Testing and Analysis of GMO containing Foods and Feed Book

Testing and Analysis of GMO containing Foods and Feed

  • Author : Salah E. O. Mahgoub
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-01-15
  • Genre: Health & Fitness
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351713856

Testing and Analysis of GMO containing Foods and Feed Excerpt :

An increasing number of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) continues to be produced every day. In response to the concerns raised by the development of GMOs and their incorporation in foods and feed, guidelines and regulations to govern and control the use of GMOs and their products have been enacted. These regulations necessitated the design of methods to detect and analyse the presence of GMOs or their products in agriculture produce, food and feed production chains. Design of techniques and instruments that would detect, identify, and quantify GM ingredients in food and feed will help inspection authorities to relay reliable information to consumers who might be concerned about the presence of GM ingredients. Information generated by detection of GMOs in food and feed would be helpful for setting regulations that govern the use of GM components as well as for labeling purposes. Qualitative detection methods of GM-DNA sequences in foods and feeds have evolved fast during the past few years. There is continuous need for the development of more advanced multi-detection systems and for periodic updates of the databases related to these systems. Testing and Analysis of GMO-containing Foods and Feed presents updates and comprehensive views on the various methods and techniques in use today for the detection, identification and quantification of GMOs in foods and feed. The eleven book chapters cover recent developments on sample preparation techniques, immunoassays methods and the PCR technique used in GMO analysis, the use of biosensors in relation to GMO analysis, the application of nucleic acid microarrays for the detection of GMOs, validation and standardization methods for GMO testing, in addition to the type of reference material and reference methods used in GMO testing and analysis. Some of the ISO standards designed for identifying and detecting the presence of GM material in foods are also presented in the book.

Control of GMO Content in Seed and Feed Book

Control of GMO Content in Seed and Feed

  • Author : Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Crops
  • Pages : 73
  • ISBN 10 : 9789289310345

Control of GMO Content in Seed and Feed Excerpt :

Great efforts are made to develop and validate methods of analysis of Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) contents in seed, food and feed in order to be able to comply with the new EU regulations on genetically modified food and feed and on traceability and labeling of genetically modified organisms. This report describes some of the current possibilities and limitations regarding analysis of genetically modified contents in seed and feed. This final part of this report contains an overview of the current GMO analysis situation regarding seed and feed in the individual Nordic countries.

How to Reliably Test for GMOs Book

How to Reliably Test for GMOs

  • Author : Jana Žel
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-10-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 100
  • ISBN 10 : 1461413907

How to Reliably Test for GMOs Excerpt :

The detection of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) is becoming very complex, with new GMOs, approved and unapproved, constantly entering world markets. Traceability and labelling of GMOs is defined in regulations worldwide, demanding accurate and reliable testing to support the requirements of legislation. This Brief provides the current state-of-the-art on all key topics involved in GMO testing and is a source of detailed practical information for laboratories. Special focus is given to qualitative and quantitative real-time PCR analysis relevant to all areas where detection and identification rely on nucleic acid-based methods. The following topics, important for testing laboratories, are also discussed: organization of the laboratory, focusing on aspects of the quality system and methods for testing, validation and verification of methods, and measurement uncertainty. The Brief also discusses the new challenges of GMOs and novel modified organisms, using new technologies, and the possible solutions for GMO detection, including bioinformatics tools. Finally, legislation on GMOs and sources of information on GMOs are provided, which are relevant not only to testing laboratories, but to anyone interested in GMOs. The authors of this Brief have many years of experience in GMO testing, development of real-time PCR methods, implementation of quality system requirements, validations and verification of methods, and measurement uncertainty. The National Institute of Biology is a highly qualified research laboratory and a National Reference Laboratory, which also performs routine analyses of food, feed and seed. The Institute for Health and Consumer Protection of the European Union Joint Research Centre has extensive knowledge and experience of GMO detection. It hosts the European Union Reference Laboratory for GM Food and Feed in addition to chairing the European Network of GMO Laboratories.

Genetically Engineered Crops Book

Genetically Engineered Crops

  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2017-01-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 606
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309437387

Genetically Engineered Crops Excerpt :

Genetically engineered (GE) crops were first introduced commercially in the 1990s. After two decades of production, some groups and individuals remain critical of the technology based on their concerns about possible adverse effects on human health, the environment, and ethical considerations. At the same time, others are concerned that the technology is not reaching its potential to improve human health and the environment because of stringent regulations and reduced public funding to develop products offering more benefits to society. While the debate about these and other questions related to the genetic engineering techniques of the first 20 years goes on, emerging genetic-engineering technologies are adding new complexities to the conversation. Genetically Engineered Crops builds on previous related Academies reports published between 1987 and 2010 by undertaking a retrospective examination of the purported positive and adverse effects of GE crops and to anticipate what emerging genetic-engineering technologies hold for the future. This report indicates where there are uncertainties about the economic, agronomic, health, safety, or other impacts of GE crops and food, and makes recommendations to fill gaps in safety assessments, increase regulatory clarity, and improve innovations in and access to GE technology.

Food Toxicants Analysis Book

Food Toxicants Analysis

  • Author : Yolanda Picó
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-02-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 786
  • ISBN 10 : 0080468012

Food Toxicants Analysis Excerpt :

Food Toxicants Analysis covers different aspects from the field of analytical food toxicology including emerging analytical techniques and applications to detect food allergens, genetically modified organisms, and novel ingredients (including those of functional foods). Focus will be on natural toxins in food plants and animals, cancer modulating substances, microbial toxins in foods (algal, fungal, and bacterial) and all groups of contaminants (i.e., pesticides), persistent organic pollutants, metals, packaging materials, hormones and animal drug residues. The first section describes the current status of the regulatory framework, including the key principles of the EU food law, food safety, and the main mechanisms of enforcement. The second section addresses validation and quality assurance in food toxicants analysis and comprises a general discussion on the use of risk analysis in establishing priorities, the selection and quality control of available analytical techniques. The third section addresses new issues in food toxicant analysis including food allergens and genetically modified organisms (GMOs). The fourth section covers the analysis of organic food toxicants. * step-by-step guide to the use of food analysis techniques * eighteen chapters covering emerging fields in food toxicants analysis * assesses the latest techniques in the field of inorganic analysis

Safety of Genetically Engineered Foods Book

Safety of Genetically Engineered Foods

  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2004-07-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN 10 : 0309166152

Safety of Genetically Engineered Foods Excerpt :

Assists policymakers in evaluating the appropriate scientific methods for detecting unintended changes in food and assessing the potential for adverse health effects from genetically modified products. In this book, the committee recommended that greater scrutiny should be given to foods containing new compounds or unusual amounts of naturally occurring substances, regardless of the method used to create them. The book offers a framework to guide federal agencies in selecting the route of safety assessment. It identifies and recommends several pre- and post-market approaches to guide the assessment of unintended compositional changes that could result from genetically modified foods and research avenues to fill the knowledge gaps.

Handbook of Dairy Foods Analysis Book

Handbook of Dairy Foods Analysis

  • Author : Fidel Toldrá
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-03-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1020
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000342031

Handbook of Dairy Foods Analysis Excerpt :

Dairy foods account for a large portion of the Western diet, but due to the potential diversity of their sources, this food group often poses a challenge for food scientists and their research efforts. Bringing together the foremost minds in dairy research, Handbook of Dairy Foods Analysis, Second Edition, compiles the top dairy analysis techniques and methodologies from around the world into one well-organized volume. Exceptionally comprehensive in both its detailing of methods and the range of dairy products covered, this handbook includes tools for analyzing chemical and biochemical compounds and also bioactive peptides, prebiotics, and probiotics. It describes noninvasive chemical and physical sensors and starter cultures used in quality control. This second edition includes four brand-new chapters covering the analytical techniques and methodologies for determining bioactive peptides, preservatives, activity of endogenous enzymes, and sensory perception of dairy foods, and all other chapters have been adapted to recent research. All other chapters have been thoroughly updated. Key Features: Explains analytical tools available for the analysis of the chemistry and biochemistry of dairy foods Covers a variety of dairy foods including milk, cheese, butter, yogurt, and ice cream Analysis of nutritional quality includes prebiotics, probiotics, essential amino acids, bioactive peptides, and healthy vegetable-origin compounds Includes a series of chapters on analyzing sensory qualities, including color, texture, and flavor. Covering the gamut of dairy analysis techniques, the book discusses current methods for the analysis of chemical and nutritional compounds, and the detection of microorganisms, allergens, contaminants, and/or other adulterations, including those of environmental origin or introduced during processing. Other methodologies used to evaluate color, texture, and flavor are also discussed. Written by an international panel of distinguished contributors u

Analysis of Nanoplastics and Microplastics in Food Book

Analysis of Nanoplastics and Microplastics in Food

  • Author : Leo M.L. Nollet
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-12-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429891229

Analysis of Nanoplastics and Microplastics in Food Excerpt :

The world’s ever increasing use of plastics has created large areas of floating plastic waste in the oceans—so-called plastic soup. This floating plastic debris is gradually fragmenting into smaller particles which eventually become microplastics, and even nanoplastics. Analysis of Nanoplastics and Microplastics in Food compiles data on nanoplastics and microplastics in food. To date, there is some data on this, particularly for the marine environment. Fish show high concentrations, but because microplastics are mostly present in the stomach and intestines, they are usually removed and consumers are not exposed. But in crustaceans and bivalve molluscs like oysters and mussels, the digestive tract is consumed, so there is some exposure. Microplastics have also been reported in honey, beer, and table salt. Key Features: Discusses sampling and analysis of nano- and microplastics Details the impacts of plastic residues in diverse compartments of the environment Includes a discussion of microplastics in freshwater Discusses interactions of microplastics and POPs This book brings to light the reality—and dangers—of microplastics in food. Pollutants like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) can accumulate in microplastics. Some studies suggest that, after consuming microplastics in food, these substances may transfer into tissues. So, it is important to estimate the average intake. Since engineered nanoparticles (from different types of nanomaterials) can enter human cells, this reality can pose consequences for human health. Also available in the Food Analysis and Properties Series: Mass Spectrometry Imaging in Food Analysis, edited by Leo M. L. Nollet (ISBN: 978-1-138-37069-2) Proteomics for Food Authentication, edited by Leo M. L. Nollet and Semih Ӧtleş (ISBN: 978-0-367-20505-8) Food Aroma Evolution: During Food Processing, Cooking, and Aging, edited by Matteo Bordiga and Leo M. L. Nollet (ISBN: 978-1-138-33824-1) For a

Mass Spectrometry Imaging in Food Analysis Book

Mass Spectrometry Imaging in Food Analysis

  • Author : Leo M.L. Nollet
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-04-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429765292

Mass Spectrometry Imaging in Food Analysis Excerpt :

Food contains various compounds and many technologies exist to analyze those molecules of interest. However, the analysis of the spatial distribution of those compounds using conventional technology, such as liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry is difficult. Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) is a mass spectrometry technique to visualize the spatial distribution of molecules, as biomarkers, metabolites, peptides or proteins by their molecular masses. Despite the fact that MSI has been generally considered a qualitative method, the signal generated by this technique is proportional to the relative abundance of the analyte and so quantification is possible. Mass Spectrometry Imaging in Food Analysis, a volume in the Food Analysis and Properties Series, explains how the novel use of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) will be an ideal complementary approach. MALDI-MSI is a two-dimensional MALDI-MS technology that can detect compounds in a tissue section without extraction, purification, separation, or labeling. It can be used to visualize the spatial distribution of biomolecules in foods. Features: Explains the novel use of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging in food analysis Describes how MALDI-MSI will be a useful technique for optical quality assurance. Shows how MALDI-MSI detects food contaminants and residues Covers the historical development of the technology While there are a multitude of books on mass spectrometry, none focus on food applications and thus this book is ideally suited to food scientists, food industry personnel engaged in product development, research institutions, and universities active in food analysis or chemical analysis. Also available in the Food Analysis and Properties Series: Food Aroma Evolution: During Food Processing, Cooking, and Aging, edited by Matteo Bordiga and Leo M.L. Nollet (ISBN: 9781138338241) Ambient Mass

Hyperspectral Imaging Analysis and Applications for Food Quality Book

Hyperspectral Imaging Analysis and Applications for Food Quality

  • Author : N.C. Basantia
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-11-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351805940

Hyperspectral Imaging Analysis and Applications for Food Quality Excerpt :

In processing food, hyperspectral imaging, combined with intelligent software, enables digital sorters (or optical sorters) to identify and remove defects and foreign material that are invisible to traditional camera and laser sorters. Hyperspectral Imaging Analysis and Applications for Food Quality explores the theoretical and practical issues associated with the development, analysis, and application of essential image processing algorithms in order to exploit hyperspectral imaging for food quality evaluations. It outlines strategies and essential image processing routines that are necessary for making the appropriate decision during detection, classification, identification, quantification, and/or prediction processes. Features Covers practical issues associated with the development, analysis, and application of essential image processing for food quality applications Surveys the breadth of different image processing approaches adopted over the years in attempting to implement hyperspectral imaging for food quality monitoring Explains the working principles of hyperspectral systems as well as the basic concept and structure of hyperspectral data Describes the different approaches used during image acquisition, data collection, and visualization The book is divided into three sections. Section I discusses the fundamentals of Imaging Systems: How can hyperspectral image cube acquisition be optimized? Also, two chapters deal with image segmentation, data extraction, and treatment. Seven chapters comprise Section II, which deals with Chemometrics. One explains the fundamentals of multivariate analysis and techniques while in six other chapters the reader will find information on and applications of a number of chemometric techniques: principal component analysis, partial least squares analysis, linear discriminant model, support vector machines, decision trees, and artificial neural networks. In the last section, Applications, numerous examples are given of applicati

Nanoemulsions in Food Technology Book

Nanoemulsions in Food Technology

  • Author : Javed Ahmad
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-10-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000454499

Nanoemulsions in Food Technology Excerpt :

As of late, greater efforts are being made in the use of nanoemulsion techniques to encapsulate, protect, and deliver functional compounds for food applications, given their advantages over conventional emulsification techniques. In addition, delivery systems of nano-scale dimensions use low-energy emulsification methods and exclude the need of any solvent, heat, or sophisticated instruments in their production. Divided into three sections, Nanoemulsions in Food Technology: Development, Characterization, and Applications will provide in-depth information and comprehensive discussion over technologies, physical and nanostructural characterization, as well as applicability of the nanoemulsion technique in food sciences. It describes the techniques involved in nanoemulsion characterization, mainly dealing with interfacial and nanostructural characterization of nanoemulsions, different physical characterization techniques, as well as various imaging and separation techniques involved in its characterization. Key Features Provides a detailed discussion about the technology of nanoemulsion Explains how nanoemulsion technique is helpful in using essential oils of different biological sources Presents methods of preparation and recent advancements in manufacturing along with stability perspectives of this technique. Discusses recent advancements in manufacturing and reviews the stability perspectives of nanoemulsion techniques This book contains in-depth information on a technology overview, physical and nanostructural characterization, as well as applicability of the nanoemulsion technique in food sciences. It is a concise body of information that is beneficial to researchers, industries, and students alike. The contributing authors are drawn from a rich blend of experts in various areas of scientific field exploring nanoemulsion techniques for wider applications. Also available in the Food Analysis and Properties Series: Sequencing Technologies in Microbial Food Safety an

Genetically Modified Crops and Food Book

Genetically Modified Crops and Food

  • Author : Natalie Regis
  • Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
  • Release Date : 2015-07-15
  • Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 9781622755783

Genetically Modified Crops and Food Excerpt :

This resource covers one of the most contentious and politically charged topics today. The history of agriculture is traced, from ancient practices to the use and impact of modern technology and the advances of scientific agriculture. The book explains the reactions of scientists, farmers, chefs, and medical doctors to the scientific changes in agriculture, which have ranged from support to skepticism, and shows how different governments around the world view the inclusion of GMOs in food. The unbiased approach allows readers to decide for themselves whether GMOs are the answer to world hunger or could negatively impact the health of the world population.

Chiral Organic Pollutants Book

Chiral Organic Pollutants

  • Author : Edmond Sanganyado
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-12-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000298963

Chiral Organic Pollutants Excerpt :

Chiral Organic Pollutants introduces readers to the growing challenges of chirality in synthetic chemicals. In this volume, contributors brilliantly summarize the characteristics of chiral pollutants to provide tools and techniques for effectively assessing their environmental and human health risks. Chapters cover recent research on the physicochemical properties, sources, exposure pathways, environmental fate, toxicity, and enantioselective analysis of chiral organic pollutants. Chiral Organic Pollutants also provides comprehensive discussions on the current trends in the synthesis and legislation of chiral chemicals. Key Features: Includes sampling and analytical methods for the enantioselective analysis of a wide array of chiral organic pollutants in food and the environment Summarizes recent research on the sources, fate, transport, and toxicity of chiral organic pollutants in the environment Critically examines the sources and pathways of chiral organic pollutants such as pesticides, pharmaceuticals, and flame retardants in food Includes a comprehensive discussion on current trends in the enantioselective synthesis and chiral switching of pesticides and pharmaceuticals Provides analysis of current national and international regulations of chiral synthetic chemicals The use of chiral synthetic chemicals such as pesticides, pharmaceuticals, personal care products, and halogenated flame retardants has significantly grown in the past 60 years. Hence, understanding the human and environmental health effects of chiral organic pollutants is crucial in the industry, academia, and policymaking. Chiral Organic Pollutants is an excellent textbook and reference for students, scientists, engineers, and policymakers interested in food quality, environmental pollution, chemical analysis, organic synthesis, and toxicology. Also available in the Food Analysis and Properties Series: Analysis of Nanoplastics and Microplastics in Food, edited by Leo. M.L. Nollet and Khwaja Salahu

Food Aroma Evolution Book

Food Aroma Evolution

  • Author : Matteo Bordiga
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-15
  • Genre: Cooking
  • Pages : 726
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429807244

Food Aroma Evolution Excerpt :

Of the five senses, smell is the most direct and food aromas are the key drivers of our flavor experience. They are crucial for the synergy of food and drinks. Up to 80% of what we call taste is actually aroma. Food Aroma Evolution: During Food Processing, Cooking, and Aging focuses on the description of the aroma evolution in several food matrices. Not only cooking, but also processing (such as fermentation) and aging are responsible for food aroma evolution. A comprehensive evaluation of foods requires that analytical techniques keep pace with the available technology. As a result, a major objective in the chemistry of food aroma is concerned with the application and continual development of analytical methods. This particularly important aspect is discussed in depth in a dedicated section of the book. Features Covers aromatic evolution of food as it is affected by treatment Focuses on food processing, cooking, and aging Describes both classic and new analytical techniques Explains how the flavor perception results are influenced by other food constituents The book comprises a good mix of referenced research with practical applications, also reporting case studies of these various applications of novel technologies. This text represents a comprehensive reference book for students, educators, researchers, food processors, and food industry personnel providing an up-to-date insight. The range of techniques and materials covered provides engineers and scientists working in the food industry with a valuable resource for their work. Also available in the Food Analysis & Properties Series: Ambient Mass Spectroscopy Techniques in Food and the Environment, edited by Leo M.L. Nollet and Basil K. Munjanja (ISBN: 9781138505568) Hyperspectral Imaging Analysis and Applications for Food Quality, edited by N.C. Basantia, Leo M.L. Nollet, and Mohammed Kamruzzaman (ISBN: 9781138630796) Fingerprinting Techniques in Food Authentication and Traceability, edited by Khwaja Salahuddin S

Comprehensive Foodomics Book

Comprehensive Foodomics

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-11-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 2330
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128163962

Comprehensive Foodomics Excerpt :

Comprehensive Foodomics offers a definitive collection of over 150 articles that provide researchers with innovative answers to crucial questions relating to food quality, safety and its vital and complex links to our health. Topics covered include transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, genomics, green foodomics, epigenetics and noncoding RNA, food safety, food bioactivity and health, food quality and traceability, data treatment and systems biology. Logically structured into 10 focused sections, each article is authored by world leading scientists who cover the whole breadth of Omics and related technologies, including the latest advances and applications. By bringing all this information together in an easily navigable reference, food scientists and nutritionists in both academia and industry will find it the perfect, modern day compendium for frequent reference. List of sections and Section Editors: Genomics - Olivia McAuliffe, Dept of Food Biosciences, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland Epigenetics & Noncoding RNA - Juan Cui, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE Transcriptomics - Robert Henry, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia Proteomics - Jens Brockmeyer, Institute of Biochemistry and Technical Biochemistry, University Stuttgart, Germany Metabolomics - Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Research Unit Analytical BioGeoChemistry, Neuherberg, Germany Omics data treatment, System Biology and Foodomics - Carlos Leon Canseco, Visiting Professor, Biomedical Engineering, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Green Foodomics - Elena Ibanez, Foodomics Lab, CIAL, CSIC, Madrid, Spain Food safety and Foodomics - Djuro Josić, Professor Medicine (Research) Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA & Sandra Kraljević Pavelić, University of Rijeka, Department of Biotechnology, Rijeka, Croatia Food Quality, Traceability and Foodomics