Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes Book

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes


  • Author : Keith A. Hobson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-13
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128147245

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Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes Excerpt :

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes, Second Edition, provides a complete introduction to new and powerful isotopic tools and applications that track animal migration, reviewing where isotope tracers fit in the modern toolbox of tracking methods. The book provides background information on a broad range of migration scenarios in terrestrial and aquatic systems and summarizes the most cutting-edge developments in the field that are revolutionizing the way migrant individuals and populations are assigned to their true origins. It allows undergraduates, graduate students and non-specialist scientists to adopt and apply isotopes to migration research, and also serves as a useful reference for scientists. The new edition thoroughly updates the information available to the reader on current applications of this technique and provides new tools for the isotopic assignment of individuals to origins, including geostatistical multi-isotope approaches and the ways in which researchers can combine isotopes with routine data in a Bayesian framework to provide best estimates of animal origins. Four new chapters include contributions on applications to the movements of terrestrial mammals, with particular emphasis on how aspects of animal physiology can influence stable isotope values. Includes an animal physiology component that is an in-depth overview of the cautions and caveats related to this technique Covers marine and aquatic isoscapes and methods to track marine organisms for researchers trying to apply isotopic tracking to animals in these environments Features state-of-the-art statistical treatments for assignment and combining diverse datasets

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes Book

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2008-04-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN 10 : 0080559263

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Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes Excerpt :

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes provides a consolidated overview of the current knowledge of stable isotopes in terrestrial migration research questions. It offers ecologists and conservation biologists provide a practical handbook for those considering using stable isotopes in their migration research. Presents information for readers to understand how to apply isotopic methods for tracking Critical information on areas for future research Practical guidelines and discussions of sample collection, sample preparation, and data analysis Enhanced understanding of data and statistical analysis in isotope-based studies of migratory animals

Stable Isotopes to Trace Migratory Birds and to Identify Harmful Diseases Book

Stable Isotopes to Trace Migratory Birds and to Identify Harmful Diseases


  • Author : G.J. Viljoen
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-06-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 49
  • ISBN 10 : 3319803190

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Stable Isotopes to Trace Migratory Birds and to Identify Harmful Diseases Excerpt :

This manuscript discusses the potentials of the approaches as mentioned below to monitor the AIVs in WMW. Molecular diagnostic platforms enable for accurate detection of the AIVs in the feces of infected birds. Similar technologies can be used to determine the bird species through DNA barcoding, enabling non-invasive research on the epidemiology of the disease. Wild migratory waterfowl (WMW) play significant role in the transmission of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) on large distances. Understanding bird migrations may therefore significantly contribute towards understanding of the disease epidemiology, however most conventional approaches to trace WMW migrations are based on capturing, tagging (mostly ringing or GPS devices) and their re-capturing to link the departure and arrival places. Stable isotope ratios in metabolically inert tissues (feathers, beaks, claws) reflect the ratios present at the point of intake (drinking or feeding), thus enabling for tracing bird origins at stopover places. Molecular diagnostic platforms such as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) enable for accurate detection of the AIVs in the feces of infected birds. Similar technologies (genetic sequencing) can be used to determine the bird species through DNA barcoding. Simple and easy collection of feather and fecal samples at the stopover places may generate a full information package on which species of WMW carries the AIVs (PCR+DNA barcoding on the feces), as well as the origin of these species (SI+DNA barcoding on the feathers). Therefore, such approaches enable for research on the epidemiology and the ecology of the AIVs in WMW using a non-invasive platform, which does not require capturing of WMW. This manuscript discusses the potentials of these approaches to monitor the AIVs in WMW. p>

Avian Migration Book

Avian Migration


  • Author : Peter Berthold
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2003-05-22
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 610
  • ISBN 10 : 3540434089

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Avian Migration Excerpt :

The reader of this comprehensive presentation benefits from an outstanding overview of all aspects of the fascinating phenomenon of bird migration. The book is written by leading experts from around the world. The text summarizes reviews and discussions of the most recent hypotheses. In doing so, it covers the entire research field from phenomenology through to ecology, physiology, control mechanisms, orientation, evolutionary aspects and conservation measures. It also examines the most modern methodological approaches including, satellite trakcking, molecular techniques or stable isotope investigations and envisages forthcoming developments in the course of global warming.

Isoscapes Book

Isoscapes


  • Author : Jason B. West
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-11-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 487
  • ISBN 10 : 9789048133543

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Isoscapes Excerpt :

Stable isotope ratio variation in natural systems reflects the dynamics of Earth systems processes and imparts isotope labels to Earth materials. Carbon isotope ratios of atmospheric CO2 record exchange of carbon between the biosphere and the atmosphere; the incredible journeys of migrating monarchs is documented by hydrogen isotopes in their wings; and water carries an isotopic record of its source and history as it traverses the atmosphere and land surface. Through these and many other examples, improved understanding of spatio-temporal isotopic variation in Earth systems is leading to innovative new approaches to scientific problem-solving. This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the theory, methods, and applications that are enabling new disciplinary and cross-disciplinary advances through the study of "isoscapes": isotopic landscapes. "This impressive new volume shows scientists deciphering and using the natural isotope landscapes that subtly adorn our spaceship Earth.", Brian Fry, Coastal Ecology Institute, Louisiana State University, USA "An excellent timely must read and must-have reference book for anybody interested or engaged in applying stable isotope signatures to questions in e.g. Anthropology, Biogeochemistry, Ecology, or Forensic Science regarding chronological and spatial movement, changes, or distribution relating to animals, humans, plants, or water.", Wolfram Meier-Augenstein, Centre for Anatomy & Human Identification, University of Dundee, UK "Natural resources are being affected by global change, but exactly where, how, and at what pace? Isoscapes provide new and remarkably precise answers.", John Hayes, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA "This exciting volume is shaping a new landscape in environmental sciences that is utilizing the remarkable advances in isotope research to enhance and extend the capabilities of the field.", Dan Yakir, Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel

Birds of Two Worlds Book
Score: 2.5
From 2 Ratings

Birds of Two Worlds


  • Author : Russell Greenberg
  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Release Date : 2005-05-02
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN 10 : 0801881072

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Birds of Two Worlds Excerpt :

For centuries biologists have tried to understand the underpinnings of avian migration: where birds go and why, why some migrate and some do not, how they adapt to a changing environment, and how migratory systems evolve. Twenty-five years ago the answers to many of these questions were addressed by a collection of migration experts in Keast and Morton's classic work Migrant Birds in the Neotropics. In 1992, Hagan and Johnston published a follow-up book, Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Migrant Landbirds. In Birds of Two Worlds Russell Greenberg and Peter Marra bring together the world's experts on avian migration to discuss its ecology and evolution. The contributors move the discussion of migration to a global stage, looking at all avian migration systems and delving deeper into the evolutionary foundations of migratory behavior. Readers interested in the biology, behavior, ecology, and evolution of birds have waited a decade to see a worthy successor to the earlier classics. Birds of Two Worlds will complete the trilogy and become indispensable for ornithologists, evolutionary biologists, serious birders, and public and academic libraries.

Animal Migration Book

Animal Migration


  • Author : Ben Hoare
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN 10 : 0520258231

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Animal Migration Excerpt :

This guide explores the mysteries of animal migration over land, through oceans, and by air. With more than 300 color photographs, maps, and illustrations, it covers every continent as it traces the routes of some 50 remarkable migrations -- including those of polar bears, wildebeest, hummingbirds, iguanas, and sharks. The author describes the navigation, reproduction, and feeding strategies of these animals and discusses migrations that stand out for their extraordinary challenges, such as those that take animals unthinkable distances across hostile territory. This book also includes a catalog of migration hot spots around the world -- places where the planet's greatest animal voyages can be observed.

Regional Geology and Tectonics  Phanerozoic Rift Systems and Sedimentary Basins Book

Regional Geology and Tectonics Phanerozoic Rift Systems and Sedimentary Basins


  • Author : David G. Roberts
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-04-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444563637

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Regional Geology and Tectonics Phanerozoic Rift Systems and Sedimentary Basins Excerpt :

Expert petroleum geologists David Roberts and Albert Bally bring you Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Rift Systems and Sedimentary Basins, volume two in a three-volume series covering Phanerozoic regional geology and tectonics. Experience in analyzing and assessing rifts—locations where the Earth’s outer shell and crust have been stretched over time by seismic activity—is critical for you as an exploration geologist in identifying Earth’s most lucrative hydrocarbon locations in which extraction is both efficient and safe. Vast compilations of related industry data present regional seismic lines and cross sections, and summaries of analogue and theoretical models are provided as an essential backdrop to the structure and stratigraphy of various geological settings. Named a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's Choice publication A practical reference for petroleum geologists that discusses the importance of rift systems and the structural evolution of the Earth Analyses of active rifts in East Africa, China, Siberia, the Gulf of Suez, and the Russian Arctic provide immediately implementable petroleum exploration applications in regions heavily targeted by oil & gas companies Presents overviews of sequence stratigraphy in rifts and structural controls on clastic and carbonate sedimentation—critical to the exact mapping of the most lucrative hydrocarbon locations by exploration geologists

Stable Isotopes as Indicators of Ecological Change Book

Stable Isotopes as Indicators of Ecological Change


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2011-09-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080551005

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Stable Isotopes as Indicators of Ecological Change Excerpt :

The 20th century has experienced environmental changes that appear to be unprecedented in their rate and magnitude during the Earth’s history. For the first time, Stable Isotopes as Indicators of Ecological Change brings together a wide range of perspectives and data that speak directly to the issues of ecological change using stable isotope tracers. The information presented originates from a range of biological and geochemical sources and from research fields within biological, climatological and physical disciplines covering time-scales from days to centuries. Unlike any other reference, editors discuss where isotope data can detect, record, trace and help to interpret environmental change. Provides researchers with groundbreaking data on how to predict the terrestrial ecosystems response to the ongoing rapid alterations Reveals how ecosystems have responded to environmental and biotic fluctuations in the past Includes examples from research by a wide range of biological and physical scientists who are using isotopic records to both detect and interpret environmental change

Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science Book

Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science


  • Author : Robert Michener
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2008-04-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470691175

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Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science Excerpt :

This book highlights new and emerging uses of stable isotope analysis in a variety of ecological disciplines. While the use of natural abundance isotopes in ecological research is now relatively standard, new techniques and ways of interpreting patterns are developing rapidly. The second edition of this book provides a thorough, up-to-date examination of these methods of research. As part of the Ecological Methods and Concepts series which provides the latest information on experimental techniques in ecology, this book looks at a wide range of techniques that use natural abundance isotopes to: follow whole ecosystem element cycling understand processes of soil organic matter formation follow the movement of water in whole watersheds understand the effects of pollution in both terrestrial and aquatic environments study extreme systems such as hydrothermal vents follow migrating organisms In each case, the book explains the background to the methodology, looks at the underlying principles and assumptions, and outlines the potential limitations and pitfalls. Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science is an ideal resource for both ecologists who are new to isotopic analysis, and more experienced isotope ecologists interested in innovative techniques and pioneering new uses.

Conservation Physiology Book

Conservation Physiology


  • Author : Christine L. Madliger
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192581778

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Conservation Physiology Excerpt :

Conservation physiology is a rapidly expanding, multidisciplinary field that utilizes physiological knowledge and tools to understand and solve conservation challenges. This novel text provides the first consolidated overview of its scope, purpose, and applications, with a focus on wildlife. It outlines the major avenues and advances by which conservation physiology is contributing to the monitoring, management, and restoration of wild animal populations. This book also defines opportunities for further growth in the field and identifies critical areas for future investigation. By using a series of global case studies, contributors illustrate how approaches from the conservation physiology toolbox can tackle a diverse range of conservation issues including the monitoring of environmental stress, predicting the impact of climate change, understanding disease dynamics, improving captive breeding, and reducing human-wildlife conflict. Moreover, by acting as practical road maps across a diversity of sub-disciplines, these case studies serve to increase the accessibility of this discipline to new researchers. The diversity of taxa, biological scales, and ecosystems highlighted illustrate the far-reaching nature of the discipline and allow readers to gain an appreciation for the purpose, value, applicability, and status of the field of conservation physiology. Conservation Physiology is an accessible supplementary textbook suitable for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in the fields of conservation science, eco-physiology, evolutionary and comparative physiology, natural resources management, ecosystem health, veterinary medicine, animal physiology, and ecology.

Far from Land Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Far from Land


  • Author : Michael Brooke
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-09
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 9780691210322

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Far from Land Excerpt :

The lives and activities of seabirds as you've never seen them before Seabirds evoke the spirit of the earth's wildest places. They spend large portions of their lives at sea, often far from land, and nest on remote islands that humans rarely visit. Thanks to increasingly sophisticated and miniaturized devices that can track their every movement and behavior, it is now possible to observe the mysterious lives of these remarkable creatures as never before. This book takes you on a breathtaking journey around the globe to provide an extraordinary up-close look at the activities of seabirds. Featuring stunning illustrations by renowned artist Bruce Pearson, Far from Land reveals that seabirds are not the aimless wind-tossed wanderers they may appear to be, and explains the observational innovations that are driving this exciting area of research.

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science Book

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science


  • Author : Kathleen C. Weathers
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-08-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128127629

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Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science Excerpt :

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science, Second Edition, provides a solid introduction to modern ecosystem science, covering land, freshwater and marine environments. Ecosystem science is now applied to address a wide range of environmental problems. Written by respected experts, this updated edition covers major concepts of ecosystem science, biogeochemistry and energetics. Case studies written by leading figures in the field offer insight into how adopting an ecosystem approach has helped solve important intellectual and practical problems. Offers one of the few books on ecosystems to cover both the aquatic and terrestrial realms Features vignettes throughout the book to give real examples of how an ecosystem approach has and continues to create real change Includes synthesis chapters and case studies to take new information and demonstrate applications Features new coverage on human-environment interactions and biological interactions within the environment

Stable Isotope Ecology Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Stable Isotope Ecology


  • Author : Brian Fry
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-01-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387337456

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Stable Isotope Ecology Excerpt :

A solid introduction to stable isotopes that can also be used as an instructive review for more experienced researchers and professionals. The book approaches the use of isotopes from the perspective of ecological and biological research, but its concepts can be applied within other disciplines. A novel, step-by-step spreadsheet modeling approach is also presented for circulating tracers in any ecological system, including any favorite system an ecologist might dream up while sitting at a computer. The author’s humorous and lighthearted style painlessly imparts the principles of isotope ecology. The online material contains color illustrations, spreadsheet models, technical appendices, and problems and answers.