Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Organic Light Emitting Diodes  TADF OLEDs  Book

Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Organic Light Emitting Diodes TADF OLEDs


  • Author : Lian Duan
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-10-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128227732

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Organic Light Emitting Diodes TADF OLEDs Excerpt :

Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (TADF-OLEDs) comprehensively introduces the history of TADF, along with a review of fundamental concepts. Then, TADF emitters with different colors, such as blue, green, red and NIR as well as white OLEDs are discussed in detail. Other sections cover exciplex-type TADF materials, emerging application of TADF emitters as a host in OLEDs, and applications of TADF materials in organic lasers and biosensing. Discusses green, blue, red, NIR and white TADF emitters and their design strategies for improved performance for light-emitting diode applications Addresses emerging materials, such as molecular and exciplex-based TADF materials Includes emerging applications like lasers and biosensors

Highly Efficient OLEDs Book

Highly Efficient OLEDs


  • Author : Hartmut Yersin
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2018-09-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527691739

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Highly Efficient OLEDs Excerpt :

The essential resource that offers a comprehensive understanding of OLED optimizations Highly Efficient OLEDs. Materials Based on Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence (TADF) offers substantial information on the working principle of OLEDs and on new types of emitting materials (organic and inorganic). As the authors explain, OLEDs that use the Singlet-Harvesting mechanism based on the molecular property of TADF work according to a new exciton harvesting principle. Thus, low-cost emitter materials, such as Cu(I) or Ag(I) complexes as well as metal-free organic molecules, have the potential to replace high-cost rare metal complexes being currently applied in OLED technology. With contributions from an international panel of experts on the topic, the text shows how the application of new TADF materials allow for the development of efficient OLED displays and lighting systems. This new mechanism is the gateway to the third-generation of luminescent materials. This important resource: Offers a state-of-the-art compilation of the latest results in the dynamically developing field of OLED materials Is edited by a pioneer in the field of OLED material technology Contains a detailed application-oriented guide to new low-cost materials for displays and lighting Puts the focus on the emerging fields of OLED technology Written for materials scientists, solid state chemists, solid state physicists, and electronics engineers, Highly Efficient OLEDs. Materials Based on Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence offers a comprehensive resource to the latest advances of OLEDs based on new TADF materials.

Light Emitting Diode Book

Light Emitting Diode


  • Author : Jagannathan Thirumalai
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-09-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789237504

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Light Emitting Diode Excerpt :

The broad vision of this book is to offer book lovers a comprehensive appraisal of topics in the global advancements of experimental facts, instrumentation, and practical applications of LED and OLED materials and their applications. The prime feature of this book is connected with LED and OLED materials approaches of fabrication, optimization limits, and their extensive technical applications. This book is comprised of seven chapters encompassing the importance of LEDs and OLEDs, the history of LEDs and OLEDs with necessary examples, the phototoxic-cum-bactericidal effect due to the usage of blue LED irradiation, DC network indoor and outdoor LED lighting, WLEDs with thermally activated delayed fluorescence emitters, tetradentate cyclometalated platinum (II) complex-based efficient organic LEDs, the impact of the use of large LED lighting loads in low-voltage networks, highly efficient OLEDs using thermally activated delayed fluorescent materials, and AlGaN deep ultraviolet LEDs. Individual chapters provide a base for the wide range of common bibliophiles in diversified fields, students, and researchers, who may conduct research pertinent to this book and will find simply explained basics as well as advanced principles of designated subjects related to these phenomena. The book was created from seven contributions from experts in the diversified fields of LED and OLED fabrication and technology from over 15 research institutes across the globe.

Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Organic Light Emitting Diodes  TADF OLEDs  Book

Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Organic Light Emitting Diodes TADF OLEDs


  • Author : Lian Duan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-10-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128198100

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Organic Light Emitting Diodes TADF OLEDs Excerpt :

Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (TADF-OLEDs) comprehensively introduces the history of TADF, along with a review of fundamental concepts. Then, TADF emitters with different colors, such as blue, green, red and NIR as well as white OLEDs are discussed in detail. Other sections cover exciplex-type TADF materials, emerging application of TADF emitters as a host in OLEDs, and applications of TADF materials in organic lasers and biosensing. Discusses green, blue, red, NIR and white TADF emitters and their design strategies for improved performance for light-emitting diode applications Addresses emerging materials, such as molecular and exciplex-based TADF materials Includes emerging applications like lasers and biosensors

Light Active Functional Organic Materials Book

Light Active Functional Organic Materials


  • Author : Hiroko Yamada
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-05-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429827990

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Light Active Functional Organic Materials Excerpt :

Inspired by naturally occurring light-active molecular systems such as photosynthesis, scientists have long devoted their efforts to understanding how light and molecules interact. Based on a raft of knowledge on light absorption, energy migration and electron transfer, fluorescence and phosphorescence, and various photochemical reactions, light can now be utilized for energy conversion, information storage, medical applications, and development of next-generation photofunctional materials that cannot be obtained via conventional organic synthesis. This book overviews some of the cutting-edge p-conjugated molecular and polymer materials for organic photovoltaics, artificial photosynthesis, and organic light-emitting devices. It gives insights into the interactions between light and molecules and discusses sophisticated molecular designs, self-assembly and self-organization strategies, and state-of-the-art unconventional analytical methods.

Organic Semiconductors for Optoelectronics Book

Organic Semiconductors for Optoelectronics


  • Author : Hiroyoshi Naito
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-07-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119146124

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Organic Semiconductors for Optoelectronics Excerpt :

Comprehensive coverage of organic electronics, including fundamental theory, basic properties, characterization methods, device physics, and future trends Organic semiconductor materials have vast commercial potential for a wide range of applications, from self-emitting OLED displays and solid-state lighting to plastic electronics and organic solar cells. As research in organic optoelectronic devices continues to expand at an unprecedented rate, organic semiconductors are being applied to flexible displays, biosensors, and other cost-effective green devices in ways not possible with conventional inorganic semiconductors. Organic Semiconductors for Optoelectronics is an up-to-date review of the both the fundamental theory and latest research and development advances in organic semiconductors. Featuring contributions from an international team of experts, this comprehensive volume covers basic properties of organic semiconductors, characterization techniques, device physics, and future trends in organic device development. Detailed chapters provide key information on the device physics of organic field-effect transistors, organic light-emitting diodes, organic solar cells, organic photosensors, and more. This authoritative resource: Provides a clear understanding of the optoelectronic properties of organic semiconductors and their influence to overall device performance Explains the theories behind relevant mechanisms in organic semiconducting materials and in organic devices Discusses current and future trends and challenges in the development of organic optoelectronic devices Reviews electronic properties, device mechanisms, and characterization techniques of organic semiconducting materials Covers theoretical concepts of optical properties of organic semiconductors including fluorescent, phosphorescent, and thermally-assisted delayed fluorescent emitters An important new addition to the Wiley Series in Materials for Electronic & Optoelectronic Applications, Organic

Light Emitting Electrochemical Cells Book

Light Emitting Electrochemical Cells


  • Author : Rubén D. Costa
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-07-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319586137

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Light Emitting Electrochemical Cells Excerpt :

This book presents the recent achievements towards the next generation of Light-emitting electrochemical cells (LEC). Its first part focus on the definition, history and mechanism of LEC, going then to concepts and challenges and, finally, giving the reader examples of current application of new electroluminescent materials. The chapters are written by different international groups working on LEC.

World Scientific Reference On Spin In Organics  In 4 Volumes  Book

World Scientific Reference On Spin In Organics In 4 Volumes


  • Author : Vardeny Zeev Valy
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2012-08-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1368
  • ISBN 10 : 9789813230163

DOWNLOAD BOOK
World Scientific Reference On Spin In Organics In 4 Volumes Excerpt :

"This series summarizes the field of Organic Spintronics up to 2017. It contains four volumes dedicated to spin injection, spin transport, spin pumping, organic magnetic field effect, and molecular spintronics. The field of Organic Spintronics has accelerated and matured in the last dozen years with the realization of an organic spin-valve (in 2004) and magneto-resistance and magneto-electroluminescence in organic optoelectronic devices (2006). The book series is comprehensive in that it summarizes all aspects of Organic Spintronics to date. The first two volumes deal with spin injection, spin transport, spin manipulation and spin pumping into organic semiconductors. The main device that is thoroughly discussed here is the organic spin-valve, where spinterface states at the interface between the organic semiconductor and the ferromagnetic (FM) electrode has been the focus of many chapters. An interesting emerging subject is the role of chirality in the organic layer of the device. A relatively new method of achieving spin aligned carriers in organic semiconductors is spin pumping, where magnons in the FM substrate generate spin aligned carriers in the organic layer at the FM/organic interface. The third volume deals mainly with magnetic field effect in organic devices. Several spin-mixture processes that lead to magnetic field effect in devices and films are thoroughly discussed, such as hyperfine interaction, direct spin-orbit coupling, indirect spin-orbit coupling via [delta]g, triplet-triplet annihilation, and thermal spin alignment. The similarity between the magnetic field effect obtained in optoelectronic devices based on organic semiconductors and the novel hybrid organic-inorganic semiconductors is also a subject of intense interest. The fourth volume deals with spin in molecular films and devices. It includes thorough discussion of spin exchange interaction that leads to organic ferromagnets, as well as manifestation of various spin interactions in thin mol

Photoluminescent Materials and Electroluminescent Devices Book

Photoluminescent Materials and Electroluminescent Devices


  • Author : Nicola Armaroli
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-05-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 395
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319593043

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Photoluminescent Materials and Electroluminescent Devices Excerpt :

The series Topics in Current Chemistry Collections presents critical reviews from the journal Topics in Current Chemistry organized in topical volumes. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field.

Organic Light Emitting Diodes Book

Organic Light Emitting Diodes


  • Author : Luiz F. R. Pereira
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2012-05-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814267298

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Organic Light Emitting Diodes Excerpt :

This book addresses the development of OLEDs based on rare-earth and transition metal complexes, especially focusing on europium, terbium, ruthenium, and rhenium. The idea is to explain how these organic materials can be used to build OLEDs. Taking into account the actual state of the art and the expected pathways, the book proposes further developments in the field. It presents intensive experimental results for a better explanation. This book is meant for scientists and engineers who work in this new OLED framework. It also has didactic utility for graduation students and teachers working on optoelectronics.

Organic Electroluminescence Book

Organic Electroluminescence


  • Author : Zakya H. Kafafi
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-10-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420028201

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Organic Electroluminescence Excerpt :

Organic light-emitting diode(OLED) technology has achieved significant penetration in the commercial market for small, low-voltage and inexpensive displays. Present and future novel technologies based on OLEDs involve rigid and flexible flat panel displays, solid-state lighting, and lasers. Display applications may range from hand-held devices to large flat panel screens that can be rolled up or hung flat on a wall or a ceiling. Organic Electroluminescence gives an overview of the on-going research in the field of organic light-emitting materials and devices, covering the principles of electroluminescence in organic thin films, as well as recent trends, current applications, and future potential uses. The book begins by giving a background of organic electroluminescence in terms of history and basic principles. It offers details on the mechanism(s) of electroluminescence in thin organic films. It presentsin-depth discussions of the parameters that control the external electroluminescence quantum efficiency including the photoluminescence quantum yield, the light-output coupling factor, carrier/charge injection and transport, and electron and hole recombination processes in organic semiconductors. The authors address the design and the characterization of amorphous charge transport materials with high glass transition temperatures, light-emitting small molecules and conjugated polymers. The book covers state-of-the-art concepts and technologies such as fluorescent and phosphorescent OLEDs, various approaches for patterning organics, and active matrix organic emissive displays including their back panel thin film transistors and pixel electronics. It concludes by summarizing future directions for OLEDs in organic light-emitting displays, large area distributed solid state light sources, and lasers using organic thin films, nanostructures, and photonic crystals. Organic Electroluminescence is an excellent resource and reference for stu

Optical Properties of Materials and Their Applications Book

Optical Properties of Materials and Their Applications


  • Author : Jai Singh
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-01-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 667
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119506317

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Optical Properties of Materials and Their Applications Excerpt :

Provides a semi-quantitative approach to recent developments in the study of optical properties of condensed matter systems Featuring contributions by noted experts in the field of electronic and optoelectronic materials and photonics, this book looks at the optical properties of materials as well as their physical processes and various classes. Taking a semi-quantitative approach to the subject, it presents a summary of the basic concepts, reviews recent developments in the study of optical properties of materials and offers many examples and applications. Optical Properties of Materials and Their Applications, 2nd Edition starts by identifying the processes that should be described in detail and follows with the relevant classes of materials. In addition to featuring four new chapters on optoelectronic properties of organic semiconductors, recent advances in electroluminescence, perovskites, and ellipsometry, the book covers: optical properties of disordered condensed matter and glasses; concept of excitons; photoluminescence, photoinduced changes, and electroluminescence in noncrystalline semiconductors; and photoinduced bond breaking and volume change in chalcogenide glasses. Also included are chapters on: nonlinear optical properties of photonic glasses; kinetics of the persistent photoconductivity in crystalline III-V semiconductors; and transparent white OLEDs. In addition, readers will learn about excitonic processes in quantum wells; optoelectronic properties and applications of quantum dots; and more. Covers all of the fundamentals and applications of optical properties of materials Includes theory, experimental techniques, and current and developing applications Includes four new chapters on optoelectronic properties of organic semiconductors, recent advances in electroluminescence, perovskites, and ellipsometry Appropriate for materials scientists, chemists, physicists and electrical engineers involved in development of electronic materials Written by in

High Quality Perovskite Films for Efficient and Stable Light Emitting Diodes Book

High Quality Perovskite Films for Efficient and Stable Light Emitting Diodes


  • Author : Heyong Wang
  • Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-09-15
  • Genre: Electronic books
  • Pages : 61
  • ISBN 10 : 9789179298135

DOWNLOAD BOOK
High Quality Perovskite Films for Efficient and Stable Light Emitting Diodes Excerpt :

Metal halide perovskites have attracted significant attention for light-emitting applications, because of their excellent properties, such as high photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs), good charge mobility, narrow emission bandwidth, readily tunable emission spectra ranging from ultraviolet to near-infrared, and solution processability. Since the first room-temperature perovskite-based light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs) reported in 2014, tremendous efforts have been made to promote the efficiencies of PeLEDs, including theoretical simulation, materials design, and device engineering. To reach the ultimate goal of commercialization, PeLEDs with both high-efficiency and long-term operational stability are desired. Achieving high-quality perovskite emissive films is key towards this goal. Centering around the high-quality perovskite films, in this thesis, we demonstrate effective synthesis strategies for the deposition of high-quality perovskite films (including both three-dimensional and mixed-dimensional perovskites) and investigate the effects of ion migration in the perovskite films on the performance of PeLEDs. Due to the fast crystallization nature of perovskites and the low formation energy of defects, controlling the crystallization processes of these films has proved to be an effective approach for achieving high-quality perovskite films. For three-dimensional (3D) perovskite films, we have controlled the formation of these films through the assistance of molecules with the amino group. Herein, we have chosen an electron-transport molecule with two amino groups, 4,4’-diaminodiphenyl sulfone (DDS), to control the crystallization process of perovskite films (Paper 1). The resulting perovskite films consists of in-situ formed high quality perovskite nanocrystals embedded in the electron-transport molecular matrix, resulting in improved PLQYs and structural stability. PeLEDs based on these perovskite films have exhibited both high efficiency and long operational

A New Generation of Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices Book

A New Generation of Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices


  • Author : Shi-Jian Su
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2019-11-27
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889631636

DOWNLOAD BOOK
A New Generation of Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices Excerpt :

Since the invention of the first efficient organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) by C. T. Tang and S. VanSlyke, OLEDs have attracted close interest as a promising candidate for next-generation full-color displays and future solid-state lighting sources because of a number of advantages like high brightness and contrast, high luminous efficiency, fast response time, wide viewing angle, low power consumption, and light weight. The recombination of holes and electrons under electrical excitation typically generates 25% singlet excitons and 75% triplet excitons. For traditional fluorescent OLEDs, only 25% singlet excitons can be utilized to emit light, while the other 75% triplet excitons are generally wasted through nonradiative transition. By adopting noble metal phosphorescent complexes, an internal quantum efficiency (IQE) of 100% could be achieved by utilizing both the 25% singlet excitons and 75% triplet excitons. However, these phosphors usually contain nonrenewable and highcost iridium or platinum noble metals. Most recently, unity IQE has been readily achieved through noble metal-free purely organic emitters, such as thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters, hybridized local and charge-transfer state (HLCT) “hot exciton” emitters, binary- or ternary-mixed donor-acceptor exciplex emitters, and neutral p radical emitters, etc. In addition, the combination of conventional p-type hole-transport and n-type electron-transport materials in an appropriate device structure can also provide an uncommon efficiency. Both strategies are essential and attractive for high-performance and low-cost full-color displays and white OLED applications. This Research Topic mainly focus on this new generation of organic light-emitting materials and devices, including design, synthesis, and characterization of light-emitting organic molecules with tunable excited states, and their structural, electrical, and photophysical properties. Contributions relating to carrier

Quantum dot Based Light emitting Diodes Book

Quantum dot Based Light emitting Diodes


  • Author : Morteza Sasani Ghamsari
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2017-10-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 171
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535135753

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Quantum dot Based Light emitting Diodes Excerpt :

Quantum dot-based light emitting diodes were assigned to bringing together the latest and most important progresses in light emitting diode (LED) technologies. In addition, they were dedicated to gain the perspective of LED technology for all of its advancements and innovations due to the employment of semiconductor nanocrystals. Highly selective, the primary aim was to provide a visual source for high-urgency work that will define the future directions relating to the organic light emitting diode (OLED), with the expectation for lasting scientific and technological impact. The editor hopes that the chapters verify the realization of the mentioned aims that have been considered for editing of this book. Due to the rapidly growing OLED technology, we wish this book to be useful for any progress that can be achieved in future.