Solution Thermodynamics and its Application to Aqueous Solutions Book

Solution Thermodynamics and its Application to Aqueous Solutions


  • Author : Yoshikata Koga
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-11-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN 10 : 0080551874

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Solution Thermodynamics and its Application to Aqueous Solutions Book Description :

As the title suggests, we introduce a novel differential approach to solution thermodynamics and use it for the study of aqueous solutions. We evaluate the quantities of higher order derivative than the normal thermodynamic functions. We allow these higher derivative data speak for themselves without resorting to any model system. We thus elucidate the molecular processes in solution, (referred to in this book “mixing scheme ), to the depth equal to, if not deeper, than that gained by spectroscopic and other methods. We show that there are three composition regions in aqueous solutions of non-electrolytes, each of which has a qualitatively distinct mixing scheme. The boundary between the adjacent regions is associated with an anomaly in the third derivatives of G. The loci of the anomalies in the temperature-composition field form the line sometimes referred as “Koga line . We then take advantage of the anomaly of a third derivative quantity of 1-propanol in the ternary aqueous solution, 1-propanol – sample species – H2O. We use its induced change as a probe of the effect of a sample species on H2O. In this way, we clarified what a hydrophobe, or a hydrophile, and in turn, an amphiphile, does to H2O. We also apply the same methodology to ions that have been ranked by the Hofmeister series. We show that the kosmotropes (salting out, or stabilizing agents) are either hydrophobes or hydration centres, and that chaotropes (salting in, or destablizing agents) are hydrophiles. A new differential approach to solution thermodynamics A particularly clear elucidation of the mixing schemes in aqueous solutions A clear understandings on the effects of hydrophobes, hydrophiles, and amphiphiles to H2O A clear understandings on the effects of ions on H2O in relation to the Hofmeister effect A new differential approach to studies in muti-component aqueous solutions

Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application to Aqueous Solutions Book

Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application to Aqueous Solutions


  • Author : Yoshikata Koga
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-03-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444636300

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Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application to Aqueous Solutions Book Description :

Solution Thermodynamics and its Application to Aqueous Solutions: A Differential Approach, Second Edition introduces a differential approach to solution thermodynamics, applying it to the study of aqueous solutions. This valuable approach reveals the molecular processes in solutions in greater depth than that gained by spectroscopic and other methods. The book clarifies what a hydrophobe, or a hydrophile, and in turn, an amphiphile, does to H2O. By applying the same methodology to ions that have been ranked by the Hofmeister series, the author shows that the kosmotropes are either hydrophobes or hydration centers, and that chaotropes are hydrophiles. This unique approach and important updates make the new edition a must-have reference for those active in solution chemistry. Unique differential approach to solution thermodynamics allows for experimental evaluation of the intermolecular interaction Incorporates research findings from over 40 articles published since the previous edition Numerical or graphical evaluation and direct experimental determination of third derivatives, enthalpic and volumetric AL-AL interactions and amphiphiles are new to this edition Features new chapters on spectroscopic study in aqueous solutions as well as environmentally friendly and hostile water aqueous solutions

The Second Law of Thermodynamics Book

The Second Law of Thermodynamics


  • Author : Joseph Kestin
  • Publisher : Dowden Hutchinson and Ross
  • Release Date : 1976
  • Genre: Second law of thermodynamics
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN 10 : 0879332425

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The Second Law of Thermodynamics Book Description :

Handbook of Aqueous Electrolyte Thermodynamics Book

Handbook of Aqueous Electrolyte Thermodynamics


  • Author : Joseph F. Zemaitis, Jr.
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2010-09-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 878
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470938409

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Handbook of Aqueous Electrolyte Thermodynamics Book Description :

Expertise in electrolyte systems has become increasingly important in traditional CPI operations, as well as in oil/gas exploration and production. This book is the source for predicting electrolyte systems behavior, an indispensable "do-it-yourself" guide, with a blueprint for formulating predictive mathematical electrolyte models, recommended tabular values to use in these models, and annotated bibliographies. The final chapter is a general recipe for formulating complete predictive models for electrolytes, along with a series of worked illustrative examples. It can serve as a useful research and application tool for the practicing process engineer, and as a textbook for the chemical engineering student.

Thermodynamics of Solutions Book

Thermodynamics of Solutions


  • Author : Eli Ruckenstein
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-06-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN 10 : 1441904409

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Thermodynamics of Solutions Book Description :

This book consists of a number of papers regarding the thermodynamics and structure of multicomponent systems that we have published during the last decade. Even though they involve different topics and different systems, they have something in common which can be considered as the “signature” of the present book. First, these papers are concerned with “difficult” or very nonideal systems, i. e. systems with very strong interactions (e. g. , hyd- gen bonding) between components or systems with large differences in the partial molar v- umes of the components (e. g. , the aqueous solutions of proteins), or systems that are far from “normal” conditions (e. g. , critical or near-critical mixtures). Second, the conventional th- modynamic methods are not sufficient for the accurate treatment of these mixtures. Last but not least, these systems are of interest for the pharmaceutical, biomedical, and related ind- tries. In order to meet the thermodynamic challenges involved in these complex mixtures, we employed a variety of traditional methods but also new methods, such as the fluctuation t- ory of Kirkwood and Buff and ab initio quantum mechanical techniques. The Kirkwood-Buff (KB) theory is a rigorous formalism which is free of any of the - proximations usually used in the thermodynamic treatment of multicomponent systems. This theory appears to be very fruitful when applied to the above mentioned “difficult” systems.

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions Book

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions


  • Author : Arieh Ben-Naim
  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 629
  • ISBN 10 : CHI:091934959

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Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions Book Description :

1. Survey of the properties of water. 1.1. Introduction and some historical notes. 1.2. Properties of water in the gaseous phase. 1.3. Properties of water in the solid phase. 1.4. Properties of water in the liquid phase. 1.5. The Kirkwood-Buff integral. 1.6. Solvation of water in water. 1.7. The importance of water in biological systems -- 2. Theoretical approaches to the study of liquid water. 2.1. Introduction. 2.2. The general theoretical framework. 2.3. The mixture-model approach to liquid water. 2.4. Lattice models for water. 2.5. A one-dimensional model for water. 2.6. A two-dimensional model for water. 2.7. Three-dimensional models for water -- 3. Water with one simple solute. 3.1. Introduction and some historical notes. 3.2. Survey of some properties of simple aqueous solutions. 3.3. Solvation and conditional solvation. 3.4. Statistical mechanical expressions for the solvation thermodynamic quantities. 3.5. Application of the mixture-model approach to water. 3.6. Application of an interstitial model for water to aqueous solutions. 3.7. The problem of stabilization of the structure of water. 3.8. Application of the scaled particle theory. 3.9. Application of a one-dimensional model. 3.10. Applications of two-dimensional models. 3.11. Applications of three-dimensional models -- 4. Water with two solute molecules ; hydrophobic hydrophilic phenomena. 4.1. Introduction. 4.2. The experimental evidence. 4.3. Redefinition of the HøO interaction. 4.4. A simple measure of the strength of the "Pure" HøO interaction. 4.5. Intramolecular HøO interactions. 4.6. Application of the scaled particle theory. 4.7. Temperature and pressure dependence. 4.8. Solvent induced interactions between two hydrophilic HøI groups. 4.9. Application of one-dimensional models to study hydrophobic interactions. 4.10. Application of two-dimensional models. 4.11. Application of three-dimensional models. 4.12. Hydrophobic or hydrophilic? That is the question!

Polymer Thermodynamics Book

Polymer Thermodynamics


  • Author : Sabine Enders
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2011-01-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642176821

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Polymer Thermodynamics Book Description :

Making Flory-Huggins Practical: Thermodynamics of Polymer-Containing Mixtures, by B. A. Wolf * Aqueous Solutions of Polyelectrolytes: Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium and Some Related Properties, by G. Maurer, S. Lammertz, and L. Ninni Schäfer * Gas-Polymer Interactions: Key Thermodynamic Data and Thermophysical Properties, by J.-P. E. Grolier, and S. A.E. Boyer * Interfacial Tension in Binary Polymer Blends and the Effects of Copolymers as Emulsifying Agents, by S. H. Anastasiadis * Theory of Random Copolymer Fractionation in Columns, by Sabine Enders * Computer Simulations and Coarse-Grained Molecular Models Predicting the Equation of State of Polymer Solutions, by K. Binder, B. Mognetti, W. Paul, P. Virnau, and L. Yelash * Modeling of Polymer Phase Equilibria Using Equations of State, by G. Sadowski

Experimental Physical Chemistry Book

Experimental Physical Chemistry


  • Author : Arthur Halpern
  • Publisher : Macmillan
  • Release Date : 2006-06-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN 10 : 0716717352

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Experimental Physical Chemistry Book Description :

'Experimental Physical Chemistry' includes complete lists of necessary materials, detailed background material for each experiment, and relevant sections on measurements and error analysis.

Biominerals Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Biominerals


  • Author : F.C.M. Driessens
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1990-09-26
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN 10 : 0849352800

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Biominerals Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive analysis of biominerals, in particular phosphates and carbonates of calcium. The book begins with a discussion of the theories of solid state chemistry and thermodynamics of ionic solid solutions and applies these theories to show how physiological constituents like sodium, magnesium, carbonate, chloride, fluoride, lead, or strontium influence the formation, stability, and solubility of calcium phosphates. The results of this discussion are then applied to a critical evaluation of data regarding minerals in bone, dentin, and tooth enamel, their formation during growth and turn-over, their stability under physiological conditions and their breakdown under pathological conditions. These principles are also applied to pathological calcifications such as renal calculi, arterial wall calcifications, chondrocalcinosis, dental calculus and salivary stones. A similar approach is used as the authors discuss carbonations such as calcite, dolomite, and aragonite. The book also includes an extensive analysis of the advantageous effects of magnesium supplementation. The wealth of knowledge in this extensive treatise of biominerals is valuable to medical, dental and ecological biologists, as well as scientists and clinicians in the fields of osteoporosis, bone diseases, caries, renal stone disease, parodontology and nutrition.

Membrane Proteins in Aqueous Solutions Book

Membrane Proteins in Aqueous Solutions


  • Author : Jean-Luc Popot
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-06-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 708
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319731483

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Membrane Proteins in Aqueous Solutions Book Description :

This book is the first to be entirely devoted to the challenging art of handling membrane proteins out of their natural environment, a key process in biological and pharmaceutical research, but one plagued with difficulties and pitfalls. Written by one of the foremost experts in the field, Membrane Proteins in Aqueous Solutions is accessible to any member of a membrane biology laboratory. After presenting the structure, functions, dynamics, synthesis, natural environment and lipid interactions of membrane proteins, the author discusses the principles of extracting them with detergents, the mechanisms of detergent-induced destabilization, countermeasures, and recent progress in developing detergents with weaker denaturing properties. Non-conventional alternatives to detergents, including bicelles, nanodiscs, amphipathic peptides, fluorinated surfactants and amphipols, are described, and their relative advantages and drawbacks are compared. The synthesis and solution properties of the various types of amphipols are presented, as well as the formation and properties of membrane protein/amphipol complexes and the transfer of amphipol-trapped proteins to detergents, nanodiscs, lipidic mesophases, or living cells. The final chapters of the book deal with applications: membrane protein in vitro folding and cell-free expression, solution studies, NMR, crystallography, electron microscopy, mass spectrometry, amphipol-mediated immobilization of membrane proteins, and biomedical applications. Important features of the book include introductory sections describing foundations as well as the state-of-the-art for each of the biophysical techniques discussed, and topical tables which organize a widely dispersed literature. Boxes and annexes throughout the book explain technical aspects, and twelve detailed experimental protocols, ranging from in vitro folding of membrane proteins to single-particle electron cryomicroscopy, have been contributed by and commented on by experienced u

Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions Book

Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions


  • Author : Arthur D. Pelton
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 401
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128016695

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Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions Book Description :

Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions provides readers with an understanding of thermodynamics and phase equilibria that is required to make full and efficient use of these tools. The book systematically discusses phase diagrams of all types, the thermodynamics behind them, their calculations from thermodynamic databases, and the structural models of solutions used in the development of these databases. Featuring examples from a wide range of systems including metals, salts, ceramics, refractories, and concentrated aqueous solutions, Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions is a vital resource for researchers and developers in materials science, metallurgy, combustion and energy, corrosion engineering, environmental engineering, geology, glass technology, nuclear engineering, and other fields of inorganic chemical and materials science and engineering. Additionally, experts involved in developing thermodynamic databases will find a comprehensive reference text of current solution models. Presents a rigorous and complete development of thermodynamics for readers who already have a basic understanding of chemical thermodynamics Provides an in-depth understanding of phase equilibria Includes information that can be used as a text for graduate courses on thermodynamics and phase diagrams, or on solution modeling Covers several types of phase diagrams (paraequilibrium, solidus projections, first-melting projections, Scheil diagrams, enthalpy diagrams), and more

Molecular Thermodynamics of Electrolyte Solutions Book

Molecular Thermodynamics of Electrolyte Solutions


  • Author : Lloyd L. Lee
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 251
  • ISBN 10 : 9789812814180

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Molecular Thermodynamics of Electrolyte Solutions Book Description :

The introductory textbook provides an update on electrolyte thermodynamics with a molecular perspective. It is eminently suited as an introduction to the solution thermodynamics of ionic mixtures at the undergraduate and graduate level. It is also invaluable for the understanding and design in the engineering of natural gas treating and adsorption refrigeration with electrolytes.

Steam  Water  and Hydrothermal Systems Book

Steam Water and Hydrothermal Systems


  • Author : Peter R. Tremaine
  • Publisher : NRC Research Press
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Feed-water
  • Pages : 954
  • ISBN 10 : 9780660177786

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Steam Water and Hydrothermal Systems Book Description :

This work includes 140 papers on pure and applied research of physics and chemistry of hydrothermal systems. It includes papers on metastable states, nucleation, super-cooled water and high temperature aqueous solutions.

Thermodynamics of the Earth and Planets Book

Thermodynamics of the Earth and Planets


  • Author : Alberto Patiño Douce
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2011-08-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages :
  • ISBN 10 : 9781139497015

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Thermodynamics of the Earth and Planets Book Description :

This textbook provides an intuitive yet mathematically rigorous introduction to the thermodynamics and thermal physics of planetary processes. It demonstrates how the workings of planetary bodies can be understood in depth by reducing them to fundamental physics and chemistry. The book is based on two courses taught by the author for many years at the University of Georgia. It includes 'Guided Exercise' boxes; end-of-chapter problems (worked solutions provided online); and software boxes (Maple code provided online). As well as being an ideal textbook on planetary thermodynamics for advanced students in the Earth and planetary sciences, it also provides an innovative and quantitative complement to more traditional courses in geological thermodynamics, petrology, chemical oceanography and planetary science. In addition to its use as a textbook, it is also of great interest to researchers looking for a 'one stop' source of concepts and techniques that they can apply to their research problems.

CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions Book

CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions


  • Author : Christian Wohlfarth
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2012-08-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 775
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466554382

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CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions Book Description :

A large amount of experimental data has been published since the debut of the original CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions. Incorporating new and updated material, the CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions provides a comprehensive collection of thermodynamic data of polymer solutions. It helps readers quickly retrieve necessary information from the literature, and assists researchers in planning new measurements where data are missing. A valuable resource for the modern chemistry field, the Handbook clearly details how measurements were conducted and methodically explains the nomenclature. It presents data essential for the production and use of polymers as well as for understanding the physical behavior and intermolecular interactions in polymer solutions.

Inorganic Chemistry in Aqueous Solution Book

Inorganic Chemistry in Aqueous Solution


  • Author : Jack Barrett
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Genre: Anorganische Chemie
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN 10 : 085404471X

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Inorganic Chemistry in Aqueous Solution Book Description :

Inorganic Chemistry in Aqueous Solution is aimed at undergraduate chemistry students but will also be welcomed by geologists interested in this field.