Translating Diverse Environmental Data into Reliable Information Book

Translating Diverse Environmental Data into Reliable Information

  • Author : Daniel Vallero
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-09-15
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128124475

Translating Diverse Environmental Data into Reliable Information Excerpt :

Translating Diverse Environmental Data into Reliable Information: How to Coordinate Evidence from Different Sources is a resource for building environmental knowledge, particularly in the era of Big Data. Environmental scientists, engineers, educators and students will find it essential to determine data needs, assess their quality, and efficiently manage their findings. Decision makers can explore new open access databases and tools, especially portals and dashboards. The book demonstrates how environmental knowledgebases are and can be built to meet the needs of modern students and professionals. Topics covered include concepts and principles that underpin air, water, and other public health and ecological topics. Integrated and systems perspectives are woven throughout, with clues on how to build and apply interdisciplinary data, which can increasingly be obtained from sources ranging from peer-reviewed research appearing in scientific journals to information gathered by citizen scientists. This opens the door to using vast amounts of open data and the necessary quality assurance and metadata considerations for their countless applications. Provides tools to manage data of varying sizes and quality Identifies both opportunities and cautions in using “other people’s data Updates physical, chemical and biological factors that must be considered in risk evaluations and life cycle assessments Applies to data collected by academic, governmental, businesses, and citizen scientists across environmental systems Improves readers’ ability to organize and visualize their work in the age of Big Data

Environmental Systems Science Book

Environmental Systems Science

  • Author : Daniel Vallero
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-05-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128219447

Environmental Systems Science Excerpt :

Environmental Systems Science: Theory and Practical Applications looks at pollution and environmental quality from a systems perspective. Credible human and ecological risk estimation and prediction methods are described, including life cycle assessment, feasibility studies, pollution control decision tools, and approaches to determine adverse outcome pathways, fate and transport, sampling and analysis, and cost-effectiveness. The book brings translational science to environmental quality, applying groundbreaking methodologies like informatics, data mining, and applications of secondary data systems. Multiple human and ecological variables are introduced and integrated to support calculations that aid environmental and public health decision making. The book bridges the perspectives of scientists, engineers, and other professionals working in numerous environmental and public health fields addressing problems like toxic substances, deforestation, climate change, and loss of biological diversity, recommending sustainable solutions to these and other seemingly intractable environmental problems. The causal agents discussed include physical, chemical, and biological agents, such as per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), SARS-CoV-2 (the COVID-19 virus), and other emerging contaminants. Provides an optimistic and interdisciplinary approach, underpinned by scientific first principles and theory to evaluate pollutant sources and sinks, applying biochemodynamic methods, measurements and models Deconstructs prior initiatives in environmental assessment and management using an interdisciplinary approach to evaluate what has worked and why Lays out a holistic understanding of the real impact of human activities on the current state of pollution, linking the physical sciences and engineering with socioeconomic, cultural perspectives, and environmental justice Takes a life cycle view of human and ecological systems, from the molecular to the planetary scale, integrating the

Air Pollution Calculations Book

Air Pollution Calculations

  • Author : Daniel A. Vallero
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-05-03
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128149355

Air Pollution Calculations Excerpt :

Air Pollution Calculations introduces the equations and formulae that are most important to air pollution, but goes a step further. Most texts lack examples of how these equations and formulae apply to the quantification of real-world scenarios and conditions. The ample example calculations apply to current air quality problems, including emission inventories, risk estimations, biogeochemical cycling assessments, and efficiencies in air pollution control technologies. In addition, the book explains thermodynamics and fluid dynamics in step-by-step and understandable calculations using air quality and multimedia modeling, reliability engineering and engineering economics using practical examples likely to be encountered by scientists, engineers, managers and decision makers. The book touches on the environmental variables, constraints and drivers that can influence pollutant mass, volume and concentrations, which in turn determine toxicity and adverse outcomes caused by air pollution. How the pollutants form, move, partition, transform and find their fate are explained using the entire range of atmospheric phenomena. The control, prevention and mitigation of air pollution are explained based on physical, chemical and biological principles which is crucial to science-based policy and decision-making. Users will find this to be a comprehensive, single resource that will help them understand air pollution, quantify existing data, and help those whose work is impacted by air pollution. Explains air pollution in a comprehensive manner, enabling readers to understand how to measure and assess risks to human populations and ecosystems actually or potentially exposed to air pollutants Covers air pollution from a multivariate, systems approach, bringing in atmospheric processes, health impacts, environmental impacts, controls and prevention Facilitates an understanding of broad factors, like climate and transport, that influence patterns and change in pollutant concentrations

From Biofiltration to Promising Options in Gaseous Fluxes Biotreatment Book

From Biofiltration to Promising Options in Gaseous Fluxes Biotreatment

  • Author : Gabriela Soreanu
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-04-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128190654

From Biofiltration to Promising Options in Gaseous Fluxes Biotreatment Excerpt :

From Biofiltration to Promising Options in Gaseous Fluxes Biotreatment: Recent Developments, New Trends, Advances, and Opportunities provides an overview on the biological tools used for the treatment of the gaseous fluxes, with emphasis on traditional and perspective options, opening new horizons for research and implementation in practice. It is known that air pollution is an emergent global issue and a priority within the international environmental programs. Moreover, technologies based on biological methods are significantly contributing to the sustainable development concept. Thus this book provides tools for solving air pollution issues in a sustainable manner. These issues can be solved at different levels (e.g., "end-of-pipe" gaseous streams, indoor/outdoor air, closed environments), which can be approached by the different biotechniques presented in the book, from classical biofiltration techniques (part 1) to phytotreatment and microalgae-based techniques (part 2). Although all options have their particularities that make them special for certain applications, a special attention is drawn to the potential of the last one, which offers multiple possibilities for biomass valorization. Scientists from worldwide with relevant experience in their field have been contributed to the development of this book. Presents the main biotechnological aspects applied for gas purification, focusing on process understanding, limitations, and capability in different applications Promotes a sustainable future of the biofiltration process by enhancing their performance together with the simultaneously economic and environmental impacts Implements new aspects of scientific research and development in the field

Waste Book


  • Author : Trevor M. Letcher
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-03-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 803
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128154427

Waste Excerpt :

Waste: A Handbook for Management, Second Edition, provides information on a wide range of hot topics and developing areas, such as hydraulic fracturing, microplastics, waste management in developing countries, and waste-exposure-outcome pathways. Beginning with an overview of the current waste landscape, including green engineering, processing principles and regulations, the book then outlines waste streams and treatment methods for over 25 different types of waste and reviews best practices and management, challenges for developing countries, risk assessment, contaminant pathways and risk tradeoffs. With an overall focus on waste recovery, reuse, prevention and lifecycle analysis, the book draws on the experience of an international team of expert contributors to provide reliable guidance on how best to manage wastes for scientists, managers, engineers and policymakers in both the private and public sectors. Covers the assessment and treatment of different waste streams in a single book Provides a hands-on report on each type of waste problem as written by an expert in the field Highlights new findings and evolving problems in waste management via discussion boxes

Water and Climate Change Book

Water and Climate Change

  • Author : Trevor M. Letcher
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-07-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323998765

Water and Climate Change Excerpt :

Water and Climate Change: Sustainable Development, Politics and Social Issues focuses on climate change and global warming, sustainable development and social and political issues surrounding water. Throughout the book, global contributors provide an outlook on the possible future of the world if climate issues continue to increase. In this regard, readers will become fully aware of the dangers of climate change and global warming. To counterbalance, the book also provides an outlook to the possible future of the world if changes are made and emissions are reduced. Water shortages and water pollution are real and are beginning to affect the lives of every one of us on the planet. We are rapidly reaching a point of no return. If we do nothing about water shortages and water pollution, many of the catastrophes mentioned in this book will come to pass. As such, this reference is a must-read resource for environmental scientists and engineers, water resource experts, agriculturalists, social scientists, earth scientists, geographers and decision-makers in government and water management. Covers a wide spectrum of topics related to water usage as discussed by world authorities, all experts in their own field Includes references and further reading at the end of each chapter, giving the reader all the very latest thinking and information on each topic Provides case studies that follow a consistent template, presenting the reader with easy to find, real-life examples

Hazardous Waste Management Book

Hazardous Waste Management

  • Author : Deepak Yadav
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-11-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 612
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323859288

Hazardous Waste Management Excerpt :

Hazardous Waste Management: An Overview of Advanced and Cost-Effective Solutions includes the latest practical knowledge and theoretical concepts for the treatment of hazardous wastes. The book covers five major themes, namely, ecological impact, waste management hierarchy, hazardous waste characteristics and regulations, hazardous wastes management, and future scope of hazardous waste management. It serves as a comprehensive and advanced reference for undergraduate students, researchers and practitioners in the field of hazardous wastes and focuses on the latest emerging research in the management of hazardous waste, the direction in which this branch is developing as well as future prospects. The book deals with all these components in-depth, however, particular attention is given to management techniques and cost-effective, economically feasible solutions for hazardous wastes released from various sources. Comprehensively explores the impact of hazardous wastes on human health and ecosystems Discusses toxicity across solid waste, aquatic food chain and airborne diseases Categorically elaborates waste treatment and management procedures with current challenges Discusses future challenges and the importance of renewing technologies

Translating and Communicating Environmental Cultures Book

Translating and Communicating Environmental Cultures

  • Author : Meng Ji
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2019-07-24
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429782152

Translating and Communicating Environmental Cultures Excerpt :

Environmental translation studies has gained momentum in recent years as a new area of research underscored by the need to communicate environmental concerns and studies across cultures. The dissemination of translated materials on environmental protection and sustainable development has played an instrumental role in transforming local culture and societies. This edited book represents an important effort to advance environmental studies by introducing the latest research on environmental translation and cross-cultural communication. Part I of the book presents the newest research on multilingual environmental resource development based at leading research institutes in Europe, Latin America, North America, and the Asia-Pacific. Part II offers original, thought-provoking linguistic, textual and cultural analyses of environmental issues in genres as diverse as literature, nature-based tourism promotion, environmental marketing, environmental documentary, and children’s reading. Chapters in this book represent original research authored by established and mid-career academics in translation studies, computer science, linguistics, and environmental studies around the world. The collection provides engaging reading and references on environmental translation and communication to a wide audience across academia.

Zooplankton Ecology Book

Zooplankton Ecology

  • Author : Maria Alexandra Teodosio
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-19
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351021814

Zooplankton Ecology Excerpt :

This book aims at providing students and researchers an advanced integrative overview on zooplankton ecology, covering marine and freshwater organisms, from microscopic phagotrophic protists, to macro-jellyfishes and active fish larvae. The first book section addresses zooplanktonic organisms and processes, the second section is devoted to zooplankton spatial and temporal distribution patterns and trophic dynamics, and the final section is dedicated to emergent methodological approaches (e.g., omics). Book chapters include comprehensive synthesis, observational and manipulative studies, and sediment-based analysis, a vibrant imprint of benthic-pelagic coupling and ecosystem connectivity. Most chapters also address the impacts of anticipated environmental changes (e.g., warming, acidification).

Drought Early Warning and Forecasting Book

Drought Early Warning and Forecasting

  • Author : Chris Funk
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-06-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128140123

Drought Early Warning and Forecasting Excerpt :

Drought risk management involves three pillars: drought early warning, drought vulnerability and risk assessment, and drought preparedness, mitigation, and response. This book collects in one place a description of all the key components of the first pillar, and describes strategies for fitting these pieces together. The best modern drought early warning systems incorporate and integrate a broad array of environmental information sources: weather station observations, satellite imagery, land surface and crop model simulations, and weather and climate model forecasts, and analyze this information in context-relevant ways that take into account exposure and vulnerability. Drought Early Warning and Forecasting: Theory and Practice assembles a comprehensive overview of these components, providing examples drawn from the Famine Early Warning Systems Network and the United States Drought Monitor. This book simultaneously addresses the physical, social, and information management aspects of drought early warning, and informs readers about the tools, techniques, and conceptual models required to effectively identify, predict, and communicate potential drought-related disasters. This book is a key text for postgraduate scientists and graduate and advanced undergraduate students in hydrology, geography, earth sciences, meteorology, climatology, and environmental sciences programs. Professionals dealing with disaster management and drought forecasting will also find this book beneficial to their work. Describes and discusses the strategies and components used in effective and integrated 21st century drought early warning systems Provides a one-stop-shop that describes in one book the observations, models, forecasts, indices, social context, and theory used in drought early warning Identifies the latest tools and approaches used to monitor and forecast drought, sources of predictive skill, and discusses the technical and theoretical details required to use these tools and appro


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-12-08
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN 10 : 9783031088018

Excerpt :

Food Systems Modelling Book

Food Systems Modelling

  • Author : Christian J. Peters
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2022-01-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128221105

Food Systems Modelling Excerpt :

Food Systems Modelling emphasizes sustainability, including the impact of agriculture and food production on profits, people and environment, with a particular focus on the ability of humanity to continue producing food in the midst of global environmental change. Sections introduce the purpose of models, the definition of a food system, the importance of disciplinary, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary inquiry, cover specific branches of modeling in the sustainability of food systems, and wrestle with the challenge of communicating modeling research and appropriately integrating multiple dimensions of sustainability. This book will be a welcomed reference for food scientists, agricultural scientists, nutritionists, environmental scientists, ecologists, economists, those working in agribusiness and food supply chain management, community and public health, and urban and regional planning, as well as academicians and graduate students interested in the sustainability of food systems. Emphasizes sustainability, including the impact of agriculture and food production on profits Focuses on the ability of humanity to continue producing food in the midst of global environmental change Deciphers what models can teach us about food system sustainability

Evaluation of the project  Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance  LEAP  Partnership  Book

Evaluation of the project Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance LEAP Partnership

  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release Date : 2022-07-02
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 84
  • ISBN 10 : 9789251362570

Evaluation of the project Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance LEAP Partnership Excerpt :

The evaluation of the project “Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership” covered the three phases of the LEAP Partnership (2012–2021). The evaluation found that the project responded to an existing demand to advance towards a science-based benchmarking of the environmental performance of the livestock sector. The LEAP partnership was a cost-effective approach that contributed to consensus building and greater understanding of the factors influencing environmental performance by providing a neutral forum for discussion and negotiation. The evaluation provides six recommendations: i) strengthen the project’s theory of change to reflect the complexity of learning and innovation, including gender perspective; ii) strengthen the multi-stakeholder partnership governance, management and procedures; iii) strengthen collaboration with other initiatives such as the Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock (GASL) and the Global Livestock Environmental Assessment Model (GLEAM); iv) reduce the budget uncertainty through improved long-term planning and a strengthened resource mobilization strategy; v) update and improve the dissemination strategy; and vi) develop an outreach strategy with clear goals.