The Use of Electrochemical Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy  EC STM  in Corrosion Analysis Book

The Use of Electrochemical Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy EC STM in Corrosion Analysis


  • Author : R Lindstrom
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2006-11-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 48
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845692568

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The Use of Electrochemical Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy EC STM in Corrosion Analysis Excerpt :

The European Federation of Corrosion’s Working Party on Surface Science and the Mechanisms of Corrosion and Protection (EFC WP6) has defined, as one of its objectives, the development of a reference material and reference guidelines for the application of electrochemical scanning tunnelling microscopy (EC-STM) in corrosion science. The use of EC-STM to study the relationship between surface structure and surface reactivity in situ on electrodes in contact with an electrolyte is of major importance in corrosion research. This report describes the reference material and procedural guidelines required to use this technique effectively. STM-users are instructed how to obtain high resolution data on a carefully prepared copper single-crystal surface. Describes the reference material and procedural guidelines required to use this technique effectively Discusses an area of major importance in corrosion research

Local Probe Techniques for Corrosion Research Book

Local Probe Techniques for Corrosion Research


  • Author : R Oltra
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-01-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845692599

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Local Probe Techniques for Corrosion Research Excerpt :

The effective investigation of corrosion requires the use of methods that can probe material surfaces at the atomic or molecular level and can be used in situ. This important collection reviews the range of techniques available and how they can be used to analyse different types of corrosion. A number of chapters discuss the use of scanning probe microscopy techniques such as electrochemical scanning tunnelling microscopy and atomic force microscopy (EC-STM and EC-AFM). Other chapters analyse local electrochemical techniques such as scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM), scanning vibrating electrode techniques (SVET), scanning droplet and scanning kelvin probe microscopy (SKFM), as well as microraman spectroscopy and photoelectrochemical imaging. The book reviews the application of these techniques in practice to various metals and types of coating as well as different kinds of corrosion. With its distinguished editors and team of contributors, this is a valuable reference for all those concerned with corrosion research. Discusses methods that can probe material surfaces at the atomic or molecular level A valuable reference for all those concerned with corrosion research

Testing Tribocorrosion of Passivating Materials Supporting Research and Industrial Innovation Book

Testing Tribocorrosion of Passivating Materials Supporting Research and Industrial Innovation


  • Author : Jean-Pierre Celis
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-07-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351546935

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Testing Tribocorrosion of Passivating Materials Supporting Research and Industrial Innovation Excerpt :

This first edition of Testing Tribocorrosion of Passivating Materials Supporting Research and Industrial Innovation: A Handbook treats in a clear, concise, and practical manner an important material degradation and protection matter. It is designed as a handbook and provides a well structured approach of the basics needed to investigate the tribocorrosion behavior of passivating materials, and to conduct in a correct way a laboratory investigation on it. It provides answers on practical and theoretical approaches of tribocorrosion phenomena to engineers and medical persons involved with material assemblies subjected to aggressive environmental and mechanical conditions. For academic researchers it is a pertinent tool assisting them in how they can perform a tribocorrosion investigation and obtain results that are correctly interpreted and can be exchanged. Different parts of the book are illustrated with practical examples. This handbook is truly an indispensable guide for every professional who comes into contact with the complex material degradation and protection processes that take place under combined corrosion and wear conditions. Fields of interest include: transportation (aeronautics, maritime, rail, automotive), medical implants (orthopaedics, dentistry), biochemistry, food production, energy production, and machining. The coordination of this handbook writing was done by Professor Jean-Pierre Celis (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium) and Professor Pierre Ponthiaux (Ecole Centrale Paris, France) assisted by twelve European experts who contributed jointly to the nine chapters of this handbook. Main topics dealt with are tribocorrosion phenomena in medical and industrial sectors, depassivation and repassivation phenomena, impact on synergism in tribocorrosion, specific testing techniques, coupling tribology-to-corrosion, design of a testing protocol, and normalisation.

Inter Laboratory Study on Electrochemical Methods for the Characterization of Cocrmo Biomedical Alloys in Simulated Body Fluids Book

Inter Laboratory Study on Electrochemical Methods for the Characterization of Cocrmo Biomedical Alloys in Simulated Body Fluids


  • Author : Igual A. Munoz
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 115
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000107104

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Inter Laboratory Study on Electrochemical Methods for the Characterization of Cocrmo Biomedical Alloys in Simulated Body Fluids Excerpt :

This special issue of Corrosion Engineering Science and Technology is dedicated to the study of corrosion of objects from historical sites. The issue contains contributions from the 2009 EUROCORR session on Corrosion of Archaeological and Heritage Artefacts organised by the European Federation of Corrosion's working party and commissioned articles on other key issues. The objective is to give the reader a broad understanding of corrosion of ancient materials, for the most part metal but also glass. Articles shed light on a range of analytical approaches related to the study of the complex systems that make up historical artifacts. In order to arrive at an understanding of the nanometric organisation of rust layers and interphases, such studies must be approached on a macroscopic scale. Techniques used include; macrophotography, synchrotron radiation and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) that ensure results that are both exhaustive and representative of particular observations. This issue demonstrates the wealth of approaches possible in the study of the corrosion of ancient materials.

Electrochemistry in Light Water Reactors Book

Electrochemistry in Light Water Reactors


  • Author : R-W Bosch
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-04-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845693022

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Electrochemistry in Light Water Reactors Excerpt :

There has long been a need for effective methods of measuring corrosion within light water nuclear reactors. This important volume discusses key issues surrounding the development of high temperature reference electrodes and other electrochemical techniques. The book is divided into three parts with part one reviewing the latest developments in the use of reference electrode technology in both pressurised water and boiling water reactors. Parts two and three cover different types of corrosion and tribocorrosion and ways they can be measured using such techniques as electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Topics covered across the book include in-pile testing, modelling techniques and the tribocorrosion behaviour of stainless steel under reactor conditions. Electrochemistry in light water reactors is a valuable reference for all those concerned with corrosion problems in this key technology for the power industry. Discusses key issues surrounding the development of high temperature reference eletrodes A valuable reference for all concerned with corrosion problems in this key technology

The Electrochemistry and Characteristics of Embeddable Reference Electrodes for Concrete Book

The Electrochemistry and Characteristics of Embeddable Reference Electrodes for Concrete


  • Author : R Myrdal
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2014-01-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 40
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845692551

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The Electrochemistry and Characteristics of Embeddable Reference Electrodes for Concrete Excerpt :

Using reference electrodes to monitor the electrochemical potential of steel reinforcement in concrete is a well established technique for assessing the severity of corrosion and for controlling cathodic protection systems. This report gives a state-of-the-art overview of the electrochemical and physical characteristics and performance of embeddable reference electrodes for concrete, and the method used for installing them. The report first reviews electrochemical potential and reference electrodes in general. It then assesses the different types of reference electrodes for concrete. Finally, it considers key issues such as location and quality control which need to be considered when installing reference electrodes in steel-reinforced concrete structures. Provides a state-of-the-art overview of the electrochemical and physical characteristics and performance of embeddable reference electrodes for concrete Considers key issues such as location and quality control

Standardisation of Thermal Cycling Exposure Testing Book

Standardisation of Thermal Cycling Exposure Testing


  • Author : M Schütze
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-01-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845693473

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Standardisation of Thermal Cycling Exposure Testing Excerpt :

The thermal cyclic oxidation test has become one of the most widely accepted ways of measuring high temperature corrosion. There has long been a need for an agreed code of practice with standardised methods and procedures to ensure both the comparability and reliability of the results obtained. Based on an EU project, ‘Cyclic oxidation testing – development of a code of practice for the characterisation of high temperature materials performance’ (COTEST), this volume provides the essential background to an appropriate code of practice. The first part of the book reviews the range of existing test procedures. Part two summarises research on the influence of various test parameters on thermal cycling oxidation behaviour, including both long dwell and short dwell thermal cycling oxidation. The third and final part of the book describes the resulting code of practice which is being considered by the ISO/TC 156 Working Group 13 responsible for an appropriate international standard. With its distinguished editor and team of contributors, this important book is a standard reference for all those conducting thermal cycling oxidation testing or assessing its implications in such sectors as the power industry. Provides the essential background for an appropriate code of practice Reviews the range of existing test procedures

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water cooled Nuclear Reactors Book

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water cooled Nuclear Reactors


  • Author : Damien Feron
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-01-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081000625

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Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water cooled Nuclear Reactors Excerpt :

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water-Cooled Nuclear Reactors: The Coriou Effect presents the latest information on brittle failure of metals in corrosive chemical environments under the influence of tensile stresses. Nickel alloys are more resistant to SCC as well as high temperatures and have been widely used in more challenging environments such as nuclear power plants. However, these alloys can suffer SCC under certain conditions, resulting in component failure. A key figure in understanding the mechanisms of SCC in nickel alloys in water-cooled nuclear reactors is Henri Coriou of the CEA, France’s leading center for nuclear research. This book assesses his work in the context of the latest research on SCC in nickel alloys in nuclear power plants. Up-to-date reviews of recent research findings from leading experts in the field Authoritative and comprehensively reviewed by the Working Party 4 on Nuclear Corrosion Showcases the excellent quality and technical accomplishments of Henri Coriou and CEA

Corrosion Under Insulation  CUI  Guidelines Book

Corrosion Under Insulation CUI Guidelines


  • Author : S Winnik
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-11-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081007396

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Corrosion Under Insulation CUI Guidelines Excerpt :

Corrosion-under-insulation (CUI) refers to the external corrosion of piping and vessels that occurs underneath externally clad/jacketed insulation as a result of the penetration of water. By its very nature CUI tends to remain undetected until the insulation and cladding/jacketing is removed to allow inspection or when leaks occur. CUI is a common problem shared by the refining, petrochemical, power, industrial, onshore and offshore industries. In the first edition of this book published in 2008, the EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP15 engaged together to provide guidelines on managing CUI with contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical and offshore companies. The guidelines are intended for use on all plants and installation that contain insulated vessels, piping and equipment. The guidelines cover a risk-based inspection methodology for CUI, inspection techniques and recommended best practice for mitigating CUI, including design of plant and equipment, coatings and the use of thermal spray techniques, types of insulation, cladding/jacketing materials and protection guards. The guidelines also include case studies. The original document first published in 2008 was very successful and provided an important resource in the continuing battle to mitigate CUI. Many members of the EFC corrosion community requested an update and this has taken between 18-24 months to do so. Hopefully this revised document will continue to serve the community providing a practical source of information on how to monitor and manage insulated systems. Revised and fully updated technical guidance on managing CUI provided by EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP 15 Contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical and offshore companies Extensive appendices that provide additional practical guidance on the implementation of corrosion-under-insulation best practice, collected practical expertise and case studies

Amine Unit Corrosion in Refineries Book

Amine Unit Corrosion in Refineries


  • Author : J Harston
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-04-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 56
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845693237

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Amine Unit Corrosion in Refineries Excerpt :

The corrosion of carbon steels in amine units used for gas treatment in refining operations is a major problem for the petrochemical industry. Maximising amine unit reliability, together with improving throughput, circulation and treatment capacity, requires more effective ways of measuring and predicting corrosion rates. However, there has been a lack of data on corrosion. This valuable report helps to remedy this lack of information by summarising findings from over 30 plants. It covers such amine types as methyl diethanolamine (MDEA), diethanolamine (DEA), monoethanolamine (MEA) and di-isopropanolamine (DIPA), and makes recommendations on materials and process parameters to maximise amine unit efficiency and reliability. Covers such amine types as Methyl Diethanolamine (MDEA) and Di-isopropanolamine Makes recommendations on materials and process parameters to maximise amine unit efficiency and reliability

Engineering Tools for Corrosion Book

Engineering Tools for Corrosion


  • Author : Luciano Lazzari
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-07-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081024256

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Engineering Tools for Corrosion Excerpt :

Engineering Tools for Corrosion: Design and Diagnosis proposes models and equations derived from theory. It includes discussions of the estimation of main corrosion parameters for corrosion rate, electrochemical constraints, thresholds limits and initiation time. The algorithms proposed are the conjugation of theory and engineering practice resulting from research and professional activities carried out by the author for almost four decades. Presents a rational approach to the corrosion prediction and evaluation dilemma Illustrates new models and algorithms for quantitative estimation of corrosion related factors and parameters Includes the design and interpretation of accelerated corrosion tests

Corrosion Under Insulation  CUI  Guidelines Book

Corrosion Under Insulation CUI Guidelines


  • Author : Gino De Landtsheer
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-08-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128233368

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Corrosion Under Insulation CUI Guidelines Excerpt :

Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) Guidelines: Technical Guide for Managing CUI, Third Edition, Volume 55 builds upon the success of the first two editions to provide a fully up-to-date, practical source of information on how to monitor and manage insulated systems. In the first edition of this book published in 2008, the EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP15 engaged together to provide guidelines on managing CUI with contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical, and offshore companies. The guidelines were intended for use on all plants and installations that contain insulated vessels, piping, and equipment, and cover a risk-based inspection methodology for CUI, inspection techniques, and recommended best practices for mitigating CUI. The guidelines include design of plant and equipment, coatings and the use of thermal spray techniques, types of insulation, cladding/jacketing materials, and protection guards. Corrosion-under-insulation (CUI) refers to the external corrosion of piping and vessels that occurs underneath externally clad/jacketed insulation as a result of the penetration of water. By its very nature CUI tends to remain undetected until the insulation and cladding/jacketing is removed to allow inspection, or when leaks occur. CUI is a common problem shared by the refining, petrochemical, power, industrial, onshore and offshore industries. Provides revised and updated technical guidance on managing CUI provided by EFC Working Parties 13 and 15 Discusses the standard approach to risk based inspection methodology Presents the argument that CUI is everywhere, and looks at mitigating actions that can be started from the onset Includes a wide array of concepts of corrosion mitigation

Corrosion Monitoring in Nuclear Systems EFC 56 Book

Corrosion Monitoring in Nuclear Systems EFC 56


  • Author : Stefan Ritter
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-09-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351457736

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Corrosion Monitoring in Nuclear Systems EFC 56 Excerpt :

Corrosion remains one of the key issues affecting the performance and availability of nuclear power plants. Therefore, reliable in-plant corrosion monitoring methods are essential both for the future operation of existing plants and to ensure the safety of future nuclear waste disposal systems. In two parts, this book was stimulated by a workshop organised by EFC Working Party 4 on Nuclear Corrosion and the European Cooperative Group on Corrosion Monitoring of Nuclear Materials (EGC-COMON). The first part deals mainly with research into the detection of stress corrosion crack initiation in nuclear power plant environments (essentially high temperature water at around 300 °C) by various methods, particularly the electrochemical noise technique but also including the electrochemical impedance, acoustic emission and direct current potential drop methods. The second part addresses the goal to develop in-situ techniques and includes examples of the application of electrochemical corrosion potential monitoring. This book will be of particular interest to scientists and engineers concerned with the mitigation of corrosion in nuclear systems.

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts Book

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts


  • Author : P Dillmann
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-01-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845693015

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Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts Excerpt :

Understanding long term corrosion processes is critical in many areas, including archaeology and conservation. This important book reviews key themes such as the processes underlying corrosion over long periods, how corrosion rates can be measured and materials conserved. After an overview of the study and conservation of metal archaeological artefacts, a group of chapters reviews long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron and bronze. Other chapters review the impact of environmental factors on corrosion rates. The book also considers instrumental techniques for measuring corrosion such as electrochemistry and scanning electron microscopy, as well as ways of modelling corrosion processes. There is also coverage of the effectiveness of corrosion inhibitors. With its distinguished editors and contributors, Corrosion of metallic heritage artefacts improves our understanding of long term corrosion and its effects. It provides a valuable reference for those involved in archaeology and conservation, as well as those dealing with the long term storage of nuclear and other waste. Reviews long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron and bronze Considers instumental techniques such as electrochemistry for measuring corrosion

Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts Book

Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts


  • Author : P Dillmann
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-07-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782421573

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Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts Excerpt :

The conservation of metallic archaeological and historic artefacts is a major challenge whether they are ancient bronzes or relics of our more recent industrial past. Based on the work of Working Party 21 Corrosion of Archaeological and Historical Artefacts within the European Federation of Corrosion (EFC), this important book summarises key recent research on analytical techniques, understanding corrosion processes and preventing the corrosion of cultural heritage metallic artefacts. After an introductory part on some of the key issues in this area, part two reviews the range of analytical techniques for measuring and analysing corrosion processes, including time resolved spectroelectrochemistry, voltammetry and laser induced breakdown spectroscopy. Part three reviews different types of corrosion processes for a range of artefacts, whilst part four discusses on-site monitoring techniques. The final part of the book summaries a range of conservation techniques and strategies to conserve cultural heritage metallic artefacts. Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts is an important reference for all those involved in archaeology and conservation, including governments, museums as well as those undertaking research in archaeology and corrosion science. Summarises key research on analytical techniques for measuring and analysing corrosion processes Provides detailed understanding of corrosion processes and corrosion prevention Discusses on-site monitoring techniques