Traffic Related Air Pollution Book

Traffic Related Air Pollution


  • Author : Haneen Khreis
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-09-02
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128181225

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Traffic Related Air Pollution Excerpt :

Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP's public health impacts Examines TRAP's health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Exposure in Urbanized Areas Book

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Exposure in Urbanized Areas


  • Author : Bernard Połednik
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-11-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 191
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000482454

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Traffic Related Air Pollution and Exposure in Urbanized Areas Excerpt :

Traffic-related pollutions, apart from the emissions from other anthropogenic sources, significantly decrease the air quality in cities. This is especially true in the case of the areas located in the vicinity of communication routes with high traffic intensity. In accordance with the epidemiological studies, the transport emissions affecting road users, both drivers and pedestrians, have a detrimental effect on health and may contribute to numerous serious illnesses. This work presents the characteristics of traffic-related pollution and the factors affecting its concentration in the air. The effects of exposure to traffic-related pollution on health are described as well. The transport emissions in Lublin, Poland, are discussed in detail. The results of previous studies on traffic-related environmental pollution are presented, including pollutant concentrations as well as exposures of drivers and pedestrians along one of the busiest roads. The studies account for different seasons and weather conditions. The methods of reducing traffic-related pollution and prospects for improving the urban air quality are described as well. This book is intended for academics, researchers, engineers and professionals involved in studies and assessment of the road transport impact on the environment.

Health Effects of Transport related Air Pollution Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Health Effects of Transport related Air Pollution


  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher : WHO Regional Office Europe
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 205
  • ISBN 10 : 9789289013734

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Health Effects of Transport related Air Pollution Excerpt :

Diseases related to the air pollution caused by road transport affect tens of thousands of people in the WHO Europe region each year. This publication considers the policy challenges involved in the need to reduce the related risks to public health and the environment, whilst meeting socio-economic requirements for effective transport systems. It sets out a systematic review of the literature and a comprehensive evaluation of the health hazards of transport-related air pollution, including factors determining emissions, the contribution of traffic to pollution levels, human exposure and the results of epidemiological and toxicological studies to identify and measure the health effects, and suggestions for policy actions and further research.

Urban Traffic Pollution Book

Urban Traffic Pollution


  • Author : Dietrich Schwela
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1998-11-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN 10 : 9780419237204

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Urban Traffic Pollution Excerpt :

Noise and air pollution from motor vehicles have a major impact on the physical and mental well-being of urban residents worldwide. Although control measures have already been implemented in most developed countries, noise and air pollution have only recently become major problems in many developing countries, as rapid industrial growth, population increase and improved living standards have led to an increase in car ownership. If control measures are not implemented swiftly in developing countries, the effects on public health will be extremely serious. This book, which has been prepared by WHO in collaboration with the Ecotoxicology Service of the Department of Public Health in Geneva, discusses global trends in noise and air pollution from motor vehicles, their effects on public health, and the control measures available. This book discusses: * global trends of motor vehicle air pollution * its effects on public health * the various control measures available

Advances in Transportation and Health Book

Advances in Transportation and Health


  • Author : Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-04-08
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 548
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128191378

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Advances in Transportation and Health Excerpt :

Transportation and Health provides state-of-the-art knowledge on the many linkages between transport and health, the available tools needed to estimate and evaluate the health impacts of transport, future technologies, the developments that can change the direction and magnitude of the health impacts, and the policy and education issues that can result in better practice and knowledge translation. The book provides valuable information on how and why to take health into consideration in transport planning and policy, showing how to estimate the impacts of transport on health in planning, policymaking, education and workforce development. Explores the latest advances on the full spectrum of connections between transport and health Offers a "roadmap" on how transport impacts health Includes tools for analyzing and estimating the health impacts of transport Shows what research and practice gaps need attention Includes contributions from leading scholars, practitioners and policymakers

The Cost of Air Pollution Book

The Cost of Air Pollution


  • Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
  • Publisher : Organization for Economic
  • Release Date : 2014
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 79
  • ISBN 10 : 9264210423

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The Cost of Air Pollution Excerpt :

Outdoor air pollution kills more than 3 million people across the world every year, and causes health problems from asthma to heart disease for many more. This is costing societies very large amounts in terms of the value of lives lost and ill health. Based on extensive new epidemiological evidence since the 2010 Global Burden of Disease study, and OECD estimates of the Value of Statistical Life, this report provides evidence on the health impacts from air pollution and the related economic costs.

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Exposure in Urbanized Areas Book

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Exposure in Urbanized Areas


  • Author : Bernard Połednik
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-11-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 191
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000482454

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Traffic Related Air Pollution and Exposure in Urbanized Areas Excerpt :

Traffic-related pollutions, apart from the emissions from other anthropogenic sources, significantly decrease the air quality in cities. This is especially true in the case of the areas located in the vicinity of communication routes with high traffic intensity. In accordance with the epidemiological studies, the transport emissions affecting road users, both drivers and pedestrians, have a detrimental effect on health and may contribute to numerous serious illnesses. This work presents the characteristics of traffic-related pollution and the factors affecting its concentration in the air. The effects of exposure to traffic-related pollution on health are described as well. The transport emissions in Lublin, Poland, are discussed in detail. The results of previous studies on traffic-related environmental pollution are presented, including pollutant concentrations as well as exposures of drivers and pedestrians along one of the busiest roads. The studies account for different seasons and weather conditions. The methods of reducing traffic-related pollution and prospects for improving the urban air quality are described as well. This book is intended for academics, researchers, engineers and professionals involved in studies and assessment of the road transport impact on the environment.

Environmental Impacts of Road Vehicles Book

Environmental Impacts of Road Vehicles


  • Author : R M Harrison
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2017-06-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 10 : 9781788011761

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Environmental Impacts of Road Vehicles Excerpt :

The first concerns that come to mind in relation to pollution from road vehicles are direct emissions of carbon dioxide and toxic air pollutants. These are, of course, important but the impacts of road traffic are altogether more substantial. This volume of the Issues in Environmental Science and Technology Series takes a broader view of the effects on the environment and human health, excluding only injury due to road traffic accidents. By looking across the environmental media, air, water and soil, and taking account also of noise pollution, the volume addresses far more than the conventional atmospheric issues. More importantly, however, it examines present and future vehicle technologies, the implications of more extensive use of batteries in electric vehicles and the consequences of recycling vehicles at the end of use. Finally, examples of life-cycle analysis as applied to road vehicles are reviewed. This book is a comprehensive source of authoritative information for students studying pollution, and for policy-makers concerned with vehicle emissions and road traffic impacts more generally.

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Book

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality


  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: House & Home
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 10 : UCBK:C105261333

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WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Excerpt :

This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered in this review, i.e. benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, have indoor sources, are known in respect of their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of health concern. The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing health risks of environmental exposures, as well as specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.

Case Study Book

Case Study


  • Author : JinHee Kim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2015
  • Genre: Air
  • Pages : 8
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:921257168

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Case Study Excerpt :

Urban Air Quality in Europe Book

Urban Air Quality in Europe


  • Author : Mar Viana
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-06-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642384516

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Urban Air Quality in Europe Excerpt :

This book provides an overview of air quality in urban environments in Europe, focusing on air pollutant emission sources and formation mechanisms, measurement and modeling strategies, and future perspectives. The emission sources described are biomass burning, vehicular traffic, industry and agriculture, but also African dust and long-range transport of pollutants across the European regions. The impact of these emission sources and processes on atmospheric particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen oxides and volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds is discussed and critical areas for particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide in Europe are identified. Finally, this volume presents future perspectives, mainly regarding upcoming air quality monitoring strategies, metrics of interest, such as submicron and nanoparticles, and indoor and outdoor exposure scenarios.

Air Pollution and Lung Disease in Adults Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Air Pollution and Lung Disease in Adults


  • Author : Philip Witorsch
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1994-09-13
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN 10 : 0849301815

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Air Pollution and Lung Disease in Adults Excerpt :

Air Pollution and Lung Disease in Adults provides a general approach to problems involving air pollutants and respiratory disorders in adults. The diversity among the authors, whose areas of expertise and interest include pulmonary medicine, toxicology, allergy immunology, pathology, environmental engineering, and industrial hygiene, parallels the diversity of the readers. Although selected chapters address specific conditions, the overall general approach creates a wide context in which to assess and explore several areas of interest. The book begins with a chapter on exposure and environmental characterization, followed by discussions on direct and indirect injury to the respiratory tract, carcinogenesis, and lung cancer. The book then covers the pathology of environmental lung disease, causality assessment, and causal inference and toxicology. Clinical evaluation of the individual patient, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, as well as spirometry and cardiopulmonary exercise testing in impairment evaluation follow. The three chapters addressing the more particular entities of immunologic mechanisms include pneumoconioses, chronic and interstitial pulmonary fibrosis and bronchiolitis, sick building syndrome, multiple chemical sensitivities, and chronic fatigue syndrome.

Air Quality Guidelines Book
Score: 3.5
From 2 Ratings

Air Quality Guidelines


  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release Date : 2006
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 497
  • ISBN 10 : 9789289021920

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Air Quality Guidelines Excerpt :

This book presents revised guideline values for the four most common air pollutants - particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide - based on a recent review of the accumulated scientific evidence. The rationale for selection of each guideline value is supported by a synthesis of information emerging from research on the health effects of each pollutant. As a result, these guidelines now also apply globally. They can be read in conjunction with Air quality guidelines for Europe, 2nd edition, which is still the authority on guideline values for all other air pollutants. As well as revised guideline values, this book makes a brief yet comprehensive review of the issues affecting the application of the guidelines in risk assessment and policy development. Further, it summarizes information on: . pollution sources and levels in various parts of the world, . population exposure and characteristics affecting sensitivity to pollution, . methods for quantifying the health burden of air pollution, and . the use of guidelines in developing air quality standards and other policy tools. Finally, the special case of indoor air pollution is explored. Prepared by a large team of renowned international experts who considered conditions in various parts of the globe, these guidelines are applicable throughout the world. They provide reliable guidance for policy-makers everywhere when considering the various options for air quality management.

Occupational Outlook Handbook Book
Score: 5
From 2 Ratings

Occupational Outlook Handbook


  • Author : United States. Bureau of Labor Statistics
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1976
  • Genre: Occupations
  • Pages : 822
  • ISBN 10 : MINN:319510028165522

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Occupational Outlook Handbook Excerpt :

Urban Climates Book

Urban Climates


  • Author : T. R. Oke
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-09-14
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 549
  • ISBN 10 : 9780521849500

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Urban Climates Excerpt :

The first full synthesis of modern scientific and applied research on urban climates, suitable for students and researchers alike.