The Art of Cryogenics Book

The Art of Cryogenics

  • Author : Guglielmo Ventura
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-07-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080554365

The Art of Cryogenics Book Description :

Cryogenics is the study of low temperature interactions - temperatures well below those existing in the natural universe. The book covers a large spectrum of experimental cases, including basic vacuum techniques, indispensable in cryogenics. Guidance in solving experimental problems and numerous numerical examples are given, as are examples of the applications of cryogenics in such areas as underground detectors and space applications. Updated tables of low-temperature data on materials are also presented, and the book is supplemented with a rich bibliography. Researchers (graduate and above) in the fields of physics, engineering and chemistry with an interest in the technology and applications of low-temperature measurements, will find this book invaluable. Experiments described in technical detail Description of newest cryogenic apparatus Applications in multidisciplinary areas Data on cryogenic properties of new materials Current reference review

Cryogenic Safety Book

Cryogenic Safety

  • Author : Thomas J. Peterson
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-04-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 213
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030165086

Cryogenic Safety Book Description :

This book describes the current state of the art in cryogenic safety best practice, helping the reader to work with cryogenic systems and materials safely. It brings together information from previous texts, industrial and laboratory safety polices, and recent research papers. Case studies, example problems, and an extensive list of references are included to add to the utility of the text. It describes the unique safety hazards posed by cryogenics in all its guises, including issues associated with the extreme cold of cryogenics, the flammability of some cryogenic fluids, the displacement of oxygen by inert gases boiling off from cryogenic fluids, and the high pressures that can be formed during the volume expansion that occurs when a cryogenic fluid becomes a room temperature gas. A further chapter considers the challenges arising from the behavior of materials at cryogenic temperatures. Many materials are inappropriate for use in cryogenics and can fail, resulting in hazardous conditions. Despite these hazards, work at cryogenic temperatures can be performed safely. The book also discusses broader safety issues such as hazard analysis, establishment of a safe work culture and lessons learned from cryogenic safety in accelerator labs. This book is designed to be useful to everyone affected by cryogenic hazards regardless of their expertise in cryogenics.

Cryogenic Recycling and Processing Book

Cryogenic Recycling and Processing

  • Author : Norman. R Braton
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-06-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351088152

Cryogenic Recycling and Processing Book Description :

The purpose of this book is to promote useful knowledge in the field of cryogenics. To accomplish this, the manuscript presents a composite of the state-of-the-art knowledge, research, and application of cryogenic processes.

Physics of Cryogenics Book

Physics of Cryogenics

  • Author : Bahman Zohuri
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-11-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 726
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128145203

Physics of Cryogenics Book Description :

Physics of Cryogenics: An Ultralow Temperature Phenomenon discusses the significant number of advances that have been made during the last few years in a variety of cryocoolers, such as Brayton, Joule-Thomson, Stirling, pulse tube, Gifford-McMahon and magnetic refrigerators. The book reviews various approaches taken to improve reliability, a major driving force for new research areas. The advantages and disadvantages of different cycles are compared, and the latest improvements in each of these cryocoolers is discussed. The book starts with the thermodynamic fundamentals, followed by the definition of cryogenic and the associated science behind low temperature phenomena and properties. This book is an ideal resource for scientists, engineers and graduate and senior undergraduate students who need a better understanding of the science of cryogenics and related thermodynamics. Defines the fundamentals of thermodynamics that are associated with cryogenic processes Provides an overview of the history of the development of cryogenic technology Includes new, low temperature tables written by the author Deals with the application of cryogenics to preserve objects at very low temperature Explains how cryogenic phenomena work for human cell and human body preservations and new medical approaches

Polymers at Cryogenic Temperatures Book

Polymers at Cryogenic Temperatures

  • Author : Susheel Kalia
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642353352

Polymers at Cryogenic Temperatures Book Description :

Kalia and Fu's novel monograph covers cryogenic treatment, properties and applications of cryo-treated polymer materials. Written by numerous international experts, the twelve chapters in this book offer the reader a comprehensive picture of the latest findings and developments, as well as an outlook on the field. Cryogenic technology has seen remarkable progress in the past few years and especially cryogenic properties of polymers are attracting attention through new breakthroughs in space, superconducting, magnetic and electronic techniques. This book is a valuable resource for researchers, educators, engineers and graduate students in the field and at technical institutions.

Experimental Techniques for Low Temperature Measurements Book

Experimental Techniques for Low Temperature Measurements

  • Author : Jack Ekin
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2006-10-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 673
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198570547

Experimental Techniques for Low Temperature Measurements Book Description :

Aimed at a broad readership across applied science, this illustrated text builds a consistent, self-supporting knowledge base of low-temperature apparatus design. Many recent developments in measurement techniques, superconductors, and scaling theory not previously published are covered.

The Art of Modeling in Science and Engineering with Mathematica Book

The Art of Modeling in Science and Engineering with Mathematica

  • Author : Diran Basmadjian
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-07-17
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 688
  • ISBN 10 : 1439858179

The Art of Modeling in Science and Engineering with Mathematica Book Description :

Modeling is practiced in engineering and all physical sciences. Many specialized texts exist - written at a high level - that cover this subject. However, students and even professionals often experience difficulties in setting up and solving even the simplest of models. This can be attributed to three difficulties: the proper choice of model, the absence of precise solutions, and the necessity to make suitable simplifying assumptions and approximations. Overcoming these difficulties is the focus of The Art of Modeling in Science and Engineering. The text is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate students and practicing professionals in the sciences and engineering with an interest in Modeling based on Mass, Energy and Momentum or Force Balances. The book covers a wide range of physical processes and phenomena drawn from chemical, mechanical, civil, environmental sciences and bio- sciences. A separate section is devoted to "real World" industrial problems. The author explains how to choose the simplest model, obtain an appropriate solution to the problem and make simplifying assumptions/approximations.

Cryogenic Information Report Book

Cryogenic Information Report

  • Author :
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 1984
  • Genre: Low temperature engineering
  • Pages :
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105000583216

Cryogenic Information Report Book Description :

Cryogenic Engineering and Technologies Book

Cryogenic Engineering and Technologies

  • Author : Dr. Zuyu Zhao
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-10-16
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 385
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429532047

Cryogenic Engineering and Technologies Book Description :

Cryogen-free cryogenics is leading a revolution in research and industry by its significant advantages over traditional liquid helium systems. This is the first overview for the field, covering the key technologies, conceptual design, fabrication, operation, performance, and applications of these systems. The contents cover important topics such as the operating principles of 4K cryocoolers, enabling technologies (including vibration reduction) for cryogen free systems, the cryogen- free superconducting magnet, and cryogen-free systems that reach mK. It highlights the wide range of applications in materials science, quantum physics, astronomy and space science, medical sciences and etc. Key features: Introduce technologies and practical know-how employed for cryogen-free systems of using 4 K cryocoolers to replace liquid helium; Address state of the arts of cryogen-free superconducting magnets, sub-kelvin refrigeration systems of He-3 sorption cooler, adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator (ADR) and dilution refrigerators (DR). Discuss applications of cryogen-free systems in modern instruments and equipment.

Low Temperature and Cryogenic Refrigeration Book

Low Temperature and Cryogenic Refrigeration

  • Author : Sadik KakaƧ
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2003-05-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 485
  • ISBN 10 : 140201273X

Low Temperature and Cryogenic Refrigeration Book Description :

Refrigeration plays a prominent role in our everyday lives, and cryogenics plays a major role in medical science, space technology and the cooling of low-temperature electronics. This volume contains chapters on basic refrigeration systems, non-compression refrigeration and cooling, and topics related to global environmental issues, alternative refrigerants, optimum refrigerant selection, cost-quality optimization of refrigerants, advanced thermodynamics of reverse-cycle machines, applications in medicine, cryogenics, heat pipes, gas-solid absorption refrigeration, multisalt resorption heat pumps, cryocoolers, thermoacoustic refrigeration, cryogenic heat transfer and enhancement and other topics covering theory, design, and applications, such as pulse tube refrigeration, which is the most efficient of all cryocoolers and can be used in space missions.

Advances in Cryogenic Engineering Book
Score: 3
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Advances in Cryogenic Engineering

  • Author : Peter Kittel
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 1994
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 2064
  • ISBN 10 : 0306448548

Advances in Cryogenic Engineering Book Description :

Cryogenic Engineering Book

Cryogenic Engineering

  • Author : Klaus D. Timmerhaus
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-11-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387468969

Cryogenic Engineering Book Description :

This is a benchmark reference work on Cryogenic Engineering which chronicles the major developments in the field. Starting with an historical background, this book reviews the development of data resources now available for cryogenic fields and properties of materials. It presents the latest changes in cryopreservation and the advances over the past 50 years. The book also highlights an exceptional reference listing to provide referral to more details.

Matter and Methods at Low Temperatures Book

Matter and Methods at Low Temperatures

  • Author : Frank Pobell
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 319
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662085783

Matter and Methods at Low Temperatures Book Description :

The aim of this book is to provide information about performing experi ments at low temperatures, as well as basic facts concerning the low tem perature properties of liquid and solid matter. To orient the reader, I begin with chapters on these low temperature properties. The major part of the book is then devoted to refrigeration techniques and to the physics on which they are based. Of equal importance, of course, are the definition and measurement of temperature; hence low temperature thermometry is extensively discussed in subsequent chapters. Finally, I describe a variety of design and construction techniques which have turned out to be useful over the years. The content of the book is based on the three-hour-per-week lecture course which I have given several times at the University of Bayreuth between 1983 and 1991. It should be particularly suited for advanced stu dents whose intended masters (diploma) or Ph.D. subject is experimental condensed matter physics at low temperatures. However, I believe that the book will also be of value to experienced scientists, since it describes sev eral very recent advances in experimental low temperature physics and technology, for example, new developments in nuclear refrigeration and thermometry.

Cryogenic Engineering Book

Cryogenic Engineering

  • Author : B. A. Hands
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 1986
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 494
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015011137125

Cryogenic Engineering Book Description :

Here is a new account of the basic science and the methods now being used in cryogenic engineering -- engineering at temperatures well below room temperature. This volume provides a complete look at theory and practice in the field, with emphasis on engineering methods. Extensive references are included in this coverage of: refrigeration and liquefaction properties of materials and fluids fluid dynamics and heat transfer instrumentation survey of applications.

Cryogenic Mixed Refrigerant Processes Book

Cryogenic Mixed Refrigerant Processes

  • Author : Gadhiraju Venkatarathnam
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-12-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN 10 : 0387785140

Cryogenic Mixed Refrigerant Processes Book Description :

Most conventional cryogenic refrigerators and liquefiers operate with pure fluids, the major exception being natural gas liquefiers that use mixed refrigerant processes. The fundamental aspects of mixed refrigerant processes, though very innovative, have not received the due attention in open literature in view of commercial interests. Hundreds of patents exist on different aspects of mixed refrigerant processes. However, it is difficult to piece together the existing information to choose an appropriate process and an optimum composition or a given application. The aim of the book is to teach (a.) the need for refrigerant mixtures, (b.) the type of mixtures that can be used for different refrigeration and liquefaction applications, (c.) the different processes that can be used and (d.) the methods to be adopted for choosing the components of a mixture and their concentration for different applications.

Large Scale Integrated Circuits Technology  State of the Art and Prospects Book

Large Scale Integrated Circuits Technology State of the Art and Prospects

  • Author : Leo Esaki
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 784
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400976450

Large Scale Integrated Circuits Technology State of the Art and Prospects Book Description :

A NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Large Scale Integrated Circuits Technology: State of the Art and Prospects" was held at Ettore Majorana Centre for Scientific Culture, Erice (Italy) on July 15-27, 1981, the first course of the International School of Solid-State Device Research. This volume contains the School Proceedings: fundamentals as well as up-to-date information on each subject presented by qualified authors. The material covered in this volume has been arranged in self-consistent chapters. Therefore, the Proceedings may be used as a suitable textbook or authoritative review for research workers and advanced students in the relevant field. The nascent information society is based on advanced technologies which will revolutionize human abilities to manipulate and communicate information. One of the most important underpinnings for developing such an information society lies in innovations in semiconductor microelectronics. Such innova tions, indeed, are dramatically reducing the cost of transmitting, storing, and processing information with improved performance, ushering in an era charac terized by large scale integration -the subject of this book.