Taxaceae and Cephalotaxaceae Book

Taxaceae and Cephalotaxaceae


  • Author : Da-Cheng Hao
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-01-05
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128242360

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Taxaceae and Cephalotaxaceae Excerpt :

Taxaceae and Cephalotaxaceae: Biodiversity, Chemodiversity, and Pharmacotherapy accounts for the biodiversity and chemodiversity of these medicinal plants, examining and synthesizing existing research into their biology, chemistry and pharmacotherapy. The title examines how pharmacophylogeny allows sustainable conservation and exploitation, presents how these plants work from the chemical level upward, and examines associated microbe compounds. Chapters present a summary of biological and biochemical research of Taxaceae plants, progress in mining their chemodiversity, mining pharmacotherapy utility from their chemodiversity and biodiversity, drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic diversity of their medicinal compounds, mining pharmacotherapy utility from associated microbes, and more. Sections cover the biodiversity, chemodiversity and pharmacotherapy of Cephalotaxus medicinal plants, Amentotaxus, Pseudotaxus and Torreya medicinal plants. The book envisages that multiple omics platforms and advanced systems biology will allow further exploration of Taxaceae and Cephalotaxaceae, thus streamlining the future drug supply chain. Covers the biodiversity and chemodiversity of Taxaceae/Cephalotaxus medicinal plants Considers how a pharmacophylogeny framework can benefit conservation and sustainable exploitation of these plants Presents how Taxaceae/Cephalotaxus work from the chemical level upward“/li> Details the polypharmacology of these plants and associated microbe compounds in relation to pharmaceutical design and development Brings the reader up-to-date on the biology, chemistry and pharmacotherapy of Taxaceae/Cephalotaxus medicinal plants

Common Chinese Materia Medica Book

Common Chinese Materia Medica


  • Author : Huagu Ye
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-07-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811620621

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Common Chinese Materia Medica Excerpt :

This first volume describes 78 species of medicinal plants in 44 families, in which 7 families and 13 species are algae and fungi, 28 families and 52 species are ferns, 9 families and 13 species are gymnosperms. The algae include Laminaria japonica, Sargassum fusiforme, Ulva lactucam, Uiva pertusa et al.; the fungi include Calvatia lilacina, Calvatia lilacina, Cordyceps sobolifera, et al.; the gymnosperms include Ginkgo biloba, Pinus massoniana, Thuja orientalis, Ephedra sinica, Ephedra intermedia, Ephedra equisetina, et al. In each specie, it introduces the scientific names, herbal medicine names, characteristics, habitats, distributions, Acquisition and processing methods, medicinal traits, tastes, functions, use and dosages, and other information of medicinal plants. The color pictures of all species in their wild forms are presented, along with some pictures of medicinal products made of them. This book series has totally 10 volumes, which covers 2000 kinds of Chinese medicines that are commonly seen or used. These volumes not only introduce the efficacy function and some prescriptions of the medicines, but also introduce the biological characteristics of them in detail with clear photos of the habitats, so that readers can identify them in the field. Apart from the growing environment, the books expound the distribution areas and other information to facilitate researches and other applications. The volumes are targeted at readers of general interests and it is also of high referential value for scientific researcher and teachers. It can be used as a guide to researchers, clinical doctors, and students in the department of pharmaceutics and traditional Chinese medicine.

Conifers Book

Conifers


  • Author : Aljos Farjon
  • Publisher : IUCN
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 121
  • ISBN 10 : 2831704650

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Conifers Excerpt :

Conifers are one of the world's most important resources of timber. If managed wisely and used sustainably, these resources will provide wood for a multitude of purposes, virtually indefinitely. Additional products include resins and their derivatives, and even medicinal extracts--for example taxol now used in the treatment of cancer. Conifers occur on all continents except Antarctica. Of the 630 species, 355 are listed as of conservation concern, with 200, or 25 of species, threatened with extinction. Although exploitation of these resources is as old as civilization, this century has seen a dramatic increase in the exploitation of timber resources. This action plan assess conifer diversity and its threats. It is unique among IUCN's Plant Action Plans so far published, in that it gives the complete global red list of conifers using the 1994 IUCN Red List Categories and criteria. Data is analyzed to identify "conifer hot spots", where conservation should be a priority, and a short-list of threatened species is prioritized.

Toxicology and Human Environments Book

Toxicology and Human Environments


  • Author : Ernest Hodgson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 435
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124158139

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Toxicology and Human Environments Excerpt :

Environmental toxicology is generally held to be the study of the potential of constituents of outdoor environments to impact either human health or the biological structure of the ecosystems involved. This volume is a first attempt to integrate toxicological studies of all of the many human environments, both indoor and outdoor, and their complex interrelationships. Included are considerations of natural environments, the agroecosystem, occupational, urban and domestic environments as well as the environment associated with Superfund sites and military deployments. The primary emphasis is on public health, including the potential health effects of toxicants found in different environments, the bioprocessing of such toxicants in humans and surrogate animals and the principles of risk analysis. Approaches the toxicology of human environments in a new and unique way, stressing the complex interrelationships of all human environments and the implication for human and environmental health Each chapter is written by an acknowledged expert and is addressed to those interested in the broader implications of the environmental modifications that are always associated with the activities of humans living and working in them

Paclitaxel Book

Paclitaxel


  • Author : Mallappa Kumara Swamy
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-10-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323909525

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Paclitaxel Excerpt :

Paclitaxel: Sources, Chemistry, Anticancer Actions, and Current Biotechnology provides a comprehensive survey of Paclitaxel and its derivatives chemistry, biosynthesis and anticancer activities. In addition, biotechnological methods, including cell cultures, the use of bioreactors and metabolic engineering strategies to improve Paclitaxel production are also discussed. The book discusses topics such as mechanisms of action against cancer, novel forms of Paclitaxel for an effective cancer treatment, strategies for enhancing its bioavailability, and the application of nanocarriers for its delivery and chemotherapy of cancer. This is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, biotechnologists and members of biomedical field who are interested in the promising anticancer qualities of this antineoplastic drug and how to enhance them for better treatments. Presents detailed information about Paclitaxel research, from its discovery to clinical uses and biotechnological routes of commercial production Focuses on Paclitaxel development as an effective chemotherapeutic drug, along with its application in different types of cancers Encompasses descriptive illustrations and workflows to help the reader fully understand the content and easily apply it to their research

Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms Book

Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms


  • Author : K.U. Kramer
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662026045

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Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms Excerpt :

This encyclopedia offers access to the diversity of ferns and seed plants, the most important groups of green land plants. Available information of general and systematic relevance is synthesized at the level of families. Evidence from virtually all disciplines important to modern taxonomy makes the work a most valuable source of reference not only for taxonomists, but for all who are interested in the various aspects of plant diversity. A revised classification includes a complete inventory of genera along with their diagnostic features, keys for identification, and references to the literature. The first volume deals with pteridophytes and gymnosperms.

Bioresources Technology in Sustainable Agriculture Book

Bioresources Technology in Sustainable Agriculture


  • Author : Mohamad Faiz Foong Abdullah
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-01-31
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN 10 : 9781771884501

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Bioresources Technology in Sustainable Agriculture Excerpt :

This book focuses on cutting-edge advances and applications in tropical agriculture and bioresources. It outlines some of the newest advances, basic tools, and the applications of novel approaches to improve agricultural practices and utilization of bioresources for the enhancement of human life. Highlights include a thorough discussion on various aspects of agricultural modernization through technological advances in information technology, efficient utilization of under-exploited natural bioresources, new chemical approaches for the generation of novel biochemicals, and the applications of forensic and genetics approaches for bioresource conservation.

Flowering Plants Book

Flowering Plants


  • Author : K. Kubitzki
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9783709170762

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Flowering Plants Excerpt :

The original suggestion to organize a symposium about the classi fication and evolution of the Flowering Plants was made at, the International Botanical Congress at Leningrad in 1975, and the idea was so well accepted by several colleagues that plans for such a symposium quickly took shape. An organizing committee consisting of Professor H. MERXMULLER, Miinchen, Professor V. H. HEYWOOD, Reading, and Professor K. KUBITZKI, Hamburg, was set up. The conference took place on 7-12 September 197tl in the Institut fiir Allgemeine Botanik of the University of Hamburg under the auspices of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy and was at tended by 80 participants from 14 countries. There have been several meetings in recent years which have dealt with the origin and evolution of the Flowering Plants so that it might be questioned whether yet another symposium dealing with more or less the same subject were really "justified. As the reader will see from the contents of the book, this symposium differed from similar ones held recently in two respects: 1. Emphasis was given to methodological aspects of the classification of higher taxa, and 2. much classificatory and evolutionary evidence relating to the higher taxa of Flowering Plants was presented.

Fundamentals of Palaeobotany Book

Fundamentals of Palaeobotany


  • Author : Sergei Meyen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400931510

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Fundamentals of Palaeobotany Excerpt :

There have been at least ten English-language textbooks of palaeobotany since D. H. Scott published the first edition of Studies inFossilBotany in 1900. Most have been written by scientists who were primarily botanists by training, and were aimed largely at a readership familiar with living plants. They tended to follow a general pattern of an introductory chapter on preservation of plants as fossils, followed by a systematic treatment, group by group. Only Seward in his Plant Life Through the Ages departed from this pattern in presenting a chronological sequence. In the present book, Meyen breaks with?is tradition. Although having a basically biological approach, he reaches out into all aspects of the history of plant life and the wider implication of its study. Only half of the present work deals sequentially with fossil plant groups, treated systematically. The remainder then explores those topics which most other textbooks have incidentally??e generally either ignored or have only mentioned rather problems of naming and classifying fragmentary plant fossils, their ecology; biogeography and palaeoclimatic significance and the contribution that?ey have made to the understanding of living plant morphology, and of the process of evolution.

An Atlas of the World s Conifers Book

An Atlas of the World s Conifers


  • Author : Aljos Farjon
  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release Date : 2013-11-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN 10 : 9789004211810

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An Atlas of the World s Conifers Excerpt :

An Atlas of the World’s Conifers is the first ever atlas of all known conifer species. It is a comprehensive work describing the natural distribution, biogeography, diversity and conservation status of the conifers on all continents.

Medicinal Plants Book
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Medicinal Plants


  • Author : Hao Da
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-06-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 694
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081001035

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Medicinal Plants Excerpt :

Medicinal Plants: Chemistry, Biology and Omics reviews the phytochemistry, chemotaxonomy, molecular biology, and phylogeny of selected medicinal plant tribes and genera, and their relevance to drug efficacy. Medicinal plants provide a myriad of pharmaceutically active components, which have been commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine and worldwide for thousands of years. Increasing interest in plant-based medicinal resources has led to additional discoveries of many novel compounds, in various angiosperm and gymnosperm species, and investigations on their chemotaxonomy, molecular phylogeny and pharmacology. Chapters in this book explore the interrelationship within traditional Chinese medicinal plant groups and between Chinese species and species outside of China. Chapters also discuss the incongruence between chemotaxonomy and molecular phylogeny, concluding with chapters on systems biology and “-omics technologies (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics), and how they will play an increasingly important role in future pharmaceutical research. Reviews best practice and essential developments in medicinal plant chemistry and biology Discusses the principles and applications of various techniques used to discover medicinal compounds Explores the analysis and classification of novel plant-based medicinal compounds Includes case studies on pharmaphylogeny Compares and integrates traditional knowledge and current perception of worldwide medicinal plants

Diversity and Systematics of Seed Plants Book
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Diversity and Systematics of Seed Plants


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Rastogi Publications
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Angiosperms
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN 10 : 8171337929

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Diversity and Systematics of Seed Plants Excerpt :

Tropical Trees and Forests Book

Tropical Trees and Forests


  • Author : F. Halle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642811906

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Tropical Trees and Forests Excerpt :

Herbal Biomolecules in Healthcare Applications Book

Herbal Biomolecules in Healthcare Applications


  • Author : Subhash C. Mandal
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-10-05
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 750
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323900805

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Herbal Biomolecules in Healthcare Applications Excerpt :

Herbal Biomolecules in Healthcare Applications presents extensive detailed information on all the vital principles, basics and fundamental aspects of multiple herbal biomolecules in the healthcare industry. This book examines important herbal biomolecules including alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, anthraquinones, steroids, polysaccharides, tannins and polyphenolic compounds, terpenes, fats and waxes, proteins and peptides, and vitamins. These herbal biomacromolecules are responsible for different bioactivities as well as pharmacological potentials. A systematic understanding of the extraction, purification, characterization, applications of these herbal biomolecules and their derivatives in healthcare fields is developed in this comprehensive book. Chapters explore the key topics along with an emphasis on recent research and developments in healthcare fields by leading experts. They include updated literature review of the relevant key topics, good quality illustrations, chemical structures, flow charts, well-organized tables and case studies. Herbal Biomolecules in Healthcare Applications will be useful for researchers working on natural products and biomolecules with bioactivity and nutraceutical properties. Professionals specializing in scientific areas such as biochemistry, pharmacology, analytical chemistry, organic chemistry, clinics, or engineering focused on bioactive natural products will find this book useful. Provides a study of different type of biomolecules from herbal extracts and their bioactivities as well as their application in the healthcare industry Contributions by global leaders and experts from academia, industry and regulatory agencies, who have been considered as pioneers in the application of herbal biomolecules in the diverse healthcare fields Includes updated literature review along with practical examples and research case studies

Endophytes of Forest Trees Book

Endophytes of Forest Trees


  • Author : Anna Maria Pirttilä
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-06-19
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319898339

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Endophytes of Forest Trees Excerpt :

Endophytes are commonly known as microorganisms, mainly bacteria and fungi, which live inside plant tissues without inducing symptoms. Considering the long-lived trees, endophytes have a fundamental role in preparing their hosts to face extreme weather conditions, drought, heat, cold, and pathogen and herbivore attacks. The current knowledge clearly demonstrates the importance of endophytes in shaping the plant diversity in a forest. Endophytes have an important capacity for biocontrol of forest diseases. Considering endophyte diversity and the range of various compounds and enzymes they can produce, endophytes can be used for various biotechnological applications.