Stress  Genetics  Epigenetics and Genomics Book

Stress Genetics Epigenetics and Genomics


  • Author : George Fink
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-10-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128131572

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Stress Genetics Epigenetics and Genomics Excerpt :

This fourth volume in the Handbook of Stress series, Stress: Genetics, Epigenetics and Genomics, deals with the influence that genetics, epigenetics, and genomics have on the effects of and responses to stress. Chapters refer to epigenetic mechanisms that involve DNA methylation, histone modification, and/or noncoding RNA-associated gene activation or silencing. There is also coverage of epigenetic mechanisms in stress-related transgenerational transmission of characteristics, and how these may help explain heritability in some complex human diseases. The Handbook of Stress series, comprised of self-contained volumes that each focus on a specific stress area, covers the significant advances made since the publication of Elsevier’s Encyclopedia of Stress (2000 and 2007). Volume 4 is ideal for graduate students, post-doctoral fellows, faculty and clinicians interested in stress genetics, epigenetics and genomics involved in neuroendocrinology, neuroscience, biomedicine, endocrinology, psychology, psychiatry and the social sciences. Articles carefully selected by eminent stress researchers and prepared by contributors representing outstanding scholarship in the field, with each chapter fully vetted for reliable expert knowledge Richly illustrated with explanatory figures and tables Each chapter includes a boxed “Key points call out section Affordably priced, self-contained volume for readers specifically interested in stress genetics and epigenetics, removing the need to purchase the whole Handbook series

Epigenetics of Stress and Stress Disorders Book

Epigenetics of Stress and Stress Disorders


  • Author : Nagy Youssef
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2022-02-25
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128230626

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Epigenetics of Stress and Stress Disorders Excerpt :

Epigenetics of Stress and Stress Disorders, Volume 31 in the Translational Epigenetics series, examines the epigenetic mechanisms involved in modifying DNA or gene expression following prolonged stress and/or trauma. Sections introduce both genetic and psychiatric foundations, including modes of epigenetic modification and gene expression that result from stress, as well as the medical knowledge required to understand stress related disorders and resilience. From here, chapters discuss epigenetic research techniques applied in recent studies, including epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) of PTSD and resilience, the possible effects of prolonged stress on telomere shortening, and the long-term physical effects of PSTD. The book concludes by examining the possible effects of transgenerational stress-induced epigenetic alterations on the resilience of future offspring, the potential for epigenetic therapeutics, and public health implications. Examines the epigenetics of stress, trauma and related stress disorders Includes methods (e.g. EWAS), protocols and directions for further studies Connects new research to clinical practice and highlights implications for patient care, drug discovery and public health

Environmental Epigenetics Book

Environmental Epigenetics


  • Author : L. Joseph Su
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-05-18
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 321
  • ISBN 10 : 9781447166788

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Environmental Epigenetics Excerpt :

This book examines the toxicological and health implications of environmental epigenetics and provides knowledge through an interdisciplinary approach. Included in this volume are chapters outlining various environmental risk factors such as phthalates and dietary components, life states such as pregnancy and ageing, hormonal and metabolic considerations and specific disease risks such as cancer cardiovascular diseases and other non-communicable diseases. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses.

Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide Book

Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide


  • Author : Vsevolod Rozanov
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-02-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128052860

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Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide Excerpt :

Stress and Epigenetics in Suicidediscusses the central role of epigenetic modifications in suicidal behavior. As early-life stress and an individual's ability to cope with such stressors, combined with psychological factors, social factors, and existential and cognitive factors can predispose young people to suicidal behavior and put them at added risk of suicidal behavior later in life, this book provides readers with an overview of the neurobiology of stress, an introduction to the epigenetic changes induced by stress, and an understanding of how vulnerability and resilience to stress are built. It integrates these mechanisms into a biobehavioral model of suicide based on epigenetic marks, gene-environment interactions, and other stressors. More importantly, it provides future direction for research and discusses potential interventions. This book is an ideal and trusted resource for researchers and clinicians who are interested in learning how the environment can affect behavior through genetics, and for those seeking the development of new methods for suicide prevention. Explores the neurobiology of stress and stress-related epigenetics, including discussion of the role of stress-induced epigenetic changes in behavioral, emotional, and cognitive mechanisms and whether these epigenetic marks are transgenerational Provides compelling biobehavioral models of suicide based on genetics, epigenetics, and behavioral adjustment Integrates social, psychological, and existential influences, giving readers a better understanding of the interdisciplinary nature of suicide risk factors Presents future directions for suicide-prevention strategies that incorporate recent research on genomics and stress resilience

Stress  Concepts  Cognition  Emotion  and Behavior Book

Stress Concepts Cognition Emotion and Behavior


  • Author : George Fink
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-03-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128011379

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Stress Concepts Cognition Emotion and Behavior Excerpt :

Stress: Concepts, Cognition, Emotion, and Behavior: Handbook in Stress Series, Volume 1, examines stress and its management in the workplace and is targeted at scientific and clinical researchers in biomedicine, psychology, and some aspects of the social sciences. The audience is appropriate faculty and graduate and undergraduate students interested in stress and its consequences. The format allows access to specific self-contained stress subsections without the need to purchase the whole nine volume Stress handbook series. This makes the publication much more affordable than the previously published four volume Encyclopedia of Stress (Elsevier 2007) in which stress subsections were arranged alphabetically and therefore required purchase of the whole work. This feature will be of special significance for individual scientists and clinicians, as well as laboratories. In this first volume of the series, the primary focus will be on general stress concepts as well as the areas of cognition, emotion, and behavior. Offers chapters with impressive scope, covering topics including the interactions between stress, cognition, emotion and behaviour Features articles carefully selected by eminent stress researchers and prepared by contributors representing outstanding scholarship in the field Includes rich illustrations with explanatory figures and tables Includes boxed call out sections that serve to explain key concepts and methods Allows access to specific self-contained stress subsections without the need to purchase the whole nine volume Stress handbook series

Epigenetic Mechanisms of Gene Regulation Book

Epigenetic Mechanisms of Gene Regulation


  • Author : Vincenzo E. A. Russo
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1996
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 692
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015047449171

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Epigenetic Mechanisms of Gene Regulation Excerpt :

Many inheritable changes in gene function are not explained by changes in the DNA sequence. Such epigenetic mechanisms are known to influence gene function in most complex organisms and include effects such as transposon function, chromosome imprinting, yeast mating type switching and telomeric silencing. In recent years, epigenetic effects have become a major focus of research activity. This monograph, edited by three well-known biologists from different specialties, is the first to review and synthesize what is known about these effects across all species, particularly from a molecular perspective, and will be of interest to everyone in the fields of molecular biology and genetics.

Epigenetics in Plants of Agronomic Importance  Fundamentals and Applications Book

Epigenetics in Plants of Agronomic Importance Fundamentals and Applications


  • Author : Raúl Alvarez-Venegas
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-07-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319079714

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Epigenetics in Plants of Agronomic Importance Fundamentals and Applications Excerpt :

Over the past decades, chromatin remodelling has emerged as an important regulator of gene expression and plant defense. This book provides a detailed understanding of the epigenetic mechanisms involved in plants of agronomic importance. The information presented here is significant because it is expected to provide the knowledge needed to develop in the future treatments to manipulate and selectively activate/inhibit proteins and metabolic pathways to counter pathogens, to treat important diseases and to increase crop productivity. New approaches of this kind and the development of new technologies will certainly increase our knowledge of currently known post-translational modifications and facilitate the understanding of their roles in, for example, host-pathogen interactions and crop productivity. Furthermore, we provide important insight on how the plant epigenome changes in response to developmental or environmental stimuli, how chromatin modifications are established and maintained, to which degree they are used throughout the genome, and how chromatin modifications influence each another.

Epigenetics in Psychiatry Book

Epigenetics in Psychiatry


  • Author : Jacob Peedicayil
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-08-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 846
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128235782

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Epigenetics in Psychiatry Excerpt :

Epigenetics in Psychiatry, Second Edition covers all major areas of psychiatry in which extensive epigenetic research has been performed, fully encompassing a diverse and maturing field, including drug addiction, bipolar disorder, epidemiology, cognitive disorders, and the uses of putative epigenetic-based psychotropic drugs. Uniquely, each chapter correlates epigenetics with relevant advances across genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics. The book acts as a catalyst for further research in this growing area of psychiatry. This new edition has been fully revised to address recent advances in epigenetic understanding of psychiatric disorders, evoking data consortia (e.g., CommonMind, ATAC-seq), single cell analysis, and epigenome-wide association studies to empower new research. The book also examines epigenetic effects of the microbiome on psychiatric disorders, and the use of neuroimaging in studying the role of epigenetic mechanisms of gene expression. Ongoing advances in epigenetic therapy are explored in-depth. Fully revised to discuss new areas of research across neuronal stem cells, cognitive disorders, and transgenerational epigenetics in psychiatric disease Relates broad advances in psychiatric epigenetics to a modern understanding of the genome, transcriptome, and proteins Catalyzes knowledge discovery in both basic epigenetic biology and epigenetic targets for drug discovery Provides guidance in research methods and protocols, as well how to employ data from consortia, single cell analysis, and epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) Features chapter contributions from international leaders in the field

Epigenetics of Aging Book

Epigenetics of Aging


  • Author : Trygve O. Tollefsbol
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-11-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 469
  • ISBN 10 : 9781441906397

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Epigenetics of Aging Excerpt :

Recent studies have indicated that epigenetic processes may play a major role in both cellular and organismal aging. These epigenetic processes include not only DNA methylation and histone modifications, but also extend to many other epigenetic mediators such as the polycomb group proteins, chromosomal position effects, and noncoding RNA. The topics of this book range from fundamental changes in DNA methylation in aging to the most recent research on intervention into epigenetic modifications to modulate the aging process. The major topics of epigenetics and aging covered in this book are: 1) DNA methylation and histone modifications in aging; 2) Other epigenetic processes and aging; 3) Impact of epigenetics on aging; 4) Epigenetics of age-related diseases; 5) Epigenetic interventions and aging: and 6) Future directions in epigenetic aging research. The most studied of epigenetic processes, DNA methylation, has been associated with cellular aging and aging of organisms for many years. It is now apparent that both global and gene-specific alterations occur not only in DNA methylation during aging, but also in several histone alterations. Many epigenetic alterations can have an impact on aging processes such as stem cell aging, control of telomerase, modifications of telomeres, and epigenetic drift can impact the aging process as evident in the recent studies of aging monozygotic twins. Numerous age-related diseases are affected by epigenetic mechanisms. For example, recent studies have shown that DNA methylation is altered in Alzheimer’s disease and autoimmunity. Other prevalent diseases that have been associated with age-related epigenetic changes include cancer and diabetes. Paternal age and epigenetic changes appear to have an effect on schizophrenia and epigenetic silencing has been associated with several of the progeroid syndromes of premature aging. Moreover, the impact of dietary or drug intervention into epigenetic processes as they affect normal aging or

Abiotic Stress  Molecular Genetics and Genomics Book

Abiotic Stress Molecular Genetics and Genomics


  • Author : Mukesh Jain
  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release Date : 2014-12-03
  • Genre: Botany
  • Pages : 102
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889193592

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Abiotic Stress Molecular Genetics and Genomics Excerpt :

Abiotic stresses are the major cause that limits productivity of crop plants worldwide. Plants have developed intricate machinery to respond and adapt over these adverse environmental conditions both at physiological and molecular levels. Due to increasing problems of abiotic stresses, plant biotechnologists and breeders need to employ new approaches to improve abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Although current research has divulged several key genes, gene regulatory networks and quantitative trait loci that mediate plant responses to various abiotic stresses, the comprehensive understanding of this complex trait is still not available. This e-book is focused on molecular genetics and genomics approaches to understand the plant response/adaptation to various abiotic stresses. It includes different types of articles (original research, method, opinion and review) that provide current insights into different aspects of plant responses and adaptation to abiotic stresses.

Epigenetics Book

Epigenetics


  • Author : Brian P. Chadwick
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2015-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN 10 : 1910190071

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Epigenetics Excerpt :

Epigenetics can have a significant impact on human health and disease susceptibility. Over the past few years, significant progress has occurred in this rapidly advancing field, and much key research has been published. This book has gathered together pioneers in the field of epigenetics to produce thought-provoking discussions on classic aspects of epigenetics and on the newer emerging areas. It includes topics on the impact of metabolism on the epigenome, how our actions may impact the health of our offspring several generations removed, and how exposure to environmental toxicants can have long-lasting effects on our epigenome with devastating consequences. This up-to-date volume is a major resource essential for those working in the field and is recommended reading for anyone new to this fascinating and fast-moving area of research. *** Librarians: ebook available on ProQuest and EBSCO [Subject: Microbiology, Epigenetics, Life Science]

Epigenetics of Exercise and Sports Book

Epigenetics of Exercise and Sports


  • Author : Stuart Raleigh
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-07-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128209370

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Epigenetics of Exercise and Sports Excerpt :

Epigenetics of Exercise and Sports: Concepts, Methods, and Current Research explains fundamental epigenetic processes and how these are altered by exercise and sports. After a brief review of fundamental epigenetic biology, this all-new volume in the Translational Epigenetics series offers step-by-step instruction in how epigenetic factors are investigated for their influence over exercise related traits of human physiology, disease, and injury. The current state of knowledge in the field and recent findings are discussed in-depth, illuminating how exercise and sports performance may epigenetically modify our physiology, disease and injury risks, and how this knowledge can be applied in personalized exercise approaches, diagnostics, and treatment. This book also explores the shortcomings of explaining exercise related phenomena using only genomics and traditional biochemical techniques, setting the scene for a paradigm shift in exercise biology. In addition, over a dozen international specialists contribute chapters on exercise and sports epigenetics, and their influence over metabolism, obesity, aging, immunity, and neurological disease, as well as the epigenetic impacts of concussions and sports doping. A concluding chapter discusses ongoing themes in the field and outlooks for future research. Thoroughly examines fundamental concepts in exercise and sports epigenetics, methods for new research, and known impacts for human physiology, disease, and clinical outcomes Discusses exercise and sports epigenetics in relation to metabolism, obesity, aging, immunity, and neurological disease, concussion, and sports doping, among other topics Includes preliminary information on exercise epigenetics and covid-19 infection Features chapter contributions from international experts in the field

New Trends in Ion Exchange Studies Book

New Trends in Ion Exchange Studies


  • Author : Selcan Karakus
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-11-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 94
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789842470

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New Trends in Ion Exchange Studies Excerpt :

This book covers new systems in technology that have developed our knowledge of ion exchange. This book discusses ion exchange resins to enhance cell growth; anion exchange membrane; nanosystems in ion exchange and ion exchange in environmental applications. The ion exchange system is used in bionanotechnology, cosmetic industry and water treatment.