Therapeutic Application of Nitric Oxide in Cancer and Inflammatory Disorders Book

Therapeutic Application of Nitric Oxide in Cancer and Inflammatory Disorders


  • Author : Lucia Morbidelli
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-02-09
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128172797

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Therapeutic Application of Nitric Oxide in Cancer and Inflammatory Disorders Excerpt :

Therapeutic Application of Nitric Oxide in Cancer and Inflammatory Disorders presents updated reviews on the chemistry, signaling, pre-clinical and clinical activities on the role of nitric oxide donors/inhibitors used alone and in combination with other therapeutic agents for the treatment of a variety of diseases. This book examines various studies related to the application of novel therapeutic NO (donors/inhibitors) compounds in the treatment of various cancers. These studies have been shown to exert significant therapeutic activities against various cancers and various inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, allergies, and asthma, where no current effective therapies exist. Pathologies based on functional and structural vascular alterations are also taken into consideration. Edited and written by internationally renowned experts in the field of novel therapeutics for cancer, this book is a valuable source for cancer researchers, medical scientists, clinicians, clinical pharmacologists, and graduate students. Provides readers with a clear overview of the recent findings and references as well as summaries, significant molecular pathways, and conclusions Discusses new ideas proposed and makes suggestions for further investigations that will advance the field Presents introductory and summary information on the contributions of the field, all the findings of the studies discussed, and projects future goals for research

Nitric Oxide  NO  and Cancer Book

Nitric Oxide NO and Cancer


  • Author : Benjamin Bonavida
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2012-09-05
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN 10 : 1461426111

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Nitric Oxide NO and Cancer Excerpt :

Nitric Oxide (NO) is a pleitropic, ubiquitous modulator of cellular functions. Aryl nitrite and glyceryl trinitrate, representative intravasadilators, were introduced as therapeutic agents more than a century ago for relief from acute attacks of angina. The vasodilator action is mediated by the release of NO following treatment. NO has important therapeutic applications in several diseases such as inflammatory diseases, erectile dysfunction, inflammation, pain and neural protective activity. However, the role of NO in cancer and its application in therapy has received little attention. This monograph will be the first to focus on studies that investigate the role of NO in tumor cell pathogenesis, growth, angiogenesis, response to cytotoxic therapies and NO translational applications in cancer therapy, alone or in conjunction with other therapies.

Antiangiogenic Drugs as Chemosensitizers in Cancer Therapy Book

Antiangiogenic Drugs as Chemosensitizers in Cancer Therapy


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2022-01-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323905565

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Antiangiogenic Drugs as Chemosensitizers in Cancer Therapy Excerpt :

Anti-angiogenic Drugs as Chemosensitizers in Cancer Therapy, Volume 19 focuses on the use of anti-angiogenic drugs as sensitizers of tumor cells to the inhibitory activity of antitumor agents. Conventional and novel anti-neoplastic agents (cytotoxic molecules, hormones/antihormones, immunotherapies) are taken into consideration, along with advances made in combination therapies. The book encompasses examples of studies on the use of antiangiogenic compounds—molecules that inhibit the growth of vessels inside a tumor—together with antineoplastic drugs in order to sensitize the resistant tumor to their cytotoxic effects, thus reducing adverse side reactions and resistance and improving the therapeutic response of cancer patients. In addition, the book discusses clinical applications in various types of cancer, such as colorectal, lung, breast, renal, genitourinary, skin and brain and circulating tumors. It is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, clinicians and members of the biomedical field who wants to be up-to-date on the most recent and promising developments in the field. Provides the most updated reviews on anti-angiogenic drugs as chemosensitizers by leaders in the field Encompasses summarized tables and schematic diagrams in each chapter to give a clear overview on recent findings in a didactic manner Brings not only relevant information of current research but also new ideas and suggestions for further investigations to help advance the field

The Molecular Targets and Therapeutic Uses of Curcumin in Health and Disease Book

The Molecular Targets and Therapeutic Uses of Curcumin in Health and Disease


  • Author : Bharat B. Aggarwal
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-08-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387464015

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The Molecular Targets and Therapeutic Uses of Curcumin in Health and Disease Excerpt :

The medicinal uses of Curcumin (also called turmeric) have been known and described for more than 5000 years. A large body of recent research suggests that curcumin is potentially useful in the treatment of inflammatory diseases, through modulation of numerous molecular targets. This is the first monograph to focus on the potential use of curcumin in the treatment of cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, arthritis, Alzheimer’s, psoriasis and more.

Inflammation in the Pathogenesis of Chronic Diseases Book
Score: 3
From 1 Ratings

Inflammation in the Pathogenesis of Chronic Diseases


  • Author : Randall E. Harris
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-05-09
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402056888

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Inflammation in the Pathogenesis of Chronic Diseases Excerpt :

In this book, a worldwide panel of leading experts discuss the role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of major chronic diseases and the current controversy regarding risk versus benefit of selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors. The authors provide exciting and enlightening perspectives on COX-2 and related molecular targets in the future of medicine, including historical perspectives.

Nitric Oxide Donors Book

Nitric Oxide Donors


  • Author : Amedea Seabra
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-03-17
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128134597

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Nitric Oxide Donors Excerpt :

Nitric Oxide Donors: Biomedical Applications and Perspectives presents the current state of art, challenges and innovations in the design of therapeutics nitric oxide donors with great impact in several aspects of human physiology and pathophysiology. Although considerable innovative progress has been achieved using Nitric Oxide donors in biomedical applications, certain drawbacks still need to be overcome to successfully translate these research innovations into clinical applications. This book encompasses several topics on nitric oxide such as its sources and biological properties; its performance in the cardiovascular and neurologic systems, in the human skin and its application in the treatment of neglected diseases, neurodegenerative disorders, and cancer. Additionally, it covers its role in inflammation and immunity, penile erection function, photodynamic therapy, antimicrobial activities. It also discusses the future of nitric oxide donors in combination with other therapeutic drugs, in implantable sensors, and nitric oxide releasing hydrogels and medical devices for topical applications. The book is a valuable source for researchers on different areas of biomedical field who are interested in the improvements that these molecules can make in the treatment of several conditions. Provides background information about biology and chemistry of nitric oxide Discusses the state-of-the-art in the design of nitric oxide releasing nanomaterials for biomedical applications Covers the usage of nitric oxide donors in the treatment of several conditions, such as cancer, human skin, cardiovascular system, and immunity Discusses the future of nitric oxide donors and their FDA approval

Chemokine Biology   Basic Research and Clinical Application Book

Chemokine Biology Basic Research and Clinical Application


  • Author : Gordon L. Letts
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN 10 : 376436825X

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Chemokine Biology Basic Research and Clinical Application Excerpt :

Chemokines play an important role in recruiting inflammatory cells into tissues in response to infection and inflammation. They also play an important role in coordinating the movement of T-cells, B-cells and dentritic cells, necessary to generate an immune response (response to injury, allergens, antigens, invading microorganisms). They selectively attract leukocytes to inflammatory foci, inducing both cell migration and activation. They are involved in various diseases, like atherosclerosis, lung and skin inflammation, multiple sclerosis, or HIV. Volume 1 of this two-volume set discusses the immunobiology of chemokines. It is divided into two parts: a) cellular targets in innate and adaptive immunity, and b) effector cell traffic-unrelated functions. Together with volume 2, which discusses the pathophysiology of chemokines, both volumes give a comprehensive overview of chemokine biology.

Regulation of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Expression in Human Cells Book

Regulation of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Expression in Human Cells


  • Author : Martin Lee
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 127
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1125747922

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Regulation of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Expression in Human Cells Excerpt :

Nitric oxide (NO) is a bioactive gas that has multiple roles in innate and adaptive immune responses and dysregulated expression of its production by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is implicated in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory diseases and cancer. The mechanisms by which the expression of iNOS is regulated in human cells is incompletely understood. I show that NO positively regulates iNOS expression through a positive feedback mechanism that involves S-nitrosylation and activation of the small Ras GTPase, which in turn activates downstream PI3K/Akt and mTOR pathways. This feedback mechanism acts in a post-translational manner to increase iNOS protein levels by reducing its ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. In addition to examining the feedback regulation of iNOS protein expression, I also studied how gene expression of this enzyme is controlled. I focused on the hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) because of the central role of this transcription factor in controlling many aspects of cell biology. The human iNOS gene promoter has three predicted HIF binding sites and mutation of one of these sites at -4.9 kb reduced the induction of iNOS gene promoter activity by cytokines. Further, HIF-1a gene editing by CRISPR/Cas9 eliminated HIF activity and reduced the induction of iNOS mRNA and protein expression by cytokines. Altogether, I discovered two mechanisms whereby iNOS expression is positively regulated at the protein and gene expression levels in an inflammatory setting. The role of NO and HIF in augmenting iNOS expression may provide insight into new therapeutic strategies for inflammatory diseases and cancer.

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Book

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality


  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: House & Home
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 10 : UCBK:C105261333

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WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Excerpt :

This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered in this review, i.e. benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, have indoor sources, are known in respect of their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of health concern. The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing health risks of environmental exposures, as well as specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.

Oxidative Stress  Inflammation and Angiogenesis in the Metabolic Syndrome Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Oxidative Stress Inflammation and Angiogenesis in the Metabolic Syndrome


  • Author : Raquel Soares
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-02-25
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402097010

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Oxidative Stress Inflammation and Angiogenesis in the Metabolic Syndrome Excerpt :

Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is a highly prevalent condition in developed countries and is a cluster of several risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease that includes increased body mass index/waist circumference, visceral obesity, insulin resistance, hyperclycaemia, dyslipidaemia and hypertension, which are all major causes of morbidity and death. This volume provides a critical review and discussion of the knowledge gathered on MS and analyzes the interplay between oxidative stress, chronic inflammation and angiogenesis features. There is a special focus on recent discoveries and progress toward possible therapeutic strategies, such as the role of glucose transporters within MS; the effects of polyphenols as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic compounds. The role of NFkB, nitric oxide synthases, hypoxia-inducible factors, and many other molecules that play a part in the development of oxidative stress and inflammation as well as angiogenesis is also covered. This book fills the gap between basic science and medical care, and provides the reader with the skills to apply rigorous basic science to clinical settings of metabolic syndrome-associated disorders.

Nitric Oxide Synthase Book

Nitric Oxide Synthase


  • Author : Seyed Soheil Saeedi Saravi
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2017-05-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535131632

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Nitric Oxide Synthase Excerpt :

Nitric Oxide Synthase - Simple Enzyme-Complex Roles provides information on nitric oxide synthase, a biomolecule of key importance for the different biological systems, including central and peripheral nervous, cardiovascular, and reproductive systems. With recent links to the role of nitric oxide in the reactions that can impact cell signaling, and discoveries surrounding the complex role of nitric oxide synthase that have increased research attention across the fields of cell and molecular biology, physiology, pharmacology, toxicology, neuroscience, cardiology, urology, and endocrinology, this book tries to provide a comprehensive overview of biology/pathobiology of nitric oxide synthases and a perspective from possible therapeutic indication of the enzyme inhibitors.

L Arginine in Clinical Nutrition Book

L Arginine in Clinical Nutrition


  • Author : Vinood B. Patel
  • Publisher : Humana Press
  • Release Date : 2016-08-23
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 645
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319260099

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L Arginine in Clinical Nutrition Excerpt :

This text presents the application of current nutritional knowledge by physicians and dietitians and incorporates emerging fields of science and important discoveries. It contains seven major sections. Section 1: Basic Processes at the Cellular Levels, Section 2: Arginine Metabolism and Functions, Section 3: Arginine Status in Cells Related to Organ Damage and Disease, Section 4: Arginine Status and Use in Healthy Individuals, Section 5: Arginine and Diseases of the Gastrointestinal Tract, Section 6: Therapeutic uses of Arginine: Diabetes, Obesity and Cardiovascular Diseases and Section 7: Therapeutic Uses of Arginine: Cancer, Wound Healing and Infectious Disease. Written by authors of international and national standing, leaders in the field and trendsetters, Arginine in Clinical Nutrition is essential reading for nutritionists and dietitians, public health scientists, doctors, epidemiologists, health care professionals of various disciplines, policy makers and marketing and economic strategists.

Inflammation Protocols Book

Inflammation Protocols


  • Author : Paul G. Winyard
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-02-03
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN 10 : 9781592593743

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Inflammation Protocols Excerpt :

Inflammation has been described as the basis of many pathologies of human disease. When one considers the updated signs of inflammation, they would be vasodilation, cell migration, and, in the case of chronic inflam- tion, cell proliferation, often with an underlying autoimmune basis. Gen- ally, inflammation may be divided into acute, chronic, and autoimmune, - though the editors believe that most, if not all, chronic states are often the result of an autoimmune response to an endogenous antigen. Thus, a proper understanding of the inflammatory basis may provide clues to new therap- tic targets not only in classical inflammatory diseases, but atherosclerosis, cancer, and ischemic heart disease as well. The lack of advances in classical inflammatory diseases, such as rh- matoid arthritis, may in part arise from a failure to classify the disease into different forms. That different forms exist is exemplified in patients with d- fering responses to existing antiinflammatory drugs, ranging from nonresponders to very positive responders for a particular nonsteroidal an- inflammatory drug (NSAID). Though researchers have progressively unr- eled the mechanisms, the story is far from complete. It should also be noted that the inflammatory response is part of the innate immune response, or to use John Hunter’s words in 1795, “inflammation is a salutary response.” That may be applied in particular to the defensive response to invading micro- ganisms.

Adhesion Molecules  Function and Inhibition Book

Adhesion Molecules Function and Inhibition


  • Author : Klaus Ley
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-08-16
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN 10 : 9783764379742

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Adhesion Molecules Function and Inhibition Excerpt :

Inflammatory cell recruitment requires the concerted action of at least five major sets of adhesion molecules: integrins, immunoglobulin-like molecules, selectins, carbohydrate structures serving as selectin ligands, and certain ectoenzymes. This volume gives a comprehensive overview on the most relevant leukocyte and endothelial adhesion molecules. The chapters are written by leaders in the field and focus on the biology, structure, function, and regulation of adhesion molecules. Currently approved adhesion molecule-based therapies are reviewed and an outlook for future approaches is also provided. The book is of interest to clinicians and scientists from immunology, physiology, cancer research, rheumatology, allergology, infectious diseases, gastroenterology, pulmonology and cardiology.

The Hereditary Basis of Rheumatic Diseases Book

The Hereditary Basis of Rheumatic Diseases


  • Author : Rikard Holmdahl
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006-07-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN 10 : 9783764374198

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The Hereditary Basis of Rheumatic Diseases Excerpt :

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) represents a complex disease where the inheritable component has been estimated to be up to 60%. This PIR volume deals with the genetic basis and regulation of rheumatic diseases. The first part of the book describes genetic studies on rheumatic diseases. The second part deals with the shared heredity of rheumatic diseases, e.g., RA, lupus and ankylosing spondylitis. The third part of the volume describes tools for analysing genetic complexity, ranging from animal models to new molecular tools. The volume is essential reading for researchers and clinicians from rheumatology, inflammation research, immunology, and cell and molecular biology.