The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases Book

The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases


  • Author : Kenneth H. Mayer
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-04-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 0080557147

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The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases Book Description :

Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases explores how human activities enable microbes to disseminate and evolve, thereby creating favorable conditions for the diverse manifestations of communicable diseases. Today, infectious and parasitic diseases cause about one-third of deaths and are the second leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The speed that changes in human behavior can produce epidemics is well illustrated by AIDS, but this is only one of numerous microbial threats whose severity and spread are determined by human behaviors. In this book, forty experts in the fields of infectious diseases, the life sciences and public health explore how demography, geography, migration, travel, environmental change, natural disaster, sexual behavior, drug use, food production and distribution, medical technology, training and preparedness, as well as governance, human conflict and social dislocation influence current and likely future epidemics. Provides essential understanding of current and future epidemics Presents a crossover perspective for disciplines in the medical and social sciences and public policy, including public health, infectious diseases, population science, epidemiology, microbiology, food safety, defense preparedness and humanitarian relief Creates a new perspective on ecology based on the interaction of microbes and human activities

The Connections Between Ecology and Infectious Disease Book

The Connections Between Ecology and Infectious Disease


  • Author : Christon J. Hurst
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-08-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 317
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319923734

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The Connections Between Ecology and Infectious Disease Book Description :

This book summarizes current advances in our understanding of how infectious disease represents an ecological interaction between a pathogenic microorganism and the host species in which that microbe causes illness. The contributing authors explain that pathogenic microorganisms often also have broader ecological connections, which can include a natural environmental presence; possible transmission by vehicles such as air, water, and food; and interactions with other host species, including vectors for which the microbe either may or may not be pathogenic. This field of science has been dubbed disease ecology, and the chapters that examine it have been grouped into three sections. The first section introduces both the role of biological community interactions and the impact of biodiversity on infectious disease. In turn, the second section considers those diseases directly affecting humans, with a focus on waterborne and foodborne illnesses, while also examining the critical aspect of microbial biofilms. Lastly, the third section presents the ecology of infectious diseases from the perspective of their impact on mammalian livestock and wildlife as well as on humans. Given its breadth of coverage, the volume offers a valuable resource for microbial ecologists and biomedical scientists alike.

Human Ecology and Infectious Diseases Book

Human Ecology and Infectious Diseases


  • Author : Neil A. Croll
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-09-03
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483267937

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Human Ecology and Infectious Diseases Book Description :

Human Ecology and Infectious Diseases investigates the interrelationships among human behavior, ecology, and infectious diseases, with emphasis on parasitic and zoonotic diseases. The cultural, behavioral, anthropological, and social factors in the transmission of infectious diseases are discussed, along with methods used to make human ecology a more quantitative predictive science in the global challenge of such diseases. Behavioral patterns that place humans at risk to infections and the nature of risk factors are also analyzed. Comprised of 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of some of the research into those aspects of human behavior that determine risk of helminth infection. The discussion then turns to studies on hookworm and includes an analysis of human behavior and religions that affect transmission of the parasitoses. Human behavior and transmission of zoonotic diseases in North America and Malaysia are documented as are the habits, customs, and superstitions associated with the epidemic of intestinal capillariasis that occurred in the Philippines. Filarial diseases in Southeast Asia are also reviewed, along with the changing patterns of parasitic infections and the cooperation of government and the private sector to lower infection rates in Japan. Cases from Nigeria and Brazil are considered as well. The volume concludes with an assessment of the importance of behavioral and socialcultural factors in determining regional and national patterns in disease incidence and transmission. This monograph should be valuable to students of tropical diseases and public health and to physicians, epidemiologists, anthropologists, veterinarians, and parasitologists.

Infectious Disease Ecology Book

Infectious Disease Ecology


  • Author : Richard S. Ostfeld
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2010-12-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN 10 : 9781400837885

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Infectious Disease Ecology Book Description :

News headlines are forever reporting diseases that take huge tolls on humans, wildlife, domestic animals, and both cultivated and native plants worldwide. These diseases can also completely transform the ecosystems that feed us and provide us with other critical benefits, from flood control to water purification. And yet diseases sometimes serve to maintain the structure and function of the ecosystems on which humans depend. Gathering thirteen essays by forty leading experts who convened at the Cary Conference at the Institute of Ecosystem Studies in 2005, this book develops an integrated framework for understanding where these diseases come from, what ecological factors influence their impacts, and how they in turn influence ecosystem dynamics. It marks the first comprehensive and in-depth exploration of the rich and complex linkages between ecology and disease, and provides conceptual underpinnings to understand and ameliorate epidemics. It also sheds light on the roles that diseases play in ecosystems, bringing vital new insights to landscape management issues in particular. While the ecological context is a key piece of the puzzle, effective control and understanding of diseases requires the interaction of professionals in medicine, epidemiology, veterinary medicine, forestry, agriculture, and ecology. The essential resource on the subject, Infectious Disease Ecology seeks to bridge these fields with an ecological approach that focuses on systems thinking and complex interactions.

Wildlife Disease Ecology Book

Wildlife Disease Ecology


  • Author : Kenneth Wilson
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-30
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107136564

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Wildlife Disease Ecology Book Description :

Introduces readers to key case studies that illustrate how theory and data can be integrated to understand wildlife disease ecology.

Infectious Diseases in Primates Book

Infectious Diseases in Primates


  • Author : Charles Nunn
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2006-04-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198565840

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Infectious Diseases in Primates Book Description :

1. Questions, Terminology, and Underlying Principles2. Diversity and Characteristics of Primate Parasites3. Primate Socioecology and Disease Risk- Predictions and Rationale4. Host-Parasite Dynamics and Epidemiological Principles5. Host Defenses- The Immune System and Behavioral Counterstrategies6. Infectious Disease and Primate Social Systems7. Parasites and Primate Conservation8. From Nonhuman Primates to Human Health and Evolution9. Concluding Remarks and Future Directions

Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Book

Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases


  • Author : Benjamin Roche
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-05-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192507105

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Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Book Description :

In recent years, the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases has been studied extensively and new approaches to the study of host-pathogen interactions continue to emerge. At the same time, pathogen control in low-income countries has tended to remain largely informed by classical epidemiology, where the objective is to treat as many people as possible, despite recent research suggesting new opportunities for improved disease control in the context of limited economic resources. The need to integrate the scientific developments in the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases with public health strategy in low-income countries is now more important than ever. This novel text uniquely incorporates the latest research in ecology and evolutionary biology into the discussion of public health issues in low-income countries. It brings together an international team of experts from both universities and health NGOs to provide an up-to-date, authoritative, and challenging review of the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases, focusing on low-income countries for effective public health applications and outcomes. It discusses a range of public health threats including malaria, TB, HIV, measles, Ebola, tuberculosis, influenza and meningitis among others.

Socio Ecological Dimensions of Infectious Diseases in Southeast Asia Book

Socio Ecological Dimensions of Infectious Diseases in Southeast Asia


  • Author : Serge Morand
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-07-07
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN 10 : 9789812875273

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Socio Ecological Dimensions of Infectious Diseases in Southeast Asia Book Description :

This book pursues a multidisciplinary approach in order to evaluate the socio-ecological dimensions of infectious diseases in Southeast Asia. It includes 18 chapters written by respected researchers in the fields of history, sociology, ecology, epidemiology, veterinary sciences, medicine and the environmental sciences on six major topics: (1) Infectious diseases and societies, (2) Health, infectious diseases and socio-ecosystems; (3) Global changes, land use changes and vector-borne diseases; (4) Monitoring and data acquisition; (5) Managing health risks; and (6) Developing strategies. The book offers a valuable guide for students and researchers in the fields of development and environmental studies, animal and human health (veterinarians, physicians), ecology and conservation biology, especially those with a focus on Southeast Asia.

Anthropology of Infectious Disease Book

Anthropology of Infectious Disease


  • Author : Merrill Singer
  • Publisher : Left Coast Press
  • Release Date : 2014-11-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9781629580449

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Anthropology of Infectious Disease Book Description :

This book synthesizes the flourishing field of anthropology of infectious disease in a critical, biocultural framework, advancing research in this multifaceted area and offering an ideal supplemental text.

Ecology of Infectious Diseases in Natural Populations Book

Ecology of Infectious Diseases in Natural Populations


  • Author : B. T. Grenfell
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 1995-09-07
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 521
  • ISBN 10 : 0521465028

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Ecology of Infectious Diseases in Natural Populations Book Description :

A combination of ecology and epidemiology in natural, unmanaged, animal and plant populations.

Understanding Society and Natural Resources Book

Understanding Society and Natural Resources


  • Author : Michael J. Manfredo
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-06-11
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 261
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401789592

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Understanding Society and Natural Resources Book Description :

In this edited open access book leading scholars from different disciplinary backgrounds wrestle with social science integration opportunities and challenges. This book explores the growing concern of how best to achieve effective integration of the social science disciplines as a means for furthering natural resource social science and environmental problem solving. The chapters provide an overview of the history, vision, advances, examples and methods that could lead to integration. The quest for integration among the social sciences is not new. Some argue that the social sciences have lagged in their advancements and contributions to society due to their inability to address integration related issues. Integration merits debate for a number of reasons. First, natural resource issues are complex and are affected by multiple proximate driving social factors. Single disciplinary studies focused at one level are unlikely to provide explanations that represent this complexity and are limited in their ability to inform policy recommendations. Complex problems are best explored across disciplines that examine social-ecological phenomenon from different scales. Second, multi-disciplinary initiatives such as those with physical and biological scientists are necessary to understand the scope of the social sciences. Too frequently there is a belief that one social scientist on a multi-disciplinary team provides adequate social science representation. Third, more complete models of human behavior will be achieved through a synthesis of diverse social science perspectives.

Biosecurity Book

Biosecurity


  • Author : Andrew Dobson
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2013-08-15
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9781136285516

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Biosecurity Book Description :

Biosecurity is the assessment and management of potentially dangerous infectious diseases, quarantined pests, invasive (alien) species, living modified organisms, and biological weapons. It is a holistic concept of direct relevance to the sustainability of agriculture, food safety, and the protection of human populations (including bio-terrorism), the environment, and biodiversity. Biosecurity is a relatively new concept that has become increasingly prevalent in academic, policy and media circles, and needs a more comprehensive and inter-disciplinary approach to take into account mobility, globalisation and climate change. In this introductory volume, biosecurity is presented as a governance approach to a set of concerns that span the protection of indigenous biological organisms, agricultural systems and human health, from invasive pests and diseases. It describes the ways in which biosecurity is understood and theorized in different subject disciplines, including anthropology, political theory, ecology, geography and environmental management. It examines the different scientific and knowledge practices connected to biosecurity governance, including legal regimes, ecology, risk management and alternative knowledges. The geopolitics of biosecurity is considered in terms of health, biopolitics and trade governance at the global scale. Finally, biosecurity as an approach to actively secure the future is assessed in the context of future risk and uncertainties, such as globalization and climate change.

States of Disease Book

States of Disease


  • Author : Brian King
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release Date : 2017-01-03
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9780520278219

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States of Disease Book Description :

"Human health is shaped by the interactions between social and ecological systems. States of Disease advances a social ecology of health framework to demonstrate how historical spatial formations contribute to contemporary vulnerabilities to disease and the possibilities for health justice. The book examines how managed HIV in South Africa is being transformed with expanded access to antiretroviral therapy, and how environmental health in northern Botswana is shifting due to global climate change and flooding variability. These cases demonstrate how the political environmental context shapes the ways in which health is embodied, experienced, and managed"--Provided by publisher.

Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Book

Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases


  • Author : Michel Tibayrenc
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-01-12
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 686
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128001530

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Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Book Description :

Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases, Second Edition, discusses the constantly evolving field of infectious diseases and their continued impact on the health of populations, especially in resource-limited areas of the world. Students in public health, biomedical professionals, clinicians, public health practitioners, and decisions-makers will find valuable information in this book that is relevant to the control and prevention of neglected and emerging worldwide diseases that are a major cause of global morbidity, disability, and mortality. Although substantial gains have been made in public health interventions for the treatment, prevention, and control of infectious diseases during the last century, in recent decades the world has witnessed a worldwide human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic, increasing antimicrobial resistance, and the emergence of many new bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and viral pathogens. The economic, social, and political burden of infectious diseases is most evident in developing countries which must confront the dual burden of death and disability due to infectious and chronic illnesses. Takes an integrated approach to infectious diseases Includes contributions from leading authorities Provides the latest developments in the field of infectious disease

Contagion and Chaos Book

Contagion and Chaos


  • Author : Andrew T. Price-Smith
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2008-12-05
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262264242

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Contagion and Chaos Book Description :

An analysis of infectious disease as a threat to national security that examines the destabilizing effects of the 1918 Spanish Flu pandemic, HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, SARS, and Mad Cow Disease. Historians from Thucydides to William McNeill have pointed to the connections between disease and civil society. Political scientists have investigated the relationship of public health to governance, introducing the concept of health security. In Contagion and Chaos, Andrew Price-Smith offers the most comprehensive examination yet of disease through the lens of national security. Extending the analysis presented in his earlier book The Health of Nations, Price-Smith argues that epidemic disease represents a direct threat to the power of a state, eroding prosperity and destabilizing both its internal politics and its relationships with other states. He contends that the danger of an infectious pathogen to national security depends on lethality, transmissability, fear, and economic damage. Moreover, warfare and ecological change contribute to the spread of disease and act as “disease amplifiers.” Price-Smith presents a series of case studies to illustrate his argument: the Spanish influenza pandemic of 1918-19 (about which he advances the controversial claim that the epidemic contributed to the defeat of Germany and Austria); HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa (he contrasts the worst-case scenario of Zimbabwe with the more stable Botswana); bovine spongiform encephalopathy (also known as mad cow disease); and the SARS contagion of 2002-03. Emerging infectious disease continues to present a threat to national and international security, Price-Smith argues, and globalization and ecological change only accelerate the danger.