The Heterogeneity of Cancer Metabolism Book

The Heterogeneity of Cancer Metabolism

  • Author : Anne Le
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-06-26
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 183
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319777368

The Heterogeneity of Cancer Metabolism Excerpt :

Genetic alterations in cancer, in addition to being the fundamental drivers of tumorigenesis, can give rise to a variety of metabolic adaptations that allow cancer cells to survive and proliferate in diverse tumor microenvironments. This metabolic flexibility is different from normal cellular metabolic processes and leads to heterogeneity in cancer metabolism within the same cancer type or even within the same tumor. In this book, we delve into the complexity and diversity of cancer metabolism, and highlight how understanding the heterogeneity of cancer metabolism is fundamental to the development of effective metabolism-based therapeutic strategies. Deciphering how cancer cells utilize various nutrient resources will enable clinicians and researchers to pair specific chemotherapeutic agents with patients who are most likely to respond with positive outcomes, allowing for more cost-effective and personalized cancer therapeutic strategies.

Tumor Microenvironment Regulation of Tumor Expansion Book

Tumor Microenvironment Regulation of Tumor Expansion

  • Author : Domenico Ribatti
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-04-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128228043

Tumor Microenvironment Regulation of Tumor Expansion Excerpt :

Tumor Microenvironment Regulation of Tumor Expansion is a practical guide to understand and perform research on tumor microenvironments, and to support related clinical decisions. Tumor progression is linked to an imbalance between positive and negative regulators, and mainly depends on the release of specific growth factors by inflammatory or neoplastic cells. Inflammatory infiltrate contributes to tumor progression and the metastatic process, and there are many reports of associations between tumor inflammatory infiltrate, progression, and prognosis. Understanding different contexts of organs is a key factor in improving treatment outcome, especially in new therapeutic treatments targeting components of the tumor microenvironment. This book is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, clinicians, graduate students, and scientists in many biomedical fields who are interested in the complex relationship between the tumor microenvironment and its context in specific organs. Provides a holistic approach to understanding the crucial role of the tumor microenvironment in tumor progression Encompasses the basic knowledge necessary to understand and undertake further studies related to tumor microenvironments Discusses new therapeutic approaches developed to control tumor progression by targeting different components of the tumor microenvironment

Inflammation and Cancer Book

Inflammation and Cancer

  • Author : Bharat B. Aggarwal
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-05-12
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN 10 : 9783034808378

Inflammation and Cancer Excerpt :

This volume examines in detail the role of chronic inflammatory processes in the development of several types of cancer. Leading experts describe the latest results of molecular and cellular research on infection, cancer-related inflammation and tumorigenesis. Further, the clinical significance of these findings in preventing cancer progression and approaches to treating the diseases are discussed. Individual chapters cover cancer of the lung, colon, breast, brain, head and neck, pancreas, prostate, bladder, kidney, liver, cervix and skin as well as gastric cancer, sarcoma, lymphoma, leukemia and multiple myeloma.

Immune Suppression and Inflammation in the Progression of Breast Cancer Book

Immune Suppression and Inflammation in the Progression of Breast Cancer

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 130
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:318690452

Immune Suppression and Inflammation in the Progression of Breast Cancer Excerpt :

Epidemiological and experimental evidence supports the concept that chronic inflammation promotes and enhances cancerous growth through several key mechanisms, although these processes are not well understood. Several important mechanisms by which inflammation may initiate and support malignant progression have been previously described, such as the induction of DNA damage, the promotion of angiogenesis and new vasculature, and the production of growth and survival factors. The purpose of this study is to identify a novel mechanism by which chronic inflammation may support and advance tumor progression, through the induction and expansion of immune suppressive mechanisms. We demonstrate that chronic inflammation induces tumor-associated immune-suppression, by enhancing the accumulation of a population of immature myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC), which down regulate and inhibit anti-tumor immunity, allowing for the proliferation and outgrowth of transformed cells. To study the association between inflammation and immune suppression in the context of tumor progression, the 4T1 mammary carcinoma cell line engineered to secrete the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 1 beta (4T1/IL-1beta) was used to create an inflammatory tumor microenvironment. Additionally, IL-1 receptor (IL-1R)-deficient mice, which have a reduced potential for inflammation, and IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ralpha)-deficient mice, which have an increased potential for inflammation, were used to modulate the inflammatory milieu, and the effects of inflammation on primary and metastatic tumor progression and immune suppression were examined. The presence of IL-1beta in the tumor microenvironment promotes the induction and expansion of a more potent suppressive population of MDSC, thereby enhancing tumor growth and reducing survival.

Effect of Cyclosporin A on the Tumor Microenvironment Book

Effect of Cyclosporin A on the Tumor Microenvironment

  • Author : Yao Zhou
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2014
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:909959971

Effect of Cyclosporin A on the Tumor Microenvironment Excerpt :

Tumor angiogenesis is a hallmark of cancer, and plays a critical role in tumor growth, expansion, and metastasis. Both physiological and pathological angiogenesis is assumed to be regulated by the balance between pro and anti-angiogenic factors. One of the best characterized and most potent pro-angiogenic regulators is vascular endothelial growth factor, or VEGF. Calcineurin signaling is an important mediator of VEGF signaling in endothelial cells. Negative regulation of calcineurin by increased expression of its endogenous inhibitor, Down Syndrome Candidate Region-1 (DSCR1), suppresses tumor growth and angiogenesis. However, a potent pharmacological calcineurin inhibitor, the commonly used immunosuppressant cyclosporin A (CsA), significantly increases the incidence of cancer in organ transplant recipients. The mechanism by which CsA promotes cancer in this patient population is not well understood and despite the significance of calcineurin signaling in endothelial cells, the consequences of CsA on tumor angiogenesis has not been investigated. Using an in vivo model of skin carcinogenesis, we show that long-term CsA treatment promotes tumor growth and angiogenesis. Further our data indicate that treatment of endothelial cells in vitro with CsA increases proliferation and migration, in a calcineurin-independent manner. Our studies reveal that CsA-induced endothelial cell activation was due to the interaction of CsA with cyclophilin D located on the mitochondrial inner membrane. CsA treatment in endothelial cells increased mitochondrial membrane potential and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production, and was associated with sustained mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity. Co-treatment with antioxidants significantly abrogated CsA-induced endothelial cell activation. Furthermore, mice treated with antioxidants were protected against CsA-mediated tumor progression. Taken together, these findings show that CsA functions independent of calcineurin to p

Cancer and Inflammation Book

Cancer and Inflammation

  • Author : Derek J. Chadwick
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2004-06-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470856727

Cancer and Inflammation Excerpt :

Chronic inflammation predisposes to some forms of cancer and the host response to malignant disease shows several parallels with inflammation and wound healing. The cells involved in inflammation are detected in a range of common cancers, together with the inflammatory cytokines and members of the chemokine ligand/receptor systems. Neutralization or deletion of the gene for some inflammatory cytokines confers resistance to tumour induction and experimental metastasis. Over-expression of such cytokines in tumour cells may enhance malignant potential. Certain chemokines are likely to subvert antitumour immunity by favouring development of ineffective Type 2 responses. Tumour cells may even utilize chemokine receptors in homing to lymph nodes and other organs. Thus, the cells, cytokines and chemokines found in tumours are more likely to contribute to tumour growth, progression and immunosuppression than they are to mount an effective host antitumour response. This book draws together contributions from an international group of scientists and clinicians from diverse disciplines, ranging from epidemiology to immunology, cell biology, molecular oncology, molecular medicine and pharmacology to debate these and related issues. Topics covered include the epidemiological links between cancer and inflammation, the parallels between inflammation and cancer, the role of inflammation in cancer, inflammatory genes as risk factors for cancer initiation and progression, inflammation and cancer angiogenesis, and preventative and therapeutic strategies. Related Novartis Foundation symposia: 252 Generation and Effector Functions of Regulatory Lymphocytes Chair: Jean-François Bach 254 Immunoinformatics: Bioinformatic Strategies for Better Understanding of Immune Function Chair: Hans-Georg Rammensee

Glioblastoma Resistance to Chemotherapy  Molecular Mechanisms and Innovative Reversal Strategies Book

Glioblastoma Resistance to Chemotherapy Molecular Mechanisms and Innovative Reversal Strategies

  • Author : Ramasamy Paulmurugan
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 828
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128215685

Glioblastoma Resistance to Chemotherapy Molecular Mechanisms and Innovative Reversal Strategies Excerpt :

Glioblastoma Resistance to Chemotherapy: Molecular Mechanisms and Innovative Reversal Strategies brings current knowledge from an international team of experts on the science and clinical management of glioblastoma chemoresistance. The book discusses topics such as molecular mechanisms of chemoresistance, experimental models to study chemoresistance, chemoresistance to drugs other than Temozolomide, and specific strategies to reverse chemoresistance. Additionally, it encompasses information on how to mitigate chemoresistance by targeted enhancement of p53 function. This book is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, oncologists, neuro-oncologists and other members of the biomedical field. Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most invasive and malignant primary brain tumor in humans with poor survival after diagnosis, therefore it is imperative that molecular and cellular mechanisms behind therapy resistant GBM cells, as well as the therapeutic strategies available to counter the resistance are comprehensively understood. Provides comprehensive, core knowledge related to the entire discipline of glioblastoma chemoresistance, from its many etiological mechanisms, to specific strategies to reverse resistance Presents current information from an international team of experts on the basic science, pre-clinical research, and clinical management of glioblastoma chemoresistance Discusses molecular and cellular mechanisms behind therapy resistant glioblastoma cells, as well as the therapeutic strategies available to counter this resistance

The Cancer Stem Cell Niche Book

The Cancer Stem Cell Niche

  • Author : Susie Prof. Nilsson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-01-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323853262

The Cancer Stem Cell Niche Excerpt :

The Cancer Stem Cell Niche, Volume Five in the Advances in Stem Cells and their Niches series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on a variety of timely topics, including Acute lymphoblastic leukemia and the bone marrow microenvironment, Stem cell niches in bone and their roles in cancer metastasis, The role of vasculature in cancer stem cell niches, The lung cancer stem cell niche, The prostate cancer stem cell niche: Genetic drivers and therapeutic approaches, Impact of prostate cancer stem cell niches on prostate cancer tumorigenesis and progression, The testicular cancer stem cell niche. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Stem Cells and their Niches series Includes the latest information on the Cancer Stem Cell Niche

Overcoming Drug Resistance in Gynecologic Cancers Book

Overcoming Drug Resistance in Gynecologic Cancers

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-08-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128243008

Overcoming Drug Resistance in Gynecologic Cancers Excerpt :

Overcoming Drug Resistance in Gynecologic Cancers provides up-to-date information related to important gynecologic cancers and focuses on mechanisms of drug resistance, genetics, signaling, immunology, health disparities, nanotechnology, economic considerations and financial impacts. The book covers not only drug resistance but also important means to reverse resistance both in the laboratory and clinic. The book discusses topics such as lifestyle, nutrition and risk of gynecologic cancers, the financial impact of drug resistance, chemosensitizing agents and targeted therapies in cervical, endometrial and ovarian cancer, immunotherapy to overcome drug resistance, and genetic polymorphisms in gynecologic cancers. Additionally, it discusses ethnic and racial health disparity perspectives and future developments in chemosensitizing activities to reverse drug resistance in gynecologic cancers. It is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, oncologists, clinicians and other biomedical field members who are interested in new approaches to improve chemotherapy outcome in patients with gynecologic cancers. Provides a comprehensive resource with all the details needed for readers to understand and follow information Encompasses schematics, diagrams and flow charts in all chapters to help readers easily follow critical information Presents tables and figures especially developed to summarize the information with appropriate statistical rigor and to show details of clinical specimens such as pathological, radiological characteristics, and/or laboratory biomarkers

Role of ZEB1 in Macrophages During Homeostasis  Inflammation and Cancer Book

Role of ZEB1 in Macrophages During Homeostasis Inflammation and Cancer

  • Author : Marlies Cortés Hinojosa
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 156
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1055884986

Role of ZEB1 in Macrophages During Homeostasis Inflammation and Cancer Excerpt :

ZEB1 is a transcription factor whose expression in cancer cells promotes tumor initiation and progression. In this study, we for the first time characterized Zeb1 and study its function in macrophages under either homeostasis or activation conditions as well as in a murine cancer model. We found that macrophages deficient for Zeb1 showed aberrant characteristics in phenotype and functions, under physiological and pathological conditions. Here we clarified a functional role of Zeb1 on macrophages playing a role in macrophage phagocytosis, migration and inflammation as well as in tumor progression in a non-cell-autonomous manner modulating the tumor microenviroment. In fact the evidence presented indicates that the downregulation of Zeb1 in macrophages is associated with the inhibition of TAM characteristics and inhibition of tumor progression. ZEB1 plays important roles during embryogenesis and deletion of both alleles of Zeb1 in mice results in embryonic lethality. ZEB1 represses key genes involved in the terminal differentiation of multiple tissues, including inter alia epithelial cells, pituitary gland, skeletal and smooth muscle, cartilage, and bone. Although ZEB1 is expressed in lymphoid cells where it represses pivotal hematopoietic transcription factors, there was no evidence for a role of ZEB1 in the regulation of lymphoid or myeloid differentiation. We showed here that downregulation of Zeb1 in bone marrow precursors promoted their differentiation towards macrophages. These data further support a model, best characterized in epithelial tissues and skeletal muscle, where ZEB1 expression needs to decline for early precursors to terminally differentiate. ZEB1 has been extensively characterized in cancer cells where it promotes their stemness, survival and invasiveness. However, its role in the tumor microenvironment remained to be elucidated. Among cancer cells, ZEB1 is not expressed across the entire tumor mass but is rather restricted to a subpopulation of st

Tumor Microenvironment Book

Tumor Microenvironment

  • Author : Alexander Birbrair
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-02-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 146
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030357238

Tumor Microenvironment Excerpt :

Revealing essential roles of the tumor microenvironment in cancer progression, this book focuses on the role of hematopoietic components of the tumor microenvironment. Further, it teaches readers about the roles of distinct constituents of the tumor microenvironment and how they affect cancer development. Topics include neutrophils, basophils, T helper cells, cytotoxic lymphocytes, fibrocytes, and myeloid-derived suppressor cells, and more. Taken alongside its companion volumes, these books update us on what we know about various aspects of the tumor microenvironment as well as future directions. Tumor Microenvironment: Hematopoietic Cells – Part A is essential reading for advanced cell biology and cancer biology students as well as researchers seeking an update on research in the tumor microenvironment.

Basic Radiotherapy Physics and Biology Book

Basic Radiotherapy Physics and Biology

  • Author : David S. Chang
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-09-19
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319068411

Basic Radiotherapy Physics and Biology Excerpt :

This book is a concise and well-illustrated review of the physics and biology of radiation therapy intended for radiation oncology residents, radiation therapists, dosimetrists, and physicists. It presents topics that are included on the Radiation Therapy Physics and Biology examinations and is designed with the intent of presenting information in an easily digestible format with maximum retention in mind. The inclusion of mnemonics, rules of thumb, and reader-friendly illustrations throughout the book help to make difficult concepts easier to grasp. Basic Radiotherapy Physics and Biology is a valuable reference for students and prospective students in every discipline of radiation oncology.

Histopathology Book


  • Author : Supriya Srivastava
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-09-19
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789236866

Histopathology Excerpt :

This book, "Histopathology-An Update" is a comprehensive book that deals with the latest advances in the field of histopathology. This book will be of help to pathologists, clinicians and researchers in the latest update in histopathology of various organs.