Stress and Immunity Book

Stress and Immunity


  • Author : Yong-Soo Bae
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2019-04-09
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 143
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889458134

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Stress and Immunity Excerpt :

The "Stress and Immunity" Research Topic includes two distant and seemingly unrelated forms of stress: physicochemical stress and psychological stress. In both forms of stress the body adapts to the changes in the environment. The different chapters of this eBook deal with aspects relevant for the fascinating interplay of various distinct stressors with the immune system.

Stress Challenges and Immunity in Space Book

Stress Challenges and Immunity in Space


  • Author : Alexander Choukèr
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-12-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 771
  • ISBN 10 : 3030169952

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Stress Challenges and Immunity in Space Excerpt :

This book explains how stress – either psychological or physical – can activate and/or paralyse human innate or adaptive immunity. Adequate immunity is crucial for maintaining health, both on Earth and in space. During space flight, human physiology is specifically challenged by complex environmental stressors, which are most pronounced during lunar or interplanetary missions. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, the book identifies the impact of these stressors – the space exposome – on immunity as a result of (dys-)functions of specific cells, organs and organ networks. These conditions (e.g. gravitation changes, radiation, isolation/confinement) affect immunity, but at the same time provide insights that may help to prevent, diagnose and address immune-related health alterations. Written by experts from academia, space agencies and industry, the book is a valuable resource for professionals, researchers and students in the field of medicine, biology and technology. The chapters “The Impact of Everyday Stressors on the Immune System and Health”, “Stress and Radiation Responsiveness” and “Assessment of Radiosensitivity and Biomonitoring of Exposure to Space adiation” are available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Autism Book

Autism


  • Author : Abha Chauhan
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2009-10-26
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN 10 : 1420068873

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Autism Excerpt :

In 2007, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued an autism alarm, estimating that one in 150 children may be affected by autism spectrum disorder. Autism has been treated mainly with technical approaches: principally applied behavior analysis and psychopharmacology. The findings in this book implicate oxidative stress as a common feature in autism, and support the claim that oxidative stress and intracellular redox imbalance can be induced or triggered in autism by exposure to certain environmental agents. Such findings could point the way to new treatment approaches in autism. Autism: Oxidative Stress, Inflammation, and Immune Abnormalities brings together a wealth of cutting-edge evidence that is already influencing how we treat this serious condition. It looks at the role of neuropathological abnormalities, genetics, and those factors common to oxidative stress such as inflammation, immune dysfunction, aberrant cellular signaling, and gene-environment interactions. Among dozens of research topics, this volume — Looks at interactions between genetic and environmental factors such as the maternal immune environment and prenatal/postnatal environmental stressors Summarizes evidence for oxidative damage and inflammation in autism Introduces a PDD behavior inventory as a tool for assessing autism Considers autism as an aberrant adaptive response to neuroinflammation and oxidative stress Examines the role of abnormal calcium signaling and the hypothesis that it may represent a target for novel therapeutics Presents a hypothesis that autism arises from the dysregulation of a unified gut/brain system rather than originating in the brain alone Proposes the utility of using a biopsychosocial method to treat autism This book shows us that autism is not only developmental but also a chronic condition based on active pathophysiology, and that it is not only behavioral but also presents somatic and systemic features. The findings in these chapters support the t

The Oxford Handbook of Stress and Mental Health Book

The Oxford Handbook of Stress and Mental Health


  • Author : Kate L. Harkness
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2020
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190681777

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The Oxford Handbook of Stress and Mental Health Excerpt :

This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note that the online publication date for this handbook is the date that the first article in the title was published online.

The Innate Immune Response to Noninfectious Stressors Book

The Innate Immune Response to Noninfectious Stressors


  • Author : Massimo Amadori
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-02-23
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128019740

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The Innate Immune Response to Noninfectious Stressors Excerpt :

The Innate Immune Response to Non-infectious Stressors: Human and Animal Models highlights fundamental mechanisms of stress response and important findings on how the immune system is affected, and in turn affects such a response. In addition, this book covers the crucial link between stress response and energy metabolism, prompts a re-appraisal of some crucial issues, and helps to define research priorities in this fascinating, somehow elusive field of investigation. Provides insights into the fundamental homeostatic processes vis-à-vis stressors to help in investigation Illustrates the depicted tenets and how to offset them against established models of response to physical and psychotic stressors in both animals and humans Covers the crucial issue of the immune response to endocrine disruptors Includes immunological parameters as reporter system of environmental adaptation Provides many illustrative examples to foster reader understanding

Inflammation  Advancing Age and Nutrition Book

Inflammation Advancing Age and Nutrition


  • Author : Irfan Rahman
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-09-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123978073

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Inflammation Advancing Age and Nutrition Excerpt :

The book provides a comprehensive overview to understanding the integrated impact of the concepts of cellular and molecular aspects, models, environmental factors, and lifestyle involved in premature aging. Additionally, it examines how functional food, dietary nutraceuticals or pharmacological compounds can reverse inflammation and premature aging based on personalized medicine. This book is a valuable resource for health professionals, scientists and researchers, nutritionists, health practitioners, students and for all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Includes models of aging, including worm, mouse and human Explores the relationship of inflammation with diseases, including ocular health, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, and muscle health Encompasses a variety of lifestyle impacts, including diet, exercise and nutrition Includes suggested nutritional interventions

Inflammation and Immunity in Depression Book

Inflammation and Immunity in Depression


  • Author : Bernhard Baune
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-05-23
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 636
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128110744

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Inflammation and Immunity in Depression Excerpt :

Inflammation and Immunity in Depression: Basic Science and Clinical Applications is the first book to move beyond the established theory of cytokine-induced depression and explore the broader role the immune system plays in this devastating mood disorder. The book fully explores the most recent lines of research into this rapidly advancing field, including alterations of T-cells, the neurobiological implications of neuroinflammation and immune alterations for brain development and function, and the genetic components of neuroinflammation in depression, including the relationships between stress and inflammation that are revealing gene-environment interactions in the disorder. Combining contributions from researchers worldwide, this book provides the most comprehensive discussion available today on the involvement of the innate immune and adaptive immune systems in depressive disorder. Chapters span neuroscience, psychology, clinical applications and future directions, making this book an invaluable resource for advanced students, researchers and practitioners who need to understand the complex and varied role of inflammation and immune responses in depression. Synthesizes current knowledge of inflammation and immunity in depression, ranging from basic neuroscience research, to clinical applications in psychiatry Expands on the long-established theory of cytokine-induced depression to discuss broader involvement of the immune system Explores translational potential of targeting immune dysfunction for clinical interventions

Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition Book

Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition


  • Author : Manfred Lamprecht
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-09-17
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 299
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466567573

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Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition Excerpt :

The use of antioxidants in sports is controversial due to existing evidence that they both support and hinder athletic performance. Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition covers antioxidant use in the athlete ́s basic nutrition and discusses the controversies surrounding the usefulness of antioxidant supplementation. The book also stresses how antioxidants may affect immunity, health, and exercise performance. The book contains scientifically based chapters explaining the basic mechanisms of exercise-induced oxidative damage. Also covered are methodological approaches to assess the effectiveness of antioxidant treatment. Biomarkers are discussed as a method to estimate the bioefficacy of dietary/supplemental antioxidants in sports. This book is useful for sport nutrition scientists, physicians, exercise physiologists, product developers, sport practitioners, coaches, top athletes, and recreational athletes. In it, they will find objective information and practical guidance.

Inflammation  Aging  and Oxidative Stress Book

Inflammation Aging and Oxidative Stress


  • Author : Stephen C. Bondy
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-12-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 405
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319334868

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Inflammation Aging and Oxidative Stress Excerpt :

The book describes the major degenerative processes and pathologies exacerbated by senescence and how they can be alleviated through retardation of cellular aging. Topics discussed include neurodegenerative disease, protein oxidation, cerebrovascular disease, particle-induced inflammation and cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer’s disease, ovarian aging, dietary and endogenous anti-oxidants in management of Parkinson’s disease, and effects of exercise on oxidation and inflammation. The nineteen expertly authored chapters are organized into three sections in order to present a complete picture to the reader: Age Related Cellular Events, Role of Inflammatory and Oxidative Processes in Age-Related Diseases, and Retardation of Cellular Aging. Inflammation, Oxidative Stress and Age-Related Disease draws from a variety of international perspectives and provides a comprehensive overview of the relationship between disease, cell aging, and oxidative stress, as well as potential for preventing or slowing these processes. This installment of Springer’s Oxidative Stress in Applied Basic Research and Clinical Practice is ideal for researchers, clinicians, and advanced graduate students in the fields of cardiology, neuroscience, biogerontolgy, and cell biology.

Cell Stress Proteins Book

Cell Stress Proteins


  • Author : Stuart K. Calderwood
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-02-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387397177

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Cell Stress Proteins Excerpt :

This book surveys the current knowledge concerning the expression and function of stress proteins in different organisms, ranging from prokaryotes to humans. It provides an overview of the diversity and complex evolutionary history of cell stress proteins and describes their function and expression in different eukaryote models. The book will appeal to researchers and scientists in biochemistry, cell biology, microbiology, immunology, and genetics.

Environmental Influences on the Immune System Book

Environmental Influences on the Immune System


  • Author : Charlotte Esser
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-02-04
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN 10 : 9783709118900

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Environmental Influences on the Immune System Excerpt :

This book brings together articles on the overarching theme of how the environment shapes the immune system. The immune system is commonly assumed to respond to harmful pathogens such as bacteria and viruses. However, harmless bacteria, chemicals, stress, normal food and other factors can also trigger, shape or interfere with the immune system, often producing adverse effects. Yet, it is also becoming increasingly accepted that some of these interactions are physiological and necessary for a healthy immune system. Examples of negative effects include the immunosuppressive effects of UV irradiation, or the immunotoxic effects of man-made chemicals such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Autoimmunity or allergies can be the adverse consequences of interaction between the immune system and chemical compounds such as drugs. Positive effects can come from natural exposure levels to bacteria, healthy life-style or the diet. There is a great need to understand how communication between the environment and the immune system works. This book addresses this need. It covers environmental factors (such as bacteria, sun exposure), human factors (such as age, exercise or stress), and important man-made factors (such as air pollution). A chapter on human rights complements the scientific chapters. The book is intended for immunologists, toxicologists and researchers who want to know how the immune system works and is triggered, as well as for medical doctors in environmental medicine and the general public interested in immunology.

Autophagy  Cancer  Other Pathologies  Inflammation  Immunity  Infection  and Aging Book

Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection and Aging


  • Author : M. A. Hayat
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-12-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128094273

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Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection and Aging Excerpt :

Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging is an eleven volume series that discusses in detail all aspects of autophagy machinery in the context of health, cancer, and other pathologies. Autophagy maintains homeostasis during starvation or stress conditions by balancing the synthesis of cellular components and their deregulation by autophagy. This series discusses the characterization of autophagosome-enriched vaccines and its efficacy in cancer immunotherapy. Autophagy serves to maintain healthy cells, tissues, and organs, but also promotes cancer survival and growth of established tumors. Impaired or deregulated autophagy can also contribute to disease pathogenesis. Understanding the importance and necessity of the role of autophagy in health and disease is vital for the studies of cancer, aging, neurodegeneration, immunology, and infectious diseases. Comprehensive and forward-thinking, these books offer a valuable guide to cellular processes while also inciting researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Presents the most advanced information regarding the role of the autophagic system in life and death Examines whether autophagy acts fundamentally as a cell survivor or cell death pathway or both Introduces new, more effective therapeutic strategies in the development of targeted drugs and programmed cell death, providing information that will aid in preventing detrimental inflammation Features recent advancements in the molecular mechanisms underlying a large number of genetic and epigenetic diseases and abnormalities, including atherosclerosis and CNS tumors, and their development and treatment Includes chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

Stress  Depression  Inflammation  and Personalized Medicine Book

Stress Depression Inflammation and Personalized Medicine


  • Author : Pharm Tao
  • Publisher : Lulu Press, Inc
  • Release Date : 2016-08-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781329905764

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Stress Depression Inflammation and Personalized Medicine Excerpt :

Psychological stress has been associated with higher levels of inflammation and the risks of many physical disorders including heart diseases. Inflammatory processes are the common complications of a wide range of diseases including diabetes and cancer. Inflammation can be enhanced by stress and depression, such as in the condition of troubled relationships. The emerging field of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) focuses on the interactions among the immune system, the central nervous system (CNS), and behavior. Both genetic and environmental factors can influence human personality and various mental problems including autism, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Gene-environment interactions may affect neural processing and play a critical role in individual differences in disease susceptibility. The identification of these factors can help with the development of strategies for more targeted care in personalized medicine.

Nutrition and Immunity Book

Nutrition and Immunity


  • Author : Maryam Mahmoudi
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-07-30
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 515
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030160739

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Nutrition and Immunity Excerpt :

This volume provides readers with a systematic assessment of current literature on the link between nutrition and immunity. Chapters cover immunonutrition topics such as child development, cancer, aging, allergic asthma, food intolerance, obesity, and chronic critical illness. It also presents a thorough review of microflora of the gut and the essential role it plays in regulating the balance between immune tolerance and inflammation. Written by experts in the field, Nutrition and Immunity helps readers to further understand the importance of healthy dietary patterns in relation to providing immunity against disorders and offering readily available immunonutritional programming in clinical care. It will be a valuable resource for dietitians, immunologists, endocrinologists and other healthcare professionals.