Spider Ecophysiology Book

Spider Ecophysiology

  • Author : Wolfgang Nentwig
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-02-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 529
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642339899

Spider Ecophysiology Excerpt :

With over 43,000 species, spiders are the largest predacious arthropod group. They have developed key characteristics such as multi-purpose silk types, venoms consisting of hundreds of components, locomotion driven by muscles and hydraulic pressure, a highly evolved key-lock mechanism between the complex genital structures, and many more unique features. After 300 million years of evolutionary refinement, spiders are present in all land habitats and represent one of the most successful groups of terrestrial organisms. Ecophysiology combines functional and evolutionary aspects of morphology, physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology with ecology. Cutting-edge science in spiders focuses on the circulatory and respiratory system, locomotion and dispersal abilities, the immune system, endosymbionts and pathogens, chemical communication, gland secretions, venom components, silk structure, structure and perception of colours as well as nutritional requirements. Spiders are valuable indicator species in agroecosystems and for conservation biology. Modern transfer and application technologies research spiders and their products with respect to their value for biomimetics, material sciences, and the agrochemical and pharmaceutical industries.

Ecophysiology of Spiders Book

Ecophysiology of Spiders

  • Author : Wolfgang Nentwig
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642715525

Ecophysiology of Spiders Excerpt :

Recently another book on insect physiology was published. It was restricted to a few focal points as are many of these new insect physiology books, but there was considerable depth in its specialized point of view. We were dis cussing the structure of this book and of insect physiology books, in general, when Prof. Remmert asked me " . . . and what about books on spider physio logy?" Silence. Then I started to explain "oh yes, there is a congress pro ceedings volume on this topic and there is a group with excellent publica tions on another topic . . . ", but I felt that this answer was weak. One can no longer buy the proceedings volume in a bookshop and to read a series of publications on a given topic one must search in a library for a dozen journals. Why is there not a single book on spider physiology comparable with the many books on insect physiology? Are spiders a scientific ivory tower, far from public interest and commercial importance? I do not think so, although spiders are one of the many "forgotten" animal groups which always grew in the shadow of the insects. There are research groups working on spider physiology, there are fascinating phenomena in this animal group and there are plenty of exciting results. Spiders may have been always underresearch ed, but research is progressing. In the last few years, new books have been published, e. g.

Spider Physiology and Book

Spider Physiology and

  • Author : Jérôme Casas
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 271
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124159198

Spider Physiology and Excerpt :

This latest volume in this series contains articles on Arachnid Physiology and Behaviour.The papers in this special issue give rise to key themes for the future. Contributions from the leading researchers in entomology Discusses arachnid physiology and behavior Includes in-depth reviews with valuable information for a variety of entomology disciplines

Spider Physiology and Behaviour Book

Spider Physiology and Behaviour

  • Author : Jérôme Casas
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 223
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123876683

Spider Physiology and Behaviour Excerpt :

This latest volume in this series contains articles on Arachnid Physiology and Behaviour. The papers in this special issue give rise to key themes for the future. Contributions from the leading researchers in entomology Discusses Arachnid physiology and behavior Includes in-depth reviews with valuable information for a variety of entomology disciplines

Spider Webs Book

Spider Webs

  • Author : William Eberhard
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2020-12-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN 10 : 9780226534749

Spider Webs Excerpt :

In this lavishly illustrated, first-ever book on how spider webs are built, function, and evolved, William Eberhard provides a comprehensive overview of spider functional morphology and behavior related to web building, and of the surprising physical agility and mental abilities of orb weavers. For instance, one spider spins more than three precisely spaced, morphologically complex spiral attachments per second for up to fifteen minutes at a time. Spiders even adjust the mechanical properties of their famously strong silken lines to different parts of their webs and different environments, and make dramatic modifications in orb designs to adapt to available spaces. This extensive adaptive flexibility, involving decisions influenced by up to sixteen different cues, is unexpected in such small, supposedly simple animals. As Eberhard reveals, the extraordinary diversity of webs includes ingenious solutions to gain access to prey in esoteric habitats, from blazing hot and shifting sand dunes (to capture ants) to the surfaces of tropical lakes (to capture water striders). Some webs are nets that are cast onto prey, while others form baskets into which the spider flicks prey. Some aerial webs are tramways used by spiders searching for chemical cues from their prey below, while others feature landing sites for flying insects and spiders where the spider then stalks its prey. In some webs, long trip lines are delicately sustained just above the ground by tiny rigid silk poles. Stemming from the author’s more than five decades observing spider webs, this book will be the definitive reference for years to come.

Britain s Spiders Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Britain s Spiders

  • Author : Lawrence Bee
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-03
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9780691211800

Britain s Spiders Excerpt :

A comprehensively updated edition of an identification guide that was named a Guardian Best Nature Book of the Year Now in a comprehensively revised and updated new edition, Britain’s Spiders is a guide to all 38 of the British families, focussing on spiders that can be identified in the field. Illustrated with a remarkable collection of photographs, it is designed to be accessible to a wide audience, including those new to spider identification. This book pushes the boundaries of field identification for this challenging group, combining information on features that can be seen with the naked eye or a hand lens with additional evidence from webs, egg sacs, behaviour, phenology, habitats and distributions. Individual accounts cover 404 species—all of Britain’s “macro” spiders and the larger money spiders, with the limitations to field identification clearly explained. This new edition includes nine species new to Britain, many recent name changes, updated distribution maps and species information, new guides to help identify spider families and distinctive species, and the latest species checklist. A guide to spider families, based on features recognizable in the field, focussing on body shape and other characteristics, as well as separate guides to webs and egg-sacs Detailed accounts and more than 700 stunning photographs highlight key identification features for each genus and species, and include information on status, behaviour and habitats Up-to-date distribution maps, and charts showing adult seasonality Introductory chapters on the biology of spiders, and where, when and how to find them, including equipment needed in the field A complete list of the spiders recorded in Britain, indicating the ease of identification as well as rarity and conservation status Information on how to record spiders and make your records count, and guidance on how to take your interest further New to this edition: coverage of nine species new to Britain, updated species i

Spider Research in the 21st Century Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Spider Research in the 21st Century

  • Author : David Penney
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2013
  • Genre: Spiders
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780957453012

Spider Research in the 21st Century Excerpt :

Biological Adhesives Book

Biological Adhesives

  • Author : Andrew M. Smith
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-10-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319460826

Biological Adhesives Excerpt :

Many creatures use adhesive polymers and structures to attach to inert substrates, to each other, or to other organisms. This is the first major review that brings together research on many of the well-known biological adhesives dealing with bacteria, fungi, algae, and marine and terrestrial animals. As we learn more about their molecular and mechanical properties we begin to understand why they adhere so well and with this comes broad applications in areas such as medicine, dentistry, and biotechnology.

Spiders Book


  • Author : Ivy Ivy Press
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2020-05-26
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782407508

Spiders Excerpt :

Spiders of the World explores the huge diversity of spider species and their fascinating traits, with profiles of 117 families accompanied by expert commentary and beautiful photographs.

Behaviour and Ecology of Spiders Book

Behaviour and Ecology of Spiders

  • Author : Carmen Viera
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-11-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 437
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319657172

Behaviour and Ecology of Spiders Excerpt :

Within the last few decades, arachnology in the Neotropical region has experienced a great development filling the knowledge gap in one of the most diverse regions of the world. Nevertheless, large geographical areas remain poorly sampled, especially within the Amazon, and new genera and species have been continuously discovered, even in urban areas. In congruence with the recent improvements in research, several aspects of the ecology, behaviour and natural history of spiders, such as interactions with other predators and parasitoids, social interactions, dispersal patterns, habitat requirements, mating behaviors, among others, are being carefully investigated. These recent contributions incorporate substantial information on the preexisting knowledge on these subjects every year. Our main objective with this book is to present a summary on these new researches and on the currently knowledge on the main subjects involved in the general theme, emphasizing the contribution of the rich fauna of the Neotropical region to the research of behaviour and ecology of the spiders.

The Welfare of Invertebrate Animals Book

The Welfare of Invertebrate Animals

  • Author : Claudio Carere
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-07-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030139476

The Welfare of Invertebrate Animals Excerpt :

This book is devoted to the welfare of invertebrates, which make up 99% of animal species on earth. Addressing animal welfare, we do not often think of invertebrates; in fact we seldom consider them to be deserving of welfare evaluation. And yet we should. Welfare is a broad concern for any animal that we house, control or utilize – and we utilize invertebrates a lot. The Authors start with an emphasis on the values of non-vertebrate animals and discuss the need for a book on the present topic. The following chapters focus on specific taxa, tackling questions that are most appropriate to each one. What is pain in crustaceans, and how might we prevent it? How do we ensure that octopuses are not bored? What do bees need to thrive, pollinate our plants and give us honey? Since invertebrates have distinct personalities and some social animals have group personalities, how do we consider this? And, as in the European Union’s application of welfare consideration to cephalopods, how do the practical regulatory issues play out? We have previously relegated invertebrates to the category ‘things’ and did not worry about their treatment. New research suggest that some invertebrates such as cephalopods and crustaceans can have pain and suffering, might also have consciousness and awareness. Also, good welfare is going to mean different things to spiders, bees, corals, etc. This book is taking animal welfare in a very different direction. Academics and students of animal welfare science, those who keep invertebrates for scientific research or in service to the goals of humans, as well as philosophers will find this work thought-provoking, instructive and informative.

All You Need to Know About Spiders Book

All You Need to Know About Spiders

  • Author : Wolfgang Nentwig
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-05-24
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030908812

All You Need to Know About Spiders Excerpt :

Invasive Species and Human Health Book

Invasive Species and Human Health

  • Author : Giuseppe Mazza
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release Date : 2018-07-13
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9781786390981

Invasive Species and Human Health Excerpt :

Invasive alien plants and animals are known for their disruption of ecosystems and threat to biodiversity. This book highlights their major impact on human health. This includes not only direct effects through contact with the species via bites, wounds and disease, but also indirect effects caused by changes induced in ecosystems by invasive species, such as more water hyacinth increasing mosquito levels and thereby the potential for malaria. Covering a wide range of case studies from different taxa (animals and plants), and giving an overview of the diverse impacts of invasive species on health in developed and developing countries, the book is a significant contribution that will help in prioritizing approaches to controlling invasive species and mitigating their health effects. It covers invasive plants, marine species, spiders and other arachnids, ticks and dust mites, insects, mosquitos and other diptera, freshwater species (invertebrates and fishes), amphibians and reptiles, birds and mammals. The broad spectrum of the analyzed case studies will ensure the appeal of the book to a wide public, including researchers of biological invasions, doctors, policy-makers and managers, and students of invasive species in ecology, animal and plant biology and public health medicine.

Biotechnology of Silk Book

Biotechnology of Silk

  • Author : Tetsuo Asakura
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-10-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400771192

Biotechnology of Silk Excerpt :

This book is a snapshot of the current state of the art of research and development on the properties and characteristics of silk and their use in medicine and industry. The field encompasses backyard silk production from ancient time to industrial methods in the modern era and includes an example of efforts to maintain silk production on Madagascar. Once revered as worth its weight in gold, silk has captured the imagination from its mythical origins onwards. The latest methods in molecular biology have opened new descriptions of the underlying properties of silk. Advances in technological innovation have created silk production by microbes as the latest breakthrough in the saga of silk research and development. The application of silk to biomaterials is now very active on the basis of excellent properties of silks including recombinant silks for biomaterials and the accumulated structural information.

Remarkable Natural Material Surfaces and Their Engineering Potential Book

Remarkable Natural Material Surfaces and Their Engineering Potential

  • Author : Michelle Lee
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2014-02-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 163
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319031255

Remarkable Natural Material Surfaces and Their Engineering Potential Excerpt :

This book explores a collection of natural surfaces, their scientific characteristics and their unique engineering potential – demonstrating that engineering applications can be found in unexpected places. The surfaces covered range from botanical ones, like rice and lotus leaves, to insect surfaces, like butterfly and dragonfly wings. The variety of surfaces and numerous engineering potentials described show how biomimicry can be utilized to solve countless real‐world problems.