The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases Book

The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases

  • Author : Kenneth H. Mayer
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-04-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 0080557147

The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases Excerpt :

Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases explores how human activities enable microbes to disseminate and evolve, thereby creating favorable conditions for the diverse manifestations of communicable diseases. Today, infectious and parasitic diseases cause about one-third of deaths and are the second leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The speed that changes in human behavior can produce epidemics is well illustrated by AIDS, but this is only one of numerous microbial threats whose severity and spread are determined by human behaviors. In this book, forty experts in the fields of infectious diseases, the life sciences and public health explore how demography, geography, migration, travel, environmental change, natural disaster, sexual behavior, drug use, food production and distribution, medical technology, training and preparedness, as well as governance, human conflict and social dislocation influence current and likely future epidemics. Provides essential understanding of current and future epidemics Presents a crossover perspective for disciplines in the medical and social sciences and public policy, including public health, infectious diseases, population science, epidemiology, microbiology, food safety, defense preparedness and humanitarian relief Creates a new perspective on ecology based on the interaction of microbes and human activities

The Connections Between Ecology and Infectious Disease Book

The Connections Between Ecology and Infectious Disease

  • Author : Christon J. Hurst
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-08-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 317
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319923734

The Connections Between Ecology and Infectious Disease Excerpt :

This book summarizes current advances in our understanding of how infectious disease represents an ecological interaction between a pathogenic microorganism and the host species in which that microbe causes illness. The contributing authors explain that pathogenic microorganisms often also have broader ecological connections, which can include a natural environmental presence; possible transmission by vehicles such as air, water, and food; and interactions with other host species, including vectors for which the microbe either may or may not be pathogenic. This field of science has been dubbed disease ecology, and the chapters that examine it have been grouped into three sections. The first section introduces both the role of biological community interactions and the impact of biodiversity on infectious disease. In turn, the second section considers those diseases directly affecting humans, with a focus on waterborne and foodborne illnesses, while also examining the critical aspect of microbial biofilms. Lastly, the third section presents the ecology of infectious diseases from the perspective of their impact on mammalian livestock and wildlife as well as on humans. Given its breadth of coverage, the volume offers a valuable resource for microbial ecologists and biomedical scientists alike.

Disease Ecology Book

Disease Ecology

  • Author : Sharon K. Collinge
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2006-01-26
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN 10 : 0198567073

Disease Ecology Excerpt :

Summary: The chapters in this book llustrate aspects of communityy ecology that influence pathogen transmission rates and disease dynamics in a wide variety of study systems.

Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Book

Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases

  • Author : Benjamin Roche
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-05-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192507105

Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Excerpt :

In recent years, the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases has been studied extensively and new approaches to the study of host-pathogen interactions continue to emerge. At the same time, pathogen control in low-income countries has tended to remain largely informed by classical epidemiology, where the objective is to treat as many people as possible, despite recent research suggesting new opportunities for improved disease control in the context of limited economic resources. The need to integrate the scientific developments in the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases with public health strategy in low-income countries is now more important than ever. This novel text uniquely incorporates the latest research in ecology and evolutionary biology into the discussion of public health issues in low-income countries. It brings together an international team of experts from both universities and health NGOs to provide an up-to-date, authoritative, and challenging review of the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases, focusing on low-income countries for effective public health applications and outcomes. It discusses a range of public health threats including malaria, TB, HIV, measles, Ebola, tuberculosis, influenza and meningitis among others.

Understanding Society and Natural Resources Book

Understanding Society and Natural Resources

  • Author : Michael J. Manfredo
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-06-11
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 261
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401789592

Understanding Society and Natural Resources Excerpt :

In this edited open access book leading scholars from different disciplinary backgrounds wrestle with social science integration opportunities and challenges. This book explores the growing concern of how best to achieve effective integration of the social science disciplines as a means for furthering natural resource social science and environmental problem solving. The chapters provide an overview of the history, vision, advances, examples and methods that could lead to integration. The quest for integration among the social sciences is not new. Some argue that the social sciences have lagged in their advancements and contributions to society due to their inability to address integration related issues. Integration merits debate for a number of reasons. First, natural resource issues are complex and are affected by multiple proximate driving social factors. Single disciplinary studies focused at one level are unlikely to provide explanations that represent this complexity and are limited in their ability to inform policy recommendations. Complex problems are best explored across disciplines that examine social-ecological phenomenon from different scales. Second, multi-disciplinary initiatives such as those with physical and biological scientists are necessary to understand the scope of the social sciences. Too frequently there is a belief that one social scientist on a multi-disciplinary team provides adequate social science representation. Third, more complete models of human behavior will be achieved through a synthesis of diverse social science perspectives.

Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds Book

Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Genre: Birds
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 0191808857

Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds Excerpt :

This accessible textbook focuses on the dynamics of infectious diseases for wild avian hosts across every level of ecological hierarchy. Although the topics and principles discussed in this book relate to birds, they have a far wider relevance and can also be applied to non-avian, wildlife host-pathogen systems.

Infectious Disease Ecology Book

Infectious Disease Ecology

  • Author : Richard S. Ostfeld
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2010-12-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN 10 : 9781400837885

Infectious Disease Ecology Excerpt :

News headlines are forever reporting diseases that take huge tolls on humans, wildlife, domestic animals, and both cultivated and native plants worldwide. These diseases can also completely transform the ecosystems that feed us and provide us with other critical benefits, from flood control to water purification. And yet diseases sometimes serve to maintain the structure and function of the ecosystems on which humans depend. Gathering thirteen essays by forty leading experts who convened at the Cary Conference at the Institute of Ecosystem Studies in 2005, this book develops an integrated framework for understanding where these diseases come from, what ecological factors influence their impacts, and how they in turn influence ecosystem dynamics. It marks the first comprehensive and in-depth exploration of the rich and complex linkages between ecology and disease, and provides conceptual underpinnings to understand and ameliorate epidemics. It also sheds light on the roles that diseases play in ecosystems, bringing vital new insights to landscape management issues in particular. While the ecological context is a key piece of the puzzle, effective control and understanding of diseases requires the interaction of professionals in medicine, epidemiology, veterinary medicine, forestry, agriculture, and ecology. The essential resource on the subject, Infectious Disease Ecology seeks to bridge these fields with an ecological approach that focuses on systems thinking and complex interactions.

Infectious Disease Movement in a Borderless World Book

Infectious Disease Movement in a Borderless World

  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2010-03-10
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 322
  • ISBN 10 : 030915197X

Infectious Disease Movement in a Borderless World Excerpt :

Modern transportation allows people, animals, and plants--and the pathogens they carry--to travel more easily than ever before. The ease and speed of travel, tourism, and international trade connect once-remote areas with one another, eliminating many of the geographic and cultural barriers that once limited the spread of disease. Because of our global interconnectedness through transportation, tourism and trade, infectious diseases emerge more frequently; spread greater distances; pass more easily between humans and animals; and evolve into new and more virulent strains. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted the workshop "Globalization, Movement of Pathogens (and Their Hosts) and the Revised International Health Regulations" December 16-17, 2008 in order to explore issues related to infectious disease spread in a "borderless" world. Participants discussed the global emergence, establishment, and surveillance of infectious diseases; the complex relationship between travel, trade, tourism, and the spread of infectious diseases; national and international policies for mitigating disease movement locally and globally; and obstacles and opportunities for detecting and containing these potentially wide-reaching and devastating diseases. This document summarizes the workshop.

Infectious Disease Ecology and Conservation Book

Infectious Disease Ecology and Conservation

  • Author : Johannes Foufopoulos
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2022-02-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192563545

Infectious Disease Ecology and Conservation Excerpt :

Emerging infectious diseases pose an increasingly serious threat to a number of endangered or sensitive species and are increasingly recognized as one of the major factors driving species extinction. Despite the significant impact of pathogens on conservation, no single book has yet integrated the theoretical principles underlying disease transmission with the practical health considerations for helping wildlife professionals and conservation biologists to manage disease outbreaks and conserve biodiversity. This novel and accessible book starts with a foundational section focusing on the role of pathogens in natural ecosystems, the dynamics of transmission in different environments, and the factors driving wildlife disease outbreaks. It then moves on to more applied issues concerned with the acquisition of field data including sampling, experimental design and analysis, as well as diagnostic analyses in both the laboratory and field. Guidelines for effective modelling and data analysis follow, before a final section is devoted to disease prevention and control including the prevention of novel outbreaks, the use of diseases as biocontrol agents, and the associated issues of ethics, public communication, and outreach. Infectious Disease Ecology and Conservation is primarily aimed at advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and established researchers in the fields of conservation biology, disease ecology, population ecology, and veterinary science. It will also be a valuable reference for conservation practitioners, land managers, and wildlife professionals who are required to deal with disease outbreak problems.

Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Disease Book

Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Disease

  • Author : Sarah S. Long
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release Date : 2012-01-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 2511
  • ISBN 10 : 9781437727029

Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Disease Excerpt :

Provides comprehensive coverage you need to understand, diagnose, and manage the ever-changing, high-risk clinical problems caused by pediatric infectious diseases.

Research Priorities for the Environment  Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty Book

Research Priorities for the Environment Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty

  • Author : TDR Thematic Reference Group on Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release Date : 2013
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 143
  • ISBN 10 : 9789241209762

Research Priorities for the Environment Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty Excerpt :

The Thematic Reference Group on Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty (TRG 4) addresses the nature of the intersections and interactions between environment, agriculture and infectious diseases of poverty in order to identify research priorities for improved disease control. This report reviews the connections between environmental change, modern agricultural practices and the occurrence of infectious diseases--especially those of poverty--and proposes a methodology that can be used to prioritize research on such diseases. Although there is some comprehension of the underlying and growing systemic influence of today s large-scale social and environmental changes on some infectious diseases, the significance and potential future impacts of these changes are poorly understood. Nevertheless, such changes now constitute a significant influence on the working of the Earth's systems that will have increasing consequences for patterns of occurrence of infectious diseases. Many of these changes are illustrated in this report. A common theme of this report is bidirectional causation, effectively "trapping" complex, linked eco-social systems in stable states that are resistant to intervention. For example, poverty is associated with ill health, low education and often with poor diets, either because of under-nutrition (and diarrhoea) or intakes that have excessive calories but insufficient micronutrients. In either case, poverty impairs health; and ill health impairs the escape from poverty. Another example is provided by a recent abundant agricultural harvest in India that has far exceeded storage capacity. A substantial fraction of this harvest will be wasted due to inadequate storage. Some grain that is badly stored will be contaminated by aflatoxins and other fungi, which increases the risk of cancer. This report presents the case for a more integrated approach across sectors, research disciplines and diseases, taking greater account of the increasin

Marine Disease Ecology Book

Marine Disease Ecology

  • Author : Donald C. Behringer
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2020-01-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198821632

Marine Disease Ecology Excerpt :

Whether through loss of habitat or cascading community effects, diseases can shape the very nature of the marine environment. Despite their significant impacts, studies of marine diseases have tended to lag behind their terrestrial equivalents, particularly with regards to their ecological effects. However, in recent decades global research focused on marine disease ecology has expanded at an accelerating rate. This is due in part to increases in disease emergence across many taxa, but can also be attributed to a broader realization that the parasites responsible for disease are themselves important members of marine communities. Understanding their ecological relationships with the environment and their hosts is critical to understanding, conserving, and managing natural and exploited populations, communities, and ecosystems. Courses on marine disease ecology are now starting to emerge and this first textbook in the field will be ideally placed to serve them. Marine Disease Ecology is suitable for graduate students and researchers in the fields of marine disease ecology, aquaculture, fisheries, veterinary science, evolution and conservation. It will also be of relevance and use to a broader interdisciplinary audience of government agencies, NGOs, and marine resource managers.

Plagues upon the Earth Book

Plagues upon the Earth

  • Author : Kyle Harper
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2021-10-12
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN 10 : 9780691224725

Plagues upon the Earth Excerpt :

A sweeping germ’s-eye view of history from human origins to global pandemics Plagues upon the Earth is a monumental history of humans and their germs. Weaving together a grand narrative of global history with insights from cutting-edge genetics, Kyle Harper explains why humanity’s uniquely dangerous disease pool is rooted deep in our evolutionary past, and why its growth is accelerated by technological progress. He shows that the story of disease is entangled with the history of slavery, colonialism, and capitalism, and reveals the enduring effects of historical plagues in patterns of wealth, health, power, and inequality. He also tells the story of humanity’s escape from infectious disease—a triumph that makes life as we know it possible, yet destabilizes the environment and fosters new diseases. Panoramic in scope, Plagues upon the Earth traces the role of disease in the transition to farming, the spread of cities, the advance of transportation, and the stupendous increase in human population. Harper offers a new interpretation of humanity’s path to control over infectious disease—one where rising evolutionary threats constantly push back against human progress, and where the devastating effects of modernization contribute to the great divergence between societies. The book reminds us that human health is globally interdependent—and inseparable from the well-being of the planet itself. Putting the COVID-19 pandemic in perspective, Plagues upon the Earth tells the story of how we got here as a species, and it may help us decide where we want to go.

Wildlife Disease Ecology Book

Wildlife Disease Ecology

  • Author : Kenneth Wilson
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-14
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 693
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107136564

Wildlife Disease Ecology Excerpt :

Introduces readers to key case studies that illustrate how theory and data can be integrated to understand wildlife disease ecology.

One Health  The Human Animal Environment Interfaces in Emerging Infectious Diseases Book

One Health The Human Animal Environment Interfaces in Emerging Infectious Diseases

  • Author : John S. Mackenzie
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-11-22
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 235
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642358463

One Health The Human Animal Environment Interfaces in Emerging Infectious Diseases Excerpt :

One Health is an emerging concept that aims to bring together human, animal, and environmental health. Achieving harmonized approaches for disease detection and prevention is difficult because traditional boundaries of medical and veterinary practice must be crossed. In the 19th and early 20th centuries this was not the case—then researchers like Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch and physicians like William Osler and Rudolph Virchow crossed the boundaries between animal and human health. More recently Calvin Schwabe revised the concept of One Medicine. This was critical for the advancement of the field of epidemiology, especially as applied to zoonotic diseases. The future of One Health is at a crossroads with a need to more clearly define its boundaries and demonstrate its benefits. Interestingly the greatest acceptance of One Health is seen in the developing world where it is having significant impacts on control of infectious diseases.