Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients Book

Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients


  • Author : Andrea Cipollina
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-03-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081003237

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Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients Excerpt :

Salinity gradient energy, also known as blue energy and osmotic energy, is the energy obtainable from the difference in salt concentration between two feed solutions, typically sea water and river water. It is a large-scale renewable resource that can be harvested and converted to electricity. Efficient extraction of this energy is not straightforward, however. Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients provides a comprehensive review of resources, technologies and applications in this area of fast-growing interest. Key technologies covered include pressure retarded osmosis, reverse electrodialysis and accumulator mixing. Environmental and economic aspects are also considered, together with the possible synergies between desalination and salinity gradient energy technologies. Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients is an essential text for R&D professionals in the energy & water industry interested in salinity gradient power and researchers in academia from post-graduate level upwards. For more than ten years the Editors have been sharing substantial research activities in the fields of renewable energy and desalination, successfully participating to a number of European Union research projects and contributing to the relevant scientific literature with more than 100 papers and 2 books on Desalination technologies and their coupling with Renewable Energy. They are intensely working in the field of Salinity Gradient Power, carrying out research with specific focus o.n open-loop and closed-loop reverse electrodialysis and pressure retarded osmosis. Covers applications of pressure retarded osmosis, reverse electrodialysis, and capacitive mixing for salinity gradient power in one convenient volume Presents the environmental aspects and economics of salinity gradient energy Explores possible synergies between desalination and salinity gradient energy

Salinity Gradient Heat Engines Book

Salinity Gradient Heat Engines


  • Author : Alessandro Tamburini
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-11-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081028643

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Salinity Gradient Heat Engines Excerpt :

Salinity Gradient Heat Engines classifies all the existing SGHEs and presents an in-depth analysis of their fundamentals, applications and perspectives. The main SGHEs analyzed in this publication are Osmotic, the Reverse Electrodialysis, and the Accumulator Mixing Heat Engines. The production and regeneration unit of both cycles are described and analyzed alongside the related economic and environmental aspects. This approach provides the reader with very thorough knowledge on how these technologies can be developed and implemented as a low-impact power generation technique, wherever low-temperature waste-heat is available. This book will also be a very beneficial resource for academic researchers and graduate students across various disciplines, including energy engineering, chemical engineering, chemistry, physics, electrical and mechanical engineering. Focuses on advanced, yet practical, recovery of waste heat via salinity gradient heat engines Outlines the existing salinity gradient heat engines and discusses fundamentals, potential and perspectives of each of them Includes economics and environmental aspects Provides an innovative reference for all industrial sectors involving processes where low-temperature waste-heat is available.

Electrokinetics Across Disciplines and Continents Book

Electrokinetics Across Disciplines and Continents


  • Author : Alexandra B. Ribeiro
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-08-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 469
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319201795

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Electrokinetics Across Disciplines and Continents Excerpt :

The socio-economic activities due to world development are promoting increasing pressures on land, creating competition and conflicts, resulting in suboptimal use of resources. Integrated planning and management of land resources is a top subject of Agenda 21 (managed by FAO), which deals with the cross-sectoral aspects of decision-making for the sustainable use and development of natural resources. This is essential for life-support systems and its productive capacity. In this context, there is a need to find new strategies for sustainable development that links social and economic progress with environmental protection and enhancement. Electrokinetic transport processes (EK) uses a low-level direct current as the “cleaning agent”. EK has been applied to the remediation of polluted soils and other contaminated matrices. It also shows a great potential to be used in different fields, as in saline soil restoration, nutrients recovery from wastes or repair and maintenance of building structures. EK may be an integrated approach for new strategies aiming at sustainable development and to support waste strategies, with worldwide interest. EK can also be coupled with phytoremediation and integrated with nanotechnology, enlarging the scope of its application. The conciliation of the EK in the recovery of secondary resources, remediation and conservation is a multidisciplinary novel approach that opens new technical possibilities for waste minimization, through upgrading of particulate waste products and the recovery of secondary resources for industrial, agricultural or social use.

Pressure Retarded Osmosis Book

Pressure Retarded Osmosis


  • Author : Khaled Touati
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-05-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128123157

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Pressure Retarded Osmosis Excerpt :

Pressure Retarded Osmosis: Renewable Energy Generation and Recovery offers the first comprehensive resource on this method of generating renewable energy. Dr. Khaled Touati and the team of editors combine their expertise with contributions from other leaders in the field to create this well-rounded resource, which discusses and analyses this novel method of creating a controllable renewable energy. The promises of the PRO technique are first clearly presented and explained, and the authors then provide a comprehensive analysis of the issues that remain such as Concentration Polarization, Membrane Deformation, and Reverse Salt Diffusion. Possible solutions to these issues which often restrict industrial implementation are then discussed to mitigate these detrimental effects, and there is also an emphasis on the recovery of energy from desalination processes using PRO, which is able to reduce energy consumption and make it more economically and environmentally efficient. Combines research with experience to deliver a complete resource on Pressure Retarded Osmosis Discusses all areas of PRO in detail Offers solutions to problems commonly experienced and summarizes each method with a clear and concise conclusion Includes case studies from the Great Salt Lake (U.S.A) and Dead Sea (Asia), as well as other rivers from America, Europe, and Asia

Transmission  Distribution  and Renewable Energy Generation Power Equipment Book

Transmission Distribution and Renewable Energy Generation Power Equipment


  • Author : Bella H. Chudnovsky
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-03-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 639
  • ISBN 10 : 9781498754774

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Transmission Distribution and Renewable Energy Generation Power Equipment Excerpt :

The revised edition presents, extends, and updates a thorough analysis of the factors that cause and accelerate the aging of conductive and insulating materials of which transmission and distribution electrical apparatus is made. New sections in the second edition summarize the issues of the aging, reliability, and safety of electrical apparatus, as well as supporting equipment in the field of generating renewable energy (solar, wind, tide, and wave power). When exposed to atmospheric corrosive gases and fluids, contaminants, high and low temperatures, vibrations, and other internal and external impacts, these systems deteriorate; eventually the ability of the apparatus to function properly is destroyed. In the modern world of "green energy", the equipment providing clean, electrical energy needs to be properly maintained in order to prevent premature failure. The book’s purpose is to help find the proper ways to slow down the aging of electrical apparatus, improve its performance, and extend the life of power generation, transmission, and distribution equipment.

Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation Book

Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation


  • Author : Sarper Sarp
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-07-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444639622

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Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation Excerpt :

Membrane-Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation focuses on the various types of membrane- based salinity gradient processes that can be applied for desalination. Topics cover salinity gradient processes for desalination, such as Forward Osmosis (FO) and Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO), with chapters selected exclusively from a number of world-leading experts in various disciplines and from different continents. Sections include discussions on the theoretical and fundamental approaches to salinity gradient processes, various types of membrane materials and development, i.e., flat sheet and hollow fiber, various salinity water sources for an economically feasible process, and large-scale applications. Finally, the book focuses on economically feasible process optimization when both operational and capital costs are considered. Features specific details on salinity gradient techniques for various desalination applications of industrial and academic interest Contains unique discussions on membrane development and process optimization that normally only appear briefly in research articles Includes examples of internationally best practices for the evaluation of several system parameters, including thermodynamic optimization, high power density membrane development, and more Discusses large-scale applications and provides examples of such implementations, such as Statkraft, Japanese Megaton, and Korean GMVP

Introduction to Renewable Energy Conversions Book

Introduction to Renewable Energy Conversions


  • Author : Sergio C. Capareda
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-08-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429581526

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Introduction to Renewable Energy Conversions Excerpt :

Introduction to Renewable Energy Conversions examines all the major renewable energy conversion technologies with the goal of enabling readers to formulate realistic resource assessments. The text provides step-by-step procedures for assessing renewable energy options and then moves to the design of appropriate renewable energy strategies. The goal is for future engineers to learn the process of making resource estimates through the introduction of more than 140 solved problems and over 165 engineering related equations. More than 120 figures and numerous tables explain each renewable energy conversion type. A solutions manual, PowerPoint slides, and lab exercises are available for instructors. Key Features Covers all major types of renewable energy with comparisons for use in energy systems Builds skills for evaluating energy usage versus environmental hazards and climate change factors Presents and explains the key engineering equations used to design renewable energy systems Uses a practical approach to design and analyze renewable energy conversions Offers a solutions manual, PowerPoint slides, and lab activity plans for instructors

Sustainable Energy Technologies Book

Sustainable Energy Technologies


  • Author : Eduardo Rincón-Mejía
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-11-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 399
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351980685

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Sustainable Energy Technologies Excerpt :

This book examines the key aspects that will define future sustainable energy systems: energy supply, energy storage, security and limited environmental impacts. It clearly explains the need for an integrated engineering approach to sustainable energies, based on mathematical, biogeophysical, and engineering arguments. Resilient and efficient alternatives are compared to non-sustainable options. This book results from the collaboration of 50 international contributors.

Process Intensification for Sustainable Energy Conversion Book

Process Intensification for Sustainable Energy Conversion


  • Author : Fausto Gallucci
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2015-05-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118449370

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Process Intensification for Sustainable Energy Conversion Excerpt :

This book addresses the application of process intensification to sustainable energy production, combining two very topical subject areas. Due to the increasing process of petroleum, sustainable energy production technologies must be developed, for example bioenergy, blue energy, chemical looping combustion, concepts for CO2 capture etc. Process intensification offers significant competitive advantages, because it provides more efficient processes, leading to outstanding cost reduction, increased productivity and more environment-friendly processes.

Sustainable Energy Water Environment Nexus in Deserts Book

Sustainable Energy Water Environment Nexus in Deserts


  • Author : Essam Heggy
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-05-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 843
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030760816

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Sustainable Energy Water Environment Nexus in Deserts Excerpt :

This book addresses challenges and opportunities in the Energy-Water-Environment (EWE) nexus, with a particular focus on research and technology development requirements in harsh desert climates. Its chapters include selected contributions presented during the 1st international conference on sustainable Energy-Water-Environment nexus in desert climates (ICSEWEN-19) held at the Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute (QEERI) in Doha, Qatar in December 2019. This volume is comprised of three main chapters, each describing important case studies and progress on water, energy and environmental questions. A fourth chapter on policies and community outreach on these three areas is also included. This compilation aims to bridge the gap between research and industry to address the socioeconomic impacts of the nexus imbalance as perceived by scientists, industrial partners, and policymakers. The content of this book is of particular importance to graduate students, researchers and decision makers interested in understanding water, energy and environmental challenges in arid areas. Re searchers in environmental and civil engineering, chemistry, hydrology and environmental science can also find unique in-situ observations of the current nexus imbalance in deserts climate to validate their investigations. It is also an invaluable guide for industry professionals working in water, energy, environment and food sectors to understand the rapidly evolving landscape of the EWE nexus in arid areas. The analyses, observations and lessons-learned summarized herein are applicable to other arid areas outside North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula as well, such as central Australia, the southwest of the United States and deserts in central Asia.

Renewable Energy and Sustainability Book

Renewable Energy and Sustainability


  • Author : Imran Khan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-07-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323884259

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Renewable Energy and Sustainability Excerpt :

Renewable Electricity and Sustainability: Prospects in Developing Economies is the first book of its kind to be dedicated entirely to the needs of emerging economies. It provides readers with a comprehensive review of current renewable energy technologies, their status in emerging economies, and the potential for sustainable renewable electricity generation in those countries. A multidisciplinary approach is used to assess the needs and challenges of each region, which is supported by quantitative analyses of the current and future potential for renewable electricity generation. Real-world examples are also provided from the respective electricity sectors of each region. This resource is a unique reference for graduates and researchers on the social, technical and economic landscape of renewable energy in emerging economies and would also be useful to NGO’s and policymakers in developing countries or those working in sustainable development. Focuses specifically on the renewable energy and sustainability needs of developing economies Explores the renewable energy potential of developing countries and how this can be converted to sustainable electricity generation, supported by quantitative analyses and real-world case studies Addresses energy efficiency, energy management and the socioeconomic aspects of renewable electricity generation in developing countries, in addition to each renewable energy resource

Issues in Renewable Energy Technologies  2013 Edition Book

Issues in Renewable Energy Technologies 2013 Edition


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release Date : 2013-05-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1180
  • ISBN 10 : 9781490108063

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Issues in Renewable Energy Technologies 2013 Edition Excerpt :

Issues in Renewable Energy Technologies / 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Hydrologic Engineering. The editors have built Issues in Renewable Energy Technologies: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Hydrologic Engineering in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Renewable Energy Technologies: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

The Maritime Dimension of Sustainable Energy Security Book

The Maritime Dimension of Sustainable Energy Security


  • Author : Kapil Narula
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-07-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811315893

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The Maritime Dimension of Sustainable Energy Security Excerpt :

The maritime domain and sustainable energy are two critical aspects of the twenty first century which will shape the future of humanity. Although the maritime domain is inextricably interlinked with Sustainable Energy Security (SES), many aspects are discussed in isolated silos. This book aims to fill in this gap by presenting a holistic view of the maritime dimension of SES. It includes various topics such as the global energy system, energy supply chains, energy trade, shipping of energy commodities, energy markets, protection of maritime energy supply lines and the role of military in providing maritime security. It also focuses on harnessing offshore energy resources, both hydrocarbons and marine renewable energy and discusses the developments in lowering emissions from the shipping sector. The book is written for the general reader as well as students who are undergoing a course in energy systems, maritime management, naval studies and energy sustainability. The content is tailored to meet the intellectual curiosity of the inquisitive reader and introduces various specialized topics which are dealt in a simple and concise manner. It is hoped that this book would bridge the gap in the understanding of the maritime dimension of SES.

Advances in Membrane Technologies Book

Advances in Membrane Technologies


  • Author : Amira Abdelrasoul
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2020-03-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789848069

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Advances in Membrane Technologies Excerpt :

Membrane technologies are currently the most effective and sustainable methods utilized in diversified water filtration, wastewater treatment, as well as industrial and sustainable energy applications. This book covers essential subsections of membrane separation and bioseparation processes from the perspectives of technical innovation, novelty, and sustainability. The book offers a comprehensive overview of the latest improvements and concerns with respect to membrane fouling remediation techniques, issues of bioincompatibility for biomedical applications, and various subareas of membrane separation processes, which will be an efficient resource for engineers.