The Measurement of Health and Health Status Book

The Measurement of Health and Health Status


  • Author : Paul Krabbe
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-10-07
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128017203

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The Measurement of Health and Health Status Excerpt :

The Measurement of Health and Health Status: Concepts, Methods and Applications from a Multidisciplinary Perspective presents a unifying perspective on how to select the best measurement framework for any situation. Serving as a one-stop shop that unifies material currently available in various locations, this book illuminates the intuition behind each method, explaining how each method has special purposes, what developments are occurring, and how new combinations among methods might be relevant to specific situations. It especially emphasizes the measurement of health and health states (quality-of-life), giving significant attention to newly developed methods. The book introduces technically complex, new methods for both introductory and technically-proficient readers. Assumes that the best measure depends entirely on the situation Covers preference-based methods, classical test theory, and item response theory Features illustrations and animations drawn from diverse fields and disciplines

Health Status Measurement Book

Health Status Measurement


  • Author : Richard G. Brooks
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1995
  • Genre: Health services - Economics
  • Pages : 142
  • ISBN 10 : 0333527194

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Health Status Measurement Excerpt :

Examines the development of outcome measures in health, with particular emphasis on health status and health-related quality of life measurement. Covers the place of health status measurement in health services research and its implications for health care decision making.

Performance Measurement for Health System Improvement Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Performance Measurement for Health System Improvement


  • Author : Peter C. Smith
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2010-01-07
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 748
  • ISBN 10 : 9781139483933

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Performance Measurement for Health System Improvement Excerpt :

In a world where there is increasing demand for the performance of health providers to be measured, there is a need for a more strategic vision of the role that performance measurement can play in securing health system improvement. This volume meets this need by presenting the opportunities and challenges associated with performance measurement in a framework that is clear and easy to understand. It examines the various levels at which health system performance is undertaken, the technical instruments and tools available, and the implications using these may have for those charged with the governance of the health system. Technical material is presented in an accessible way and is illustrated with examples from all over the world. Performance Measurement for Health System Improvement is an authoritative and practical guide for policy makers, regulators, patient groups and researchers.

Measuring the Quality of Health Care Book

Measuring the Quality of Health Care


  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1999-03-09
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 42
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309063876

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Measuring the Quality of Health Care Excerpt :

The National Roundtable on Health Care Quality was established in 1995 by the Institute of Medicine. The Roundtable consists of experts formally appointed through procedures of the National Research Council (NRC) who represent both public and private-sector perspectives and appropriate areas of substantive expertise (not organizations). From the public sector, heads of appropriate Federal agencies serve. It offers a unique, nonadversarial environment to explore ongoing rapid changes in the medical marketplace and the implications of these changes for the quality of health and health care in this nation. The Roundtable has a liaison panel focused on quality of care in managed care organizations. The Roundtable convenes nationally prominent representatives of the private and public sector (regional, state and federal), academia, patients, and the health media to analyze unfolding issues concerning quality, to hold workshops and commission papers on significant topics, and when appropriate, to produce periodic statements for the nation on quality of care matters. By providing a structured opportunity for regular communication and interaction, the Roundtable fosters candid discussion among individuals who represent various sides of a given issue.

The Measurement of Health Book

The Measurement of Health


  • Author : James S. Larson
  • Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
  • Release Date : 1991
  • Genre: Health & Fitness
  • Pages : 175
  • ISBN 10 : 0313273391

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The Measurement of Health Excerpt :

As health care costs rise, it becomes imperative that methods of measuring health improve. Only then can health care programs for both populations and individuals be designed effectively. This volume offers a summary of the concepts and indicators in health measurement to date on the international, national, state, and local levels, and proposes new measurement criteria which can serve as a firm basis for further study by researchers, academics, and health professionals.

Improving Health in the Community Book

Improving Health in the Community


  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1997-05-21
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309055345

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Improving Health in the Community Excerpt :

How do communities protect and improve the health of their populations? Health care is part of the answer but so are environmental protections, social and educational services, adequate nutrition, and a host of other activities. With concern over funding constraints, making sure such activities are efficient and effective is becoming a high priority. Improving Health in the Community explains how population-based performance monitoring programs can help communities point their efforts in the right direction. Within a broad definition of community health, the committee addresses factors surrounding the implementation of performance monitoring and explores the "why" and "how to" of establishing mechanisms to monitor the performance of those who can influence community health. The book offers a policy framework, applies a multidimensional model of the determinants of health, and provides sets of prototype performance indicators for specific health issues. Improving Health in the Community presents an attainable vision of a process that can achieve community-wide health benefits.

Communities in Action Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Communities in Action


  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2017-04-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309452960

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Communities in Action Excerpt :

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Patient Reported Outcomes in Performance Measurement Book

Patient Reported Outcomes in Performance Measurement


  • Author : David Cella
  • Publisher : RTI Press
  • Release Date : 2015-09-17
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 97
  • ISBN 10 : 9781934831144

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Patient Reported Outcomes in Performance Measurement Excerpt :

Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are measures of how patients feel or what they are able to do in the context of their health status; PROs are reports, usually on questionnaires, about a patient's health conditions, health behaviors, or experiences with health care that individuals report directly, without modification of responses by clinicians or others; thus, they directly reflect the voice of the patient. PROs cover domains such as physical health, mental and emotional health, functioning, symptoms and symptom burden, and health behaviors. They are relevant for many activities: helping patients and their clinicians make informed decisions about health care, monitoring the progress of care, setting policies for coverage and reimbursement of health services, improving the quality of health care services, and tracking or reporting on the performance of health care delivery organizations. We address the major methodological issues related to choosing, administering, and using PROs for these purposes, particularly in clinical practice settings. We include a framework for best practices in selecting PROs, focusing on choosing appropriate methods and modes for administering PRO measures to accommodate patients with diverse linguistic, cultural, educational, and functional skills, understanding measures developed through both classic and modern test theory, and addressing complex issues relating to scoring and analyzing PRO data.

Functional Status Measurement in Primary Care Book

Functional Status Measurement in Primary Care


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 267
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461389774

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Functional Status Measurement in Primary Care Excerpt :

The assessment of outcomes of medical interventions is a central concern of patients, physicians, nurses, and of individuals, groups and government agencies who pay for medical care. Outcome assessments are incomplete without measurements of functional status. Functional Status Measurement in Primary Care provides an indepth discussion of psychometric issues as applied to functional status assessment and details the practical experience of Family Physicians/General Practitioners in several countries with functional status measurements in their patient populations. International experience with the use of the Darthmouth COOP Charts is described along with their practical application in the daily practice of physicians and nurses of ambulatory patients.

Developing a Protocol for Observational Comparative Effectiveness Research  A User s Guide Book

Developing a Protocol for Observational Comparative Effectiveness Research A User s Guide


  • Author : Agency for Health Care Research and Quality (U.S.)
  • Publisher : Government Printing Office
  • Release Date : 2013-02-21
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN 10 : 9781587634239

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Developing a Protocol for Observational Comparative Effectiveness Research A User s Guide Excerpt :

This User’s Guide is a resource for investigators and stakeholders who develop and review observational comparative effectiveness research protocols. It explains how to (1) identify key considerations and best practices for research design; (2) build a protocol based on these standards and best practices; and (3) judge the adequacy and completeness of a protocol. Eleven chapters cover all aspects of research design, including: developing study objectives, defining and refining study questions, addressing the heterogeneity of treatment effect, characterizing exposure, selecting a comparator, defining and measuring outcomes, and identifying optimal data sources. Checklists of guidance and key considerations for protocols are provided at the end of each chapter. The User’s Guide was created by researchers affiliated with AHRQ’s Effective Health Care Program, particularly those who participated in AHRQ’s DEcIDE (Developing Evidence to Inform Decisions About Effectiveness) program. Chapters were subject to multiple internal and external independent reviews. More more information, please consult the Agency website: www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov)

Analyzing Health Equity Using Household Survey Data Book

Analyzing Health Equity Using Household Survey Data


  • Author : Adam Wagstaff
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release Date : 2007-11-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 165
  • ISBN 10 : 0821369342

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Analyzing Health Equity Using Household Survey Data Excerpt :

Have gaps in health outcomes between the poor and better off grown? Are they larger in one country than another? Are health sector subsidies more equally distributed in some countries than others? Are health care payments more progressive in one health care financing system than another? What are catastrophic payments and how can they be measured? How far do health care payments impoverish households? Answering questions such as these requires quantitative analysis. This in turn depends on a clear understanding of how to measure key variables in the analysis, such as health outcomes, health expenditures, need, and living standards. It also requires set quantitative methods for measuring inequality and inequity, progressivity, catastrophic expenditures, poverty impact, and so on. This book provides an overview of the key issues that arise in the measurement of health variables and living standards, outlines and explains essential tools and methods for distributional analysis, and, using worked examples, shows how these tools and methods can be applied in the health sector. The book seeks to provide the reader with both a solid grasp of the principles underpinning distributional analysis, while at the same time offering hands-on guidance on how to move from principles to practice.

Health Measurement Scales Book

Health Measurement Scales


  • Author : David L. Streiner
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2015
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 399
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199685219

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Health Measurement Scales Excerpt :

A new edition of this practical guide for clinicians who are developing tools to measure subjective states, attitudes, or non-tangible outcomes in their patients, suitable for those who have no knowledge of statistics.

For the Public s Health Book

For the Public s Health


  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2011-05-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309161275

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For the Public s Health Excerpt :

Despite having the costliest medical care delivery system in the world, Americans are not particularly healthy. Recent international comparisons show that life expectancy in the U.S. ranks 49th among all nations, and infant mortality rates are higher in the U.S. than in many far less affluent nations. While these statistics are alarming, the bigger problem is that we do not know how to reverse this trend. Our lack of knowledge is due in large part to significant inadequacies in the health system for gathering, analyzing, and communicating health information about the population. To inform the public health community and all other sectors that contribute to population health, For the Public's Health: The Role of Measurement in Action and Accountability reviews current approaches for measuring the health of individuals and communities and creates a roadmap for future development. This book, the first of three in a series, focuses on data and measurement-not as ends in themselves, but rather tools to inform the myriad programs, policies, and processes developed or undertaken by governmental public health agencies and their many partners in the health system. For the Public's Health seeks to reinstate the proper and evidence-based understanding of health as not merely the result of medical or clinical care but the result of the sum of what we do as a society to create the conditions in which people can be healthy. To achieve this goal, the book suggests changes in the processes, tools, and approaches used to gather information about health outcomes and their determinants. The book also recommends developing an integrated and coordinated system in which all parties-including governmental and private sector partners at all levels-have access to timely and meaningful data to help foster individual and community awareness and action.

Statistical Methods for Quality of Life Studies Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Statistical Methods for Quality of Life Studies


  • Author : Mounir Mesbah
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2002-08-31
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN 10 : 1402001428

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Statistical Methods for Quality of Life Studies Excerpt :

The volume presents a broad spectrum of papers which illustrates a range of current research related to the theory, methods and applications of health related quality of life (HRQoL) as well as the interdisciplinary nature of this work.

Health System Efficiency Book

Health System Efficiency


  • Author : Jonathan Cylus
  • Publisher : Health Policy
  • Release Date : 2016-12-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN 10 : 9289050411

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Health System Efficiency Excerpt :

In this book the authors explore the state of the art on efficiency measurement in health systems and international experts offer insights into the pitfalls and potential associated with various measurement techniques. The authors show that: - The core idea of efficiency is easy to understand in principle - maximizing valued outputs relative to inputs, but is often difficult to make operational in real-life situations - There have been numerous advances in data collection and availability, as well as innovative methodological approaches that give valuable insights into how efficiently health care is delivered - Our simple analytical framework can facilitate the development and interpretation of efficiency indicators.