The Neural Control of Movement Book

The Neural Control of Movement


  • Author : Patrick J. Whelan
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-08-12
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128172759

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The Neural Control of Movement Excerpt :

From speech to breathing to overt movement contractions of muscles are the only way other than sweating whereby we literally make a mark on the world. Locomotion is an essential part of this equation and exciting new developments are shedding light on the mechanisms underlying how this important behavior occurs. The Neural Control of Movement discusses these developments across a variety of species including man. The editors focus on highlighting the utility of different models from invertebrates to vertebrates. Each chapter discusses how new approaches in neuroscience are being used to dissect and control neural networks. An area of emphasis is on vertebrate motor networks and particularly the spinal cord. The spinal cord is unique because it has seen the use of genetic tools allowing the dissection of networks for over ten years. This book provides practical details on model systems, approaches, and analysis approaches related to movement control. This book is written for neuroscientists interested in movement control. Provides practice details on model systems, approaches, and analysis approaches related to movement control Discusses how recent advances like optogenetics and chemogenetics affect the need for model systems to be modified (or not) to work for studies of movement and motor control Written for neuroscientists interested in movement control, especially movement disorders like Parkinson’s, MS, spinal cord injury, and stroke

Biomechanics and Neural Control of Posture and Movement Book

Biomechanics and Neural Control of Posture and Movement


  • Author : Jack M. Winters
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2011-10-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 683
  • ISBN 10 : 1461221056

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Biomechanics and Neural Control of Posture and Movement Excerpt :

Most routine motor tasks are complex, involving load transmission through out the body, intricate balance, and eye-head-shoulder-hand-torso-leg coor dination. The quest toward understanding how we perform such tasks with skill and grace, often in the presence of unpredictable perturbations, has a long history. This book arose from the Ninth Engineering Foundation Con ference on Biomechanics and Neural Control of Movement, held in Deer Creek, Ohio, in June 1996. This unique conference, which has met every 2 to 4 years since the late 1960s, is well known for its informal format that promotes high-level, up-to-date discussions on the key issues in the field. The intent is to capture the high quality ofthe knowledge and discourse that is an integral part of this conference series. The book is organized into ten sections. Section I provides a brief intro duction to the terminology and conceptual foundations of the field of move ment science; it is intended primarily for students. All but two of the re maining nine sections share a common format: (l) a designated section editor; (2) an introductory didactic chapter, solicited from recognized lead ers; and (3) three to six state-of-the-art perspective chapters. Some per spective chapters are followed by commentaries by selected experts that provide balance and insight. Section VI is the largest section, and it con sists of nine perspective chapters without commentaries.

Neural Control of Locomotion Book

Neural Control of Locomotion


  • Author : Robert Herman
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-05-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 822
  • ISBN 10 : 9781475709643

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Neural Control of Locomotion Excerpt :

Neural Control of Movement Book

Neural Control of Movement


  • Author : W.R. Ferrell
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461519850

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Neural Control of Movement Excerpt :

Presented with a choice of evils, most would prefer to be blinded rather than to be unable to move, immobilized in the late stages of Parkinson's disease. Yet in everyday life, as in Neuroscience, vision holds the centre of the stage. The conscious psyche watches a private TV show all day long, while the motor system is left to get on with it "out of sight and out of mind. " Motor skills are worshipped at all levels of society, whether in golf, tennis, soccer, athletics or in musical performance; meanwhile the subconscious machinery is ignored. But scientifically there is steady advance on a wide front, as we are reminded here, from the reversal of the reflexes of the stick insects to the site of motor learning in the human cerebral cortex. As in the rest of Physiology, evolution has preserved that which has already worked well; thus general principles can often be best discerned in lower animals. No one scientist can be personally involved at all levels of analysis, but especially for the motor system a narrow view is doomed from the outset. Interaction is all; the spinal cord has surrendered its autonomy to the brain, but the brain can only control the limbs by talking to the spinal cord in a language that it can understand, determined by its pre-existing circuitry; and both receive a continuous stream of feedback from the periphery.

Neural and Computational Modeling of Movement Control Book

Neural and Computational Modeling of Movement Control


  • Author : Ning Lan
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2017-04-17
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889451302

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Neural and Computational Modeling of Movement Control Excerpt :

In the study of sensorimotor systems, an important research goal has been to understand the way neural networks in the spinal cord and brain interact to control voluntary movement. Computational modeling has provided insight into the interaction between centrally generated commands, proprioceptive feedback signals and the biomechanical responses of the moving body. Research in this field is also driven by the need to improve and optimize rehabilitation after nervous system injury and to devise biomimetic methods of control in robotic devices. This research topic is focused on efforts dedicated to identify and model the neuromechanical control of movement. Neural networks in the brain and spinal cord are known to generate patterned activity that mediates coordinated activation of multiple muscles in both rhythmic and discrete movements, e.g. locomotion and reaching. Commands descending from the higher centres in the CNS modulate the activity of spinal networks, which control movement on the basis of sensory feedback of various types, including that from proprioceptive afferents. The computational models will continue to shed light on the central strategies and mechanisms of sensorimotor control and learning. This research topic demonstrated that computational modeling is playing a more and more prominent role in the studies of postural and movement control. With increasing ability to gather data from all levels of the neuromechanical sensorimotor systems, there is a compelling need for novel, creative modeling of new and existing data sets, because the more systematic means to extract knowledge and insights about neural computations of sensorimotor systems from these data is through computational modeling. While models should be based on experimental data and validated with experimental evidence, they should also be flexible to provide a conceptual framework for unifying diverse data sets, to generate new insights of neural mechanisms, to integrate new data sets into

Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement Book

Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement


  • Author : M.D. Binder
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1999-12-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 479
  • ISBN 10 : 0080862489

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Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement Excerpt :

In the last decade, we have witnessed a striking maturation of our understanding of how neurons in the spinal cord control muscular activity and movement. Paradoxically, a host of new findings have revealed an unexpected versatility in the behavior of these well-studied neural elements and circuits. In this volume, the world's leading experts review the current state of our knowledge of motor control, outline their latest results and developments, and delineate the seminal unresolved questions in this vibrant field of research. The volume begins with a commentary and overview of our current understanding of the peripheral and spinal basis of motor control. The remainder of the volume is divided into seven sections, each focused on a different problem. The first chapter in each section provides some historical review and presages the experimental findings and hypotheses that are discussed in subsequent chapters. Topics include the biomechanics of neuromuscular systems, the properties of motoneurons and the muscle units they control, spinal interneurons, pattern generating circuits, locomotion, descending control of spinal circuits, comparative physiology of motor systems, and motor systems neurophysiology studied in man. The book serves as a unique reference volume and should be essential reading for anyone interested in motor systems. Moreover, the volume's comprehensive coverage of a wide range of topics make it an effective textbook for graduate level courses in motor control neurobiology, kinesiology, physical therapy, and rehabilitation medicine.

Human Motor Control Book

Human Motor Control


  • Author : David A. Rosenbaum
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-06-28
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080571089

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Human Motor Control Excerpt :

Human Motor Control is a elementary introduction to the field of motor control, stressing psychological, physiological, and computational approaches. Human Motor Control cuts across all disciplines which are defined with respect to movement: physical education, dance, physical therapy, robotics, and so on. The book is organized around major activity areas. A comprehensive presentation of the major problems and topics in human motor control Incorporates applications of work that lie outside traditional sports or physical education teaching

Neural Communication and Control Book

Neural Communication and Control


  • Author : Gy. Székely
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483190198

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Neural Communication and Control Excerpt :

Advances in Physiological Sciences, Volume 30: Neural Communication and Control is a collection of papers presented at the 1980 satellite symposium of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Science, held in Visegrá Hungary. This volume is composed of 26 chapters and begins with a description of nervous elements and systems on the phylogenetic scale. The succeeding chapters review studies on the excitable membrane, the properties of a single neuron, of small and large neuronal ensembles and of systems of increasing complexity, considering physiological and anatomical aspects, as well as experimenting and modeling. Other chapters explore the whole-brain function based on a conscious experience. The remaining chapters examine the understanding the neural basis of cognitive experience through experiment on evaluative cognitive agency in "split-brain" patients. This book is of value to physiologists, neurologists, and researchers.

Neural Control Engineering Book
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Neural Control Engineering


  • Author : Steven J. Schiff
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2011-11-10
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262015370

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Neural Control Engineering Excerpt :

How powerful new methods in nonlinear control engineering can be applied to neuroscience, from fundamental model formulation to advanced medical applications. Over the past sixty years, powerful methods of model-based control engineering have been responsible for such dramatic advances in engineering systems as autolanding aircraft, autonomous vehicles, and even weather forecasting. Over those same decades, our models of the nervous system have evolved from single-cell membranes to neuronal networks to large-scale models of the human brain. Yet until recently control theory was completely inapplicable to the types of nonlinear models being developed in neuroscience. The revolution in nonlinear control engineering in the late 1990s has made the intersection of control theory and neuroscience possible. In Neural Control Engineering, Steven Schiff seeks to bridge the two fields, examining the application of new methods in nonlinear control engineering to neuroscience. After presenting extensive material on formulating computational neuroscience models in a control environment—including some fundamentals of the algorithms helpful in crossing the divide from intuition to effective application—Schiff examines a range of applications, including brain-machine interfaces and neural stimulation. He reports on research that he and his colleagues have undertaken showing that nonlinear control theory methods can be applied to models of single cells, small neuronal networks, and large-scale networks in disease states of Parkinson's disease and epilepsy. With Neural Control Engineering the reader acquires a working knowledge of the fundamentals of control theory and computational neuroscience sufficient not only to understand the literature in this trandisciplinary area but also to begin working to advance the field. The book will serve as an essential guide for scientists in either biology or engineering and for physicians who wish to gain expertise in these areas.

Neurobiology of Motor Control Book

Neurobiology of Motor Control


  • Author : Scott L. Hooper
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-06-21
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118873625

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Neurobiology of Motor Control Excerpt :

A multi-disciplinary look at the current state of knowledge regarding motor control and movement—from molecular biology to robotics The last two decades have seen a dramatic increase in the number of sophisticated tools and methodologies for exploring motor control and movement. Multi-unit recordings, molecular neurogenetics, computer simulation, and new scientific approaches for studying how muscles and body anatomy transform motor neuron activity into movement have helped revolutionize the field. Neurobiology of Motor Control brings together contributions from an interdisciplinary group of experts to provide a review of the current state of knowledge about the initiation and execution of movement, as well as the latest methods and tools for investigating them. The book ranges from the findings of basic scientists studying model organisms such as mollusks and Drosophila, to biomedical researchers investigating vertebrate motor production to neuroengineers working to develop robotic and smart prostheses technologies. Following foundational chapters on current molecular biological techniques, neuronal ensemble recording, and computer simulation, it explores a broad range of related topics, including the evolution of motor systems, directed targeted movements, plasticity and learning, and robotics. Explores motor control and movement in a wide variety of organisms, from simple invertebrates to human beings Offers concise summaries of motor control systems across a variety of animals and movement types Explores an array of tools and methodologies, including electrophysiological techniques, neurogenic and molecular techniques, large ensemble recordings, and computational methods Considers unresolved questions and how current scientific advances may be used to solve them going forward Written specifically to encourage interdisciplinary understanding and collaboration, and offering the most wide-ranging, timely, and comprehensive look at the science of motor control and

Biomechanics and Neural Control of Posture and Movement Book

Biomechanics and Neural Control of Posture and Movement


  • Author : Jack M. Winters
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 683
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461221043

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Biomechanics and Neural Control of Posture and Movement Excerpt :

Most routine motor tasks are complex, involving load transmission through out the body, intricate balance, and eye-head-shoulder-hand-torso-leg coor dination. The quest toward understanding how we perform such tasks with skill and grace, often in the presence of unpredictable perturbations, has a long history. This book arose from the Ninth Engineering Foundation Con ference on Biomechanics and Neural Control of Movement, held in Deer Creek, Ohio, in June 1996. This unique conference, which has met every 2 to 4 years since the late 1960s, is well known for its informal format that promotes high-level, up-to-date discussions on the key issues in the field. The intent is to capture the high quality ofthe knowledge and discourse that is an integral part of this conference series. The book is organized into ten sections. Section I provides a brief intro duction to the terminology and conceptual foundations of the field of move ment science; it is intended primarily for students. All but two of the re maining nine sections share a common format: (l) a designated section editor; (2) an introductory didactic chapter, solicited from recognized lead ers; and (3) three to six state-of-the-art perspective chapters. Some per spective chapters are followed by commentaries by selected experts that provide balance and insight. Section VI is the largest section, and it con sists of nine perspective chapters without commentaries.

Foundations of Neuroscience Book

Foundations of Neuroscience


  • Author : Casey Henley
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Genre: Biology
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1253356919

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Neural Control of Rhythmic Movements in Vertebrates Book

Neural Control of Rhythmic Movements in Vertebrates


  • Author : Avis H. Cohen
  • Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
  • Release Date : 1988-02-26
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822007913346

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Neural Control of Rhythmic Movements in Vertebrates Excerpt :

Electroreception Edited by Theodore Holmes Bullock and Walter Heiligenberg Presents recent findings in the research on modality of animal perception, particularly the ability to sense feeble electrical fields. Includes a new treatment of electric organs and their control, examination of receptors and their ionic mechanisms, and discussion of regeneration of the spinal cord. Uses electric fish as models. 1986 (0 471-81800-3) 722 pp. Neurobiology of Taste and Smell Thomas E. Finger and Wayne L. Silver A survey of subdisciplines within the field of neurobiology and an overview of current issues, recent findings, and future research, and an excellent introduction to the specific study of the chemical senses, including olfactory, vomeronasal, and gustatory systems. 1987 (0 471-81799-6) 449 pp. Higher Brain Functions Recent Explorations of the Brain’s Emergent Properties Edited by Steven P. Wise Pushing at the frontiers of knowledge, the best minds in the field of neurophysiology develop original ideas first presented in a monograph by Evarts, Shinoda, and Wise, Neurophysiological Approaches to Higher Brain Functions. Organized into three sections, Motor Aspects of Higher Brain Function, Effects of Preparatory Set, and Cerebral Organization, this volume explores important and interesting research directed toward questions concerning higher brain functions that lie beyond the traditional concerns of sensor and motor physiology. 1987 (0 471-01111-8) 384 pp. Synaptic Function Edited by Gerald M. Edelman, W. Einar Gall, and W. Maxwell Cowan Examines synaptic function by focusing on five areas—biochemical and biophysical mechanisms of change in pre-and postsynaptic cells; the neurochemicstry of transmitters and their release; the interactions of cells in small networks; synaptic plasticity related to long-term changes; and theoretical models of synaptic function. 1987 (0 471-85557-X) 944 pp.