Solid State NMR and Organic Geochemistry Book

Solid State NMR and Organic Geochemistry


  • Author : Jingdong Mao
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-11-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 710
  • ISBN 10 : 0128195746

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Solid State NMR and Organic Geochemistry Excerpt :

Solid-State NMR and Organic Geochemistry explains solid-state NMR from the point of view of organic geochemists interested in applying solid-state NMR in their research. The book sets the scene in the first two chapters by describing the basic concepts of solid-state NMR adapted for non-NMR specialists as well as an overview of organic geochemistry for NMR specialists. The essentials for acquiring reliable spectra of complex organic matter are then described in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 introduces the systematic and advanced solid-state NMR techniques and approach to characterizing complex organic mixtures developed in Dr. Mao's laboratory. Practical aspects of performing solid-state NMR experiments of complex organic matter are discussed in Chapter 5. Chapters 6 through 15 are focused on applications of solid-state NMR in organic geochemistry, starting with geochemically important functional groups and biopolymers, followed by organic matter from soils, water, sediments, and aerosols, peat, coal, kerogen, and oil shale. The interactions of organic matter with organic contaminants probed by solid-state NMR are described in Chapter 16. Finally, the last chapter covers isotopic enrichment and labelling and solid-state NMR, and their applications in organic geochemistry. Bridges the gap between NMR specialists and organic geochemists, adapting solid-state NMR theory for non-NMR specialists Brings together NMR applications for a range of materials not often discussed in other NMR books, including applications to soil, aerosols, peat, coal, kerogen, and more Includes additional resources for further reading and problems to facilitate learning and application of key concepts in each chapter

Organic Geochemistry Book

Organic Geochemistry


  • Author : Michael H. Engel
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-11-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 861
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461528906

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Organic Geochemistry Excerpt :

As this is the first general textbook for the field published in over twenty years, the editors have taken great care to make sure coverage is comprehensive. Diagenesis of organic matter, kerogens, exploration for fossil fuels, and many other subjects are discussed in detail to provide faculty and students with a thorough introduction to organic geochemistry.

Organic Geochemistry in Petroleum Exploration Book

Organic Geochemistry in Petroleum Exploration


  • Author : L. Mattavelli
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1206
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483294148

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Organic Geochemistry in Petroleum Exploration Excerpt :

This volume presents the most significant papers given during the 13th International Meeting in Organic Geochemistry. The intention of the publication is to provide the scholars of this science with its state-of-the-art and recent papers not only in academic research but above all in practical applications. Several papers attest to an increased use of organic geochemistry not only in the oil industry, during all phases of petroleum exploration, but also in the other research areas of coal origin and structure, metallogeny, sedimentology, molecular palaeontology, biochemistry and pollution.

Biochar for Environmental Management Book

Biochar for Environmental Management


  • Author : Johannes Lehmann
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2012-05-16
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9781136571213

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Biochar for Environmental Management Excerpt :

Biochar is the carbon-rich product when biomass (such as wood, manure or crop residues) is heated in a closed container with little or no available air. It can be used to improve agriculture and the environment in several ways, and its stability in soil and superior nutrient-retention properties make it an ideal soil amendment to increase crop yields. In addition to this, biochar sequestration, in combination with sustainable biomass production, can be carbon-negative and therefore used to actively remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, with major implications for mitigation of climate change. Biochar production can also be combined with bioenergy production through the use of the gases that are given off in the pyrolysis process. This book is the first to synthesize the expanding research literature on this topic. The book's interdisciplinary approach, which covers engineering, environmental sciences, agricultural sciences, economics and policy, is a vital tool at this stage of biochar technology development. This comprehensive overview of current knowledge will be of interest to advanced students, researchers and professionals in a wide range of disciplines.

Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems Book

Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems


  • Author : Thomas S. Bianchi
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2011-02-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 9781400839100

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Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems Excerpt :

This textbook provides a unique and thorough look at the application of chemical biomarkers to aquatic ecosystems. Defining a chemical biomarker as a compound that can be linked to particular sources of organic matter identified in the sediment record, the book indicates that the application of these biomarkers for an understanding of aquatic ecosystems consists of a biogeochemical approach that has been quite successful but underused. This book offers a wide-ranging guide to the broad diversity of these chemical biomarkers, is the first to be structured around the compounds themselves, and examines them in a connected and comprehensive way. This timely book is appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate students seeking training in this area; researchers in biochemistry, organic geochemistry, and biogeochemistry; researchers working on aspects of organic cycling in aquatic ecosystems; and paleoceanographers, petroleum geologists, and ecologists. Provides a guide to the broad diversity of chemical biomarkers in aquatic environments The first textbook to be structured around the compounds themselves Describes the structure, biochemical synthesis, analysis, and reactivity of each class of biomarkers Offers a selection of relevant applications to aquatic systems, including lakes, rivers, estuaries, oceans, and paleoenvironments Demonstrates the utility of using organic molecules as tracers of processes occurring in aquatic ecosystems, both modern and ancient

50 and More Essential NMR Experiments Book

50 and More Essential NMR Experiments


  • Author : Matthias Findeisen
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2013-07-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527336944

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50 and More Essential NMR Experiments Excerpt :

This book is the perfect link for learning how to perform the experiments after only having studied theory. In eight chapters more than 50 essential NMR experiments are described in detail. Special focus is put on the organic set of NMR spectra (1H, 13C-APT, COSY, NOESY, HSQC and HMBC). Different chapters deal with advanced organic NMR, selective methods, heteronuclear NMR, relaxation and diffusion measurements, organic applications and maintenance. Every experiment has a section providing the reader with the purpose and scope of the specific experiment. Every experiment is concluded with the spectrum as it is obtained under the conditions described. Questions and comments enable the reader to check their understanding. The authors are very experienced and the whole book is in full color, which enhances the reading experience and makes the spectra and other figures easier to understand. This book is strongly recommended for all students and researchers who are involved in the structural elucidation of chemical compounds both in practical education and in pursuing research, in particular if they handle an NMR spectrometer.

The Evolution of Plant Physiology Book

The Evolution of Plant Physiology


  • Author : Alan R. Hemsley
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2004-02-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080472720

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The Evolution of Plant Physiology Excerpt :

Coupled with biomechanical data, organic geochemistry and cladistic analyses utilizing abundant genetic data, scientific studies are revealing new facets of how plants have evolved over time. This collection of papers examines these early stages of plant physiology evolution by describing the initial physiological adaptations necessary for survival as upright structures in a dry, terrestrial environment. The Evolution of Plant Physiology also encompasses physiology in its broadest sense to include biochemistry, histology, mechanics, development, growth, reproduction and with an emphasis on the interplay between physiology, development and plant evolution. Contributions from leading neo- and palaeo-botanists from the Linnean Society Focus on how evolution shaped photosynthesis, respiration, reproduction and metabolism. Coverage of the effects of specific evolutionary forces -- variations in water and nutrient availability, grazing pressure, and other environmental variables

The Multinuclear Approach to NMR Spectroscopy Book

The Multinuclear Approach to NMR Spectroscopy


  • Author : J.B. Lambert
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 548
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400971301

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The Multinuclear Approach to NMR Spectroscopy Excerpt :

The field of nuclear magnetic resonance has experienced a number of spectacular developments during the last decade. Fourier transform methodology revolutionized signal acquisition capabilities. Superconducting magnets enhanced sensitivity and produced considerable improvement in spectral dispersion. In areas of new applicat ions, the life sciences particularly bene fited from these developments and probably saw the largest increase in usage. NMR imaging promises to offer a noninvasive alternative to X rays. High resolution is now achievable with solids, through magic angle spinning and cross polarization, so that the powers of NMR are applicable to previously intractable materials such as polymers, coal, and other geochemicals. The ease of obtaining relaxation times brought an important fourth variable, after the chemical shift, the coupling constant, and the rate constant, to the examination of structural and kinetic problems i~ all fields. Software development, particularly in the area of pulse sequences, created a host of useful tech niques, including difference decoupling and difference nuclear Overhauser effect spectra, multidimensional displays, signal enhancement (INEPT), coupling constant analysis for connectivity (INADEQUATE), and observation of specific structural classes such as only quaternary carbons. Finally, hardware development gave us access to the entire Periodic Table, to the particular advan tage of the inorganic and organometallic chemist. At the NATO Advanced Study Institute at Stirling, Scotland, the participants endeavored to examine all these advances, except imaging, from a multidisciplinary point of view.

Organic Geochemistry Book

Organic Geochemistry


  • Author : D. A. C. Manning
  • Publisher : Manchester University Press
  • Release Date : 1991
  • Genre: Geochemistry
  • Pages : 698
  • ISBN 10 : 0719036844

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Organic Geochemistry Excerpt :

The science of organic Geochemistry bridges the gap between living and fossil organisms. It is concerned with the processes by which organic material changes after death, during sediment burial, diagenesis and maturation, to produce gas, liquid petroleum and coal. It is equally concerned with the way in which organic matter of geological origin enters the biosphere and interacts with living organisms. Applications of organic geochemistry to the petroleum industry include exploration (developing the ability to predict the occurrence of petroleum within a sedimentary basin) and production (predicting the response of reservoir rocks to interaction with organic-rich pore fluids) as well as in fingerprinting oil spills.

Fire Effects on Soil Properties Book

Fire Effects on Soil Properties


  • Author : Paulo Pereira
  • Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
  • Release Date : 2019-02-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9781486308156

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Fire Effects on Soil Properties Excerpt :

Wildland fires are occurring more frequently and affecting more of Earth's surface than ever before. These fires affect the properties of soils and the processes by which they form, but the nature of these impacts has not been well understood. Given that healthy soil is necessary to sustain biodiversity, ecosystems and agriculture, the impact of fire on soil is a vital field of research. Fire Effects on Soil Properties brings together current research on the effects of fire on the physical, biological and chemical properties of soil. Written by over 60 international experts in the field, it includes examples from fire-prone areas across the world, dealing with ash, meso and macrofauna, smouldering fires, recurrent fires and management of fire-affected soils. It also describes current best practice methodologies for research and monitoring of fire effects and new methodologies for future research. This is the first time information on this topic has been presented in a single volume and the book will be an important reference for students, practitioners, managers and academics interested in the effects of fire on ecosystems, including soil scientists, geologists, forestry researchers and environmentalists.

Micro  and Nano Structured Interpenetrating Polymer Networks Book

Micro and Nano Structured Interpenetrating Polymer Networks


  • Author : Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-04-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118138175

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Micro and Nano Structured Interpenetrating Polymer Networks Excerpt :

This book examines the current state of the art, new challenges, opportunities, and applications of IPNs. With contributions from experts across the globe, this survey is an outstanding resource reference for anyone involved in the field of polymer materials design for advanced technologies. • Comprehensively summarizes many of the recent technical research accomplishments in the area of micro and nanostructured Interpenetrating Polymer Networks • Discusses various aspects of synthesis, characterization, structure, morphology, modelling, properties, and applications of IPNs • Describes how nano-structured IPNs correlate their multiscale structure to their properties and morphologies • Serves as a one-stop reference resource for important research accomplishments in the area of IPNs and nano-structured polymer systems • Includes chapters from leading researchers in the IPN field from industry, academy, government and private research institutions

Amazonian Dark Earths  Wim Sombroek s Vision Book
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Amazonian Dark Earths Wim Sombroek s Vision


  • Author : William I. Woods
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-11-16
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402090318

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Amazonian Dark Earths Wim Sombroek s Vision Excerpt :

Amazonian soils are almost universally thought of as extremely forbidding. However, it is now clear that complex societies with large, sedentary populations were present for over a millennium before European contact. Associated with these are tracts of anomalously fertile, dark soils termed ‘terra preta’ or dark earths. These soils are presently an important agricultural resource within Amazonia and provide a model for developing long-term future sustainability of food production in tropical environments. The late Dutch soil scientist Wim Sombroek (1934-2003) was instrumental in bringing the significance of these soils to the attention of the world over four decades ago. Wim saw not only the possibilities of improving the lives of small holders throughout the world with simple carbon based soil technologies, but was an early proponent of the positive synergies also achieved in regards to carbon sequestration and global climatic change abatement. Wim’s vision was to form a multidisciplinary group whose members maintained the ideal of open collaboration toward the attainment of shared goals. Always encouraged and often shaped by Wim, this free association of international scholars termed the “Terra Preta Nova” Group came together in 2001 and has flourished. This effort has been defined by enormous productivity. Wim who is never far from any of our minds and hearts, would have loved to share the great experience of seeing the fruits of his vision as demonstrated in this volume.

Advances in Agronomy Book

Advances in Agronomy


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-04-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128151785

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Advances in Agronomy Excerpt :

Advances in Agronomy, Volume 149, the latest release in the series, continues to be recognized as a leading reference and first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. Each volume contains an eclectic group of reviews by leading scientists throughout the world. As always, the subjects covered are rich, varied and exemplary of the abundant subject matter addressed by this long-running serial. Includes numerous, timely, state-of-the-art reviews on the latest advancements in agronomy Features distinguished, well recognized authors from around the world Builds upon this venerable and iconic review series Covers the extensive variety and breadth of subject matter in the crop and soil sciences

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Agriculture Book

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Agriculture


  • Author : Philip E. Pfeffer
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1989-04-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN 10 : 0849368642

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Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Agriculture Excerpt :

This informative publication presents the broad application of nuclear magnetic resonance to many of today's problem areas in agriculture. Solid-state NMR methodology is covered, with its applications to the study of intact agricultural matrices such as plant cell walls, photosynthetic chloroplast membranes, forages, wood cellulose, and soils. In vivo solution NMR methodology and its applications to the study of different functioning plant tissues and their biochemical responses to various pathological, physiological, and toxicological stresses are illustrated with examples using 31P, 13C, 23Na, and 15N resonance methods. An introductory chapter presents a review of the in vivo literature and some basic principles and requirements for carrying out such experiments. A special section focuses on state-of-the-art 13C and 1H high-resolution multidimensional methods and their application to the study of agricultural toxins; biologically active components, including their structures and biosyntheses, and dynamic measurements of relaxation phenomena associated with cross relaxation in water bound to food proteins.