The X Club Book

The X Club


  • Author : Ruth Barton
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2018-11-21
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN 10 : 9780226551753

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The X Club Excerpt :

In 1864, amid headline-grabbing heresy trials, members of the British Association for the Advancement of Science were asked to sign a declaration affirming that science and scripture were in agreement. Many criticized the new test of orthodoxy; nine decided that collaborative action was required. The X Club tells their story. These six ambitious professionals and three wealthy amateurs—J. D. Hooker, T. H. Huxley, John Tyndall, John Lubbock, William Spottiswoode, Edward Frankland, George Busk, T. A. Hirst, and Herbert Spencer—wanted to guide the development of science and public opinion on issues where science impinged on daily life, religious belief, and politics. They formed a private dining club, which they named the X Club, to discuss and further their plans. As Ruth Barton shows, they had a clear objective: they wanted to promote “scientific habits of mind,” which they sought to do through lectures, journalism, and science education. They devoted enormous effort to the expansion of science education, with real, but mixed, success. ​For twenty years, the X Club was the most powerful network in Victorian science—the men succeeded each other in the presidency of the Royal Society for a dozen years. Barton’s group biography traces the roots of their success and the lasting effects of their championing of science against those who attempted to limit or control it, along the way shedding light on the social organization of science, the interactions of science and the state, and the places of science and scientific men in elite culture in the Victorian era.

The X Club Book

The X Club


  • Author : Ruth Barton
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2018-11-21
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 617
  • ISBN 10 : 9780226551616

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The X Club Excerpt :

In 1864, amid headline-grabbing heresy trials, members of the British Association for the Advancement of Science were asked to sign a declaration affirming that science and scripture were in agreement. Many criticized the new test of orthodoxy; nine decided that collaborative action was required. The X Club tells their story. These six ambitious professionals and three wealthy amateurs—J. D. Hooker, T. H. Huxley, John Tyndall, John Lubbock, William Spottiswoode, Edward Frankland, George Busk, T. A. Hirst, and Herbert Spencer—wanted to guide the development of science and public opinion on issues where science impinged on daily life, religious belief, and politics. They formed a private dining club, which they named the X Club, to discuss and further their plans. As Ruth Barton shows, they had a clear objective: they wanted to promote “scientific habits of mind,” which they sought to do through lectures, journalism, and science education. They devoted enormous effort to the expansion of science education, with real, but mixed, success. ​For twenty years, the X Club was the most powerful network in Victorian science—the men succeeded each other in the presidency of the Royal Society for a dozen years. Barton’s group biography traces the roots of their success and the lasting effects of their championing of science against those who attempted to limit or control it, along the way shedding light on the social organization of science, the interactions of science and the state, and the places of science and scientific men in elite culture in the Victorian era.

The X Club Book

The X Club


  • Author : Anna Zaires
  • Publisher : Mozaika LLC
  • Release Date : 2018-10-02
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781631423901

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The X Club Excerpt :

A young journalist. An alien sex club. A Krinar who won’t take no for an answer. Amy Myers is tired of writing fluff. She wants to work on serious assignments—and what better way to prove herself than to uncover something new about the mysterious Krinar, the aliens who took over the Earth just two years earlier? But when she meets Vair, the dark and sexy owner of a Manhattan x-club, she may get more than she bargained for...

X Men Book

X Men


  • Author : Simon Spurrier
  • Publisher : Marvel Entertainment
  • Release Date : 2012-07-04
  • Genre: Comics & Graphic Novels
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN 10 : 9781302014056

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X Men Excerpt :

"WE DO SCIENCE!" In the wake of SCHISM, the X-Men's Science Team takes it upon themselves to make a gesture of goodwill on behalf of mutantkind and better the world ... using SCIENCE. But just as construction of the X-Club's state of the art space elevator nears completion, chaos erupts! And it appears to the world that mutants are to blame. Can Dr. Nemesis, Madison Jeffries, Kavita Rao and Danger clear the X-Men's name before their experiment backfires? Don't miss the story that will surely change how you look at the X-Men and the Periodic Table of Elements FOREVER! COLLECTING: X-CLUB 1-5

Close Liaisons Book

Close Liaisons


  • Author : Anna Zaires
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2012-10
  • Genre: Human-alien encounters
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 0988391317

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Close Liaisons Excerpt :

"In the near future, the Krinar rule the Earth. An advanced race from another galaxy, they are still a mystery to us-- and we are completely at their mercy. Shy and innocent, Mia Stalis is a college student in New York City who has led a very normal life. Like most people, she's never had any interaction with the invaders-- until one fateful day in the park changes everything. Having caught Korum's eye, she must now contend with a powerful, dangerously seductive Krinar who wants to possess her and will stop at nothing to make her his own."--Page 4 of cover.

Making  Nature  Book

Making Nature


  • Author : Melinda Baldwin
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2015-08-18
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 9780226261454

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Making Nature Excerpt :

Nature's shifting audience : 1869-1875 -- Nature's contributors and the changing of Britain's scientific guard : 1872-1895 -- Defining the "man of science" in Nature -- Scientific internationalism and scientific nationalism -- Nature, interwar politics, and intellectual freedom -- "It almost came out on its own" : Nature under L.J.F. Brimble and A.J.V. Gale -- Nature, the Cold War, and the rise of the United States -- "Disorderly publication" : Nature and scientific self-policing in the 1980s.

The Organisation of Knowledge in Victorian Britain Book

The Organisation of Knowledge in Victorian Britain


  • Author : Martin Daunton
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2005-05-26
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN 10 : 0197263267

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The Organisation of Knowledge in Victorian Britain Excerpt :

This collection of essays explores the questions of what counted as knowledge in Victorian Britain, who defined knowledge and the knowledgeable, by what means and by what criteria. During the Victorian period, the structure of knowledge took on a new and recognizably modern form, and the disciplines we now take for granted took shape. The ways in which knowledge was tested also took on a new form, with the rise of written examinations. New institutions of knowledge were created: museums were important at the start of the period, universities had become prominent by the end. Victorians needed to make sense of the sheer scale of new information, to popularize it, and at the same time to exclude ignorance and error - a role carried out by encyclopaedias and popular publications. By studying the Victorian organization of knowledge in its institutional, social, and intellectual settings, these essays contribute to our wider consideration of the complex and much debated concept of knowledge.

The Routledge Research Companion to Nineteenth Century British Literature and Science Book

The Routledge Research Companion to Nineteenth Century British Literature and Science


  • Author : John Holmes
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release Date : 2017-05-18
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317042341

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The Routledge Research Companion to Nineteenth Century British Literature and Science Excerpt :

Tracing the continuities and trends in the complex relationship between literature and science in the long nineteenth century, this companion provides scholars with a comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date foundation for research in this field. In intellectual, material and social terms, the transformation undergone by Western culture over the period was unprecedented. Many of these changes were grounded in the growth of science. Yet science was not a cultural monolith then any more than it is now, and its development was shaped by competing world views. To cover the full range of literary engagements with science in the nineteenth century, this companion consists of twenty-seven chapters by experts in the field, which explore crucial social and intellectual contexts for the interactions between literature and science, how science affected different genres of writing, and the importance of individual scientific disciplines and concepts within literary culture. Each chapter has its own extensive bibliography. The volume as a whole is rounded out with a synoptic introduction by the editors and an afterword by the eminent historian of nineteenth-century science Bernard Lightman.

Thomas Henry Huxley Book

Thomas Henry Huxley


  • Author : John Vernon Jensen
  • Publisher : Associated University Presse
  • Release Date : 1991
  • Genre: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN 10 : 0874133793

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Thomas Henry Huxley Excerpt :

This volume presents a fresh view of Huxley's rhetorical experiences and legacy and closely analyzes his battle with orthodox theology. Careful attention is given to his reliance on three confidants, his maiden public lecture in 1852, his debate with Bishop Wilberforce in 1860, and his 1876 lecture tour of the United States.

Masculinity and Science in Britain  1831   1918 Book

Masculinity and Science in Britain 1831 1918


  • Author : Heather Ellis
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-01-20
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN 10 : 9781137311740

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Masculinity and Science in Britain 1831 1918 Excerpt :

This book offers the first in-depth study of the masculine self-fashioning of scientific practitioners in nineteenth and early twentieth-century Britain. Focusing on the British Association for the Advancement of Science, founded in 1831, it explores the complex and dynamic shifts in the public image of the British ‘man of science’ and questions the status of the natural scientist as a modern masculine hero. Until now, science has been examined by cultural historians primarily for evidence about the ways in which scientific discourses have shaped prevailing notions about women and supported the growth of oppressive patriarchal structures. This volume, by contrast, offers the first in-depth study of the importance of ideals of masculinity in the construction of the male scientist and British scientific culture in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. From the eighteenth-century identification of the natural philosopher with the reclusive scholar, to early nineteenth-century attempts to reinvent the scientist as a fashionable gentleman, to his subsequent reimagining as the epitome of Victorian moral earnestness and meritocracy, Heather Ellis analyzes the complex and changing public image of the British ‘man of science’.

Victorian Scientific Naturalism Book

Victorian Scientific Naturalism


  • Author : Bernard Lightman
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2014-04-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN 10 : 9780226109640

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Victorian Scientific Naturalism Excerpt :

Victorian Scientific Naturalism examines the secular creeds of the generation of intellectuals who, in the wake of The Origin of Species, wrested cultural authority from the old Anglican establishment while installing themselves as a new professional scientific elite. These scientific naturalists—led by biologists, physicists, and mathematicians such as William Kingdon Clifford, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Thomas Henry Huxley, and John Tyndall—sought to persuade both the state and the public that scientists, not theologians, should be granted cultural authority, since their expertise gave them special insight into society, politics, and even ethics. In Victorian Scientific Naturalism, Gowan Dawson and Bernard Lightman bring together new essays by leading historians of science and literary critics that recall these scientific naturalists, in light of recent scholarship that has tended to sideline them, and that reevaluate their place in the broader landscape of nineteenth-century Britain. Ranging in topic from daring climbing expeditions in the Alps to the maintenance of aristocratic protocols of conduct at Kew Gardens, these essays offer a series of new perspectives on Victorian scientific naturalism—as well as its subsequent incarnations in the early twentieth century—that together provide an innovative understanding of the movement centering on the issues of community, identity, and continuity.

Edward Frankland Book

Edward Frankland


  • Author : Colin A. Russell
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2003-12-04
  • Genre: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : 0521545811

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Edward Frankland Excerpt :

This is the first scientific biography of Edward Frankland, probably the most eminent chemist of nineteenth-century Britain. Frankland discovered the chemical bond and founded the science of organometallic chemistry. He was a leading reformer of chemistry teaching, and the government's close adviser on urban water purity. From an apprenticeship in a druggist's shop in Lancaster, he was to occupy the first chemical chair at Manchester, and become professor at what became Imperial College. He was knighted in 1897. Today an obscurity of reputation stems from the conspiracy of silence surrounding Frankland's origins as an illegitimate child. Recently, however, Professor Russell has gained access to a vast collection of his private papers. Russell's authoritative account discloses, amongst much else, this web of conspiracy in the scientific community, and will be of great interest to professional chemists, historians of science, and general readers concerned with the social fabric of Victorian England.

Staging Authority Book

Staging Authority


  • Author : Eva Giloi
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2022-10-24
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110571417

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Staging Authority Excerpt :

Staging Authority: Presentation and Power in Nineteenth-Century Europe is a comprehensive handbook on how the presentation, embodiment, and performance of authority changed in the long nineteenth century. It focuses on the diversification of authority: what new forms and expressions of authority arose in that critical century, how traditional authority figures responded and adapted to those changes, and how the public increasingly participated in constructing and validating authority. It pays particular attention to how spaces were transformed to offer new possibilities for the presentation of authority, and how the mediatization of presence affected traditional authority. The handbook’s fourteen chapters draw on innovative methodologies in cultural history and the aligned fields of the history of emotions, urban geography, persona studies, gender studies, media studies, and sound studies.

Culture and Science in the Nineteenth Century Media Book

Culture and Science in the Nineteenth Century Media


  • Author : Louise Henson
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-03-02
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351946841

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Culture and Science in the Nineteenth Century Media Excerpt :

Written by literary scholars, historians of science, and cultural historians, the twenty-two original essays in this collection explore the intriguing and multifaceted interrelationships between science and culture through the periodical press in nineteenth-century Britain. Ranging across the spectrum of periodical titles, the six sections comprise: 'Women, Children, and Gender', 'Religious Audiences', 'Naturalizing the Supernatural', 'Contesting New Technologies', 'Professionalization and Journalism', and 'Evolution, Psychology, and Culture'. The essays offer some of the first 'samplings and soundings' from the emergent and richly interdisciplinary field of scholarship on the relations between science and the nineteenth-century media.

Religion and the Challenges of Science Book

Religion and the Challenges of Science


  • Author : Richard Feist
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-11-30
  • Genre: Religion
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351150385

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Religion and the Challenges of Science Excerpt :

Does science pose a challenge to religion and religious belief? This question has been a matter of long-standing debate - and it continues to concern not only scholars in philosophy, theology, and the sciences, but also those involved in public educational policy. This volume provides background to the current 'science and religion' debate, yet focuses as well on themes where recent discussion of the relation between science and religion has been particularly concentrated. The first theme deals with the history of the interrelation of science and religion. The second and third themes deal with the implications of recent work in cosmology, biology and so-called intelligent design for religion and religious belief. The fourth theme is concerned with 'conceptual issues' underlying, or implied, in the current debates, such as: Are scientific naturalism and religion compatible? Are science and religion bodies of knowledge or practices or both? Do religion and science offer conflicting truth claims? By illuminating contemporary discussion in the science-religion debate and by outlining the options available in describing the relation between the two, this volume will be of interest to scholars and to members of the educated public alike.