The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes Book

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes


  • Author : Haraldur Sigurdsson
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-03-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1456
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123859396

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The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes Excerpt :

Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included

Encyclopedia of Volcanoes Book

Encyclopedia of Volcanoes


  • Author : Haraldur Sigurdsson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 1999-10-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1417
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080547985

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Encyclopedia of Volcanoes Excerpt :

Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, if sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes. Through its thematic organization around the melting of the earth, it provides a comprehensive source of information on the multidisciplinary influences of volcanic eruptions--both the destructive as well as the beneficial aspects. The majority of the chapters focus on the geoscience-related aspects of volcanism (radioactive heat source, melting rock, ascent of magma, surface phenomena associated with exiting magma, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). In addition, complementary chapters discuss the multidisciplinary aspects of volcanism; these include the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. In addition to its appeal to educators, students, and professional and amateur scientists, the Encyclopedia of Volcanoes functions as an important information resource for administrators and officials responsible for developing and implementing volcanic hazard mitigation around the world. * The first and only reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology * More than 80 separate peer-reviewed articles--all original contributions by leading authors from major institutions of science around the world, commissioned for this work * An integrated transition from the volcanic process through hazards, risk, and societal impacts, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society * Convenient single-volume format with topics ar

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes Book

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes


  • Author : Haraldur Sigurdsson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-03-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1426
  • ISBN 10 : 0123859387

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The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes Excerpt :

Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today.The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference On-line supplement includes additional multimedia Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included

Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes Book

Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes


  • Author : Alexander E. Gates
  • Publisher : Infobase Publishing
  • Release Date : 2006
  • Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Pages : 369
  • ISBN 10 : 9780816072705

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Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes Excerpt :

Provides information on earthquakes and volcanic eruptions in various regions of the world, major quakes and eruptions throughout history, and geologic and scientific terms.

Ring of Fire  An Encyclopedia of the Pacific Rim s Earthquakes  Tsunamis  and Volcanoes Book

Ring of Fire An Encyclopedia of the Pacific Rim s Earthquakes Tsunamis and Volcanoes


  • Author : Bethany D. Rinard Hinga Ph.D.
  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release Date : 2015-03-17
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 403
  • ISBN 10 : 9781610692977

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Ring of Fire An Encyclopedia of the Pacific Rim s Earthquakes Tsunamis and Volcanoes Excerpt :

The author examines natural disasters around the Pacific Rim throughout history together with scientific data context to produce enlightening—and highly readable—entries. • Features approximately 100 alphabetically arranged entries with insights into specific disasters, technology, key geographic features of the area, significant people, cultural beliefs, and more • Includes a general introduction and overview of the geography and tectonic activity in the Pacific Rim countries • Offers both historical and scientific information • Explains complex natural phenomena and scientific concepts using nontechnical language and clear illustrations • Provides relevant cross-references to related topics as well as to articles, books, and websites that offer further information

Volcanoes of the World Book

Volcanoes of the World


  • Author : Tom Simkin
  • Publisher : Van Nostrand Reinhold
  • Release Date : 1981
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN 10 : MINN:319510005643967

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Volcanoes of the World Excerpt :

Melting the Earth Book

Melting the Earth


  • Author : Haraldur Sigurdsson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Genre: Foreign Language Study
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822026040642

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Melting the Earth Excerpt :

Chronicles humankind's attempt to understand why volcanoes errupt, and looks at how our conception of volcanoes has changed

Volcanoes of Europe Book

Volcanoes of Europe


  • Author : Dougal Jerram
  • Publisher : Dunedin Academic Press Ltd
  • Release Date : 2017-03-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9781780465630

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Volcanoes of Europe Excerpt :

Volcanoes are intimately tied to the history of humanity, they help forge the Earths crust and atmosphere, and they are very much an active feature of today. The archaeology of most ancient civilizations of Europe preserves the imprint of spectacular and volcanic phenomena while, in modern times life is still affected by large eruptions from Europes active volcanic systems. The eruption of Santorini, some 3600 years ago in the Aegean, probably inspired the Greek fables of Atlantis; the eruptions of Etna on Sicily are the origin of the forges of Cyclops and other myths; and the regular eruptions from Stromboli earned its Roman name, the Lighthouse of the Mediterranean. Eruptions in Iceland over the past few centuries have shaped more recent European history and highlight the dramatic effects that distant large eruptions can have on our modern way of living. This thoroughly revised and updated edition reflects modern research and is now illustrated in colour throughout. It presents the volcanoes of Europe, as they are today and tells how they have shaped our past. The volcanic systems of the Mediterranean basin, the Atlantic, and of mainland Europe are introduced and described in clear prose with a minimum of technical jargon. Some of Europes ancient volcanic systems is also described as these have been fundamental in shaping the science of volcanology. The origins, history and development of Europes volcanoes is presented against a background of their environmental aspects and contemporary activity. Special attention is given to the impact of volcanoes on the people who live on or around them. The book is written for student, amateur and professional earth scientists alike. To help guide the reader, a glossary of volcanic terms is included together with a vocabulary of volcanic terms used in European languages.

Volcanism Book

Volcanism


  • Author : Hans-Ulrich Schmincke
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642189524

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Volcanism Excerpt :

Volcanic eruptions are the clear and dramatic expression of dynamic processes in planet Earth. The author, one of the most profound specialists in the field of volcanology, explains in a concise and easy to understand manner the basics and most recent findings in the field. Based on over 300 color figures and the model of plate tectonics, the book offers insight into the generation of magmas and the occurrence and origin of volcanoes. The analysis and description of volcanic structures is followed by process oriented chapters discussing the role of magmatic gases as well as explosive mechanisms and sedimentation of volcanic material. The final chapters deal with the forecast of eruptions and their influence on climate. Students and scientists of a broad range of fields will use this book as an interesting and attractive source of information. Laypeople will find it a highly accessible and graphically beautiful way to acquire a state-of-the-art foundation in this fascinating field. "Volcanism by Hans-Ulrich Schmincke has photos of the best quality I have ever seen in a text on the subject... In addition, the schematic figures in their wide range of styles are clear, colorful, and simplified to emphasize the most important factors while including all significant features... "I have really enjoyed reading and rereading Schmincke’s book. It fills a great gap in texts available for teaching any basic course in volcanology. No other book I know of has the depth and breadth of Volcanism... I have shared Volcanism with my colleagues to their significant benefit, and I am more convinced of its value for a broad range of Earth and planetary scientists. Undoubtedly, I will use Volcanism for my upcoming courses in volcanology. I will never hesitate to recommend it to others. Many geoscientists from very different subdisciplines will benefit from adding the book to their personal libraries. Schmincke has done us all a great service by undertaking the grueling task of writing t

Volatiles in Magmas Book

Volatiles in Magmas


  • Author : Michael R. Carroll
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2018-12-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 535
  • ISBN 10 : 9781501509674

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Volatiles in Magmas Excerpt :

Volume 30 of Reviews in Mineralogy introduces in understanding the behavior of magmatic volatiles and their influence on a wide variety of geological phenomena; in doing this it also becomes apparent that there remain many questions outstanding. The range of topics we have tried to cover is broad, going from atomisticscale aspects of volatile solubility mechanisms and attendant effects on melt physical properties, to the chemistry of volcanic gases and the concentrations of volatiles in magmas, to the global geochemical cycles of volatiles. The reader should quickly see that much progress has been made since Bowen voiced his concerns about Maxwell demons, but like much scientific progress, answers to old questions have prompted even greater numbers of new questions. The Voltiles in Magmas course was organized and transpired at the Napa Valley Sheraton Hotel in California, December 2-4, 1994, just prior to the Fall Meetings of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco.

Devastated by a Volcano  Book

Devastated by a Volcano


  • Author : Stephen Person
  • Publisher : Bearport Publishing
  • Release Date : 2010-01-01
  • Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Pages : 32
  • ISBN 10 : 9781936088539

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Devastated by a Volcano Excerpt :

On June 25, 1997, a volcano on the Caribbean island of Montserrat erupted, spewing hot lava and ash. Linda Daley was washing clothes outside her home in the nearby city of Plymouth when she saw fiery clouds begin to shoot out of the volcano. With clouds of ash and poisonous gases speeding toward her, how would she survive? Eyewitness accounts and incredible photos bring to life the experiences of ordinary people who faced catastrophic danger—and lived to tell their stories. Kids will discover the causes and characteristics of volcanoes, and learn about the scientific advances that now allow earlier warnings of possible eruptions to be issued. Safety tips show young readers what to do if they are ever near a volcanic eruption.

Complexity in Tsunamis  Volcanoes  and their Hazards Book

Complexity in Tsunamis Volcanoes and their Hazards


  • Author : Robert I. Tilling
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2021-09-15
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 743
  • ISBN 10 : 1071617044

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Complexity in Tsunamis Volcanoes and their Hazards Excerpt :

This volume of the Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science, Second Edition is an authoritative single source for understanding and applying the basic tenets of complexity and systems theory, as well as the tools and measures for analyzing complex systems, to the prediction, monitoring, and evaluation of earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanoes. Early warning, damage, and the immediate response of human populations to these extreme environmental events are also covered from the point of view of complexity and nonlinear systems. In authoritative, state-of-the art articles, world experts in each field apply such complexity tools and concepts as fractals, cellular automata, solitons game theory, network theory, and statistical physics to an understanding of these complex geophysical phenomena.

Volcanoes  Earthquakes and Tsunamis  A Complete Introduction  Teach Yourself Book

Volcanoes Earthquakes and Tsunamis A Complete Introduction Teach Yourself


  • Author : David Rothery
  • Publisher : Teach Yourself
  • Release Date : 2015-12-03
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9781473601727

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Volcanoes Earthquakes and Tsunamis A Complete Introduction Teach Yourself Excerpt :

Written by Dr David Rothery, a volcanologist, geologist, planetary scientist and Professor of Planetary Geosciences at the Open University, Volcanoes, Earthquakes and Tsunamis: A Complete Introduction is designed to give you everything you need to succeed, all in one place. It covers the key areas that students are expected to be confident in, outlining the basics in clear English and providing added-value features like a glossary of essential terms and even examples of questions you might be asked in your seminar or exam. The book uses a structure chosen to cover the essentials of most university courses, with an introduction on how the Earth moves, followed by separate sections on volcanoes (including eruptions, types of volcano, volcanic hazards, volcanoes and climate, monitoring volcanoes, predicting eruptions and living with volcanoes), earthquakes (including faults, measurement, seismic monitoring, prediction, prevention and preparedness) and tsunamis.

The Physics of Explosive Volcanic Eruptions Book

The Physics of Explosive Volcanic Eruptions


  • Author : J. S. Gilbert
  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release Date : 1998
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 1862390207

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The Physics of Explosive Volcanic Eruptions Excerpt :

The Physics of Explosive Volcanic Eruptions includes seven review papers that outline our current understanding of several aspects of the physical processes affecting magma during volcanic eruptions. An introductory chapter highlights research areas where our understanding is incomplete, or even completely lacking, and where work needs advancing if our knowledge of volcanic processes is to be substantially improved. The book covers topics on the physical properties of silicic magma, vesiculation processes, conduit flow and fragmentation, gas loss from magmas during eruption, models of volcanic eruption columns, tephra dispersal and pyroclastic density currents.

My Very Important Earth Encyclopedia Book

My Very Important Earth Encyclopedia


  • Author : DK
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release Date : 2022-10-18
  • Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN 10 : 9780744079739

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My Very Important Earth Encyclopedia Excerpt :

This exciting introduction to Earth is brimming with explosive volcanoes, incredible habitats, and world-saving ideas. From Earth's inner core to the thinnest air at the edge of the atmosphere, get ready for an aound-the-world adventure... Dig down and learn exactly what is under our feet. Investigate the workings of earthquakes and volcanoes. Learn how mountains are made and how rivers form. Find out about wind, rain, and extreme weather on Earth's surface. Explore Earth's habitats, and meet the plants and animals that call them home. Finally, find out about how our planet is under threat, and what you can do to protect it. Includes fun facts and colorful illustrations, My Very Important Earth Encyclopedia will feed your imagination and quench your thirst for knowledge.