Tin Oxide Materials Book

Tin Oxide Materials

  • Author : Marcelo Ornaghi Orlandi
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-10-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 666
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128162798

Tin Oxide Materials Excerpt :

Tin Oxide Materials: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications discusses the latest in metal oxides, an emerging area in electronic materials. As more is learned about this important materials system, more functionalities and applications have been revealed. This key reference on the topic covers important material that is ideal for materials scientists, materials engineers and materials chemists who have been introduced to metal oxides as a general category of materials, but want to take the next step and learn more about a specific material. Provides a complete resource on tin oxide materials systems, including in-depth discussions of properties, their synthesis, modelling methods, and applications Presents information on the well-investigated SnO2, but also includes discussions on its emerging stoichiometries, such as SnO and Sn3O4 Includes the most relevant applications in varistors, sensing devices, fuel cells, transistors, biological studies, and much more

Nanostructured Titanium Dioxide Materials Book

Nanostructured Titanium Dioxide Materials

  • Author : Ali Reza Khataee
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814374729

Nanostructured Titanium Dioxide Materials Excerpt :

During the past decade, research and development in the area of synthesis and applications of different nanostructured titanium dioxide have become tremendous. This book briefly describes properties, production, modification and applications of nanostructured titanium dioxide focusing in particular on photocatalytic activity. The physicochemical properties of nanostructured titanium dioxide are highlighted and the links between properties and applications are emphasized. The preparation of TiO2 nanomaterials, including nanoparticles, nanorods, nanowires, nanosheets, nanofibers, and nanotubes are primarily categorized by their preparation method (sol-gel and hydrothermal processes). Examples of early applications of nanostructured titanium dioxide in dye-sensitized solar cells, hydrogen production and storage, sensors, rechargeable batteries, electrocatalysis, self-cleaning and antibacterial surfaces and photocatalytic cancer treatment are reviewed. The review of modifications of TiO2 nanomaterials is mainly focused on the research related to the modifications of the optical properties of TiO2 nanomaterials, since many applications of TiO2 nanomaterials are closely related to their optical properties. Photocatalytic removal of various pollutants using pure TiO2 nanomaterials, TiO2-based nanoclays and non-metal doped nanostructured TiO2 are also discussed.

Resistive Switching  Oxide Materials  Mechanisms  Devices and Operations Book

Resistive Switching Oxide Materials Mechanisms Devices and Operations

  • Author : Jennifer Rupp
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-10-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 383
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030424244

Resistive Switching Oxide Materials Mechanisms Devices and Operations Excerpt :

This book provides a broad examination of redox-based resistive switching memories (ReRAM), a promising technology for novel types of nanoelectronic devices, according to the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, and the materials and physical processes used in these ionic transport-based switching devices. It covers defect kinetic models for switching, ReRAM deposition/fabrication methods, tuning thin film microstructures, and material/device characterization and modeling. A slate of world-renowned authors address the influence of type of ionic carriers, their mobility, the role of the local and chemical composition and environment, and facilitate readers’ understanding of the effects of composition and structure at different length scales (e.g., crystalline vs amorphous phases, impact of extended defects such as dislocations and grain boundaries). ReRAMs show outstanding potential for scaling down to the atomic level, fast operation in the nanosecond range, low power consumption, and non-volatile storage. The book is ideal for materials scientists and engineers concerned with novel types of nanoelectronic devices such as memories, memristors, and switches for logic and neuromorphic computing circuits beyond the von Neumann concept.

Electrical Contacts Book

Electrical Contacts

  • Author : Paul G. Slade
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-12-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1311
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351832717

Electrical Contacts Excerpt :

Covering the theory, application, and testing of contact materials, Electrical Contacts: Principles and Applications, Second Edition introduces a thorough discussion on making electric contact and contact interface conduction; presents a general outline of, and measurement techniques for, important corrosion mechanisms; considers the results of contact wear when plug-in connections are made and broken; investigates the effect of thin noble metal plating on electronic connections; and relates crucial considerations for making high- and low-power contact joints. It examines contact use in switching devices, including the interruption of AC and DC circuits with currents in the range 10mA to 100kA and circuits up to 1000V, and describes arc formation between open contacts and between opening contacts. Arcing effects on contacts such as erosion, welding, and contamination are also addressed. Containing nearly 3,000 references, tables, equations, figures, drawings, and photographs, the book provides practical examples encompassing everything from electronic circuits to high power circuits, or microamperes to mega amperes. The new edition: Reflects the latest advances in electrical contact science and technology Examines current research on contact corrosion, materials, and switching Includes updates and revisions in each chapter, as well as up-to-date references and new figures and examples throughout Delivers three new chapters on the effects of dust contamination, electronic sensing for switching systems, and contact phenomena for micro-electronic systems (MEMS) applications With contributions from recognized experts in the field, Electrical Contacts: Principles and Applications, Second Edition assists practicing scientists and engineers in the prevention of costly system failures, as well as offers a comprehensive introduction to the subject for technology graduate students, by expanding their knowledge of electrical contact phenomena.

Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides Book

Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides

  • Author : Grzegorz D. Sulka
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-03-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128168776

Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides Excerpt :

Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides: Synthesis and Applications reviews the current status of fabrication strategies that have been successfully developed to generate nanoporous, nanotubular and nanofibrous anodic oxides on a range of metals. The most recent achievements and innovative strategies for the synthesis of nanoporous aluminum oxide and nanotubular titanium oxide are discussed. However, a special emphasis is placed on the possibility of fabrication of nanostructured oxide layers with different morphologies on other metals, including aluminum titanium, tantalum, tin, zinc, zirconium and copper. In addition, emerging biomedical applications of synthesized materials are discussed in detail. During the past decade, great progress has been made both in the preparation and characterization of various nanomaterials and their functional applications. The anodization of metals has proven to be reliable for the synthesis of nanoporous, nanotubular and nanofibrous metal oxides to produce a desired diameter, density, aspect ratio (length to diameter) of pores/tubes, and internal pore/tube structure. Provides an in-depth overview of anodization techniques for a range of metals Explores the emerging applications of anodic metal oxides Explains mechanisms of formation valve metal oxides via anodization

Fluorinated Materials for Energy Conversion Book

Fluorinated Materials for Energy Conversion

  • Author : Tsuyoshi Nakajima
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2005-08-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 578
  • ISBN 10 : 0080444725

Fluorinated Materials for Energy Conversion Excerpt :

Fluorinated Materials for Energy Conversion offers advanced information on the application of fluorine chemistry to energy conversion materials for lithium batteries, fuel cells, solar cells and so on. Fluorine compounds and fluorination techniques have recently gained important roles in improving the electrochemical characteristics of such energy production devices. The book therefore focuses on new batteries with high performance, the improvements of cell performance and the improvement of electrode and cell characteristics. The authors present new information on the effect of fluorine and how to make use of fluorination techniques and fluorine compounds. With emphasis on recent developments, this book is suitable for students, researchers and engineers working in chemistry, materials science and electrical engineering. Contains practical information, supported by examples Provides an update on recent developments in the field Written by specialists working in fluorine chemistry, electrochemistry, polymer and solid state chemistry

Zinc Oxide Materials for Electronic and Optoelectronic Device Applications Book

Zinc Oxide Materials for Electronic and Optoelectronic Device Applications

  • Author : Cole W. Litton
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-03-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119991212

Zinc Oxide Materials for Electronic and Optoelectronic Device Applications Excerpt :

Zinc Oxide (ZnO) powder has been widely used as a white paint pigment and industrial processing chemical for nearly 150 years. However, following a rediscovery of ZnO and its potential applications in the 1950s, science and industry alike began to realize that ZnO had many interesting novel properties that were worthy of further investigation. ZnO is a leading candidate for the next generation of electronics, and its biocompatibility makes it viable for medical devices. This book covers recent advances including crystal growth, processing and doping and also discusses the problems and issues that seem to be impeding the commercialization of devices. Topics include: Energy band structure and spintronics Fundamental optical and electronic properties Electronic contacts of ZnO Growth of ZnO crystals and substrates Ultraviolet photodetectors ZnO quantum wells Zinc Oxide Materials for Electronic and Optoelectronic Device Applications is ideal for university, government, and industrial research and development laboratories, particularly those engaged in ZnO and related materials research.

Functionalized Nanomaterials I Book

Functionalized Nanomaterials I

  • Author : Vineet Kumar
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-08-20
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351021616

Functionalized Nanomaterials I Excerpt :

Nanomaterials contain some unique properties compared to their bulk. Their unique properties are due to the chemical nature of the material, small size, and surface functionalization. Along with control over size, the functionalization of nanomaterials also affects their compatibility to the environment and living organisms. This book provides a detailed account of nanomaterials functionalization along with a brief overview of their application. This book serves as a reference for scientific investigators including doctoral and postdoctoral scholars and undergradate and graduate students who need to have knowledge of the basics of nanomaterial functionalization, recent advancements, challenges, and opportunities in this field. This book will also provide critical and comparative data for nano-technologists and may be beneficial for industry personnel, journalists, policy makers, and the general public to help understand functionalized nanomaterials in detail and in depth. Features: This book is comprehensive and covers all aspects of functionalized nanotechnology. It describes the challenges and methods of functionalized nanomaterials synthesis for different applications. It discusses the recent findings and cutting-edge global research trends on the functionalization of nanomaterials. It emphasizes the products and market, safety, and regulatory issues of functionalized nanomaterials. It contains contributions from international experts and will be a valuable resource for researchers.

Refractory Materials Book

Refractory Materials

  • Author : Gerald Routschka
  • Publisher : Vulkan-Verlag GmbH
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 646
  • ISBN 10 : 3802731581

Refractory Materials Excerpt :

The book provides, in a compact format, basic knowledge and practically oriented information on specific properties of refractory materials, on their testing and inspection, and on interpretation of test results. Tables and illustrations are used to clarify fundamental concepts on a comparative basis. This pocket format manual provides an overview of the diverse range of modern refractories and their application-relevant properties. Its main feature is a series of practice-derived articles by well-known authors in the field on the various material groups and their characteristic property data. The content has deliberately been kept concise and instructive, abstracting and more detailed works are referenced.

Infrared Nanophotonics Book

Infrared Nanophotonics

  • Author : Tadaaki Nagao
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2021-04-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN 10 : 9783036501741

Infrared Nanophotonics Excerpt :

Infrared light radiates from almost all the matter on earth, and its strategic use will be an important issue for the enhancement of human life and the sustainable development of modern industry. Since its frequency is in the same region as phonons or molecular vibrations of materials, measuring its emission or absorption spectra helps us in characterizing and identifying materials in a non-destructive manner. Meanwhile, if we can spectroscopically design infrared emission by tuning chemical composition or artificially controlling nano- to mesoscale structures, this will have a great impact on industrial applications, such as thermophotovoltaics, energy-saving drying furnaces, spectroscopic infrared light sources, and various types of infrared sensors. In this Special Issue, we encourage submissions from researchers who are working on infrared nanophotonics based on MEMS/NEMS, and nanomaterials science, ranging from materials synthesis, to device fabrications, electromagnetic simulations, and thermal managements. Important topics of growing interest are wavelength-selective infrared emitters and detectors, where we can see rapid development in the fields of nano-plasmonics and metamaterials, and we invite such topics for inclusion in this Special Issue. We also encourage submissions on nano-materials science such as on graphene-based infrared detectors/emitters, and nanostructured narrow-band gap semiconductors.

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment  WEEE  Handbook Book

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment WEEE Handbook

  • Author : Vannessa Goodship
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2019-07-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 728
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081021590

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment WEEE Handbook Excerpt :

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Handbook, Second Edition, is a one-stop reference on current electronic waste legislation initiatives, their impact, and the latest technological considerations for reducing electronic waste (e-waste) and increasing the efficiency of materials recovery. It also provides a wide-range of global and corporate examples and perspectives on the challenges that face specific regions and companies, along with the solutions they are implementing in managing e-waste, offering further insights on how discarded products can be treated. Sections introduce the reader to legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE and discuss technologies for the refurbishment, treatment and recycling of waste electronics. Further sections focus on electronic products that present particular challenges for recyclers, explore sustainable design of electronics and supply chains, discuss national and regional WEEE management schemes, and more. Addresses the latest challenges and opportunities for electronic waste (e-waste) management, including e-waste collection models, circular economy implications, rare earth metal recovery, and much more Draws lessons for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) policy and practice from around the world Discusses legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE, including global e-waste initiatives, EU legislation relating to electronic waste, and eco-efficiency evaluation of WEEE take-back systems

Metal Oxide Carbon Hybrid Materials Book

Metal Oxide Carbon Hybrid Materials

  • Author : Muhammad Akram Chaudhry
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-03-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 588
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128227084

Metal Oxide Carbon Hybrid Materials Excerpt :

Metal Oxide–Carbon Hybrid Materials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications reviews the advances in the fabrication and application of metal oxide–carbon-based nanocomposite materials. Their unique properties make them ideal materials for gas-sensing, photonics, catalysis, opto-electronic, and energy-storage applications. In the first section, the historical background to the hybrid materials based on metal oxide–carbon and the hybridized metal oxide composites is provided. It also highlights several popular methods for the preparation of metal oxide–carbon composites through solid-state or solution-phase reactions, and extensively discusses the materials’ properties. Fossil fuels and renewable energy sources cannot meet the ever-increasing energy demands of an industrialized and technology-driven global society. Therefore, the role of metal oxide–carbon composites in energy generation, hydrogen production, and storage devices, such as rechargeable batteries and supercapacitors, is of extreme importance. These problems are discussed in in the second section of the book. Rapid industrialization has resulted in serious environmental issues which in turn have caused serious health problems that require the immediate attention of researchers. In the third section, the use of metal oxide–carbon composites in water purification, photodegradation of industrial contaminants, and biomedical applications that can help to clean the environment and provide better healthcare solutions is described. The final section is devoted to the consideration of problems associated with the development of sensors for various applications. Numerous studies performed in this area have shown that the use of composites can significantly improve the operating parameters of such devices. Metal Oxide–Carbon Hybrid Materials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications presents a comprehensive review of the science related to metal oxide–carbon composites and how researchers are utiliz

Metal Oxides in Supercapacitors Book
Score: 5
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Metal Oxides in Supercapacitors

  • Author : Deepak P. Dubal
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-07-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128104651

Metal Oxides in Supercapacitors Excerpt :

Metal Oxides in Supercapacitors addresses the fundamentals of metal oxide-based supercapacitors and provides an overview of recent advancements in this area. Metal oxides attract most of the materials scientists use due to their excellent physico-chemical properties and stability in electrochemical systems. This justification for the usage of metal oxides as electrode materials in supercapacitors is their potential to attain high capacitance at low cost. After providing the principles, the heart of the book discusses recent advances, including: binary metal oxides-based supercapacitors, nanotechnology, ternary metal oxides, polyoxometalates and hybrids. Moreover, the factors affecting the charge storage mechanism of metal oxides are explored in detail. The electrolytes, which are the soul of supercapacitors and a mostly ignored character of investigations, are also exposed in depth, as is the fabrication and design of supercapacitors and their merits and demerits. Lastly, the market status of supercapacitors and a discussion pointing out the future scope and directions of next generation metal oxides based supercapacitors is explored, making this a comprehensive book on the latest, cutting-edge research in the field. Explores the most recent advances made in metal oxides in supercapacitors Discusses cutting-edge nanotechnology for supercapacitors Includes fundamental properties of metal oxides in supercapacitors that can be used to guide and promote technology development Contains contributions from leading international scientists active in supercapacitor research and manufacturing