The Cognitive Basis of Institutions Book

The Cognitive Basis of Institutions


  • Author : Shinji Teraji
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-02-20
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 0128120231

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The Cognitive Basis of Institutions Excerpt :

The Cognitive Basis of Institutions: A Synthesis of Behavioral and Institutional Economics synthesizes modern research in behavioral economics with traditional institutional economics. This work emphasizes that institution and agent are inextricably linked, and that both cognitive and institutional processes coalesce to influence human decision-making. It integrates cognition and institution through the behavioral economics theoretical lens of bounded rationality. Methodologically, it develops game-theoretical, complexity and neuroeconomic solutions to unite study of the two areas. The work concludes by proposing general implications for the economic study of decisions using the cognitive-institutional approach, also providing specific recommendations for public policy. Reveals how institutional structures and individual actions interact and coevolve cognitively Connects individual decision-making, decision-making processes and institutional formation Unites our understanding of cooperative 'prosocial' behavior with the institutional dynamics that may create it Discusses the implications of the behavioral-institutional paradigm for paternalism and libertarianism in public policy

The Cognitive Basis of Institutions Book

The Cognitive Basis of Institutions


  • Author : Shinji Teraji
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-02-16
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128120453

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The Cognitive Basis of Institutions Excerpt :

The Cognitive Basis of Institutions: A Synthesis of Behavioral and Institutional Economics synthesizes modern research in behavioral economics with traditional institutional economics. This work emphasizes that institution and agent are inextricably linked, and that both cognitive and institutional processes coalesce to influence human decision-making. It integrates cognition and institution through the behavioral economics theoretical lens of bounded rationality. Methodologically, it develops game-theoretical, complexity and neuroeconomic solutions to unite study of the two areas. The work concludes by proposing general implications for the economic study of decisions using the cognitive-institutional approach, also providing specific recommendations for public policy. Reveals how institutional structures and individual actions interact and coevolve cognitively Connects individual decision-making, decision-making processes and institutional formation Unites our understanding of cooperative ‘prosocial’ behavior with the institutional dynamics that may create it Discusses the implications of the behavioral-institutional paradigm for paternalism and libertarianism in public policy

Cognition  Rationality  and Institutions Book

Cognition Rationality and Institutions


  • Author : Manfred E. Streit
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642597831

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Cognition Rationality and Institutions Excerpt :

Institutions are rules that are supported by various enforcement mechanisms. Cognition refers to the process of how men perceive and process information, whereas rationality refers to how these processes are modelled. Within institutional economics there is a growing scepticism towards extending the conventional economic frame of analysis to institutions. In particular, the notion of perfect rationality is increasingly questioned. At the same time human cognition has become a major field of research in psychology. This book explores what institutional economics can learn from cognitive psychology regarding the proper modelling of rationality in order to explain institutional change.

Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development in Post Socialist Economies Book

Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development in Post Socialist Economies


  • Author : David Smallbone
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2008-07-25
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 289
  • ISBN 10 : 9781134327508

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Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development in Post Socialist Economies Excerpt :

This book examines entrepreneurship and small business in Russia and key countries of Eastern Europe, showing how far small businesses have developed, and discusses how far 'market reforms' and a market mentality have been taken up by ordinary people in the real everyday economy. For each of the countries examined - Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Poland and Estonia - the book reviews the progress of market reforms within the wider context of social and economic transformation, surveys the development of entrepreneurship and small firms so far, and assesses the role of government in the process, and the strengths and weaknesses of the small business sector.

Auditing Ecosystem and Strategic Accounting in the Digital Era Book

Auditing Ecosystem and Strategic Accounting in the Digital Era


  • Author : Tamer Aksoy
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-06-14
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030726287

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Auditing Ecosystem and Strategic Accounting in the Digital Era Excerpt :

This book examines current topics and trends in strategic auditing, accounting and finance in digital transformation both from a theoretical and practical perspective. It covers areas such as internal control, corporate governance, enterprise risk management, sustainability and competition. The contributors of this volume emphasize how strategic approaches in this area help companies in achieving targets. The contributions illustrate how by providing good governance, reliable financial reporting, and accountability, businesses can win a competitive advantage. It further discusses how new technological developments like artificial intelligence (AI), cybersystems, network technologies, financial mobility and smart applications, will shape the future of accounting and auditing for firms.​

The Cognitive Basis of Aesthetics Book

The Cognitive Basis of Aesthetics


  • Author : Elena Fell
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2016-04-14
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317228677

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The Cognitive Basis of Aesthetics Excerpt :

This book seeks to fill a void in contemporary aesthetics scholarship by considering the cognitive features that make the aesthetic and artistic worthy of philosophical study. Aesthetic cognition has been largely abandoned by analytical philosophy, which instead tends to focus its attention on the ‘non-exhibited’ properties of artwork or issues concerning semantic and syntactic structure. The Cognitive Basis of Aesthetics innovatively seeks to correct the marginalization of aesthetics in analytical philosophy by reinterpreting aesthetic cognition through an integration of Ernst Cassirer’s philosophy of symbolic forms with Paul Crowther’s theory of imagination and philosophy of art. This integration has three important outcomes: 1) it explains why the aesthetic and artistic constitute a unique form of knowledge; 2) it shows the role this plays in the formation of aesthetics as a discipline; and 3) it describes why aesthetic cognition is so deeply engaging. This book’s unique theoretical approach engages with important works of visual, conceptual, and digital art, as well as literature, music, and theatre.

The Cognitive Basis of Social Interaction Across the Lifespan Book

The Cognitive Basis of Social Interaction Across the Lifespan


  • Author : Heather J. Ferguson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06-30
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192581334

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The Cognitive Basis of Social Interaction Across the Lifespan Excerpt :

Social interaction is an important aspect of everyday life and its success (or lack of) impacts heavily on our wellbeing. A vital part of successful social interaction is the ability to understand and predict events in terms of other people's mental states, such as their intentions, beliefs, emotions, and desires (termed Theory of Mind, ToM). Children typically develop the necessary skills for social interaction around four years old, and as healthy adults, we engage in social interaction frequently and seemingly without a great deal of difficulty. This book explores how human social interactive abilities change across the lifespan, looking at infancy, early and middle childhood, adolescence and young adulthood, adulthood, and older age, as well as healthy and atypical development. Over nine chapters, leading researchers in the field provide an overview of the most recent findings, contribute to key debates on social phenomena (including their underlying mechanisms, environmental triggers, and neural basis), and outline innovative avenues for future directions. Written in an accessible style, this book will appeal to a wide range of readers including academics and students of psychology, neuroscience, psychiatry, linguistics, and philosophy, as well as providing valuable insights for clinicians and practitioners working in the fields of social care, mental health, and education.

Teaching Medical Professionalism Book

Teaching Medical Professionalism


  • Author : Richard L. Cruess
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2008-10-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781139474511

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Teaching Medical Professionalism Excerpt :

Until recently professionalism was transmitted by respected role models, a method that depended heavily on the presence of a homogeneous society sharing values. This is no longer true, and medical schools and postgraduate training programs in the developed world are now actively teaching professionalism to students and trainees. In addition, licensing and certifying bodies are attempting to assess the professionalism of practising physicians on an ongoing basis. This is the only book available to provide guidance to those designing and implementing programs on teaching professionalism. It outlines the cognitive base of professionalism, provides a theoretical basis for teaching the subject, gives general principles for establishing programs at various levels (undergraduate, postgraduate, and continuing professional development), and documents the experience of institutions who are leaders in the field. Teaching aids that have been used successfully by contributors are included as an appendix.

Organizing Muslims and Integrating Islam in Germany Book

Organizing Muslims and Integrating Islam in Germany


  • Author : Kerstin Rosenow-Williams
  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release Date : 2012-10-19
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 543
  • ISBN 10 : 9789004230552

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Organizing Muslims and Integrating Islam in Germany Excerpt :

Kerstin Rosenow-Williams analyzes the challenges faced by Islamic organizations in Germany since the beginning of the 21st century, providing original empirical insights based on a sociological research perspective.

The Evolution and Legitimacy of International Security Institutions Book

The Evolution and Legitimacy of International Security Institutions


  • Author : Patrick Cottrell
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-21
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107121119

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The Evolution and Legitimacy of International Security Institutions Excerpt :

This book tackles the question: when international security institutions face a legitimacy crisis, why are some replaced while others endure?

Institutional Theory in Tourism and Hospitality Book

Institutional Theory in Tourism and Hospitality


  • Author : Anna Earl
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-04-23
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000408911

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Institutional Theory in Tourism and Hospitality Excerpt :

Institutions are fundamental aspects in driving tourism and hospitality globally. They are the socio-economic ‘rules of the game’ that serve to shape and constrain human and organisational interactions. This book is the first of its kind to provide a comprehensive overview of institutional theory in a tourism and hospitality context. The complexity and multiple scaled nature of the institutional environment plays a crucial role in the development and formation of tourism destinations, attractions, organisations, and businesses, as well as influencing the activities of individuals. Institutional theory therefore provides a means to understand the complexity and processes of change at different scales of analysis and provides insights into the organisational and political basis of tourism policy development and implementation. Chapters introduce and expand on institutional analysis in tourism and hospitality, institutional theory in the social sciences, methodological issues, and future directions in institutional analysis in tourism and hospitality, making use of case studies throughout. This book will appeal to students of Tourism, Hospitality, Leisure and Events, as well as other social science disciplines. Providing a comprehensive overview of and guide to the application of institutional theory, this book will serve as a comprehensive reference to institutional theory in a tourism and hospitality setting for years to come.

Language Down the Garden Path Book

Language Down the Garden Path


  • Author : Montserrat Sanz
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2013-08-30
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 518
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191664823

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Language Down the Garden Path Excerpt :

Thomas G. Bever's now iconic sentence, The horse raced past the barn fell, first appeared in his 1970 paper "The Cognitive Basis of Linguistic Structures". This 'garden path sentence', so-called because of the way it leads the reader or listener down the wrong parsing path, helped spawn the entire subfield of sentence processing. It has become the most often quoted element of a paper which spanned a wealth of research into the relationship between the grammatical system and language processing. Language Down the garden Path traces the lines of research that grew out of Bever's classic paper. Leading scientists review over 40 years of debates on the factors at play in language comprehension, production, and acquisition (the role of prediction, grammar, working memory, prosody, abstractness, syntax, and semantics mapping); the current status of universals and narrow syntax; and virtually every topic relevant in psycholinguistics since 1970. Written in an accessible and engaging style, the book will appeal to all those interested in understanding the questions that shaped, and are still shaping, this field and the ways in which linguists, cognitive scientists, psychologists, and neuroscientists are seeking to answer them.

Elgar Companion to Neo Schumpeterian Economics Book
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Elgar Companion to Neo Schumpeterian Economics


  • Author : Horst Hanusch
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 1209
  • ISBN 10 : 9781847207012

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Elgar Companion to Neo Schumpeterian Economics Excerpt :

The Elgar Companion to Neo-Schumpeterian Economics is a cutting-edge collection of specially commissioned contributions highlighting not only the broad scope but also the common ground between all branches of this prolific and fast developing field of economics. For 25 years economists have been investigating industrial dynamics under the heading of neo-Schumpeterian economics, which has itself become a mature and widely acknowledged discipline in the fields of innovation, knowledge, growth and development economics. The Elgar Companion to Neo-Schumpeterian Economics surveys the achievements of the most visible scholars in this area. The contributions to the Companion give both a brief survey on the various fields of neo-Schumpeterian economics as well as insights into recent research at the scientific frontiers. The book also illustrates the potential of neo-Schumpeterian economics to overcome its so far self-imposed restriction to the domains of technology driven industry dynamics, and to become a comprehensive approach in economics suited for the analysis of development processes in all economic domains. Integrating both the public sector and financial markets, the book focusses on the co-evolutionary processes between the different domains. As a roadmap for the development of a comprehensive neo-Schumpeterian theory, the Companion will be an invaluable source of reference for researchers in the fields of industrial dynamics and economic growth, and academics and scholars of economics generally. PhD students will find the Companion an indispensable general introduction to the field of neo-Schumpeterian economics. It will also appeal to politicians and consultants engaged in national and international policy as the Companion deals with the highly important and ever topical phenomena of economic development.

The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism Book

The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism


  • Author : Royston Greenwood
  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release Date : 2017-05-01
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 928
  • ISBN 10 : 9781526415035

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The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism Excerpt :

The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism brings together extensive coverage of aspects of Institutional Theory and an array of top academic contributors. Now in its Second Edition, the book has been thoroughly revised and reorganised, with all chapters updated to maintain a mix of theory, how to conduct institutional organizational analysis, and contemporary empirical work. New chapters on Translation, Networks and Institutional Pluralism are included to reflect new directions in the field. The Second Edition has also been reorganized into six parts: Part One: Beginnings (Foundations) Part Two: Organizations and their Contexts Part Three: Institutional Processes Part Four: Conversations Part Five: Consequences Part Six: Reflections