The Ethology of Predation Book

The Ethology of Predation


  • Author : E. Curio
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642810282

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The Ethology of Predation Excerpt :

Predation is an ecological factor of almost universal importance for the biol ogist who aims at an understanding of the habits and structures of animals. Despite its pervasive nature opinions differ as to what predation really is. So far it has been defined only in negative terms; it is thought not to be par asitism, the other great process by which one organism harms another, nor filter-feeding, carrion-eating, or browsing. Accordingly, one could define predation as a process by which an animal spends some effort to locate a live prey and, in addition, spends another effort to mutilate or kill it. Ac cording to this usage of the word a nudibranch, for example, that feeds on hydroids would be a predator inasmuch as it needs some time to locate col onies of its prey which, after being located, scarcely demand more than eating, which differs little from browsing. From the definition just proposed consumption of the prey following its capture has been intentionally omit ted. Indeed, an animal may be disposed of without being eaten. Hence the biological significance of predation may be more than to maintain nutrition al homeostasis. In fact, predation may have something in common with the more direct forms of competition, a facet that will be only cursorily touched upon in this book.

The Ethology of Predation Book

The Ethology of Predation


  • Author : Eberhard Curio
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1976
  • Genre: Predation (Biology)
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN 10 : 0540077208

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The Ethology of Predation Excerpt :

The Neuroethology of Predation and Escape Book

The Neuroethology of Predation and Escape


  • Author : Keith T. Sillar
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-05-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470972236

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The Neuroethology of Predation and Escape Excerpt :

The forces of natural selection have been a primary driver in the evolution of adaptive animal behaviours. On the one hand animals must evade predation in order to survive and pass on their genes; on other hand, and for the same underlying reasons, animals must also be capable of successfully capturing prey. This situation has led to an evolutionary arms race in which predator and prey are locked in the battle to survive. A common strategy in each situation is to enhance the speed of response, resulting in the evolution of neural, muscular and biomechanical designs that produce supremely fast and eye-catching behavioral responses. The aim of this book is to illuminate the design principles of escape and predatory behaviours using a series of case histories from different animal groups and to emphasize the convergent evolution of neural circuitry that optimizes the chances of survival. Using these case histories the authors describe sensory mechanisms that aid prey and predator detection, central neural circuit designs that increase speed of response and neuromuscular and biomechanical properties that aid the performance of escape and predatory movements.

Social Predation Book

Social Predation


  • Author : Guy Beauchamp
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-12-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124076549

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Social Predation Excerpt :

The classic literature on predation dealt almost exclusively with solitary predators and their prey. Going back to Lotka-Volterra and optimal foraging theory, the theory about predation, including predator-prey population dynamics, was developed for solitary species. Various consequences of sociality for predators have been considered only recently. Similarly, while it was long recognized that prey species can benefit from living in groups, research on the adaptive value of sociality for prey species mostly emerged in the 1970s. The main theme of this book is the various ways that predators and prey may benefit from living in groups. The first part focusses on predators and explores how group membership influences predation success rate, from searching to subduing prey. The second part focusses on how prey in groups can detect and escape predators. The final section explores group size and composition and how individuals respond over evolutionary times to the challenges posed by chasing or being chased by animals in groups. This book will help the reader understand current issues in social predation theory and provide a synthesis of the literature across a broad range of animal taxa. Includes the whole taxonomical range rather than limiting it to a select few Features in-depth analysis that allows a better understanding of many subtleties surrounding the issues related to social predation Presents both models and empirical results while covering the extensive predator and prey literature Contains extensive illustrations and separate boxes that cover more technical features, i.e., to present models and review results

Escaping From Predators Book

Escaping From Predators


  • Author : William E. Cooper, Jr
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-05-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107060548

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Escaping From Predators Excerpt :

Bringing together theory and reality of prey escape from predators, this book benchmarks new and current thinking in escape ecology.

Predation Book

Predation


  • Author : R. J. Taylor
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400955547

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Predation Excerpt :

When assuming the task of preparing a book such as this, one inevitably wonders why anyone would want to read it. I have always sympathized with Charles Elton's trenchant observation in his 1927 book that 'we have to face the fact that while ecological work is fascinating to do, it is unbearably dull to read about . . . ' And yet several good reasons do exist for producing a small volume on predation. The subject is interesting in its own right; no ecologist can deny that predation is one of the basic processes in the natural world. And the logical roots for much currently published reasoning about predation are remarkably well hidden; if one must do research on the subject, it helps not to be forced to start from first principles. A student facing predator-prey interactions for the first time is confronted with an amazingly diverse and sometimes inaccessible literature, with a ratio of wheat to chaff not exceeding 1: 5. A guide to the perplexed in this field does not exist at present, and I hope the book will serve that function. But apart from these more-or-Iess academic reasons for writing the book, I am forced to it by my conviction that predators are important in the ecological scheme. They playa critical role in the biological control of insects and other pests and are therefore of immediate economic concern.

Primate Anti Predator Strategies Book

Primate Anti Predator Strategies


  • Author : Sharon Gursky-Doyen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-05-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 393
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387348100

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Primate Anti Predator Strategies Excerpt :

This volume details the different ways that nocturnal primates avoid predators. It is a first of its kind within primatology, and is therefore the only work giving a broad overview of predation – nocturnal primate predation theory in particular – in the field Additionally, the book incorporates several chapters on the theoretical advances that researchers studying nocturnal primates need to make.

Ecology of Predator Prey Interactions Book

Ecology of Predator Prey Interactions


  • Author : Pedro Barbosa
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2005-08-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN 10 : 0195171209

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Ecology of Predator Prey Interactions Excerpt :

This book addresses the fundamental issues of predator-prey interactions, with an emphasis on predation among arthropods, which have been better studied, and for which the database is more extensive than for the large and rare vertebrate predators. The book should appeal to ecologists interested in the broad issue of predation effects on communities.

Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology Book

Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology


  • Author : David Westneat
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2010-04-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 641
  • ISBN 10 : 9780195331929

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Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology Excerpt :

Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology presents a comprehensive treatment of the evolutionary and ecological processes shaping behavior across a wide array of organisms and a diverse set of behaviors and is suitable as a graduate-level text and as a sourcebook for professional scientists.

Predators and prey in fishes Book

Predators and prey in fishes


  • Author : David L.G. Noakes
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400972964

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Predators and prey in fishes Excerpt :

The potential consequences of a predator-prey predators tend to do that increase or maximize prey interaction are probably more serious, especially capture and that prey tend to do to avoid being for the prey, than are the consequences of most captured? The second theme emphasized the eco competitive or parasite-host interactions. For this logical approach to predator-prey interactions. reason, the adaptations and tactics that prey show What are the environmental constraints that in to the foraging manoeuvers of their predators, and fluence the evolution of structures and behaviors the counteradaptations of their predators, are often involved in predation and its avoidance? How do pronounced and even spectacular. Predation may in these factors combine to produce particular ,fssem fact be a critical determinant of both the behavior blages of predators and prey with common adapta of individuals and of the functional and taxonomic tions? The 18 papers presented at the symposium, composition of fish assemblages. This possibility and the ones published in these proceedings, re was a major factor leading to the organization of present the varied approaches that researchers have the Behavioral Tactics symposium. The obvious taken in addressing these questions. necessity of feeding, the wealth of information Several topics were common to many presenta available on food and energy budgets of animals tions: four of these in particular deserve at least both in the laboratory and field, and the approach brief mention.

Cephalopods Present and Past Book

Cephalopods Present and Past


  • Author : Jost Wiedmann
  • Publisher : Lubrecht & Cramer Limited
  • Release Date : 1988
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 765
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822006535538

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Cephalopods Present and Past Excerpt :

Conservation of Wildlife Populations Book

Conservation of Wildlife Populations


  • Author : L. Scott Mills
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2009-03-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN 10 : 9781444308938

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Conservation of Wildlife Populations Excerpt :

Professor L. Scott Mills has been named a 2009 Guggenheim Fellowby the board of trustees of the John Simon Guggenheim MemorialFoundation. Conservation of Wildlife Populations provides anaccessible introduction to the most relevant concepts andprinciples for solving real-world management problems in wildlifeand conservation biology. Bringing together insights fromtraditionally disparate disciplines, the book shows how populationbiology addresses important questions involving the harvest,monitoring, and conservation of wildlife populations. Covers the most up-to-date approaches for assessing factorsthat affect both population growth and interactions with otherspecies, including predation, genetic changes, harvest, introducedspecies, viability analysis and habitat loss andfragmentation. Is an essential guide for undergraduates and postgraduatestudents of wildlife biology, conservation biology, ecology, andenvironmental studies and an invaluable resource for practisingmanagers on how population biology can be applied to wildlifeconservation and management. Artwork from the book is available to instructors online at ahref="http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/mills"www.blackwellpublishing.com/mills/a.An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Pleasecontact our Higher Education team at ahref="mailto:HigherEducation@wiley.com"HigherEducation@wiley.com/afor more information.

The Behaviour of Teleost Fishes Book

The Behaviour of Teleost Fishes


  • Author : Tony J. Pitcher
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 553
  • ISBN 10 : 9781468482614

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The Behaviour of Teleost Fishes Excerpt :

This book is about the behaviour of teleosts, a well-defined, highly successful, taxonomic group of vertebrate animals sharing a common body plan and forming the vast majority of living bony fishes. There are weH over 22000 living species of teleosts, including nearly all those of importance in com mercial fisheries and aquaculture. Teleosts are represented injust about every conceivable aquatic environment from temporary desert pools to the deep ocean, from soda lakes to sub-zero Antarctic waters. Behaviour is the primary interface between these effective survival machines and their environment: behavioural plasticity is one of the keys to their success. The study of animal behaviour has undergone revolutionary changes in the past decade under the dual impact of behavioural ecology and sociobiology. The modern body of theory provides quantitatively testable and experi mentaHy accessible hypotheses. Much current work in animal behaviour has concentrated on birds and mammals, animals with ostensibly more complex structure, physiology and behavioural capacity, but there is a growing body of information about the behaviour of fishes. There is now increasing awareness that the same ecological and evolutionary rules govern teleost fish, and that their behaviour is not just a simplified version of that seen in birds and mammals. The details of fish behaviour intimately reflect unique and efficient adaptations to their three-dimensional aquatic environment.

Evolution in Action  Past  Present and Future Book

Evolution in Action Past Present and Future


  • Author : Wolfgang Banzhaf
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-07-08
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 607
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030398316

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Evolution in Action Past Present and Future Excerpt :

This edited research monograph brings together contributions from computer scientists, biologists, and engineers who are engaged with the study of evolution and how it may be applied to solve real-world problems. It also serves as a Festschrift dedicated to Erik D. Goodman, the founding director of the BEACON Center for the Study of Evolution in Action, a pioneering NSF Science and Technology Center headquartered at Michigan State University. The contributing authors are leading experts associated with the center, and they serve in top research and industrial establishments across the US and worldwide. Part I summarizes the history of the BEACON Center, with refreshingly personal chapters that describe Erik's working and leadership style, and others that discuss the development and successes of the center in the context of research funding, projects, and careers. The chapters in Part II deal with the evolution of genomes and evolvability. The contributions in Part III discuss the evolution of behavior and intelligence. Those in Part IV concentrate on the evolution of communities and collective dynamics. The chapters in Part V discuss selected evolutionary computing applications in domains such as arts and science, automated program repair, cybersecurity, mechatronics, and genomic prediction. Part VI deals with evolution in the classroom, using creativity in research, and responsible conduct in research training. The book concludes with a special chapter from Erik Goodman, a short biography that concentrates on his personal positive influences and experiences throughout his long career in academia and industry.