The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction Book

The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction


  • Author : Fabrice G. Renaud
  • Publisher : United Nations University Press
  • Release Date : 2013
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 486
  • ISBN 10 : 9789280812213

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The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction Excerpt :

The uptake of ecosystem-based approaches for disaster risk reduction (DRR) is slow, however, despite some success stories. There are multiple reasons for this reluctance: ecosystem management is rarely considered as part of the portfolio of DRR solutions because the environmental and disaster management communities typically work independently from each other; its contribution to DRR is highly undervalued compared to engineered solutions and therefore not given appropriate budget allocations; and there are poor interactions between policymakers and researchers, leading to unclear and sometimes contradictory scientific information on the role of ecosystems for DRR. The aim of this book is to provide an overview of knowledge and practice in this multidisciplinary field of ecosystems management and DRR. The contributors, professionals from the science and disaster management communities around the world, represent state-of-the-art knowledge, practices, and perspectives on the topic.

Sustainable Development and Disaster Risk Reduction Book

Sustainable Development and Disaster Risk Reduction


  • Author : Juha I. Uitto
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-11-05
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 287
  • ISBN 10 : 9784431550785

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Sustainable Development and Disaster Risk Reduction Excerpt :

This book focuses on exploring the linkages between natural disasters and sustainable development at the global, regional, and national levels. Disasters and development are closely related, yet the disciplinary silos prevail and there is little communication and cooperation between the disaster management, environment, and development communities. One catastrophic event, such as an earthquake, tsunami, or cyclone, can destroy infrastructure, people’s lives and livelihoods, and set back development. Similarly, slow onset disasters—often associated with global climate change—pose threats to development, livelihoods, food security, and long-term sustainable development. This book is uniquely aimed at bridging the gaps between the environmental, development, and disaster management communities. It traces the evolution of concepts and practice and highlights the linkages between natural disasters and sustainable development in key sectors, including food security, health, and water. The book includes case studies from the field highlighting the complex issues that challenge sustainable development and disaster risk management in practice. It draws policy conclusions for the global community based on state-of-the art knowledge from research and practice. The primary target groups for the book are researchers, including graduate students, in the fields of environment and sustainable development, geography, disaster risk reduction, and climate change studies. The second target group comprises practitioners and policymakers working in national and international organizations, the private sector, and civil society.

The Role of Infrastructure in Disaster Risk Reduction Book

The Role of Infrastructure in Disaster Risk Reduction


  • Author : Makarand Hastak
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2022-02-15
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 375
  • ISBN 10 : 0128146982

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The Role of Infrastructure in Disaster Risk Reduction Excerpt :

The Role of Infrastructure in Disaster Risk Reduction offers a comprehensive disaster-planning framework for the seven infrastructure layers: civil, civic, social, environmental, financial, educational, and cyber infrastructure. This framework includes three steps: 1) disaster impact assessment; 2) infrastructure development strategy (i.e., preparation strategy); and 3) capacity building strategy (i.e., mitigation strategy). With this framework, decision makers can identify vulnerable infrastructure and then make viable investment plans for reinforcing them by designing a well-balanced preparation and mitigation strategy that would build appropriate capacities for achieving the desired resilience. The resilience of communities or industries to disasters depends on the functioning of critical infrastructure. The Role of Infrastructure in Disaster Risk Reduction will be useful for all entities involved in dealing with the aftermath of natural disasters including disaster professionals, first responders, city planners, architects and engineers, educators, and students and researchers working on understanding the need for disaster risk reduction and developing innovative solutions for better decision-making. Describes the role of infrastructure in disaster risk reduction and management as well as capacity building Provides readers with the tools needed to evaluate the criticality, vulnerability, and severity of impact, as well as the need for evaluating and building the necessary capacities for achieving desired resilience Illustrates the important role of disaster risk reduction through case studies

The Role of International Environmental Law in Disaster Risk Reduction Book

The Role of International Environmental Law in Disaster Risk Reduction


  • Author : Jacqueline Peel
  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release Date : 2016-04-21
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN 10 : 9789004318816

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The Role of International Environmental Law in Disaster Risk Reduction Excerpt :

Located at the intersection of international environmental and disaster law, this edited volume explores how environmental law approaches might be employed to reduce disaster risk, and how evolving policy tools for natural disasters influence environmental regimes focused on manmade risks.

Comprehensive analysis of the disaster risk reduction system for the agricultural sector in Georgia Book

Comprehensive analysis of the disaster risk reduction system for the agricultural sector in Georgia


  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release Date : 2022-04-08
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 68
  • ISBN 10 : 9789251356920

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Comprehensive analysis of the disaster risk reduction system for the agricultural sector in Georgia Excerpt :

This report aims to highlight the current strengths of the institutional DRR system for agriculture in Georgia as well as indicate existing gaps and capacity needs to further enhance it. A comprehensive assessment is conducted, which includes a general overview of the country’s agricultural sector and outlines the most frequent natural hazards that are impacting the sector. It is followed by an analysis of the existing legal, policy, and institutional structure and discusses various components of the system, including the functioning of early warning systems, assessments of disaster risks, post-disaster needs assessments, including damages and losses assessments, and the availability of agricultural insurance for farmers. It concludes by providing recommendations for capacity-building interventions to strengthen the current system to reduce the adverse impacts of natural hazards, in particular, floods, landslides and droughts, and climate change on agriculture in Georgia.

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION IN SOUTH ASIA Book

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION IN SOUTH ASIA


  • Author : PARDEEP SAHNI
  • Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
  • Release Date : 2003-01-01
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN 10 : 9788120322004

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DISASTER RISK REDUCTION IN SOUTH ASIA Excerpt :

South Asia represents a region highly prone to natural disasters. Disasters not only disrupt the normal life of the affected communities and the countries but also impede developmental efforts. By and large, the approach of the major stakeholders has been 'reactive' rather than 'proactive'. There is indeed, a dire need for concerted and well-planned efforts to achieve risk reduction through risk identification, and sharing and transfer of information. This edited volume explores how the risk of disasters can be reduced by structural and non-structural measures with detailed, comprehensive and participatory strategies. Twenty-seven contributors, both academicians and practitioners, investigate the challenges that the region faces and how changes can be effected at the community, society, government and non-government levels to foster a culture of preparedness. The overall focus is on risk reduction through prevention, preparedness, mitigation, response, recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Some case studies from different settings dealing with various disasters have also been included. Since disaster risk reduction is an area of great concern and there is absolute dearth of literature addressing this issue with regard to South Asia, this volume will be of immense utility and interest to government departments, NGOs, insurance companies, universities, training institutions, professional associates, media, general public, and students pursuing courses in disaster management.

Lifelines Book

Lifelines


  • Author : Stephane Hallegatte
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release Date : 2019-07-16
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : 9781464814310

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Lifelines Excerpt :

Infrastructure—electricity, telecommunications, roads, water, and sanitation—are central to people’s lives. Without it, they cannot make a living, stay healthy, and maintain a good quality of life. Access to basic infrastructure is also a key driver of economic development. This report lays out a framework for understanding infrastructure resilience - the ability of infrastructure systems to function and meet users’ needs during and after a natural hazard. It focuses on four infrastructure systems that are essential to economic activity and people’s well-being: power systems, including the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity; water and sanitation—especially water utilities; transport systems—multiple modes such as road, rail, waterway, and airports, and multiple scales, including urban transit and rural access; and telecommunications, including telephone and Internet connections.

Disaster Risk Reduction for Economic Growth and Livelihood Book

Disaster Risk Reduction for Economic Growth and Livelihood


  • Author : Ian Davis
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2015-05-22
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317578543

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Disaster Risk Reduction for Economic Growth and Livelihood Excerpt :

The prevalence of natural disasters in recent years has highlighted the importance of preparing adequately for disasters and dealing efficiently with their consequences. This book addresses how countries can enhance their resilience against natural disasters and move towards economic growth and sustainable development. Covering a wide range of issues, it shows how well thought-out measures can be applied to minimize the impacts of disasters in a variety of situations. Starting with the need for coping with a rapidly changing global environment, the book goes on to demonstrate ways to strengthen awareness of the effectiveness of preventive measures, including in the reconstruction phase. The book also covers the roles played by different actors as well as tools and technologies for improved disaster risk reduction. It focuses on a variety of case studies from across Asia, Africa and Latin America, drawing out lessons that can be applied internationally. This book will be of great interest to professionals in disaster management, including national governments, donors, communities/citizens, NGOs and private sector. It will also be a highly valuable resource for students and researchers in disaster management and policy, development studies and economics.

Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment Book
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Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment


  • Author : Lee Bosher
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-06-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118921494

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Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment Excerpt :

Between 2010 and 2015 the world experienced 530 disaster events that affected 140 million people, killed 78,000people and caused US$151bn in damages, figures that are testament to the significant and increasingly negative impactsthat disasters have globally. Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment provides a multi-facetted introduction to how a wide range of risk reduction options can be mainstreamed into formal and informal construction decision making processes, so that Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) can become part of the 'developmental DNA'. The contents highlight the positive roles that practitioners such as civil and structural engineers, urban planners and designers, and architects can undertake to ensure that disaster risk is addressed when (re)developing the built environment. The book does not set out prescriptive or context blind solutions to complex problems because such solutions can invariably generate new problems. Instead it raises awareness, and in doing so, inspires a broad range of people to consider DRR in their work or everyday practices. This highly-illustrated text book provides a broad range of examples, case studies and thinking points that help the reader to consider how DRR approaches might be adapted for differing contexts.

Ecosystem Based Disaster and Climate Resilience Book

Ecosystem Based Disaster and Climate Resilience


  • Author : Mahua Mukherjee
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-09-05
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811648151

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Ecosystem Based Disaster and Climate Resilience Excerpt :

This book provides an introduction to the critical role of ecosystem-based disaster risk resilience (Eco-DRR) for building community resilience to multiple environmental risks such as rising heat, water stress, and pollution. Blue-green infrastructure (BGI) is an Eco-DRR tool that is an under-explored paradigm and can respond as one common strategy to targets set by the Sustainable Development Goals (UNDP), Climate Agreements (UNEP), the Sendai Framework (UNISDR), and the New Urban Agenda (UNCHS). Highlighted here in a systematic way is the importance of blue-green infrastructures in resilience building. The purpose is to introduce readers to the challenging context of development and opportunity creation for Eco-DRR. The roles of policy, scientific research, and implementation are presented cohesively. An attractive proposition of the book is a collection of case studies from different parts of the world where integration of BGI is experimented with at various levels of success. It envisages that shared tacit experiences from the realm of practice will further strengthen explicit knowledge. The focus in this book is on need and context building, policy and science (investigation, analysis, and design), case studies, and a road map for the future in four successive parts. Each part is self-sufficient yet linked to its predecessor, successor, or both, as the case may be.

Media and Disaster Risk Reduction Book

Media and Disaster Risk Reduction


  • Author : Rajib Shaw
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-03-16
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 249
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811602856

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Media and Disaster Risk Reduction Excerpt :

This book analyzes recent advances, trends, challenges and potentials of the role of media in disaster risk reduction. Collaboration, co-design and co-delivery with other stakeholders in science technology, private sectors, and civil society are found to be effective in reaching people and communities. The media is considered to be of utmost importance in all phases of disasters, before, during and after, with different types of media having different proactive roles to play in disaster risk reduction. Before disasters, they play essential roles not only in bringing early warning to people but also in enhancing their perception of the need to take action. At during- and post-disaster response recovery phases, community radio and social media are the key. These necessitate a resilient media infrastructure as the core of uninterrupted coverage. Media literacy has become an important issue for several stakeholders, including governments. In addition, more focus is placed on media governance to look at the priorities of disaster risk reduction initiatives within the media. All of these are considered to lead to trust in the media, which further improves people’s disaster response actions based on information from the media, before and during disasters. Covering different aspects of media, this book is a valuable source for students, researchers, academics, policy-makers and development practitioners.

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Book

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards


  • Author : Birkmann
  • Publisher : The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
  • Release Date : 2007-01-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN 10 : 8179931226

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Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Excerpt :

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards presents a broad range of current approaches to measuring vulnerability. It provides a comprehensive overview of different concepts at the global, regional, national, and local levels, and explores various schools of thought. More than 40 distinguished academics and practitioners analyse quantitative and qualitative approaches, and examine their strengths and limitations. This book contains concrete experiences and examples from Africa, Asia, the Americas and Europe to illustrate the theoretical analyses.The authors provide answers to some of the key questions on how to measure vulnerability and they draw attention to issues with insufficient coverage, such as the environmental and institutional dimensions of vulnerability and methods to combine different methodologies.This book is a unique compilation of state-of-the-art vulnerability assessment and is essential reading for academics, students, policy makers, practitioners, and anybody else interested in understanding the fundamentals of measuring vulnerability. It is a critical review that provides important conclusions which can serve as an orientation for future research towards more disaster resilient communities.

Hazard resilient Infrastructure Book

Hazard resilient Infrastructure


  • Author : Bilal M. Ayyub
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Genre: Building failures
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN 10 : 0784415757

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Hazard resilient Infrastructure Excerpt :

MOP 144 provides guidance and underlying framework for creating consistency across hazards, systems, and sectors in the design of new infrastructure systems and in enhancing the resilience of existing ones.