Toxicological Risk Assessment and Multi System Health Impacts from Exposure Book

Toxicological Risk Assessment and Multi System Health Impacts from Exposure


  • Author : Aristidis M. Tsatsakis
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-08-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 684
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323853583

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Toxicological Risk Assessment and Multi System Health Impacts from Exposure Excerpt :

Toxicological Risk Assessment and Multisystem Health Impacts From Exposure highlights the emerging problems of human and environmental health attributable to cumulative and multiple sources of long-term exposure to environmental toxicants. The book describes the cellular, biological, immunological, endocrinologic, genetic, and epigenetic effects of long-term exposure. It examines how the combined exposure to nanomaterials, metals, pharmaceuticals, multifrequency radiation, dietary mycotoxins, and pesticides accelerates ecotoxicity in humans, animals, plants, and the larger environment. The book goes on to also offer insights into mixture risk assessments, protocols for evaluating the risks, and how this information can serve the regulatory agencies in setting safer exposure limits. The book is a go-to resource for scientists and professionals in the field tackling the current and emerging trends in modern toxicology and risk assessment. • Bridges basic research with clinical, epidemiological, regulatory, and translational research, conveying both an introductory understanding and the latest developments in the field • Evaluates real-life human health risk assessment for long-term exposures to xenobiotic mixtures and the role they play in contributing to chronic disease • Discusses advances in predictive (in silico) toxicology tools and the benefits of using omics technologies in toxicology research

Toxicological Risk Assessment for Beginners Book

Toxicological Risk Assessment for Beginners


  • Author : José A. Torres
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-03-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319127514

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Toxicological Risk Assessment for Beginners Excerpt :

This book serves as a comprehensive introductory guide to the practical aspects of risk assessment. Chapters include clearly defined objectives and summaries. The book includes: hazard identification, dose-response, exposure assessment, risk characterization, chemical mixtures, epidemiology, emerging issues and global perspectives with accessible language. The book concludes with a set of hypothetical case studies. Toxicological Risk Assessment for Beginners aims not to create an expert, but rather to provide readers with their first understanding of the risk assessment topic. This book was designed with the student in mind. We simplify a complex process for beginners and balance theory with practical aspects, but remain fluid enough to increase difficulty with case studies. By incorporating an action based, step by step approach to learning the risk assessment process, this book provides its readers with an elementary understanding of how the risk assessment process is initiated, developed and finished, making it a valuable guide for graduate students, post-doctoral fellows and early career scientists in industry.

Toxicological Risk Assessment of Chemicals Book
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Toxicological Risk Assessment of Chemicals


  • Author : Elsa Nielsen
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2008-02-21
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420006940

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Toxicological Risk Assessment of Chemicals Excerpt :

Unlike many existing books on toxicology that cover either toxicity of a particular substance or toxicity of chemicals on particular organ systems, Toxicological Risk Assessment of Chemicals: A Practical Guide lays out the principle activities of conducting a toxicological risk assessment, including international approaches and methods for the risk

Toxicology and Risk Assessment Book

Toxicology and Risk Assessment


  • Author : Anna M. Fan
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2015-03-04
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1426
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814613392

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Toxicology and Risk Assessment Excerpt :

The presence of chemicals in our environment is a subject of intense interest owing to the many potential adverse health effects to humans following exposure to these chemicals. The principles and practices of risk assessment are used to assess the associated health risks to provide a scientific and health basis for guidance or regulatory standards development and risk management decision making for public health protection. This book compiles, discusses, and presents cutting-edge research data and methodology in performing risk assessment of some major chemicals of concern in our environment. It also discusses the complexity of the scientific databases, the available and updated methodology, emerging issues, limitations in knowledge and methods, considerations of developmental and age sensitivities, use of defaults, case samples on results in risk assessment and risk management, and current and future perspectives. The editors are prominent in the field of environmental toxicology, risk assessment, and chemical regulations. This book will appeal to those interested in evaluating the human health effects of exposure to chemicals in the environment and the associated assessments and findings.

A Practical Guide to Toxicology and Human Health Risk Assessment Book

A Practical Guide to Toxicology and Human Health Risk Assessment


  • Author : Laura Robinson
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2018-11-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118882023

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A Practical Guide to Toxicology and Human Health Risk Assessment Excerpt :

Toxicology – the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms is the cornerstone to all aspects of chemical safety and knowledge of the subject is needed in a wide spectrum of fields from the chemical industry to medicine, emergency services, forensics, and regulatory science. Toxicology involves the study of symptoms, mechanisms, treatments and detection of poisoning ... especially the poisoning of people. The many problems arising from a poor understanding of toxicology and its applications in hazard communication and chemical safety motivated the author's training courses and webinars, leading to this valuable book. Providing a practical and accessible guide, A Practical Guide to Toxicology and Human Health Risk Assessment enables readers to quickly build up knowledge and understanding of toxicology and its use in hazard identification, which is a fundamental part of chemical risk assessment. The book also covers current toxicological testing strategies and the use of physicochemical test data in hazard identification and exposure assessment. Examples are provided throughout the book to highlight important issues along with a summary of the key points that have been covered in each of the respective chapters. The book concludes with a listing of online resources on toxicology and risk assessment.

Phthalates and Cumulative Risk Assessment Book

Phthalates and Cumulative Risk Assessment


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2009-01-19
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309128414

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Phthalates and Cumulative Risk Assessment Excerpt :

People are exposed to a variety of chemicals throughout their daily lives. To protect public health, regulators use risk assessments to examine the effects of chemical exposures. This book provides guidance for assessing the risk of phthalates, chemicals found in many consumer products that have been shown to affect the development of the male reproductive system of laboratory animals. Because people are exposed to multiple phthalates and other chemicals that affect male reproductive development, a cumulative risk assessment should be conducted that evaluates the combined effects of exposure to all these chemicals. The book suggests an approach for cumulative risk assessment that can serve as a model for evaluating the health risks of other types of chemicals.

Information Resources in Toxicology Book

Information Resources in Toxicology


  • Author : Steve Gilbert
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-05-16
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1054
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128137253

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Information Resources in Toxicology Excerpt :

This new fifth edition of Information Resources in Toxicology offers a consolidated entry portal for the study, research, and practice of toxicology. Both volumes represents a unique, wide-ranging, curated, international, annotated bibliography, and directory of major resources in toxicology and allied fields such as environmental and occupational health, chemical safety, and risk assessment. The editors and authors are among the leaders of the profession sharing their cumulative wisdom in toxicology’s subdisciplines. This edition keeps pace with the digital world in directing and linking readers to relevant websites and other online tools. Due to the increasing size of the hardcopy publication, the current edition has been divided into two volumes to make it easier to handle and consult. Volume 1: Background, Resources, and Tools, arranged in 5 parts, begins with chapters on the science of toxicology, its history, and informatics framework in Part 1. Part 2 continues with chapters organized by more specific subject such as cancer, clinical toxicology, genetic toxicology, etc. The categorization of chapters by resource format, for example, journals and newsletters, technical reports, organizations constitutes Part 3. Part 4 further considers toxicology’s presence via the Internet, databases, and software tools. Among the miscellaneous topics in the concluding Part 5 are laws and regulations, professional education, grants and funding, and patents. Volume 2: The Global Arena offers contributed chapters focusing on the toxicology contributions of over 40 countries, followed by a glossary of toxicological terms and an appendix of popular quotations related to the field. The book, offered in both print and electronic formats, is carefully structured, indexed, and cross-referenced to enable users to easily find answers to their questions or serendipitously locate useful knowledge they were not originally aware they needed. Among the many timely topics receiving incre

Chemical Mixtures and Combined Chemical and Nonchemical Stressors Book

Chemical Mixtures and Combined Chemical and Nonchemical Stressors


  • Author : Cynthia V. Rider
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-02-16
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319562346

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Chemical Mixtures and Combined Chemical and Nonchemical Stressors Excerpt :

In this book, both basic and advanced concepts are discussed for considering mixtures from initial exposure characterization through evaluation of risk associated with combined exposures. This book will provide an introduction to key issues and multiple options for evaluating both the toxicity of mixtures as well as the risk associated with exposure to mixtures. Additionally, promising tools adapted from other disciplines will be discussed in the context of mixtures toxicology and risk assessment. Finally, the discussion will move beyond chemical mixtures to address incorporating non-chemical stressors into toxicity studies and cumulative risk assessments. Although exposure to multiple chemical and non-chemical stressors is the rule, not the exception, consideration of mixtures in toxicology and risk assessment continues to be a significant challenge. This book will be an essential resource for researchers and professionals in the fields of toxicology, epidemiology, exposure science, risk assessment, and statistics.

Regulatory Toxicology Book

Regulatory Toxicology


  • Author : Franz-Xaver Reichl
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-03-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 946
  • ISBN 10 : 3642353738

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Regulatory Toxicology Excerpt :

This book will be written by experts for professionals, scientists and all those involved in toxicological data generation and decision-making. It is the updated and expanded version of a monograph published in German in 2004. Chemical safety is regulated on various levels including production, storage, transport, handling, disposal or labelling. This book deals comprehensively with the safety-ensuring methods and concepts employed by regulatory agencies, industry and academics. Toxicologists use experimental and scientific approaches for data collection, e.g. about chemical hazards, physicochemical features or toxicokinetics. The respective experimental methods are described in the book. Toxicologists also deal with much insecurity in the exposure and effect scenarios during risk assessment. To overcome these, they have different extrapolation methods and estimation procedures at their disposal. The book describes these methods in an accessible manner. Differing concepts from one regulation area to another are also covered. Reasons and consequences become evident when reading the book. Altogether, the book Regulatory Toxicology will serve as an excellent reference.

Information Resources in Toxicology Book

Information Resources in Toxicology


  • Author : Steve Gilbert
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-05-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 808
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128216125

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Information Resources in Toxicology Excerpt :

This new fifth edition of Information Resources in Toxicology offers a consolidated entry portal for the study, research, and practice of toxicology. Both volumes represents a unique, wide-ranging, curated, international, annotated bibliography, and directory of major resources in toxicology and allied fields such as environmental and occupational health, chemical safety, and risk assessment. The editors and authors are among the leaders of the profession sharing their cumulative wisdom in toxicology’s subdisciplines. This edition keeps pace with the digital world in directing and linking readers to relevant websites and other online tools. Due to the increasing size of the hardcopy publication, the current edition has been divided into two volumes to make it easier to handle and consult. Volume 1: Background, Resources, and Tools, arranged in 5 parts, begins with chapters on the science of toxicology, its history, and informatics framework in Part 1. Part 2 continues with chapters organized by more specific subject such as cancer, clinical toxicology, genetic toxicology, etc. The categorization of chapters by resource format, for example, journals and newsletters, technical reports, organizations constitutes Part 3. Part 4 further considers toxicology’s presence via the Internet, databases, and software tools. Among the miscellaneous topics in the concluding Part 5 are laws and regulations, professional education, grants and funding, and patents. Volume 2: The Global Arena offers contributed chapters focusing on the toxicology contributions of over 40 countries, followed by a glossary of toxicological terms and an appendix of popular quotations related to the field. The book, offered in both print and electronic formats, is carefully structured, indexed, and cross-referenced to enable users to easily find answers to their questions or serendipitously locate useful knowledge they were not originally aware they needed. Among the many timely topics receiving incre

Environmental Pollutant Exposures and Public Health Book

Environmental Pollutant Exposures and Public Health


  • Author : R M Harrison
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2020-10-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9781839160448

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Environmental Pollutant Exposures and Public Health Excerpt :

Both genes and environment have profound effects upon our health. While some environmental factors such as polluted air are high in the public consciousness, there are many other pathways for people’s exposure to toxic chemicals, such as through food, water and contaminated land. It is not only chemicals that can affect health; environmental radioactivity, pathogenic organisms and our changing climate also have implications for public health, and all contribute to the global burden of disease, leading to both disability and deaths of millions of people annually across the world. An understanding of the pathways of environmental exposure, and its effects upon health is key to developing regulations and behaviours that reduce or prevent exposure, and the consequent impacts upon health. Covering topics from dietary exposure to chemicals through to the health effects of climate change, this book brings together contributors from around the world to highlight the latest science on the impacts of environmental pollutant exposure upon public health.

Biological Safety Factors in Toxicological Risk Assessment Book

Biological Safety Factors in Toxicological Risk Assessment


  • Author : Robert Stephen McColl
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1989
  • Genre: Chemicals
  • Pages : 42
  • ISBN 10 : UIUC:30112086398416

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Biological Safety Factors in Toxicological Risk Assessment Excerpt :

Traditional approaches to toxicity testing for environmental hazards have focused primarily on the determination of safe' levels of exposure to toxic agents, equated with the absence of toxic effects to the exposed human population. This report gives the background to the development of this approach, describes the concept of an acceptable daily intake and the safety factors involved, presents alternative approaches to safety factor methods, and describes safety factor approaches to carcinogens and teratogens.

Environmental Risk Assessment Book

Environmental Risk Assessment


  • Author : Ted Simon
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-12-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 494
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000754117

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Environmental Risk Assessment Excerpt :

The purpose of risk assessment is to support science-based decisions about how to solve complex societal problems. Indeed, the problems humankind faces in the 21st century have many social, political, and technical complexities. Environmental risk assessment in particular is of increasing importance as health and safety regulations grow and become more complicated. Environmental Risk Assessment: A Toxicological Approach, 2nd Edition looks at various factors relating to exposure and toxicity, human health, and risk. In addition to the original chapters being updated and expanded upon, four new chapters discuss current software and platforms that have recently been developed and provide examples of risk characterizations and scenarios. Features: Introduces the science of risk assessment—past, present, and future Provides environmental sampling data for conducting practice risk assessments Considers how bias and conflict of interest affect science-based decisions in the 21st century Includes fully worked examples, case studies, discussion questions, and suggestions for additional reading Discusses new software and computational platforms that have developed since the first edition Aimed at the next generation of risk assessors and students who need to know more about developing, conducting, and interpreting risk assessments, the book delivers a comprehensive view of the field, complete with sufficient background to enable readers to probe for themselves the science underlying the key issues in environmental risk.

Toxicological Risks of Selected Flame Retardant Chemicals Book

Toxicological Risks of Selected Flame Retardant Chemicals


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2000-07-06
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 534
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309171939

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Toxicological Risks of Selected Flame Retardant Chemicals Excerpt :

Ignition of upholstered furniture by small open flames from matches, cigarette lighters, and candles is one of the leading causes of residential-fire deaths in the United States. These fires accounted for about 16% of civilian fire deaths in 1996. On average, each year since 1990, about 90 deaths (primarily of children), 440 injuries, and property losses amounting to 50 million dollars have resulted from fires caused by the ignition of upholstered furniture by small open flames. Certain commercial seating products (such as aircraft and bus seats) are subject to flammability standards and sometimes incorporate FR-treated upholstery cover materials, but there is no federal-government requirement for residential upholstered furniture, and it is generally not treated with FR chemicals. It is estimated that less than 0.2% of all U.S. residential upholstery fabric is treated with flame-retardant (FR) chemicals. The Consumer Product Safety Act of 1972 created the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) as an independent federal regulatory agency whose mission is to protect the public from unreasonable risks of injury and death associated with consumer products. CPSC also administers the Flammable Fabrics Act, under which it regulates flammability hazards and the Federal Hazardous Substances Act (FHSA), which regulates hazardous substances including chemicals. In 1993, the National Association of State Fire Marshals petitioned CPSC to issue a performance-based flammability standard for upholstered furniture to reduce the risk of residential fires. The Commission granted that portion of the petition relating to small open flame ignition risks. In response to concerns regarding the safety of FR chemicals, Congress, in the fiscal year 1999 appropriations report for CPSC, requested that the National Research Council conduct an independent study of the health risks to consumers posed by exposure to FR chemicals that are likely to be used in residential upholstered furnitu

Adverse Effects of Engineered Nanomaterials Book

Adverse Effects of Engineered Nanomaterials


  • Author : Bengt Fadeel
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 347
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123869401

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Adverse Effects of Engineered Nanomaterials Excerpt :

An essential reference that discusses occupational exposure and the adverse health effects of engineered nanomaterials and highlights current and future biomedical applications of these nanomaterials in relation to nanosafety. Multi-authored book written by leading US and European experts on nanotoxicology and nanomedicine Discusses the health implications and a clinical translation of experimental data in this area Takes a schematic, non-exhaustive approach to summarize the most important research data in this field Includes a glossary, with a brief explanation of the term and with a reference to where the term or phrase has been used will be included within the book