

The Spotted Hyena  A Study of Predation and Social Behavior Book

The Spotted Hyena A Study of Predation and Social Behavior


  • Author : Hans Kruuk
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2014-09-30
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN 10 : 1626548528

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The Spotted Hyena A Study of Predation and Social Behavior Excerpt :

In this seminal study, Hans Kruuk redefines the image of the spotted hyena, not as a common scavenger, but as a complex matriarchal predator with links to human evolution. "The Spotted Hyena" is the first study to capture the true behavior and ecology of these formidable predators, who instinctively adapt their social structure to meet their ecological needs. Kruuk's research reveals for the first time that hyenas combine carnivorous habits with group territoriality, thus drawing parallels between their existence and that of wolves, lions, and arguably early humans. In addition to being lovable rogues, spotted hyenas are sophisticated hunters that live in complex communities of up to 80 animals. Covering more than broad facts about this species, Kruuk addresses the vital questions concerning hyena behavior such as why females are dominant, why lions scavenge from hyenas, why hyenas hunt zebra and wildebeest differently, and how their social behavior correlates with ecology. Since its original publication, "The Spotted Hyena" has transformed the common perception of the spotted hyena. With nearly 2,000 citations in scientific literature, "The Spotted Hyena" has become a classic work and trailblazer for linking changes in animal behavior with the environment, in addition to its concentration on a large carnivore that shares several characteristics with select primates. Although this is a science book, Kruuk skips the jargon and complicated theory, thus making its conclusions easily accessible to any student of natural history, African predators, or social behavior within animal communities. "The Spotted Hyena" features exciting field notes in addition to comprehensive graphs and tables that have made it an invaluable contribution to behavioral ecology and its methodology. Hans Kruuk studied hyenas while living in the wilderness of Africa's Serengeti and Ngorongoro Crater for many years. After completing his doctorate with Nobel Prize winner Niko Tinbergen at the Unive

Predation Book

Predation


  • Author : R. J. Taylor
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400955547

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Predation Excerpt :

When assuming the task of preparing a book such as this, one inevitably wonders why anyone would want to read it. I have always sympathized with Charles Elton's trenchant observation in his 1927 book that 'we have to face the fact that while ecological work is fascinating to do, it is unbearably dull to read about . . . ' And yet several good reasons do exist for producing a small volume on predation. The subject is interesting in its own right; no ecologist can deny that predation is one of the basic processes in the natural world. And the logical roots for much currently published reasoning about predation are remarkably well hidden; if one must do research on the subject, it helps not to be forced to start from first principles. A student facing predator-prey interactions for the first time is confronted with an amazingly diverse and sometimes inaccessible literature, with a ratio of wheat to chaff not exceeding 1: 5. A guide to the perplexed in this field does not exist at present, and I hope the book will serve that function. But apart from these more-or-Iess academic reasons for writing the book, I am forced to it by my conviction that predators are important in the ecological scheme. They playa critical role in the biological control of insects and other pests and are therefore of immediate economic concern.

Army Ants Book

Army Ants


  • Author : William H. Gotwald
  • Publisher : Comstock Publishing Associates
  • Release Date : 1995
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN 10 : 0801426332

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Army Ants Excerpt :

Cooperative predators, army ants in unison can attack stoutly defended social insect colonies and can hunt down and devour insects much larger than themselves. Yet from folktales to fieldnotes, the image of army ants has too often magnified their aggression and ignored their magnificent capacity for social cooperation. A veteran of thirty years of research on army ants in Africa, Malaysia, Australia, Mexico, and Trinidad, William H. Gotwald, Jr., offers the first comprehensive account of their behavioral ecology and evolution.

American Pronghorn Book

American Pronghorn


  • Author : John A. Byers
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 1997
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 9780226086996

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American Pronghorn Excerpt :

Based on the behavior of American pronghorn antelope--which exhibit certain unexplainable "defense" characteristics--zoologist John A. Byers theorizes the animals' mystifying behaviors evolved in response to dangerous predators of their ancient past. Byers's provocative hypothesis suggests that other species' adaptations also are haunted by ghosts of predators past. 41 photos. 111 line drawings.

Predation in Vertebrate Communities Book

Predation in Vertebrate Communities


  • Author : Bogumila Jedrzejewska
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-11-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662353646

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Predation in Vertebrate Communities Excerpt :

Predation, one of the most dramatic interactions in animals' lives, has long fascinated ecologists. This volume presents carnivores, raptors and their prey in the complicated net of interrelationships, and shows them against the background of their biotic and abiotic settings. It is based on long-term research conducted in the best preserved woodland of Europe's temperate zone. The role of predation, whether limiting or regulating prey (ungulate, rodent, shrew, bird, and amphibian) populations, is quantified and compared to parts played by other factors: climate, food resources for prey, and availability of other potential resources for predators.

The Political Economy of Predation Book

The Political Economy of Predation


  • Author : Mehrdad Vahabi
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-12-11
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 429
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107133976

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The Political Economy of Predation Excerpt :

This book analyses conflict theory through one type of conflict in particular: manhunting, or predation.

Tempests  Poxes  Predators  and People Book

Tempests Poxes Predators and People


  • Author : L. Michael Romero
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2016
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 625
  • ISBN 10 : 9780195366693

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Tempests Poxes Predators and People Excerpt :

Most physiological and behavioral mechanisms that comprise the stress response come from laboratory experiments using domesticated animals. This book summarizes work to understand stress in natural contexts.

The Ethology of Predation Book

The Ethology of Predation


  • Author : E. Curio
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642810282

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The Ethology of Predation Excerpt :

Predation is an ecological factor of almost universal importance for the biol ogist who aims at an understanding of the habits and structures of animals. Despite its pervasive nature opinions differ as to what predation really is. So far it has been defined only in negative terms; it is thought not to be par asitism, the other great process by which one organism harms another, nor filter-feeding, carrion-eating, or browsing. Accordingly, one could define predation as a process by which an animal spends some effort to locate a live prey and, in addition, spends another effort to mutilate or kill it. Ac cording to this usage of the word a nudibranch, for example, that feeds on hydroids would be a predator inasmuch as it needs some time to locate col onies of its prey which, after being located, scarcely demand more than eating, which differs little from browsing. From the definition just proposed consumption of the prey following its capture has been intentionally omit ted. Indeed, an animal may be disposed of without being eaten. Hence the biological significance of predation may be more than to maintain nutrition al homeostasis. In fact, predation may have something in common with the more direct forms of competition, a facet that will be only cursorily touched upon in this book.

The Secret Social Lives of Reptiles Book

The Secret Social Lives of Reptiles


  • Author : J. Sean Doody
  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 437
  • ISBN 10 : 9781421440675

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The Secret Social Lives of Reptiles Excerpt :

Revealing the secrets of reptilian social relationships through original quantitative research, field studies, laboratory experiments, and careful analysis of the literature, The Secret Social Lives of Reptiles elevates these fascinating animals to key players in the science of behavioral ecology.

Sociobiology of Caviomorph Rodents Book

Sociobiology of Caviomorph Rodents


  • Author : Luis A. Ebensperger
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-02-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118846520

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Sociobiology of Caviomorph Rodents Excerpt :

Fully integrative approach to the socibiology of caviomorph rodents Brings together research on social systems with that on epigenetic, neurendocrine and developmental mechanisms of social behavior Describes the social systems of many previously understudied caviomorph species, identifying the fitness costs and benefits of social living in current day populations as well as quantified evolutionary patterns or trends Highlights potential parallels and differences with other animal models

Escaping From Predators Book

Escaping From Predators


  • Author : William E. Cooper (Jr.)
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-05-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 459
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107060548

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Escaping From Predators Excerpt :

Bringing together theory and reality of prey escape from predators, this book benchmarks new and current thinking in escape ecology.

Testing Socially Acceptable Methods of Managing Predation Book

Testing Socially Acceptable Methods of Managing Predation


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1993
  • Genre: Caribou
  • Pages : 130
  • ISBN 10 : UCBK:C059158356

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Testing Socially Acceptable Methods of Managing Predation Excerpt :

Study carried out on the Macomb Plateau in eastcentral Alaska to test whether artificially feeding of grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) and wolves (Canis lupus) can reduce predation on newborn caribou (Rangifer tarandus) and moose (Alces alces).