The Management of Scientific Integrity within Academic Medical Centers Book

The Management of Scientific Integrity within Academic Medical Centers


  • Author : Peter Snyder
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-01-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124059290

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The Management of Scientific Integrity within Academic Medical Centers Excerpt :

The Management of Scientific Integrity within Academic Medical Centers discusses the impact scientific misconduct has in eight complex case studies. Authors look at multifaceted mixtures of improper behavior, poor communication, cultural issues, adverse medical/health issues, interpersonal problems and misunderstandings to illustrate the challenge of identifying and managing what went wrong and how current policies have led to the establishment of quasi legal processes within academic institutions. The book reviews the current global regulations and concludes with a section authored by a US federal court judge who provides his perspective on the adequacy of current regulations and policies. Shows how complex most scientific integrity cases are, and how little is clear cut in the adjunction of each Discusses how timely and important scientific misconduct is, and its impact on science at large Reviews the current regulations and policies that guide how we manage scientific integrity Examines this complexity in 8 anonymous case studies Concludes with a section authored by an expertly qualified federal court judge

The Management of Scientific Integrity Within Academic Medical Centers Book

The Management of Scientific Integrity Within Academic Medical Centers


  • Author : Peter Snyder
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-01-08
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 0124051987

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The Management of Scientific Integrity Within Academic Medical Centers Excerpt :

The Management of Scientific Integrity within Academic Medical Centers discusses the impact scientific misconduct has in eight complex case studies. Authors look at multifaceted mixtures of improper behavior, poor communication, cultural issues, adverse medical/health issues, interpersonal problems and misunderstandings to illustrate the challenge of identifying and managing what went wrong and how current policies have led to the establishment of quasi legal processes within academic institutions. The book reviews the current global regulations and concludes with a section authored by a US federal court judge who provides his perspective on the adequacy of current regulations and policies. Shows how complex most scientific integrity cases are, and how little is clear cut in the adjunction of each Discusses how timely and important scientific misconduct is, and its impact on science at large Reviews the current regulations and policies that guide how we manage scientific integrity Examines this complexity in 8 anonymous case studies Concludes with a section authored by an expertly qualified federal court judge

Research in the Biomedical Sciences Book

Research in the Biomedical Sciences


  • Author : Michael Williams
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-10-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128047262

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Research in the Biomedical Sciences Excerpt :

Research in the Biomedical Sciences: Transparent and Reproducible documents the widespread concerns related to reproducibility in biomedical research and provides a best practices guide to effective and transparent hypothesis generation, experimental design, reagent standardization (including validation and authentication), statistical analysis, and data reporting. The book addresses issues in the perceived value of the existing peer review process and calls for the need for improved transparency in data reporting. It reflects new guidelines for publication that include manuscript checklists, replication/reproducibility initiatives, and the potential consequences for the biomedical research community and societal health and well-being if training, mentoring, and funding of new generations of researchers and incentives for publications are not improved. This book offers real world examples, insights, and solutions to provide a thought-provoking and timely resource for all those learning about, or engaged in, performing and supervising research across the biomedical sciences. Provides a “big picture perspective on the scope of reproducibility issues and covers initiatives that have potential as effective solutions Offers real-world research context for transparent, reproducible experimental design, execution and reporting of biomedical research with the potential to address aspects of the translational gap in drug discovery Highlights the importance of reproducibility and the necessary changes in biomedical and pharmaceutical research training and incentives to ensure sustainability

Scientific Integrity Book

Scientific Integrity


  • Author : Francis L. Macrina
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-07-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN 10 : 9781683673514

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Scientific Integrity Excerpt :

This widely adopted textbook provides the essential content and skill-building tools for teaching the responsible conduct of scientific research. Scientific Integrity covers the breadth of concerns faced by scientists: protection of animal and human experimental subjects, scientific publication, intellectual property, conflict of interest, collaboration, record keeping, mentoring, and the social and ethical responsibilities of scientists. Learning activities and resources designed to elucidate the principles of Scientific Integrity include Dozens of highly relevant, interactive case studies for discussion in class or online Numerous print and online resources covering the newest research guidelines, regulations, mandates and policies Discussion questions, role-playing exercises, and survey tools to promote critical thought Documents including published rules of conduct, sample experimentation protocols, and patent applications The new edition of Scientific Integrity responds to significant recent changes—new mandates, policies, laws, and other developments—in the field of responsible conduct of research. Dr. Macrina plants the seeds of awareness of existing, changing, and emerging standards in scientific conduct and provides the tools to promote critical thinking in the use of that information. Scientific Integrity is the original turnkey text to guide the next generations of scientists as well as practicing researchers in the essential skills and approaches for the responsible conduct of science.

Public Health Reports Book

Public Health Reports


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1990
  • Genre: Public health
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015018789183

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Health Services Reports Book

Health Services Reports


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1990
  • Genre: Audio-visual materials
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : UIUC:30112023557173

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Health Services Reports Excerpt :

Fostering Integrity in Research Book

Fostering Integrity in Research


  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2018-01-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 327
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309391252

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Fostering Integrity in Research Excerpt :

The integrity of knowledge that emerges from research is based on individual and collective adherence to core values of objectivity, honesty, openness, fairness, accountability, and stewardship. Integrity in science means that the organizations in which research is conducted encourage those involved to exemplify these values in every step of the research process. Understanding the dynamics that support â€" or distort â€" practices that uphold the integrity of research by all participants ensures that the research enterprise advances knowledge. The 1992 report Responsible Science: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process evaluated issues related to scientific responsibility and the conduct of research. It provided a valuable service in describing and analyzing a very complicated set of issues, and has served as a crucial basis for thinking about research integrity for more than two decades. However, as experience has accumulated with various forms of research misconduct, detrimental research practices, and other forms of misconduct, as subsequent empirical research has revealed more about the nature of scientific misconduct, and because technological and social changes have altered the environment in which science is conducted, it is clear that the framework established more than two decades ago needs to be updated. Responsible Science served as a valuable benchmark to set the context for this most recent analysis and to help guide the committee's thought process. Fostering Integrity in Research identifies best practices in research and recommends practical options for discouraging and addressing research misconduct and detrimental research practices.

The Ethical Dimensions of the Biological and Health Sciences Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

The Ethical Dimensions of the Biological and Health Sciences


  • Author : Ruth Ellen Bulger
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2002-07-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 0521810531

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The Ethical Dimensions of the Biological and Health Sciences Excerpt :

This is the second edition of a highly successful and well-received textbook on the responsible conduct of biomedical and health science research. It is aimed at faculty and graduate students in health science and biomedical science programs. In addition, those on National Institute of Health research grants, administrators at universities, and academic health centers will find it a useful resource. The major changes include new chapters providing overviews of each topic, several new published articles added to the readings, revised case studies as well as further readings and web addresses.

Integrity in Scientific Research Book

Integrity in Scientific Research


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2002-11-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 217
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309084796

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Integrity in Scientific Research Excerpt :

"Many people say that it is the intellect which makes a great scientist. They are wrong: it is character."-Albert Einstein Integrity in Scientific Research attempts to define and describe those elements that encourage individuals involved with scientific research to act with integrity. Recognizing the inconsistency of human behavior, it stresses the important role that research institutions play in providing an integrity-rich environment, citing the need for institutions to provide staff with training and education, policies and procedures, and tools and support systems. It identifies practices that characterize integrity in such areas as peer review and research on human subjects and weighs the strengths and limitations of self-evaluation efforts by these institutions. In addition, it details an approach to promoting integrity during the education of researchers, including how to develop an effective curriculum. Providing a framework for research and educational institutions, this important book will be essential for anyone concerned about ethics in the scientific community.

Cumulated Index Medicus Book

Cumulated Index Medicus


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1993
  • Genre: Medicine
  • Pages : 1396
  • ISBN 10 : OSU:32436010180204

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Cumulated Index Medicus Excerpt :

Personalized Nutrition Book

Personalized Nutrition


  • Author : Artemis P. Simopoulos
  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 201
  • ISBN 10 : 9783805594271

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Personalized Nutrition Excerpt :

Awareness of the influence of our genetic variation to dietary response (nutrigenetics) and how nutrients may affect gene expression (nutrigenomics) is prompting a revolution in the field of nutrition. Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics provide powerful approaches to unravel the complex relationships among nutritional molecules, genetic variants and the biological system. This publication contains selected papers from the '3rd Congress of the International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics' held in Bethesda, Md., in October 2009. The contributions address frontiers in nutrigenetics, nutrigenomics, epigenetics, transcriptomics as well as non-coding RNAs and posttranslational gene regulations in various diseases and conditions. In addition to scientific studies, the challenges and opportunities facing governments, academia and the industry are included. Everyone interested in the future of personalized medicine and nutrition or agriculture, as well as researchers in academia, government and industry will find this publication of the utmost interest for their work.

Ethical Issues in Neurology Book

Ethical Issues in Neurology


  • Author : James L. Bernat
  • Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN 10 : 0781790603

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Ethical Issues in Neurology Excerpt :

Written by an eminent authority from the American Academy of Neurology's Committee on Ethics, Law, and Humanities, this book is an excellent text for all clinicians interested in ethical decision-making. The book features outstanding presentations on dying and palliative care, physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia, medical futility, and the relationship between ethics and the law. New chapters in this edition discuss how clinicians resolve ethical dilemmas in practice and explore ethical issues in neuroscience research. Other highlights include updated material on palliative sedation, advance directives, ICU withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy, gene therapy, the very-low-birth-weight premature infant, the developmentally disabled patient, informed consent, organizational ethics, brain death controversies, and fMRI and PET studies relating to persistent vegetative state.

Cancer Symptom Science Book

Cancer Symptom Science


  • Author : Charles S. Cleeland
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2010-11-18
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781139493406

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Cancer Symptom Science Excerpt :

Cancer Symptom Science is the first interdisciplinary compilation of research on the mechanisms underlying the expression of cancer-related symptoms. It presents innovations in clinical, animal and in vitro research, research methods in brain imaging, and statistical-descriptive approaches to understanding the mechanistic basis of symptom expression. This volume also provides perspectives from patients, government and industry. By collecting and synthesizing the developing threads of new approaches to understanding cancer-related symptoms, the book promotes a pioneering framework for merging behavioral and biological disciplines to clarify mechanisms of symptom evolution, incorporating new technologies, testing novel agents for symptom control, and improving patient functioning and quality of life both during and after cancer treatment. With an expert editorial team led by Charles S. Cleeland, an internationally-recognized leader in cancer pain assessment and treatment, this is essential reading for surgical, clinical and medical oncologists, academic researchers, and pharmaceutical companies developing new agents to control symptom expression.

Promoting Research Integrity in a Global Environment Book

Promoting Research Integrity in a Global Environment


  • Author : Tony Mayer
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814340977

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Promoting Research Integrity in a Global Environment Excerpt :

The World Conferences on Research Integrity provide a forum for an international group of researchers, research administrators from funding agencies and similar bodies. The second such conference, held in Singapore in July 2010. This volume brings together a selection of presentations and key guidelines and statements emerging from the Conference.

The Ethics Police  Book

The Ethics Police


  • Author : Robert Klitzman
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2015
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 433
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199364602

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The Ethics Police Excerpt :

All studies on people involving diseases, from cancer to autism, and behavior. Yet ethical violations persist. At the same time, critics have increasingly attacked these committees for delaying or blocking important studies. Partly, science is changing, and the current system has not kept up. Since the regulations were first conceived 40 years ago, research has burgeoned 30-fold. Studies often now include not a single university, but multiple institutions, and 40 separate IRBs thus need to approve a single project. One committee might approve a study quickly, while others require major changes, altering the scientific design, and making the comparison of data between sites difficult. Crucial dilemmas thus emerge of whether the current system should be changed, and if so, how. Yet we must first understand the status quo to know how to improve it. Unfortunately, these committees operate behind closed doors, and have received relatively little in-depth investigation.