The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence Book

The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence


  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2012-06-12
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 126
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309253369

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The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence Excerpt :

Recent research suggests that obesity and excess weight can play a prominent role in the incidence and progression of various cancers. Obesity results from an energy imbalance - that is, energy intake that is higher than energy expenditure - could also influence the growth of cancers. Recognizing the impact that current findings on obesity and cancer could have on future cancer prevention and care, the National Cancer policy Forum (NCPF) of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) help a 2-day workshop on "The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence," in Washington, DC, on October 31 and November 1, 2011. The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence: Workshop Summary reviews each presenter's latest clinical evidence on the obesity-cancer link and the molecular mechanisms that might explain that link. Clinicians, researchers, cancer survivors, and policy makers also discussed potential interventions to counter the effects of obesity on cancer, and research and policy measures needed to stem the rising tide of cancer mortality predicted by an increasingly overweight and older population worldwide. The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence: Workshop Summary explores the complex web of molecular mechanisms that underlie the obesity-cancer link, the ways to design future studies to acquire the information needed to guide patient care, what to advise cancer patients about weight loss, diet, exercise, and other measures to reduce their risk of cancer progression or recurrence and policy suggestions related to research, education, and dissemination of the findings on obesity and cancer.

The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Reoccurence Book

The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Reoccurence


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 126
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:941852903

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The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Reoccurence Excerpt :

"Recent research suggests that obesity and excess weight can play a prominent role in the incidence and progression of various cancers. Obesity results from an energy imbalance - that is, energy intake that is higher than energy expenditure - could also influence the growth of cancers. Recognizing the impact that current findings on obesity and cancer could have on future cancer prevention and care, the National Cancer policy Forum (NCPF) of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) help a 2-day workshop on "The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence," in Washington, DC, on October 31 and November 1, 2011. The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence: Workshop Summary reviews each presenter's latest clinical evidence on the obesity-cancer link and the molecular mechanisms that might explain that link. Clinicians, researchers, cancer survivors, and policy makers also discussed potential interventions to counter the effects of obesity on cancer, and research and policy measures needed to stem the rising tide of cancer mortality predicted by an increasingly overweight and older population worldwide. The Role of Obesity in Cancer Survival and Recurrence: Workshop Summary explores the complex web of molecular mechanisms that underlie the obesity-cancer link, the ways to design future studies to acquire the information needed to guide patient care, what to advise cancer patients about weight loss, diet, exercise, and other measures to reduce their risk of cancer progression or recurrence and policy suggestions related to research, education, and dissemination of the findings on obesity and cancer"--Publisher's description.

Physical Activity and Cancer Book

Physical Activity and Cancer


  • Author : Kerry S. Courneya
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-11-26
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 387
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642042317

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Physical Activity and Cancer Excerpt :

This book explores in depth the relation between physical activity and cancer control, including primary prevention, coping with treatments, recovery after treatments, long-term survivorship, secondary prevention, and survival. The first part of the book presents the most recent research on the impact of physical activity in preventing a range of cancers. In the second part, the association between physical activity and cancer survivorship is addressed. The effects of physical activity on supportive care endpoints (e.g., quality of life, fatigue, physical functioning) and disease endpoints (e.g., biomarkers, recurrence, survival) are carefully analyzed. In addition, the determinants of physical activity in cancer survivors are discussed, and behavior change strategies for increasing physical activity in cancer survivors are appraised. The final part of the book is devoted to special topics, including the relation of physical activity to pediatric cancer survivorship and to palliative cancer care.

Incorporating Weight Management and Physical Activity Throughout the Cancer Care Continuum Book

Incorporating Weight Management and Physical Activity Throughout the Cancer Care Continuum


  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2018-03-09
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309466943

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Incorporating Weight Management and Physical Activity Throughout the Cancer Care Continuum Excerpt :

The National Cancer Policy Forum of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a public workshop, Incorporating Weight Management and Physical Activity Throughout the Cancer Care Continuum, on February 13 and 14, 2017, in Washington, DC. The purpose of this workshop was to highlight the current evidence base, gaps in knowledge, and research needs on the associations among obesity, physical activity, weight management, and health outcomes for cancer survivors, as well as to examine the effectiveness of interventions for promoting physical activity and weight management among people living with or beyond cancer. Workshop sessions also reviewed the opportunities and challenges for providing weight management and physical activity interventions to cancer survivors. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Weight Control and Physical Activity Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Weight Control and Physical Activity


  • Author : International Agency for Research on Cancer
  • Publisher : IARC
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre: Body weight
  • Pages : 315
  • ISBN 10 : 928323006X

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Weight Control and Physical Activity Excerpt :

Avoiding overweight and obesity is the best-established diet-related risk factor for cancer. The proportion of people who are overweight/obese is increasing, and the amount of physical activity is decreasing in most populations, including urban populations in many developing countries. The increasing prevalence of overweight/obesity is presumably due to the increasing availability of highly palatable, high energy foods and an increasing sedentary lifestyle due to mechanisation ofboth workplace and leisure activities.Overweight/obesity and reduced physical activity increases the risk of cancers in various organs. Maintaining a healthy body weight and regular physical activity is the second most important way to prevent cancer, after tobacco control.The suggestions of possible public health action aimed at tackling these risk factors include education activities to promote balanced diets which are not excessive in energy and broad education and planning to enable and encourage physical activity during work and leisure. The Handbook Volume 6 on Weight Control and Physical Activity contains a full discussion of this topic, together with recommendations for public health action.

Pathophysiology   E Book Book
Score: 5
From 2 Ratings

Pathophysiology E Book


  • Author : Kathryn L. McCance
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release Date : 2015-06-08
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1840
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323293754

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Pathophysiology E Book Excerpt :

With easy-to-read, in-depth descriptions of disease, disease etiology, and disease processes, Pathophysiology: The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children, 7th Edition helps you understand the most important and the most complex pathophysiology concepts. More than 1,200 full-color illustrations and photographs make it easier to identify normal anatomy and physiology, as well as alterations of function. This edition includes a NEW Epigenetics and Disease chapter along with additional What’s New boxes highlighting the latest advances in pathophysiology. Written by well-known educators Kathryn McCance and Sue Huether, and joined by a team of expert contributors, this resource is the most comprehensive and authoritative pathophysiology text available! Over 1,200 full-color illustrations and photographs depict the clinical manifestations of disease and disease processes — more than in any other pathophysiology text. A fully updated glossary includes 1,000 terms, and makes lookup easier by grouping together similar topics and terms. Outstanding authors Kathryn McCance and Sue Huether have extensive backgrounds as researchers and instructors, and utilize expert contributors, consultants, and reviewers in developing this edition. Chapter summary reviews provide concise synopses of the main points of each chapter. Consistent presentation of diseases includes pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and evaluation and treatment. Lifespan content includes ten separate pediatric chapters and special sections with aging and pediatrics content. Algorithms and flowcharts of diseases and disorders make it easy to follow the sequential progression of disease processes. Nutrition and Disease boxes explain the link between concepts of health promotion and disease. EXTENSIVELY Updated content reflects advances in pathophysiology including tumor biology invasion and metastases, the epidemiology of cancer, diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance, thyroid and adrenal gland di

Advances in Cancer Survivorship Management Book

Advances in Cancer Survivorship Management


  • Author : Lewis E. Foxhall
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-10-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN 10 : 9781493909865

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Advances in Cancer Survivorship Management Excerpt :

This volume presents the MD Anderson experience in providing care and services to the rapidly growing population of cancer survivors, which is currently estimated to be 12 million in the United States and more than 25 million worldwide. As cancer survival rates have increased, it has slowly become clear that the challenges faced by people with cancer do not end with treatment but simply change. This book aims to assist community oncologists, physicians, and their staff, who care for the vast majority of cancer survivors, by disseminating models of surveillance for disease recurrence, screening for second primary cancers, education regarding potential late effects of treatment, and psychosocial counseling. These models have proven valuable to cancer survivors who receive care at MD Anderson.

Lost in Translation Book

Lost in Translation


  • Author : Rakesh Srivastava
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2014-03-14
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814489089

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Lost in Translation Excerpt :

This book is all about the definition and finding ways to prioritize and accelerate translation research in biomedical sciences and rapidly turning new knowledge into first-in-human studies. It represents an effort to bring together scientists active in various areas of translational research to share science and, hopefully, generate new ideas and potential collaborations. The book provides a comprehensive overview of translational work that includes significant discoveries and pioneering contributions, e.g., in immunology, gene therapy, stem cells and population sciences. It may be used as an advanced textbook by graduate students and even ambitious undergraduates in biomedical sciences. It is also suitable for non-experts, i.e. medical doctors, who wish to have an overview of some of the fundamental models in translational research. Managing the translational enterprise remains a work in progress. The world is changing rapidly, and the scientific world needs to seek new ways to ensure that discoveries get translated for patients efficiently and as quickly as possible. In addition, everyone expects the investment in biomedical research should pay dividends through effective therapeutic solutions. This unique project provides a broad collaborative approach of the international scientific team to present its view and opinion how to cross barriers to incentives for translational research in medical sciences. Contributing to the book is an international team of prominent co-authors. The book consists of unique and widely treated topics, and includes new hypotheses, data and analyses. Contents:Barriers to Incentives for Translational ResearchIntegrating Emerging Science into Clinical PracticeOrganization, Prioritization, Review and Funding for the Translational ResearchTranslational Sciences in Cancer ResearchTranslational Science in Infectious DiseasesTranslation Research in Endocrinology and NutritionTranslation Research and NeuroscienceStem Cells and Translation Rese

Absence of Excess Body Fatness Book

Absence of Excess Body Fatness


  • Author : International Agency for Research on Cancer
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2019-07-27
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 654
  • ISBN 10 : 9283230183

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Absence of Excess Body Fatness Excerpt :

A Working Group of 21 independent experts from 8 countries, convened by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in April 2016, reviewed the scientific evidence and assessed the cancer-preventive effects of the absence of excess body fatness. The mean body mass index (BMI) in the adult population has increased dramatically worldwide over the past 40 years, and IARC recently estimated that close to 4% of all new cancer cases in adults were attributable to a high BMI; the number of cases is highest in high-income countries and is expected to rise in low- and middle-income countries. This publication provides an important update of the 2002 IARC Handbook on Weight Control and Physical Activity, with evidence-based evaluation of the association between excess body fatness and cancer at more than 20 sites. In addition, the Working Group reviewed the evidence on childhood obesity and cancer in later life, the impact of excess body fatness in cancer patients on cancer survival and recurrence, and the few intervention studies of weight control on cancer outcome.

Understanding Pathophysiology   E Book Book

Understanding Pathophysiology E Book


  • Author : Sue E. Huether
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release Date : 2015-12-23
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1160
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323370523

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Understanding Pathophysiology E Book Excerpt :

Master the important pathophysiology concepts you need to know with the most engaging and reader-friendly text available. Filled with vibrant illustrations and complemented by online resources that bring pathophysiology concepts to life, Understanding Pathophysiology, 6th Edition continues its tradition of delivering the most accurate information on treatments, manifestations, and mechanisms of disease across the lifespan, giving you the fundamental knowledge needed to move forward in your nursing education and career. New additions include a new chapter on epigenetics, new content on rare diseases, a separate chapter for male and female reproductive alterations, streamlined features, simplified language, and fully updated information throughout. Introduction to Pathophysiology in the front matter section provides intro to the subject of pathophysiology and explains why it is important. Consistent presentation helps readers better distinguish pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and evaluation and treatment for each disease. More than 1,000 high-quality illustrations vividly depict clinical manifestations and cellular mechanisms underlying diseases. Lifespan coverage details age-specific conditions affecting pediatric, adult, and aging patients in depth. Algorithms throughout the text clarify disease progression. Risk Factor boxes alert readers to important safety considerations associated with specific diseases. Health Alert boxes highlight new developments in biologic research, diagnostic studies, preventive care, treatments, and more. Quick Check boxes test readers’ retention of important chapter concepts. Geriatric Considerations boxes and Pediatric Considerations boxes highlight key considerations for these demographics in relevant chapters. Did You Understand? sections provide a fast and efficient review of chapter content. Chapter outlines help readers find specific information with ease. Chapter introductions explain why chapter content is important a

Dietary Pattern and Health Book

Dietary Pattern and Health


  • Author : Zumin Shi
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2018-07-04
  • Genre: Electronic books
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 9783038425885

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Dietary Pattern and Health Excerpt :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Dietary Pattern and Health" that was published in Nutrients

Energy Balance and Prostate Cancer Book

Energy Balance and Prostate Cancer


  • Author : Elizabeth A. Platz
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-09-18
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 187
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319649405

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Energy Balance and Prostate Cancer Excerpt :

This volume provides a comprehensive treatise on the latest studies linking prostate cancer with energy balance, which together constitute a major challenge and opportunity for research scientists and clinicians especially those dealing with the expanding population of older men confronted with obesity and associated comorbidities. This volume should be a valuable resource to physicians, oncologists, urologists, endocrinologists, nurses, nutritionists, dieticians, and exercise therapists dealing with men with energy balance issues and/or questions regarding the linkage between energy balance and cancer. Moreover, this volume should serve as an important resource for cancer researchers especially for scientists studying lifestyle modification and prevention strategies to better understand and disrupt the linkage between obesity and cancer.

Cancer Care in Low Resource Areas Book

Cancer Care in Low Resource Areas


  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2016-12-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 126
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309391016

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Cancer Care in Low Resource Areas Excerpt :

Though cancer was once considered to be a problem primarily in wealthy nations, low- and middle-income countries now bear a majority share of the global cancer burden, and cancer often surpasses the burden of infectious diseases in these countries. Effective low-cost cancer control options are available for some malignancies, with the World Health Organization estimating that these interventions could facilitate the prevention of approximately one-third of cancer deaths worldwide. But these interventions remain inaccessible for many people in the world, especially those residing in low-resource communities that are characterized by a lack of funds â€" on an individual or societal basis â€" to cover health infrastructure and care costs. Few guidelines and strategies for cancer control consider the appropriateness and feasibility of interventions in low-resource settings, and may undermine the effectiveness of these efforts. For example, interventions that are designed for high-resource settings may not account for important considerations in low-resource settings, such as resource constraints, infrastructure requirements, or whether a community has the capacity to deliver downstream cancer care. Patients in resource-constrained communities continue to face delayed diagnoses of cancer, potentially resulting in the diagnosis of later stage cancers and worsened patient outcomes. In addition, social stigmas, geopolitical issues, and cultural norms may limit access to cancer care in certain communities. Recognizing the challenges of providing cancer care in these settings, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine developed a workshop series examining cancer care in low-resource communities. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the first workshop, which focused on cancer prevention and early detection.

Obesity  Inflammation and Cancer Book

Obesity Inflammation and Cancer


  • Author : Andrew J. Dannenberg
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-05-21
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 433
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461468196

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Obesity Inflammation and Cancer Excerpt :

In addition to its metabolic and endocrinologic effects, obesity and adipose tissue have now been shown to be associated with low grade inflammation resulting in cellular and humoral inflammatory factors of which the latter may act by endocrine, paracrine and autocrine mechanisms. These inflammatory mediators have increasingly been suggested as contributing to the obesity link to carcinogenesis and cancer promotion. This volume of Energy Balance and Cancer will focus on recent developments and cutting edge research pointing to inflammation and inflammatory factors as key mediators of this linkage. The volume first provides information on inflammation as an important link between obesity and insulin resistance, which is in itself linked to promotion of cancer through hyperinsulinemia. The volume then covers some of the most important mechanisms by which obesity leads to inflammation, including the novel inflammasome concept, alterations in chromatin structure, circulating inflammatory factors, unique cellular interactions between adipocytes and macrophages and the direct link of dietary fat to inflammation and cancer. Overall, this volume will provide important insight to help understand how inflammation may help modulate the linkage between obesity and cancer and serve as a platform for developing future research in this area.

Management of Urothelial Carcinoma Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Management of Urothelial Carcinoma


  • Author : Ja Hyeon Ku
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-01-07
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811055027

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Management of Urothelial Carcinoma Excerpt :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of contemporary evidence-based management of urothelial carcinoma. The first part of the book is devoted to urothelial carcinoma of the bladder and includes detailed description of the diagnosis and treatment of non-muscle-invasive, muscle-invasive, and advanced or metastatic disease. Attention then turns to upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC), with individual chapters on diagnosis, nephron-sparing surgery, nephroureterectomy, and treatment of advanced or metastatic UTUC. The text is supported by many illustrations, photos, and tables that clarify management, and surgical video clips are also available to readers. The book will be a welcome addition to the literature as progress continues to be made in understanding the exact pathophysiology of urothelial carcinoma and in developing more effective diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. It will be useful both to researchers in the field of urothelial carcinoma and to clinicians, including especially residents and fellows.