Tritium Technologies for Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors Book

Tritium Technologies for Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors


  • Author : Alexander Perevezentsev
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06-02
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128243237

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Tritium Technologies for Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors Excerpt :

Tritium Technologies for Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors summarizes the most recent research and practice in tritium technologies for the processing of hydrogen isotopes in fuel cycles. Authors Dr. Perevezentsev and Professor Rozenkevich combine their wealth of first-hand experience to present this comprehensive guide which promotes the best radiation protection practices and a more sustainable way to produce power in a thermonuclear reactor plant. Applicable to both magnetic and inertial confinements of plasma, this book covers tritium processing systems, tritium recovery from the plasma chamber, and various safety systems devoted to lessening the impact on the public and environment. The readers are also led through various modeling techniques, such as the separation of hydrogen isotopes, and the detritiation of liquid and gaseous streams in dynamic and steady state operation modes. This book is a practical guide which includes various case studies and examples which will help solidify the reader’s learning. It combines the latest research of tritium technologies with applications for fusion nuclear reactors, and includes solutions and directions for the resolution of various common challenges faced. Engineers, researchers, and students of tritium technologies, fusion energy, and nuclear power generation will gain a detailed and integrated understanding of how tritium can be used within a nuclear setting, for cleaner and more efficient power generation. Guides the reader through problem solving via step-by-step processes and models Includes case studies and examples throughout, from two of the most recognized experts in the field with firsthand knowledge of the subject Presents a comprehensive, practical reference on the tritium fuel cycle for fusion reactors

Tritium  Fuel of Fusion Reactors Book

Tritium Fuel of Fusion Reactors


  • Author : Tetsuo Tanabe
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-12-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 365
  • ISBN 10 : 9784431564607

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Tritium Fuel of Fusion Reactors Excerpt :

This book focuses on tritium as a fuel for fusion reactors and a next-generation energy source. Following an introduction of tritium as a hydrogen radioisotope, important issues involved in establishing safe and economical tritium fuel cycles including breeding for a fusion reactor are summarized; these include the handling of large amounts of tritium: confinement, leakage, contamination, permeation, regulation and tritium accountancy, and impacts on surrounding areas. Targeting and encouraging the students and technicians who will design and operate fusion reactors in the near future, this book offers a valuable resource on tritium science and technology.

Safety in Tritium Handling Technology Book

Safety in Tritium Handling Technology


  • Author : F. Mannone
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401119108

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Safety in Tritium Handling Technology Excerpt :

The use of tritium as a basic fuel material in a thermonuclear fusion reactor raises particular safety issues due to the combined effects of its physico chemical properties and radioactive nature. Furthermore the possibility of attaining further significant progresses in developing and demonstrating the feasibility of tritium burning devices relies on the handling of tritium macroquantities, say ten grammes, in a safe and reliable manner. It is also undoubted that, apart from technological constraints, any validation and exploitation of thermonuclear fusion as a source of energy will be strongly conditioned by the application of stringent operational and environmental safety criteria as it derives from norms of the modern legislation and public acceptance considerations. Even if the safe handling of tritium has already been demonstrated to be feasible on a full fuel cycle scale, it is unanimously recognized that further efforts are still to be concentrated on the improvement of current concepts and development of advanced technologies. Some of the areas requiring substantial additional efforts are plasma exhaust fuel c1ean-up, tritium pellet injection, processing of inert carrier gas, development of large free-oil pumps,tritlUm process analytics, development of large detritiation systems, beryllium-tritium interaction studies, tritium hold-up studies in getter beds, adsorbers and structural materials, tritium recovery from first wall, structural and breeder materials for minimizing tritiated waste arising,tritium storage technology, tritiated waste disposal technolo~y, methodology for routine tritium accountancy,etc . . Most of them are intrinsically related to the safety requirement of tritium technology.

Predictive Methods and Analysis of Time Dependent Tritium Flow Rates and Inventories in Fusion Systems Book

Predictive Methods and Analysis of Time Dependent Tritium Flow Rates and Inventories in Fusion Systems


  • Author : marco riva
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2020
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 219
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1163672927

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Predictive Methods and Analysis of Time Dependent Tritium Flow Rates and Inventories in Fusion Systems Excerpt :

In nuclear fusion reactors, tritium dynamics plays a dominant role. An unprecedented amount of tritium is consumed in Deuterium-Tritium (D-T) nuclear fusion reactors, ~0.5 kg per day for 3 GW fusion power. However, tritium is radioactive, has short half-life (~12.33 years), and is present in nature in negligible concentration. Because of tritium scarcity, future fusion power reactors must be self-sufficient, i.e. the reactor must have a closed fuel cycle where tritium is produced in greater amounts than it is consumed. Furthermore, nuclear fusion reactors must accumulate and provide tritium start-up inventory for the next generation of fusion power plants, since natural reserves of tritium are very limited. Moreover, because of its radioactive nature, tritium presents a serious hazard to the personnel and has implications to safety and nuclear licensing. Accurate predictive models of the nuclear fusion fuel cycle are required to effectively design the fuel cycle components, understand tritium dynamics in the fusion fuel cycle, and determine the technology and physics requirements to attain tritium self-sufficiency. Moreover, accurate predictions of tritium inventories and flow rates within fusion components, and estimations of tritium releases to the environment are necessary for nuclear licensing. In this dissertation, two numerical models are developed to perform tritium transport assessment within fusion systems. First, a high fidelity numerical model is developed to simulate time-dependent tritium transport within the reactor outer fuel cycle (OFC). Detailed (high resolution) component-level models, where constitutive transport equations are implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics and solved for various fusion sub-systems, are integrated into system-level with the use of MATLAB/Simulink S-Functions to reproduce typical OFC tritium streams. The model is applied to the KOrean Helium Cooled Ceramic Reflector Test Blanket System (KO-HCCR TBS) which will be tested in the

Renewable Energies and CO2 Book

Renewable Energies and CO2


  • Author : Ricardo Guerrero-Lemus
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-09-14
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 373
  • ISBN 10 : 9781447143840

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Renewable Energies and CO2 Excerpt :

Providing up-to-date numerical data across a range of topics related to renewable energy technologies, Renewable Energies and CO2 offers a one-stop source of key information to engineers, economists and all other professionals working in the energy and climate change sectors. The most relevant up-to-date numerical data are exposed in 201 tables and graphs, integrated in terms of units and methodology, and covering topics such as energy system capacities and lifetimes, production costs, energy payback ratios, carbon emissions, external costs, patents and literature statistics. The data are first presented and then analyzed to project potential future grid, heat and fuel parity scenarios, as well as future technology tendencies in different energy technological areas. Innovative highlights and descriptions of preproduction energy systems and components from the past four years have been gathered from selected journals and international energy departments from G20 countries. As the field develops, readers are invited and encouraged to contact the authors for feedback and comments. The ongoing data collection and analysis will be used – after proper acknowledgment of contributors - to develop new editions. In this way, it is ensured that Renewable Energies and CO2 will remain an up-to-date resource for all those working with or involved in renewable energy, climate change, energy storage, carbon capture and smart grids.

An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy Book

An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy


  • Author : Committee on the Prospects for Inertial Confinement Fusion Energy Systems
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2013-07-19
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309272223

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An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy Excerpt :

The potential for using fusion energy to produce commercial electric power was first explored in the 1950s. Harnessing fusion energy offers the prospect of a nearly carbon-free energy source with a virtually unlimited supply of fuel. Unlike nuclear fission plants, appropriately designed fusion power plants would not produce the large amounts of high-level nuclear waste that requires long-term disposal. Due to these prospects, many nations have initiated research and development (R&D) programs aimed at developing fusion as an energy source. Two R&D approaches are being explored: magnetic fusion energy (MFE) and inertial fusion energy (IFE). An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy describes and assesses the current status of IFE research in the United States; compares the various technical approaches to IFE; and identifies the scientific and engineering challenges associated with developing inertial confinement fusion (ICF) in particular as an energy source. It also provides guidance on an R&D roadmap at the conceptual level for a national program focusing on the design and construction of an inertial fusion energy demonstration plant.

Nuclear Fusion Book

Nuclear Fusion


  • Author : Igor Girka
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2019-04-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 114
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789857870

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Nuclear Fusion Excerpt :

Power production and its consumption and distribution are among the most urgent problems of mankind. Despite positive dynamics in introducing renewable sources of energy, nuclear power plants still remain the major source of carbon-free electric energy. Fusion can be an alternative to fission in the foreseeable future. Research in the field of controlled nuclear fusion has been ongoing for almost 100 years. Magnetic confinement systems are the most promising for effective implementation, and the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor is under construction in France. To accomplish nuclear fusion on Earth, we have to resolve a number of scientific and technological problems. This monograph includes selected chapters on nuclear physics and mechanical engineering within the scope of nuclear fusion.

UWFDM  Book

UWFDM


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1984
  • Genre: Controlled fusion
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : WISC:89046396404

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UWFDM Excerpt :

Magnetic Fusion Technology Book

Magnetic Fusion Technology


  • Author : Thomas J. Dolan
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2014-02-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 801
  • ISBN 10 : 9781447155560

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Magnetic Fusion Technology Excerpt :

Magnetic Fusion Technology describes the technologies that are required for successful development of nuclear fusion power plants using strong magnetic fields. These technologies include: • magnet systems, • plasma heating systems, • control systems, • energy conversion systems, • advanced materials development, • vacuum systems, • cryogenic systems, • plasma diagnostics, • safety systems, and • power plant design studies. Magnetic Fusion Technology will be useful to students and to specialists working in energy research.

RADIATION EFFECTS AND TRITIUM TECHNOLOGY FOR FUSION REACTORS  PROCEEDINGS OF AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE  OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY  U S ERDA  AMERICAN NUCLEAR SOCIETY  NUCLEAR METALLURGY COMMITTE OF AIME  4 VOLS  Book

RADIATION EFFECTS AND TRITIUM TECHNOLOGY FOR FUSION REACTORS PROCEEDINGS OF AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U S ERDA AMERICAN NUCLEAR SOCIETY NUCLEAR METALLURGY COMMITTE OF AIME 4 VOLS


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2022-06-30
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:846575187

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RADIATION EFFECTS AND TRITIUM TECHNOLOGY FOR FUSION REACTORS PROCEEDINGS OF AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U S ERDA AMERICAN NUCLEAR SOCIETY NUCLEAR METALLURGY COMMITTE OF AIME 4 VOLS Excerpt :

Tritium and Helium 3 in Metals Book

Tritium and Helium 3 in Metals


  • Author : Rainer Lässer
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 159
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642735103

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Tritium and Helium 3 in Metals Excerpt :

Hydrogen can behave as an alkaline metal or a halogen and can react with nearly all elements of the periodic table. This explains the large number of metal hydrides. Since T. Graham's first observation of the absorption of hydrogen in palladium in 1866 the behaviour of hydrogen in metals has been studied very extensively. The interest was motivated by the possible application of metal-hydrogen systems in new technologies (e.g., moderator material in nuclear fission reactors, reversible storage material for thermal energy and large amounts of hydrogen) and by the fact that metal hydrides show very exciting physical properties (e.g., superconductivity, quantum diffusion, order-disorder transitions, phase diagrams, etc.). Many of these properties have been determined for the stable hydrogen isotopes Hand D in various metals. In comparison, very little is known about the behaviour of the ra dioactive isotope tritium in metals. This book is a first attempt to summarize part of the knowledge of tritium gained in the last few years. In addition to the task of presenting the properties of tritium in metals, I have tried to compare these data with those of protium and deuterium. Furthermore, helium-3 is connected inse parably with tritium via the tritium decay. Therefore one chapter of this book is solely devoted to the curious properties of helium in metals caused mainly by its negligible solubility.

Nuclear Science Abstracts Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Nuclear Science Abstracts


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1976-02
  • Genre: Nuclear energy
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : PSU:000047758872

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Nuclear Science Abstracts Excerpt :