Stable Isotopes as Indicators of Ecological Change Book

Stable Isotopes as Indicators of Ecological Change


  • Author :
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2011-09-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080551005

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Stable Isotopes as Indicators of Ecological Change Book Description :

The 20th century has experienced environmental changes that appear to be unprecedented in their rate and magnitude during the Earth’s history. For the first time, Stable Isotopes as Indicators of Ecological Change brings together a wide range of perspectives and data that speak directly to the issues of ecological change using stable isotope tracers. The information presented originates from a range of biological and geochemical sources and from research fields within biological, climatological and physical disciplines covering time-scales from days to centuries. Unlike any other reference, editors discuss where isotope data can detect, record, trace and help to interpret environmental change. Provides researchers with groundbreaking data on how to predict the terrestrial ecosystems response to the ongoing rapid alterations Reveals how ecosystems have responded to environmental and biotic fluctuations in the past Includes examples from research by a wide range of biological and physical scientists who are using isotopic records to both detect and interpret environmental change

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes Book

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes


  • Author :
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2008-04-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN 10 : 0080559263

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Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes Book Description :

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes provides a consolidated overview of the current knowledge of stable isotopes in terrestrial migration research questions. It offers ecologists and conservation biologists provide a practical handbook for those considering using stable isotopes in their migration research. Presents information for readers to understand how to apply isotopic methods for tracking Critical information on areas for future research Practical guidelines and discussions of sample collection, sample preparation, and data analysis Enhanced understanding of data and statistical analysis in isotope-based studies of migratory animals

Encyclopedia of Environmental Change Book

Encyclopedia of Environmental Change


  • Author : John A Matthews
  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release Date : 2013-12-13
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 1496
  • ISBN 10 : 9781446264881

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Encyclopedia of Environmental Change Book Description :

Accessibly written by a team of international authors, the Encyclopedia of Environmental Change provides a gateway to the complex facts, concepts, techniques, methodology and philosophy of environmental change. This three-volume set illustrates and examines topics within this dynamic and rapidly changing interdisciplinary field. The encyclopedia includes all of the following aspects of environmental change: Diverse evidence of environmental change, including climate change and changes on land and in the oceans Underlying natural and anthropogenic causes and mechanisms Wide-ranging local, regional and global impacts from the polar regions to the tropics Responses of geo-ecosystems and human-environmental systems in the face of past, present and future environmental change Approaches, methodologies and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling, projecting and predicting change Social, economic and political dimensions of environmental issues, environmental conservation and management and environmental policy Over 4,000 entries explore the following key themes and more: Conservation Demographic change Environmental management Environmental policy Environmental security Food security Glaciation Green Revolution Human impact on environment Industrialization Landuse change Military impacts on environment Mining and mining impacts Nuclear energy Pollution Renewable resources Solar energy Sustainability Tourism Trade Water resources Water security Wildlife conservation The comprehensive coverage of terminology includes layers of entries ranging from one-line definitions to short essays, making this an invaluable companion for any student of physical geography, environmental geography or environmental sciences.

Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science Book

Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science


  • Author : Robert Michener
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2008-04-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470691175

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Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science Book Description :

This book highlights new and emerging uses of stable isotope analysis in a variety of ecological disciplines. While the use of natural abundance isotopes in ecological research is now relatively standard, new techniques and ways of interpreting patterns are developing rapidly. The second edition of this book provides a thorough, up-to-date examination of these methods of research. As part of the Ecological Methods and Concepts series which provides the latest information on experimental techniques in ecology, this book looks at a wide range of techniques that use natural abundance isotopes to: follow whole ecosystem element cycling understand processes of soil organic matter formation follow the movement of water in whole watersheds understand the effects of pollution in both terrestrial and aquatic environments study extreme systems such as hydrothermal vents follow migrating organisms In each case, the book explains the background to the methodology, looks at the underlying principles and assumptions, and outlines the potential limitations and pitfalls. Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science is an ideal resource for both ecologists who are new to isotopic analysis, and more experienced isotope ecologists interested in innovative techniques and pioneering new uses.

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology Book

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology


  • Author : C. Kendall
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1998
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 839
  • ISBN 10 : 044450155X

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Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology Book Description :

"Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology" is the first synthesis of physical hydrology and isotope geochemistry with a catchment focus, and is a valuable reference for professionals and students alike in the fields of hydrology, hydrochemistry, and environmental science.

Stable Isotope Ecology Book
Score: 5
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Stable Isotope Ecology


  • Author : Brian Fry
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-01-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN 10 : 0387337458

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Stable Isotope Ecology Book Description :

A solid introduction to stable isotopes that can also be used as an instructive review for more experienced researchers and professionals. The book approaches the use of isotopes from the perspective of ecological and biological research, but its concepts can be applied within other disciplines. A novel, step-by-step spreadsheet modeling approach is also presented for circulating tracers in any ecological system, including any favorite system an ecologist might dream up while sitting at a computer. The author’s humorous and lighthearted style painlessly imparts the principles of isotope ecology. The online material contains color illustrations, spreadsheet models, technical appendices, and problems and answers.

Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science Book

Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science


  • Author : Robert Michener
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2008-04-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470691175

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Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science Book Description :

This book highlights new and emerging uses of stable isotope analysis in a variety of ecological disciplines. While the use of natural abundance isotopes in ecological research is now relatively standard, new techniques and ways of interpreting patterns are developing rapidly. The second edition of this book provides a thorough, up-to-date examination of these methods of research. As part of the Ecological Methods and Concepts series which provides the latest information on experimental techniques in ecology, this book looks at a wide range of techniques that use natural abundance isotopes to: follow whole ecosystem element cycling understand processes of soil organic matter formation follow the movement of water in whole watersheds understand the effects of pollution in both terrestrial and aquatic environments study extreme systems such as hydrothermal vents follow migrating organisms In each case, the book explains the background to the methodology, looks at the underlying principles and assumptions, and outlines the potential limitations and pitfalls. Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science is an ideal resource for both ecologists who are new to isotopic analysis, and more experienced isotope ecologists interested in innovative techniques and pioneering new uses.

Stable Isotopes in Ecological Research Book

Stable Isotopes in Ecological Research


  • Author : P.W. Rundel
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 525
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461234982

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Stable Isotopes in Ecological Research Book Description :

The analysis of stable isotope ratios represents one of the most exciting new technical advances in environmental sciences. In this book, leading experts offer the first survey of applications of stable isotope analysis to ecological research. Central topics are - plant physiology studies - food webs and animal metabolism - biogeochemical fluxes. Extensive coverage is given to natural isotopes of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and strontium in both terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Ecologists of diverse research interests, as well as agronomists, anthropologists, and geochemists will value this overview for its wealth of information on theoretical background, experimental approaches, and technical design of studies utilizing stable isotope ratios.

Palaeoweathering  Palaeosurfaces and Related Continental Deposits Book

Palaeoweathering Palaeosurfaces and Related Continental Deposits


  • Author : Medard Thiry
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2009-04-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN 10 : 9781444304206

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Palaeoweathering Palaeosurfaces and Related Continental Deposits Book Description :

The study of palaeoweathering provides vital clues about pastcontinental environments, the correlation of sedimentary depositsand processes such as the rate and timing of uplift and erosion. This volume (based partly on research presented at IGCP 317Palaeoweathering Records and Palaeosurfaces) contains contributionsthat use both geochemical and physical approaches to the study ofpalaeoweathering problems. The former are particularly relevant toour understanding of past climates and climate change; the latterhave applications in the understanding of mass balance betweenrates of erosion and deposition. Palaeoweathering, Palaeosurfaces and Related ContinentalDeposits illustrates the multidisciplinary nature of the subject,the diversity of techniques and, above all, the vital contributionthe subject makes to the reconstruction of ancient continentalenvironments. This book will be of great value to sedimentologists,soil scientists and geomorphologists. If you are a member of the International Association ofSedimentologists, for purchasing details, please see:http://www.iasnet.org/publications/details.asp?code=SP27

Environmental and Low Temperature Geochemistry Book

Environmental and Low Temperature Geochemistry


  • Author : Peter Ryan
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-04-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118867495

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Environmental and Low Temperature Geochemistry Book Description :

Environmental and Low-Temperature Geochemistry presents conceptual and quantitative principles of geochemistry in order to foster understanding of natural processes at and near the earth’s surface, as well as anthropogenic impacts on the natural environment. It provides the reader with the essentials of concentration, speciation and reactivity of elements in soils, waters, sediments and air, drawing attention to both thermodynamic and kinetic controls. Specific features include: • An introductory chapter that reviews basic chemical principles applied to environmental and low-temperature geochemistry • Explanation and analysis of the importance of minerals in the environment • Principles of aqueous geochemistry • Organic compounds in the environment • The role of microbes in processes such as biomineralization, elemental speciation and reduction-oxidation reactions • Thorough coverage of the fundamentals of important geochemical cycles (C, N, P, S) • Atmospheric chemistry • Soil geochemistry • The roles of stable isotopes in environmental analysis • Radioactive and radiogenic isotopes as environmental tracers and environmental contaminants • Principles and examples of instrumental analysis in environmental geochemistry The text concludes with a case study of surface water and groundwater contamination that includes interactions and reactions of naturally-derived inorganic substances and introduced organic compounds (fuels and solvents), and illustrates the importance of interdisciplinary analysis in environmental geochemistry. Readership: Advanced undergraduate and graduate students studying environmental/low T geochemistry as part of an earth science, environmental science or related program. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/ryan/geochemistry.

Stable Isotopic Analysis of Carbon and Nitrogen as an Indicator of Paleodietary Change Among Pre state Metal Age Societies in Northeast Thailand Book

Stable Isotopic Analysis of Carbon and Nitrogen as an Indicator of Paleodietary Change Among Pre state Metal Age Societies in Northeast Thailand


  • Author : Christopher A. King
  • Publisher : British Archaeological Reports Limited
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105132241501

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Stable Isotopic Analysis of Carbon and Nitrogen as an Indicator of Paleodietary Change Among Pre state Metal Age Societies in Northeast Thailand Book Description :

Using northeast Thailand as a model, this work uses stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen to infer paleodietary change in subtropical monsoon Asia. It is hypothesized that in northeast Thailand during the pre-state Metal Age (2000 B.C. to A.D. 500) there are distinct differences among the populations during this time period which coincide with human induced environmental changes and developments of alternative subsistence technologies. It is further hypothesized that female and male diets differed, possibly from social circumstances, such as sex related food accessibility. The archaeological skeletal series is from Ban Chiang, Ban Na Di, Ban Lum Khao, and Noen U-Loke. Stable isotope analysis of local flora and fauna provide a baseline for interpreting stable isotope data from human samples for this and future studies of paleodiet. This work makes a significant contribution to studies of subsistence changes from extensive to intensive agriculture in subtropical monsoon Asia. This research is relevant to debates of agricultural change as well as the effect of cultural changes on subsistence patterns and the evolution of human diet.

Climate Change in Deserts Book

Climate Change in Deserts


  • Author : Martin Williams
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2014-08-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 616
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107016910

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Climate Change in Deserts Book Description :

A synthesis of the environmental and climatic history of every major desert and desert margin, for researchers and advanced students.

Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management Book

Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management


  • Author : John A. Wiens
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-07-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118329757

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Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management Book Description :

In North America, concepts of Historical Range of Variability are being employed in land-management planning for properties of private organizations and multiple government agencies. The National Park Service, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service, and The Nature Conservancy all include elements of historical ecology in their planning processes. Similar approaches are part of land management and conservation in Europe and Australia. Each of these user groups must struggle with the added complication of rapid climate change, rapid land-use change, and technical issues in order to employ historical ecology effectively. Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management explores the utility of historical ecology in a management and conservation context and the development of concepts related to understanding future ranges of variability. It provides guidance and insights to all those entrusted with managing and conserving natural resources: land-use planners, ecologists, fire scientists, natural resource policy makers, conservation biologists, refuge and preserve managers, and field practitioners. The book will be particularly timely as science-based management is once again emphasized in United States federal land management and as an understanding of the potential effects of climate change becomes more widespread among resource managers. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/wiens/historicalenvironmentalvariation.

Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments Book

Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments


  • Author : John P. Smol
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2004-12-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402006586

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Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments Book Description :

Paleolimnology is a rapidly developing science that is now being used to study a suite of environmental and ecological problems. This volume is the fourth handbook in the Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research book series. The first volume (Last & Smol, 2001a) examined the acquisition and archiving of sediment cores, chronological techniques, and large-scale basin analysis methods. Volume 2 (Last & Smol, 2001b) focused on physical and chemical methods. Volume 3 (Smol et al. , 2001), along with this book, summarize the many biological methods and techniques that are available to study long-term environmental changeusing information preserved in sedimentary profiles. A subsequent volume (Birks et al. , in preparation) will deal with statistical and data handling procedures. It is our intent that these books will provide sufficient detail and breadth to be useful handbooks for both seasoned practitioners as well as newcomers to the area of paleolimnology. These books will also hopefully be useful to non-paleolimnologists (e. g. , limnologists, archeologists, palynologists, geographers, geologists, etc. ) who continue to hear and read about pal- limnology, but have little chance to explore the vast and sometimes difficult to access journal-based reference material for this rapidly expanding field. Although the chapters in these volumes target mainly lacustrine settings, many of the techniques described can also be readily applied to fluvial, glacial, marine, estuarine, and peatland environments. This current volume focuses on zoological indicators preserved in lake sediments, whilst Volume 3 focused on terrestrial, algal, and siliceous indicators.

Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs Book

Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs


  • Author : David Hopley
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-11-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1236
  • ISBN 10 : 9789048126385

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Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs Book Description :

Coral reefs are the largest landforms built by plants and animals. Their study therefore incorporates a wide range of disciplines. This encyclopedia approaches coral reefs from an earth science perspective, concentrating especially on modern reefs. Currently coral reefs are under high stress, most prominently from climate change with changes to water temperature, sea level and ocean acidification particularly damaging. Modern reefs have evolved through the massive environmental changes of the Quaternary with long periods of exposure during glacially lowered sea level periods and short periods of interglacial growth. The entries in this encyclopedia condense the large amount of work carried out since Charles Darwin first attempted to understand reef evolution. Leading authorities from many countries have contributed to the entries covering areas of geology, geography and ecology, providing comprehensive access to the most up-to-date research on the structure, form and processes operating on Quaternary coral reefs.

Radioactive and Stable Isotope Geology Book

Radioactive and Stable Isotope Geology


  • Author : H.-G. Attendorn
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 522
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401158404

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Radioactive and Stable Isotope Geology Book Description :

Accelerating progress in the application of radioactive and stable isotope analysis to a varied range of geologicla and geochemical problems in geology has required a complete revision of Isotopes in the Earth Sciences, published in 1988. This new book comprises four parts: the first introduces isotopic chemistry and examines mass spectroscopic methods; the second eeals with radiometric dating methods. Part Three examines the importance of isotopes in climato-environmental studies, and increasingly significant area of research. The last part looks at extra-terrestrial matter, geothermometry and the isotopic geochemistry of the Earth's lithosphere. Post-graduate and post-doctoral researchers in geochemistry, as well as final year undergraduates in the earth and environmental sciences, will find Radioactive and Stable Isotope Geology an invaluable, uo-to-date and thorough treatment of the theory and practice of isotopie geology.