Tropical Extremes Book

Tropical Extremes


  • Author : Venugopal Vuruputur
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-08-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128092576

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Tropical Extremes Excerpt :

Tropical Extremes: Natural Variability and Trends features the most up-to-date information on present and future trends related to climate change and tropical extremes. Including contributions from the foremost experts in the field, this important reference addresses the science behind climate change and natural variability in relation to tropical extremes. The book also includes practical insight into modeling and observation approaches. In a warming world, the increase of weather extremes presents a scientifically complex and societally relevant challenge. The book confronts these challenges with observational evidence, modeling studies and expected impacts. This is an essential reference for researchers, modelers and students in the fields of climate and atmospheric science looking to better understand the causes and effects of tropical extremes and natural variability. Illuminates the role of natural variability and climate change in determining the fate and state of tropical extremes Offers a robust guide for analysis relating to the impacts of extremes, thus providing a potential roadmap for navigating the future of risk analysis and the water-food-energy nexus Edited by a diverse team of global experts Includes contributions from leading researchers in the field, comprising the most up-to-date understanding of tropical extremes

Forecasters  Guide to Tropical Meteorology Book

Forecasters Guide to Tropical Meteorology


  • Author : Gary D. Atkinson
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1971
  • Genre: Atmospheric circulation
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105211291807

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Forecasters Guide to Tropical Meteorology Excerpt :

A practical manual for training and reference use of USAF weather forecasters who will work in the tropics, it covers basic facts of climatology, circulation, synoptic models, analysis and forecasting, application throughout the tropics. A broad survey is made of the literature, evaluated in light of the experience of the author. Physical factors controlling tropical circulations are briefly discussed. The data sources for synoptic purposes are reviewed. Climatology of pressure, winds, temperature, humidity, clouds, rainfall and disturbances is presented in a form specially suitable for forecasters. Analysis and for forecasting of disturbances, cyclones, severe weather, terminal weather, etc., are treated at length. Emphasis is placed on uses of climatology and satellite cloud photos. Over 230 figures adapted from the literature or prepared by the author serve to illustrate all the essential facts and principles discussed. A summary of the state of art and future outlook of tropical meteorology is included.

Extreme Conflict and Tropical Forests Book

Extreme Conflict and Tropical Forests


  • Author : Wil De Jong
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-04-08
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402054624

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Extreme Conflict and Tropical Forests Excerpt :

This book provides a timely insight into the relationships between extreme conflict, the international trade in forest products, and the social, economic and environmental condition of tropical forests and their human communities. It explores the underlying causes and the social and environmental consequences of conflict in tropical forest areas. The book includes case studies from Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

Uncertainties and Limitations in Simulating Tropical Cyclones Book

Uncertainties and Limitations in Simulating Tropical Cyclones


  • Author : Asuka Suzuki-Parker
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-01-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 89
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642250286

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Uncertainties and Limitations in Simulating Tropical Cyclones Excerpt :

The thesis work was in two major parts: development and testing of a new approach to detecting and tracking tropical cyclones in climate models; and application of an extreme value statistical approach to enable assessment of changes in weather extremes from climate models. The tracking algorithm applied a creative phase-space approach to differentiate between modeled tropical cyclones and their mid-latitude cousins. A feature here was the careful attention to sensitivity to choice of selection parameters, which is considerable. The major finding was that the changes over time were relatively insensitive to these details. This new approach will improve and add confidence to future assessments of climate impacts on hurricanes. The extremes approach utilized the Generalized Pareto Distribution (one of the standard approaches to statistics of extremes) applied to present and future hurricane distributions as modeled by a regional climate model, then applied the changes to current observations to extract the changes in the extremes. Since climate models cannot resolve these extremes directly, this provides an excellent method of determining weather extremes in general. This is of considerable societal importance as we are most vulnerable to such extremes and knowledge of their changes enables improved planning and adaptation strategies.

Hydrology and Water Resources in Tropical Regions Book

Hydrology and Water Resources in Tropical Regions


  • Author : J. Balek
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1983-07-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN 10 : 0080870090

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Hydrology and Water Resources in Tropical Regions Excerpt :

A comprehensive, integrated view of the behaviour of the tropical hydrological cycle under various ecological, geographical and climatological conditions. The book also examines the problems of water management in relation to agriculture and civil engineering.

Climate Variability and Tropical Cyclone Activity Book

Climate Variability and Tropical Cyclone Activity


  • Author : Pao-Shin Chu
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2022-03-10
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 321
  • ISBN 10 : 9781108480215

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Climate Variability and Tropical Cyclone Activity Excerpt :

A comprehensive summary of tropical cyclone variability at time scales from intraseasonal and interannual to interdecadal and centennial. Major climate oscillations (Madden-Julian, El Niño, Atlantic Meridional Mode and Pacific Decadal) are covered, and their impacts on tropical cyclone activity in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans are discussed.

Climate and the Picturesque in the American Tropics Book

Climate and the Picturesque in the American Tropics


  • Author : Michael Boyden
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2023-02-28
  • Genre: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 225
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192868305

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Climate and the Picturesque in the American Tropics Excerpt :

The biggest challenge of the twenty-first century is to bring the effects of public life into relation with the intractable problem of global atmospheric change. Climate and the Picturesque in the American Tropics explains how we came to think of the climate as something abstract and remote rather than a force that actively shapes our existence. The book argues that this separation between climate and sensibility predates the rise of modern climatology and has deep roots in the era of colonial expansion, when the American tropics were transformed into the economic supplier for Euro-American empires. The book shows how the writings of American travellers in the Caribbean registered and pushed forward this new understanding of the climate in a pivotal period in modern history, roughly between 1770 and 1860, which was fraught with debates over slavery, environmental destruction, and colonialism. Offering novel readings of authors including J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur, Leonora Sansay, William Cullen Bryant, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Sophia Peabody, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and James McCune Smith in light of their engagements with the American tropics, this book shows that these authors drew on a climatic epistemology that fused science and sentiment in ways that citizen science is aspiring to do today. By suggesting a new genealogy of modern climate thinking, Climate and the Picturesque in the American Tropics thus highlights the urgency of revisiting received ideas of tropicality deeply ingrained in American culture that continue to inform current debates on climate debt and justice.

Mariners Weather Log Book

Mariners Weather Log


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1997
  • Genre: Marine meteorology
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105133452016

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Mariners Weather Log Excerpt :

Mariners Weather Log contains articles, news and information about marine weather events and phenomenon, storms at sea, weather forecasting, the NWS Voluntary Observing Ship (VOS) Program, Port Meteorological Officers (PMOs), cooperating ships officers, and their vessels. It provides meteorological information to the maritime community, and contains a comprehensive chronicle on marine weather. It recognizes ships officers for their efforts as voluntary weather observers, and allows NWS to maintain contact with and communicate with over 10,000 shipboard observers (ships officers) in the merchant marine, NOAA Corps, Coast Guard, Navy, etc.

Humid Tropical Environments Book

Humid Tropical Environments


  • Author : Alison Reading
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 1995-10-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN 10 : 9780631191742

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Humid Tropical Environments Excerpt :

The humid tropics contain some of the world's richest, most diverse, most important and most threatened environments. This book draws on recent work by geographers, biologists, ecologists, geologists and climatologists to present a complete and integrated appraisal of the natural environment of all the humid tropical regions of the world. The most complete textbook on this key subject. Fully illustrated throughout with photographs and diagrams. Informative case studies and examples. Considers the physical environment as a whole and stresses the link between the elements.

Tropical Marine Ecology Book

Tropical Marine Ecology


  • Author : Daniel M. Alongi
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-12-09
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 688
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119568926

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Tropical Marine Ecology Excerpt :

No realm on Earth elicits thoughts of paradise more than the tropics. The tropical marine realm is special in myriad ways and for many reasons from seas of higher latitude, in housing iconic habitats such as coral reefs, snow white beaches, crystal clear waters, mangrove forests, extensive and rich seagrass meadows and expansive river deltas, such as the exemplar, the Amazon. But the tropics also has an even more complex side: tropical waters give rise to cyclones, hurricanes and typhoons, and unique oceanographic phenomena including the El Niño- Southern Oscillation which affects global climate patterns. Tropical Marine Ecology documents the structure and function of tropical marine populations, communities, and ecosystems in relation to environmental factors including climate patterns and climate change, and patterns of oceanographic phenomena such as tides and currents and major oceanographic features, as well as chemical and geological drivers. The book focuses on estuarine, coastal, continental shelf and open ocean ecosystems. The first part of the book deals with the climate, physics, geology, and chemistry of the tropical marine environment. The second section focuses on the origins, diversity, biogeography, and the structure and distribution of tropical biota. The third part explores the rates and patterns of primary and secondary production, and their drivers, and the characteristics of pelagic and benthic food webs. The fourth part examines how humans are altering tropical ecosystems via unsustainable fisheries, the decline and loss of habitat and fragmentation, Further, pollution is altering an earth already in the throes of climate change. Tropical Marine Ecology is an authoritative and comprehensive introduction to tropical marine ecology for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students. It is also a rich resource and reference work for researchers and professional managers in marine science.

Integrated Pest Management of Tropical Vegetable Crops Book

Integrated Pest Management of Tropical Vegetable Crops


  • Author : Rangaswamy Muniappan
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-11-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 9789402409246

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Integrated Pest Management of Tropical Vegetable Crops Excerpt :

It is an edited book with chapters written by multi-disciplinary specialists in their specific subject areas. It covers development of IPM components and packaging them for individual vegetable crops specifically targeted to tropical countries. Scientific background for IPM components or tactics will be included. There will be case studies of IPM packages developed and implemented in different countries. The concept of IPM has been in existence for the past six decades; however, a practical holistic program has not been developed and implemented for vegetable crops, in the developing countries. Currently the IPM adoption rate in the tropics is minimal and there is a need for implementation of IPM technologies that are environmentally safe, economical, and socially acceptable. We believe that adoption and implementation of IPM provided in this book will lead to significant reduction in crop losses and mitigate adverse impacts of pesticide use in the tropics. This book is an outcome 20 years of research, development and implementation of the IPM CRSP, a project supported by USAID and administered by Virginia Tech in several developing countries along the tropical belt in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean. ​

Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change Book

Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change


  • Author : Yadvinder Malhi
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release Date : 2005-06-30
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 285
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198567059

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Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change Excerpt :

Ecosystem processes, biogeochemical responses, drought contemporary change.

Tropical Rainforests and Agroforests under Global Change Book

Tropical Rainforests and Agroforests under Global Change


  • Author : Teja Tscharntke
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-02-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 519
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642004933

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Tropical Rainforests and Agroforests under Global Change Excerpt :

not only for land use systems that depend on the regular supply of rain or irrigation water but also for the future development of natural rainforests as drought stress has been shown to a?ect tree growth and species composition in old-growth forests (Wright 1991, Walsh and Newbery 1999, Engelbrecht et al. 2007). A drought experiment conducted in a cacao agroforestry plantation showed that this plantation was surprisingly resilient to an induced drought of more than a year (Schwendenmann et al. 2009). However, droughts can have a strong impact on household incomes from agriculture, they strongly a?ect the vulnerability to poverty and thus have to be analyzed as important exogenous shocks to households, forcing them to adjust their behaviour and develop strategies to cope with these problems. The stability of rainforest margins is a critical factor in the protection of tropical rainforests (Tscharntke et al. 2007). At present, however, rainf- est margins in many parts of the tropics are far from stable, both in soc- economic and in ecological terms. For example, protected areas may attract, rather than repel, human settlement, which may be due to international donor investment in national conservation programs (Wittemeyer et al. 2008). An alternative hypothesis is that protected areas might be compromised if leakage takes place, that is, if impacts that would take place inside the restricted area are displaced to a nearby, undisturbed area (Ewers and Rodrigues 2008).

Tropical Rainforests and Agroforests Under Global Change Book

Tropical Rainforests and Agroforests Under Global Change


  • Author : Melanie Grosse
  • Publisher : Universitätsverlag Göttingen
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 181
  • ISBN 10 : 9783940344519

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Tropical Rainforests and Agroforests Under Global Change Excerpt :

Human-induced land-use intensification and climate change are major global change drivers likely to continue for a long time. This international symposium provides an open platform for all scientists from socio-economic and natural sciences interested in the effects of global change on rainforests and agroforests. Balancing the ecological and socio-economic benefits of different agroforestry systems, comparing patterns and processes in managed agroforest and natural forest, and modeling the dynamics of land-use change and related resource degradation under various policy scenarios are major topics of this symposium.