String Theory and the Real World  From particle physics to astrophysics Book

String Theory and the Real World From particle physics to astrophysics


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2008-07-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 692
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080951515

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String Theory and the Real World From particle physics to astrophysics Excerpt :

This book is a collection of lectures given in July 2007 at the Les Houches Summer School on "String Theory and the Real World: From particle physics to astrophysics." Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics in String Theory, and Cosmology Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts

String Theory and the Real World Book

String Theory and the Real World


  • Author : C. Bachas
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 662
  • ISBN 10 : 008054813X

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String Theory and the Real World Excerpt :

This book is a collection of lectures given in July 2007 at the Les Houches Summer School on "String Theory and the Real World: From particle physics to astrophysics". • Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics in String Theory, and Cosmology • Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments • Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts

Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology Book

Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology


  • Author : Sacha Davidson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-04-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192597762

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Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology Excerpt :

The topic of the CVIII session of the Ecole de Physique des Houches, held in July 2017, was Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology. Effective Field Theory (EFT) is a general method for describing quantum systems with multiple length scales in a tractable fashion. It allows to perform precise calculations in established models (such as the Standard Models of particle physics and cosmology), as well as to concisely parametrise possible effects from physics beyond the Standard Models. The goal of this school was to offer a broad introduction to the foundations and modern applications of Effective Field Theory in many of its incarnations. This is all the more important as there are preciously few textbooks covering the subject, none of them in a complete way. In this book, the lecturers present the concepts in a pedagogical way so that readers can adapt some of the latest developments to their own problems. The chapters cover almost all the lectures given at the school and will serve as an introduction to the topic and as a reference manual to students and researchers.

String Theory in a Nutshell Book

String Theory in a Nutshell


  • Author : Elias Kiritsis
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-04-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 882
  • ISBN 10 : 9780691155791

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String Theory in a Nutshell Excerpt :

The essential introduction to modern string theory—now fully expanded and revised String Theory in a Nutshell is the definitive introduction to modern string theory. Written by one of the world’s leading authorities on the subject, this concise and accessible book starts with basic definitions and guides readers from classic topics to the most exciting frontiers of research today. It covers perturbative string theory, the unity of string interactions, black holes and their microscopic entropy, the AdS/CFT correspondence and its applications, matrix model tools for string theory, and more. It also includes 600 exercises and serves as a self-contained guide to the literature. This fully updated edition features an entirely new chapter on flux compactifications in string theory, and the chapter on AdS/CFT has been substantially expanded by adding many applications to diverse topics. In addition, the discussion of conformal field theory has been extensively revised to make it more student-friendly. The essential one-volume reference for students and researchers in theoretical high-energy physics Now fully expanded and revised Provides expanded coverage of AdS/CFT and its applications, namely the holographic renormalization group, holographic theories for Yang-Mills and QCD, nonequilibrium thermal physics, finite density physics, and entanglement entropy Ideal for mathematicians and physicists specializing in theoretical cosmology, QCD, and novel approaches to condensed matter systems An online illustration package is available to professors

Integrability  From Statistical Systems to Gauge Theory Book

Integrability From Statistical Systems to Gauge Theory


  • Author : Patrick Dorey
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-07-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192563316

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Integrability From Statistical Systems to Gauge Theory Excerpt :

This volume, 106 of the Les Houches Summer School series, brings together applications of integrability to supersymmetric gauge and string theory. The book focuses on the application of integrability and problems in quantum field theory. Particular emphasis is given to the exact solution of planar N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory and its relation with string theory on the one hand, and the exact determination of the low-energy physics of N=2 super-Yang-Mills theories on the other; links with other domains are also explored. The purpose of the Les Houches Summer School was to bring together young researchers and specialists from statistical physics, condensed matter physics, gauge and string theory, and mathematics, to stimulate discussion across these different research areas.

Fundamental Aspects of Turbulent Flows in Climate Dynamics Book

Fundamental Aspects of Turbulent Flows in Climate Dynamics


  • Author : Freddy Bouchet
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-02-05
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192597458

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Fundamental Aspects of Turbulent Flows in Climate Dynamics Excerpt :

This volume, number 109 of the Les Houches Summer School series, presents the lectures held in August 2017 on the subject of turbulent flows in climate dynamics. Leading scientists in the fields of climate dynamics, atmosphere and ocean dynamics, geophysical fluid dynamics, physics and non-linear sciences present their views on this fast growing and interdisciplinary field of research, by venturing upon fundamental problems of atmospheric convection, clouds, large scale circulation, and predictability. Climate is controlled by turbulent flows. Turbulent motions are responsible for the bulk of the transport of energy, momentum, and water vapor in the atmosphere, which determine the distribution of temperature, winds, and precipitation on Earth. The aim of this book is to survey what is known about how turbulent flows control climate, what role they may play in climate change, and to outline where progress in this important area can be expected, given today's computational and observational capabilities. This book reviews the state-of-the-art developments in this field and provides an essential background to future studies. All chapters are written from a pedagogical perspective, making the book accessible to masters and PhD students and all researchers wishing to enter this field.

Dynamos Book

Dynamos


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-07-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080560533

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Dynamos Excerpt :

Dynamos is a collection of lectures given in July 2007 at the Les Houches Summer School on "Dynamos". Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics in Dynamos Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts

Current Trends in Atomic Physics Book

Current Trends in Atomic Physics


  • Author : Antoine Browaeys
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2019-05-14
  • Genre: SCIENCE
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198837190

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Current Trends in Atomic Physics Excerpt :

This book gathers the lecture notes of courses given at Session CVII of the summer school in physics, entitled "Current Trends in Atomic Physics" and held in July, 2016 in Les Houches, France. Atomic physics provides a paradigm for exploring few-body quantum systems with unparalleled control. In recent years, this ability has been applied in diverse areas including condensed matter physics, high energy physics, chemistry and ultra-fast phenomena as well as foundational aspects of quantum physics. This book addresses these topics by presenting developments and current trends via a series of tutorials and lectures presented by international leading investigators.

From Molecules to Living Organisms  an Interplay Between Biology and Physics Book

From Molecules to Living Organisms an Interplay Between Biology and Physics


  • Author : Eva Pebay-Peyroula
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2016
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 463
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198752950

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From Molecules to Living Organisms an Interplay Between Biology and Physics Excerpt :

The aim of this title is to familiarise the new generation of PhD students and postdoctoral fellows with the principles and methods of modern lattice field theory, which aims to resolve fundamental, non-perturbative questions about QCD without uncontrolled approximations.

Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics Book

Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics


  • Author : Claudio Chamon
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-02-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191088797

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Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics Excerpt :

This book contains lecture notes by world experts on one of the most rapidly growing fields of research in physics. Topological quantum phenomena are being uncovered at unprecedented rates in novel material systems. The consequences are far reaching, from the possibility of carrying currents and performing computations without dissipation of energy, to the possibility of realizing platforms for topological quantum computation.The pedagogical lectures contained in this book are an excellent introduction to this blooming field. The lecture notes are intended for graduate students or advanced undergraduate students in physics and mathematics who want to immerse in this exciting XXI century physics topic. This Les Houches Summer School presents an overview of this field, along with a sense of its origins and its placement on the map of fundamental physics advancements. The School comprised a set of basic lectures (part 1) aimed at a pedagogical introduction of the fundamental concepts, which was accompanied by more advanced lectures (part 2) covering individual topics at the forefront of today's research in condensed-matter physics.

Integrability Book

Integrability


  • Author : Patrick Dorey
  • Publisher : Lecture Notes of the Les Houch
  • Release Date : 2019
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 573
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198828150

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Integrability Excerpt :

This volume, 106 of the Les Houches Summer School series, brings together applications of integrability to supersymmetric gauge and string theory. The book focuses on the application of integrability and problems in quantum field theory. Particular emphasis is given to the exact solution of planar N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory and its relation with string theory on the one hand, and the exact determination of the low-energy physics of N=2 super-Yang-Mills theories on the other; links with other domains are also explored. The purpose of the Les Houches Summer School was to bring together young researchers and specialists from statistical physics, condensed matter physics, gauge and string theory, and mathematics, to stimulate discussion across these different research areas.

Quantum Optomechanics and Nanomechanics Book

Quantum Optomechanics and Nanomechanics


  • Author : Pierre-Francois Cohadon
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2020-02-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 475
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198828143

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Quantum Optomechanics and Nanomechanics Excerpt :

The Les Houches Summer School in August 2015 covered the emerging fields of cavity optomechanics and quantum nanomechanics. Optomechanics is flourishing and its concepts and techniques are now applied to a wide range of topics. Modern quantum optomechanics was born in the late 1970s in the framework of gravitational wave interferometry, with an initial focus on the quantum limits of displacement measurements. Carlton Caves, Vladimir Braginsky, and others realized that the sensitivity of the anticipated large-scale gravitational-wave interferometers (GWI) was fundamentally limited by the quantum fluctuations of the measurement laser beam. After tremendous experimental progress, the sensitivity of the upcoming next generation of GWI will effectively be limited by quantum noise. In this way, quantum-optomechanical effects will directly affect the operation of what is arguably the world's most impressive precision experiment. However, optomechanics has also gained a life of its own with a focus on the quantum aspects of moving mirrors. Laser light can be used to cool mechanical resonators well below the temperature of its environment. After proof-of-principle demonstrations of this cooling in 2006, a number of systems were used as the field gradually merged with its condensed matter cousin (nanomechanical systems) to try to reach the mechanical quantum ground state, eventually demonstrated in 2010 by pure cryogenic techniques and just one year later by a combination of cryogenic and radiation-pressure cooling. The book covers all aspects -- historical, theoretical, experimental -- of the field, with its applications to quantum measurement, foundations of quantum mechanics and quantum information. It is an essential read for any new researcher in the field.

Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC Book

Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC


  • Author : Laurent Baulieu
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2015
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 439
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198727965

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Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC Excerpt :

The book gathers the lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School that was held in August 2011 for an audience of advanced graduate students and post-doctoral fellows in particle physics, theoretical physics, and cosmology, areas where new experimental results were on the verge of being discovered at CERN. Every Les Houches School has its own distinct character. This one was held during a summer of great anticipation that at any moment contact might be made with the most recent theories of the nature of the fundamental forces and the structure of space-time. In fact, during the session, the long anticipated discovery of the Higgs particle was announced. The book vividly describes the fruitful and healthy "schizophrenia" that is the rule among the community of theoreticians who have split into several components: those doing phenomenology, and those dealing with highly theoretical problems, with a few trying to bridge both domains. The lectures by theoreticians covered many directions in the theory of elementary particles, from classics such as the Supersymmetric Standard Model to very recent ideas such as the relation between black holes, hydrodynamics, and gauge-gravity duality. The lectures by experimentalists explained in detail how intensively and how precisely the LHC collider has verified the theoretical predictions of the Standard Model, predictions that were at the front lines of experimental discovery during the 70's, 80's and 90's, and how the LHC is ready to make new discoveries. They described many of the ingenious and pioneering techniques developed at CERN for the detection and the data analysis of billions of billions of proton-proton collisions.

Theory of Interacting Quantum Fields Book

Theory of Interacting Quantum Fields


  • Author : Alexei L. Rebenko
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Release Date : 2012-07-04
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 588
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110250633

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Theory of Interacting Quantum Fields Excerpt :

This monograph is devoted to the systematic and encyclopedic presentation of the foundations of quantum field theory. It represents mathematical problems of the quantum field theory with regard to the new methods of the constructive and Euclidean field theory formed for the last thirty years of the 20th century on the basis of rigorous mathematical tools of the functional analysis, the theory of operators, and the theory of generalized functions. The book is useful for young scientists who desire to understand not only the formal structure of the quantum field theory but also its basic concepts and connection with classical mechanics, relativistic classical field theory, quantum mechanics, group theory, and the theory of functional integration.

Quantum Theory from Small to Large Scales Book

Quantum Theory from Small to Large Scales


  • Author : Jürg Frohlich
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-05-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191623769

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Quantum Theory from Small to Large Scales Excerpt :

This book collects lecture courses and seminars given at the Les Houches Summer School 2010 on "Quantum Theory: From Small to Large Scales". Fundamental quantum phenomena appear on all scales, from microscopic to macroscopic. Some of the pertinent questions include the onset of decoherence, the dynamics of collective modes, the influence of external randomness and the emergence of dissipative behaviour. Our understanding of such phenomena has been advanced by the study of model systems and by the derivation and analysis of effective dynamics for large systems and over long times. In this field, research in mathematical physics has regularly contributed results that were recognized as essential in the physics community. During the last few years, the key questions have been sharpened and progress on answering them has been particularly strong. This book reviews the state-of-the-art developments in this field and provides the necessary background for future studies. All chapters are written from a pedagogical perspective, making the book accessible to master and PhD students and researchers willing to enter this field.