Taylor s Power Law Book

Taylor s Power Law


  • Author : R.A.J. Taylor
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-06-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 657
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128109885

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Taylor s Power Law Excerpt :

Taylor's Power Law: Order and Pattern in Nature is a broad synthesis of this ubiquitous property of natural and man-made phenomena. This stimulating and approachable work surveys the biological and non-biological empirical data, describes the statistical uses of Taylor’s power law (TPL) and its relationship to statistical distributions, exposes the mathematical connections to other power laws, covers the competing explanatory models; and develops an argument for TPL's genesis. Taylor’s power law relates the variability of a process or population to its average value. It was first described in relation to insect populations and then more broadly to other animal and plant populations. Subsequently it has been recognized in microbiology, genetics, economics, astronomy, physics, and computer science, and it is thought to be one of the few general laws in ecology where it is routinely used to describe the spatial and temporal distributions of populations. Biologists who know the law as Taylor's power law and physical scientists who know it as fluctuation scaling will be interested in the bigger picture on this fascinating subject. As the relationship between variance and mean is found in so wide a range of disciplines, it seems possible it is a deep property of number, not just a phenomenon in ecology as was thought originally. Although theories abound that purport to explain or predict TPL, none is entirely satisfactory either because it fails to be very predictive, or it does not account for all the available empirical data. To uncover such a property requires a synthesis across disciplines, an acute need that is approached by this exciting work. Provides a single reference describing the properties, scope, and limitations of Taylor’s power law Reports the empirical, analytical, and theoretical work without opinion and ends with a critique of the work in order to develop a synthesis Collects together thoughts and suggestions of the hundreds who have written and s

Taylor s Power Law Book

Taylor s Power Law


  • Author : R.A.J. Taylor
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-06-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN 10 : 0128109874

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Taylor s Power Law Excerpt :

Taylor's Power Law: Order and Pattern in Nature is a broad synthesis of this ubiquitous property of natural and manmade phenomena. This stimulating and approachable work surveys the biological and non-biological empirical data, describes the statistical uses of Taylor's Power Law (TPL) and its relationship to statistical distributions, exposes the mathematical connections to other power laws, covers the competing explanatory models, and develops an argument for TPL's genesis. Taylor's power law relates the variability of a process or population to its average value and has recognized in microbiology, genetics, economics, astronomy, physics and computer science. Both biologists who know the law as Taylor's power law and physical scientists who know it as fluctuation scaling will be interested in the bigger picture on this fascinating subject. As the relationship between variance and mean is found in so wide a range of disciplines, it seems possible it is a deep property of number, not just a phenomenon in ecology as was originally thought. Provides a single reference on the properties, scope and limitations of Taylor's power law Reports the empirical, analytical and theoretical work without opinion Brings together thoughts and suggestions from the hundreds who have written and speculated on Taylor's power law

Individual Based Models and Approaches In Ecology Book

Individual Based Models and Approaches In Ecology


  • Author : D. L. DeAngelis
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-01-18
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 545
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351090360

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Individual Based Models and Approaches In Ecology Excerpt :

Until fairly recently, populations were handled as homogenized averages, which made modeling feasible but which ignored the essential fact that in any population there is a great variety of individuals of different ages, sizes, and degrees of fitness. Recently, because of the increased availability of affordable computer power, approaches have been developed which are able to recognize individual differences. Individual-based models are of great use in the areas of aquatic ecology, terrestrial ecology, landscape or physiological ecology, terrestrial ecology, landscape or physiological ecology, and agriculture. This book discusses which biological problems individual-based models can solve, as well as the models' inherent limitations. It explores likely future directions of theoretical development in these models, as well as currently feasible management applications and the best mathematical approaches and computer languages to use. The book also details specific applications to theory and management.

Foucault s Politics of Philosophy Book

Foucault s Politics of Philosophy


  • Author : Sandro Chignola
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release Date : 2018-07-04
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351724142

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Foucault s Politics of Philosophy Excerpt :

Oriented around the theme of a ‘politics of philosophy’, this book tracks the phases in which Foucault’s genealogy of power, law, and subjectivity was reorganized during the 14 years of his teaching at the College de France, as his focus shifted from sovereignty to governance. This theme, Sandro Chignola argues here, is the key to understanding four features of Foucault’s work over this period. First, it foregrounds its immediate political character. Second, it demonstrates that Foucault’s "Greek trip" also aims at a politics of the subject that is able to face the processes of the governmentalization of power. Third, it makes clear that the idea of the "government of the self" is – drawing on an ethics of intellectual responsibility that is Weberian in origin – an answer to the processes that, within neoliberal governance, produce the subject as an individual (as a consumer, a market agent, an entrepreneur, and so on). Fourth, the theme of a ‘politics of philosophy’ implies that Foucault’s research was never simply scholarly or neutral; but rather was characterized by a specific political position. Against recent interpretations that risk turning Foucault into a scholar, here then Foucault is re-presented as a key figure for jurisprudential and political-philosophical research.

Feminism and the Power of Law Book

Feminism and the Power of Law


  • Author : Carol Smart
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2002-01-08
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 9781134972838

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Feminism and the Power of Law Excerpt :

In this now established text the author presents her analysis of the power of law and argues for a feminist post-structuralist approach. She comments on pornography, as well as discussing recent research on rape trials and abortion legislation.

Handbook of Sampling Methods for Arthropods in Agriculture Book

Handbook of Sampling Methods for Arthropods in Agriculture


  • Author : Larry P. Pedigo
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1993-12-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 732
  • ISBN 10 : 084932923X

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Handbook of Sampling Methods for Arthropods in Agriculture Excerpt :

Handbook of Sampling Methods for Arthropods in Agriculture offers a comprehensive look at the principles and practicality of developing accurate sampling programs for arthropod pests and their arthropod enemies. The book examines developments in sampling populations and reviews sampling plans that produce accurate and affordable population estimates. The text stresses practicality, as well as the theoretical background of sampling. This book will be an indispensable reference for researchers, students, and practitioners in entomology and agriculture.

Law  Violence and Constituent Power Book

Law Violence and Constituent Power


  • Author : Héctor López Bofill
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-05-31
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000393842

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Law Violence and Constituent Power Excerpt :

This book challenges traditional theories of constitution-making to advance an alternative view of constitutions as being founded on power which rests on violence. The work argues that rather than the idea of a constitution being the result of political participation and deliberation, all power instead is based on violence. Hence the creation of a constitution is actually an act of coercion, where, through violence, one social group is able to impose itself over others. The book advocates that the presence of violence be used as an assessment of whether genuine constitutional transformation has taken place, and that the legitimacy of a constitutional order should be dependent upon the absence of killing. The book will be essential reading for academics and researchers working in the areas of constitutional law and politics, legal and political theory, and constitutional history.

System Reliability Management Book

System Reliability Management


  • Author : Adarsh Anand
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-21
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351117654

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System Reliability Management Excerpt :

This book provides the latest research advances in the field of system reliability assurance and engineering. It contains reference material for applications of reliability in system engineering, offering a theoretical sound background with adequate numerical illustrations. Included are concepts pertaining to reliability analysis, assurance techniques and methodologies, tools, and practical applications of system reliability modeling and allocation. The collection discusses various soft computing techniques like artificial intelligence and particle swarm optimization approach for reliability assessment. Importance of differentiating between the optimal release time and testing stop time of the software has been explicitly discussed and presented in the book. Features: Creates understanding of the costs associated with complex systems Covers reliability measurement of engineering systems Incorporates an efficient effort-based expenditure policy incorporating cost and reliability criteria Provides information for optimal testing stop and release time of software system Presents software performance and security layout Addresses reliability prediction and its maintenance through advanced analytics techniques Overall, System Reliability Management: Solutions and Techniques is a collaborative and interdisciplinary approach for better communication of problems and solutions to increase the performance of the system for better utilization and resource management.

Giorgio Agamben Book

Giorgio Agamben


  • Author : Thanos Zartaloudis
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2010-02-25
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 9781135166762

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Giorgio Agamben Excerpt :

Giorgio Agamben: Power, Law and the Uses of Criticism is a thorough engagement with the thought of the influential Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben. It explores Agamben’s work on language, ontology, power, law and criticism from the 1970s to his most recent publications. Introducing Agamben's work to a readership in legal theory, as well as in the humanities and social sciences more generally, Thanos Zartaloudis argues that an adequate understanding of Agamben's Homo Sacer project requires an attention to his earlier philosophical writings on language, ontology, power and time. It is through this attentive and creative analysis of Agamben's work that Zartaloudis here presents a rethinking of the ideas of justice and criticism.

Poromechanics II Book

Poromechanics II


  • Author : J.L. Auriault
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-12-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1782
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000151244

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Poromechanics II Excerpt :

These proceedings deal with the fundamentals and applications of poromechanics to geomechanics, material sciences, geophysics, acoustics and biomechanics. They discuss the state of the art in such topics as constitutive modelling and upscaling methods.

Computational Power Book

Computational Power


  • Author : Massimo Durante
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-03-11
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000345346

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Computational Power Excerpt :

We delegate more and more decisions and tasks to artificial agents, machine-learning mechanisms, and algorithmic procedures or, in other words, to computational systems. Not that we are driven by powerful ambitions of colonizing the Moon, replacing humans with legions of androids, creating sci-fi scenarios à la Matrix or masterminding some sort of Person of Interest-like Machine. No, the current digital revolution based on computational power is chiefly an everyday revolution. It is therefore that much more profound, unnoticed and widespread, for it affects our customary habits and routines and alters the very texture of our day-to-day lives. This opens a precise line of inquiry, which constitutes the basic thesis of the present text: our computational power is exercised by trying to adapt not just the world but also our representation of reality to how computationally based ICTs work. The impact of this technology is such that it does not leave things as they are: it changes the nature of agents, habits, objects and institutions and hence it subverts the existing order, without necessarily generating a new one. I argue that this power is often not distributed in an egalitarian manner but, on the contrary, is likely to result in concentrations of wealth, in dominant positions or in unjust competitive advantages. This opens up a struggle, with respect to which the task of reaffirming the fundamental values, the guiding principles, the priorities and the rules of the game, which can transform, or attempt to transform, a fierce confrontation between enemies in a fair competition between opponents rests on us.

Statistical Ecology Book

Statistical Ecology


  • Author : Linda J. Young
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 566
  • ISBN 10 : 9781475728293

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Statistical Ecology Excerpt :

Covering a wide range of disciplines, this book explains the formulae, techniques, and methods used in field ecology. By providing an awareness of the statistical foundation for existing methods, the book will make biologists more aware of the strengths and possible weaknesses of procedures employed, and statisticians more appreciative of the needs of the field ecologist. Unique to this book is a focus on ecological data for single-species populations, from sampling through modeling. Examples come from real situations in pest management, forestry, wildlife biology, plant protection, and environmental studies, as well as from classical ecology. All those using this book will acquire a strong foundation in the statistical methods of modern ecological research. This textbook is for late undergraduate and graduate students, and for professionals.

Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences Book

Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences


  • Author : Jacob Cohen
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2013-05-13
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 567
  • ISBN 10 : 9781134742776

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Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences Excerpt :

Statistical Power Analysis is a nontechnical guide to power analysis in research planning that provides users of applied statistics with the tools they need for more effective analysis. The Second Edition includes: * a chapter covering power analysis in set correlation and multivariate methods; * a chapter considering effect size, psychometric reliability, and the efficacy of "qualifying" dependent variables and; * expanded power and sample size tables for multiple regression/correlation.

Routledge Handbook of Energy Law Book

Routledge Handbook of Energy Law


  • Author : Tina Hunter
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-04-27
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 626
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429835063

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Routledge Handbook of Energy Law Excerpt :

The Routledge Handbook of Energy Law provides a definitive global survey of the discipline of Energy Law, capturing the essential and relevant issues in Energy today. Each chapter is written by a leading expert, and provides a contemporary overview of a significant area within the field. The book is divided into six geographical regions based on continents, with a separate section on Russia, an energy powerhouse that straddles both Europe and Asia. Each section contains highly topical chapters from authors who address a number of core themes in Energy Law and Regulation: • Energy security and the role of markets • Regulating the growth of renewable energy • Regulating shifts in traditional forms of energy • Instruments in regulating disputes in energy • Impact of energy on the environment • Key issues in the future of energy and regulation. Offering an analysis of the full spectrum of current issues in Energy Law, the Routledge Handbook of Energy Law is an essential resource for advanced students, researchers, academics, legal practitioners and industry experts.

Power and Law in International Society Book

Power and Law in International Society


  • Author : Mark Klamberg
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2015-04-24
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317617129

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Power and Law in International Society Excerpt :

When studying international law there is often a risk of focusing entirely on the content of international rules (i.e. regimes), and ignoring why these regimes exist and to what extent the rules affect state behavior. Similarly, international relations studies can focus so much on theories based on the distribution of power among states that it overlooks the existence and relevance of the rules of international law. Both approaches hold their dangers. The overlooking of international relations risk assuming that states actually follow international law, and discounting the specific rules of international law makes it difficult for readers to understand the impact of the rules in more than a superficial manner. This book unifies international law and international relations by exploring how international law and its institutions may be relevant and influence the course of international relations in international trade, protection of the environment, human rights, international criminal justice and the use of force. As a study on the intersection of power and law, this book will be of great interest and use to scholars and students of international law, international relations, political science, international trade, and conflict resolution.