Science and Technology of Terrorism and Counterterrorism  Second Edition Book

Science and Technology of Terrorism and Counterterrorism Second Edition


  • Author : Tushar K. Ghosh
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2009-11-04
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439875612

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Science and Technology of Terrorism and Counterterrorism Second Edition Excerpt :

Traditionally, resources on terrorism and counterterrorism tend to focus on the social, behavioral, and legal aspects of the subject, with minimal emphasis on the scientific and technological aspects. Taking into account these practical considerations, the second edition of Science and Technology of Terrorism and Counterterrorism discusses the nature of terrorism and the materials used by terrorists. It describes how intelligence professionals and law enforcement personnel can detect and destroy these materials, and how they can deal with terrorist groups. This volume begins by introducing the shift in analysis of terrorist attacks after September 11, 2001 and summarizes selected case studies. It discusses the origin and nature of terrorism and the factors involved in diplomacy. Covering a broad range of topics, the book examines: Aerosol dispersion of toxic materials Bioterrorism and the manufacture, detection, and delivery of biological agents Agricultural terrorism Nuclear terrorism and nuclear weapons systems, threats, and safeguards Chemical terrorism, including manufacture, detection, delivery, and decontamination Cyber-terrorism Personal protective equipment The role of government at federal, state, and local levels The role of international agencies and their resources, capabilities, and responsibilities The National Infrastructure Protection Plan As terrorist activities increase globally, it is critical that those charged with protecting the public understand the myriad of ways in which terrorists operate. While we cannot predict where, when, and how terrorists will strike, our vigilance in staying abreast of the terrorist threat is the only way to have a fighting chance against those who seek to destroy our world.

Making the Nation Safer Book

Making the Nation Safer


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2002-09-05
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN 10 : 0309182727

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Making the Nation Safer Excerpt :

Vulnerabilities abound in U.S. society. The openness and efficiency of our key infrastructures â€" transportation, information and telecommunications systems, health systems, the electric power grid, emergency response units, food and water supplies, and others â€" make them susceptible to terrorist attacks. Making the Nation Safer discusses technical approaches to mitigating these vulnerabilities. A broad range of topics are covered in this book, including: Nuclear and radiological threats, such as improvised nuclear devices and “dirty bombs;†Bioterrorism, medical research, agricultural systems and public health; Toxic chemicals and explosive materials; Information technology, such as communications systems, data management, cyber attacks, and identification and authentication systems; Energy systems, such as the electrical power grid and oil and natural gas systems; Transportation systems; Cities and fixed infrastructures, such as buildings, emergency operations centers, and tunnels; The response of people to terrorism, such as how quality of life and morale of the population can be a target of terrorists and how people respond to terrorist attacks; and Linked infrastructures, i.e. the vulnerabilities that result from the interdependencies of key systems; In each of these areas, there are recommendations on how to immediately apply existing knowledge and technology to make the nation safer and on starting research and development programs that could produce innovations that will strengthen key systems and protect us against future threats. The book also discusses issues affecting the government’s ability to carry out the necessary science and engineering programs and the important role of industry, universities, and states, counties, and cities in homeland security efforts. A long term commitment to homeland security is necessary to make the nation safer, and this book lays out a roadmap of how science and engineering can assist in counteri

Information Technology for Counterterrorism Book

Information Technology for Counterterrorism


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2003-04-07
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309087360

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Information Technology for Counterterrorism Excerpt :

Information technology (IT) is essential to virtually all of the nation’s critical infrastructures making them vulnerable by a terrorist attack on their IT system. An attack could be on the system itself or use the IT system to launch or exacerbate another type of attack. IT can also be used as a counterterrorism tool. The report concludes that the most devastating consequences of a terrorist attack would occur if it were on or used IT as part of a broader attack. The report presents two recommendations on what can be done in the short term to protect the nation’s communications and information systems and several recommendations about what can be done over the longer term. The report also notes the importance of considering how an IT system will be deployed to maximize protection against and usefulness in responding to attacks.

Countering Bioterrorism Book

Countering Bioterrorism


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2003-01-03
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 105
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309086073

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Countering Bioterrorism Excerpt :

The attacks of September 11 and the release of anthrax spores revealed enormous vulnerabilities in the U.S. public-health infrastructure and suggested similar vulnerabilities in the agricultural infrastructure as well. The traditional public health response-surveillance (intelligence), prevention, detection, response, recovery, and attribution-is the paradigm for the national response not only to all forms of terrorism but also to emerging infectious diseases. Thus, investments in research on bioterrorism will have enormous potential for application in the detection, prevention, and treatment of emerging infectious diseases that also are unpredictable and against which we must be prepared. The deciphering of the human genome sequence and the complete elucidation of numerous pathogen genomes, our rapidly increasing understanding of the molecular mechanisms of pathogenesis and of immune responses, and new strategies for designing drugs and vaccines all offer unprecedented opportunities to use science to counter bioterrorist threats. But these same developments also allow science to be misused to create new agents of mass destruction. Hence the effort to confront bioterrorism must be a global one. Countering Bioterrorism makes the following recommendations: Recommendation 1: All agencies with responsibility for homeland security should work together to establish stronger and more meaningful working ties between the intelligence, S&T, and public health communities. Recommendation 2: Federal agencies should work cooperatively and in collaboration with industry to develop and evaluate rapid, sensitive, and specific early-detection technologies. Recommendation 3: Create a global network for detection and surveillance, making use of computerized methods for real-time reporting and analysis to rapidly detect new patterns of disease locally, nationally, and ultimately- internationally. The use of high-throughput methodologies that are being increasingly utilized in modern bio

Dual Use Science and Technology  Ethics and Weapons of Mass Destruction Book

Dual Use Science and Technology Ethics and Weapons of Mass Destruction


  • Author : Seumas Miller
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-05-22
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 122
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319926063

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Dual Use Science and Technology Ethics and Weapons of Mass Destruction Excerpt :

This book deals with the problem of dual-use science research and technology. It first explains the concept of dual use and then offers analyses of collective knowledge and collective ignorance. It goes on to present a theory of collective responsibility, followed by four chapters focusing on a particular scientific field or industry of dual use concern: the chemical industry, the nuclear industry, cyber-technology and the biological sciences. The problem of dual-use science research and technology arises because such research and technology has the potential to be used for great evil as well as for great good. On the one hand, knowledge is a necessary condition, and perhaps a constitutive feature, of technologies that contribute greatly to individual and collective well-being. Consider, for example, nuclear technology that enables the generation of low cost electricity in populations without obvious alternative energy sources. So technological knowledge is a good thing and ignorance of it a bad thing. On the other hand, these same technologies can be extremely harmful to individuals and collectives, as with the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. So, at least with respect to some technologies evidently knowledge is a bad thing and ignorance a good thing. Accordingly, the question arises as to whether we ought to limit scientific research and/or the development of technology and, if so, which research or technology, in what manner and to what extent. This book examines the answer to that question.

Science and Technology to Counter Terrorism Book

Science and Technology to Counter Terrorism


  • Author : International Strategic and Security Studies Programme of the National Institute of Advanced Studies
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2007-02-27
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN 10 : 0309179165

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Science and Technology to Counter Terrorism Excerpt :

This volume presents the papers and summarizes the discussions of a workshop held in Goa, India, in January 2004, organized by the Indian National Institute of Advanced Science (NIAS) and the U.S. Committee on International Security and Arms Control (CISAC). During the workshop, Indian and U.S. experts examined the terrorist threat faced in both countries and elsewhere in the world, and explored opportunities for the U.S. and India to work together. Bringing together scientists and experts with common scientific and technical backgrounds from different cultures provided a unique opportunity to explore possible means of preventing or mitigating future terrorist attacks.

Evaluating Counterterrorism Performance Book

Evaluating Counterterrorism Performance


  • Author : Beatrice de Graaf
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2011-03-15
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9781136806551

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Evaluating Counterterrorism Performance Excerpt :

This book offers a new model for measuring the success and impact of counterterrorism strategies, using four comparative historical case studies. The effectiveness of counterterrorism measures is hard to assess, especially since the social impact of terrorist attacks is a fundamental and complex issue. This book focuses on the impact of counterterrorist measures by introducing the concept of the performative power of counterterrorism: the extent to which governments mobilize public and political support - thereby sometimes even unwittingly assisting terrorists in creating social drama. The concept is applied to counterterrorism in the Netherlands, Italy, the Federal Republic of Germany and the United States in the 1970s. Based on in-depth case study research using new primary sources and interviews with counterterrorist officials and radicals, a correlation is established between a low level of performative power and a decline of terrorist incidents. This is explored in terms of the link between social drama (as enhanced by counterterrorist measures) and ongoing radicalization processes. This book demonstrates that an increase in visible and intrusive counterterrorist measures does not automatically lead to a more effective form of counterterrorism. In the open democracies of the west, not transforming counterterrorism into a performance of power and repression is at least as important as counterterrorism measures themselves. This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism and counter-terrorism, discourse analysis, media and communication studies, conflict studies and IR/Security Studies in general.

Applying Methods of Scientific Inquiry Into Intelligence  Security  and Counterterrorism Book

Applying Methods of Scientific Inquiry Into Intelligence Security and Counterterrorism


  • Author : Sari, Arif
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2019-05-31
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN 10 : 9781522589785

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Applying Methods of Scientific Inquiry Into Intelligence Security and Counterterrorism Excerpt :

Interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research is slowly yet steadily revolutionizing traditional education. However, multidisciplinary research can and will also improve the extent to which a country can protect its critical and vital assets. Applying Methods of Scientific Inquiry Into Intelligence, Security, and Counterterrorism is an essential scholarly publication that provides personnel directly working in the fields of intelligence, law enforcement, and science with the opportunity to understand the multidisciplinary nature of intelligence and science in order to improve current intelligence activities and contribute to the protection of the nation. Each chapter of the book discusses various components of science that should be applied to the intelligence arena. Featuring coverage on a range of topics including cybersecurity, economics, and political strategy, this book is ideal for law enforcement, intelligence and security practitioners, students, educators, and researchers.

India United States Cooperation on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism Book

India United States Cooperation on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism


  • Author : National Institute for Advanced Studies, Bangalore, India
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2014-12-23
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309312998

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India United States Cooperation on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism Excerpt :

India and the United States are the world's two largest democracies with distinguished scientific traditions and experts in a wide range of scientific-technical fields. Given these strengths and the ability to learn from one another, the U.S. National Academy of Sciences together with the National Institute for Advanced Studies in Bangalore, India, held a joint Indian-U.S. workshop to identify and examine potential areas for substantive scientific and technical cooperation that can support counterterrorism efforts through the Homeland Security Dialogue and through direct cooperation. India-United States Cooperation on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism is the summary of that workshop. This report examines topics such as biological threats; protection of nuclear facilities; security (physical and cyber) for chemicals, chemical facilities and other critical infrastructure; and monitoring, surveillance, and emergency response. The report also identifies and examines promising areas for further Indian-U.S. cooperation.

Communities and Counterterrorism Book

Communities and Counterterrorism


  • Author : Basia Spalek
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-06-30
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 128
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429589850

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Communities and Counterterrorism Excerpt :

This book highlights a wide range of community-related counterterrorism initiatives undertaken in England, Northern Ireland, and Australia. The book continues established scholarship in terrorism studies about the importance of considering communities when understanding, responding to, and preventing politically, religiously, and other ideologically motivated violence. Terrorists are in competition with communities and sociopolitical-religious movements for proactive and passive support for their causes, membership, and resources. The book is particularly relevant in the aftermath of a series of jihadist terror attacks, alongside terror acts committed by far-right extremists. There has been an increased emphasis upon the role of communities in combatting terrorism, with ‘Communities can defeat terrorism’ becoming a well-known mantra. This book was originally published as a special issue of Studies in Conflict & Terrorism.

The Science and Technology of Counterterrorism Book

The Science and Technology of Counterterrorism


  • Author : Carl Young
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2014-02-26
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124200616

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The Science and Technology of Counterterrorism Excerpt :

Scientists with little or no background in security and security professionals with little or no background in science and technology often have difficulty communicating in order to implement the best counterterrorism strategies. The Science and Technology of Counterterrorism offers the necessary theoretical foundation to address real-world terrorism scenarios, effectively bridging the gap. It provides a powerful security assessment methodology, coupled with counterterrorism strategies that are applicable to all terrorism attack vectors. These include biological, chemical, radiological, electromagnetic, explosive, and electronic or cyber attacks. In addition to rigorous estimates of threat vulnerabilities and the effectiveness of risk mitigation, it provides meaningful terrorism risk metrics. The Science and Technology of Counterterrorism teaches the reader how to think about terrorism risk, and evaluates terrorism scenarios and counterterrorism technologies with sophistication punctuated by humor. Both students and security professionals will significantly benefit from the risk assessment methodologies and guidance on appropriate counterterrorism measures contained within this book. Offers a simple but effective analytic framework to assess counterterrorism risk and realistic measures to address threats Provides the essential scientific principles and tools required for this analysis Explores the increasingly important relationship between physical and electronic risk in meaningful technical detail Evaluates technical security systems to illustrate specific risks using concrete examples

A Citizen s Guide to Terrorism and Counterterrorism Book

A Citizen s Guide to Terrorism and Counterterrorism


  • Author : Christopher C. Harmon
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2013-12-17
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN 10 : 9781134662715

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A Citizen s Guide to Terrorism and Counterterrorism Excerpt :

This Citizen’s Guide addresses the public policy issues of terrorism and counterterrorism in the United States after Bin Laden’s death. Written for the thinking citizen and student alike, this succinct and up-to-date book takes a "grand strategy" approach toward terrorism and uses examples and issues drawn from present-day perpetrators and actors. Christopher Harmon, a veteran academic of military theory who has also instructed U.S. and foreign military officers, organizes his book into four sections. He first introduces the problem of America’s continued vulnerability to terrorist attack by reviewing the long line of recent attacks and attempts against the U.S., focusing specifically on New York City. Part II examines the varied ways in which the U.S. is already fighting terrorism, highlighting the labors of diverse experts, government offices, intelligence and military personnel, and foreign allies. The book outlines the various aspects of the U.S. strategy, including intelligence, diplomacy, public diplomacy, economic counterterrorism, and law and law-making. Next, Harmon sketches the prospects for further action, steering clear of simple partisanship and instead listing recommendations with pros and cons and also including factual stories of how individual citizens have made a difference in the national effort against terrorism. This concise book will contribute to our understanding of the problems surrounding terrorism and counterterrorism—and the approaches the United States may take to meet them—in the early 21st century

Making the Nation Safer Book

Making the Nation Safer


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2002-10-05
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309084819

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Making the Nation Safer Excerpt :

Vulnerabilities abound in U.S. society. The openness and efficiency of our key infrastructures â€" transportation, information and telecommunications systems, health systems, the electric power grid, emergency response units, food and water supplies, and others â€" make them susceptible to terrorist attacks. Making the Nation Safer discusses technical approaches to mitigating these vulnerabilities. A broad range of topics are covered in this book, including: Nuclear and radiological threats, such as improvised nuclear devices and “dirty bombs;†Bioterrorism, medical research, agricultural systems and public health; Toxic chemicals and explosive materials; Information technology, such as communications systems, data management, cyber attacks, and identification and authentication systems; Energy systems, such as the electrical power grid and oil and natural gas systems; Transportation systems; Cities and fixed infrastructures, such as buildings, emergency operations centers, and tunnels; The response of people to terrorism, such as how quality of life and morale of the population can be a target of terrorists and how people respond to terrorist attacks; and Linked infrastructures, i.e. the vulnerabilities that result from the interdependencies of key systems; In each of these areas, there are recommendations on how to immediately apply existing knowledge and technology to make the nation safer and on starting research and development programs that could produce innovations that will strengthen key systems and protect us against future threats. The book also discusses issues affecting the government’s ability to carry out the necessary science and engineering programs and the important role of industry, universities, and states, counties, and cities in homeland security efforts. A long term commitment to homeland security is necessary to make the nation safer, and this book lays out a roadmap of how science and engineering can assist in counteri

Handbook of Computational Approaches to Counterterrorism Book

Handbook of Computational Approaches to Counterterrorism


  • Author : V.S. Subrahmanian
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-12
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 578
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461453116

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Handbook of Computational Approaches to Counterterrorism Excerpt :

Terrorist groups throughout the world have been studied primarily through the use of social science methods. However, major advances in IT during the past decade have led to significant new ways of studying terrorist groups, making forecasts, learning models of their behaviour, and shaping policies about their behaviour. Handbook of Computational Approaches to Counterterrorism provides the first in-depth look at how advanced mathematics and modern computing technology is shaping the study of terrorist groups. This book includes contributions from world experts in the field, and presents extensive information on terrorism data sets, new ways of building such data sets in real-time using text analytics, introduces the mathematics and computational approaches to understand terror group behaviour, analyzes terror networks, forecasts terror group behaviour, and shapes policies against terrorist groups. Auxiliary information will be posted on the book’s website. This book targets defence analysts, counter terror analysts, computer scientists, mathematicians, political scientists, psychologists, and researchers from the wide variety of fields engaged in counter-terrorism research. Advanced-level students in computer science, mathematics and social sciences will also find this book useful.