Tuning Semiconducting and Metallic Quantum Dots Book

Tuning Semiconducting and Metallic Quantum Dots


  • Author : Christian von Borczyskowski
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-03-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814745253

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Tuning Semiconducting and Metallic Quantum Dots Excerpt :

Nanotechnology is one of the growing areas of this century, also opening new horizons for tuning optical properties. This book introduces basic tuning schemes, including those on a single quantum object level, with an emphasis on surface and interface manipulation of semiconducting and metallic quantum dots. There are two opposing demands in current forefront applications of quantum dots as optical labels, namely high luminescence stability (suppression of luminescence intermittency) and controllable intermittency and bleaching on a single-particle level to facilitate super-resolution optical microscopy (for which Eric Betzig, Stefan W. Hell, and William E. Moerner were awarded the 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry). The book discusses these contradictory demands with respect to both an understanding of the basic processes and applications. The chapters are a combination of scholarly presentation and comprehensive review and include case studies from the authors’ research, including unpublished results. Special emphasis is on a detailed understanding of spectroscopic and dynamic properties of semiconducting quantum dots. The book is suitable for senior undergraduates and researchers in the fields of optical nanoscience, materials science, and nanotechnology.

Tuning Semiconducting and Metallic Quantum Dots Book

Tuning Semiconducting and Metallic Quantum Dots


  • Author : Christian von Borczyskowski
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-03-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN 10 : 9781315340968

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Tuning Semiconducting and Metallic Quantum Dots Excerpt :

Nanotechnology is one of the growing areas of this century, also opening new horizons for tuning optical properties. This book introduces basic tuning schemes, including those on a single quantum object level, with an emphasis on surface and interface manipulation of semiconducting and metallic quantum dots. There are two opposing demands in current forefront applications of quantum dots as optical labels, namely high luminescence stability (suppression of luminescence intermittency) and controllable intermittency and bleaching on a single-particle level to facilitate super-resolution optical microscopy (for which Eric Betzig, Stefan W. Hell, and William E. Moerner were awarded the 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry). The book discusses these contradictory demands with respect to both an understanding of the basic processes and applications. The chapters are a combination of scholarly presentation and comprehensive review and include case studies from the authors’ research, including unpublished results. Special emphasis is on a detailed understanding of spectroscopic and dynamic properties of semiconducting quantum dots. The book is suitable for senior undergraduates and researchers in the fields of optical nanoscience, materials science, and nanotechnology.

Self Assembled Organic Inorganic Nanostructures Book

Self Assembled Organic Inorganic Nanostructures


  • Author : Christian von Borczyskowski
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-03-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN 10 : 9781315340876

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Self Assembled Organic Inorganic Nanostructures Excerpt :

The current state and perspectives in natural and life sciences are strongly linked to the development of novel complex organic-inorganic materials at various levels of organization, including semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) and QD-based nanostructures with unique optical and physico-chemical properties. This book provides a comprehensive description of the morphology and main physico-chemical properties of self-assembled inorganic-dye nanostructures as well as some applications in the field of nanotechnology. It crosses disciplines to examine essential nanoassembly principles of QD interaction with organic molecules, excited state dynamics in nanoobjects, theoretical models, and methodologies. Based on ensemble and single-nanoobject detection, the book quantitatively shows (for the first time on a series of nanoassemblies) that surface-mediated processes (formation of trap states) dictate the probability of several of the most interesting and potentially useful photophysical phenomena (FRET- or non-FRET-induced quenching of QD photoluminescence) observed for colloidal QDs and QD–dye nanoassemblies. Further, nanostructures can be generated by nanolithography and thereafter selectively decorated with dye molecules. A similar approach applies to natural nanosized surface heterogeneities.

Physics  Chemistry And Application Of Nanostructures  Reviews And Short Notes To Nanomeeting 2017 Book

Physics Chemistry And Application Of Nanostructures Reviews And Short Notes To Nanomeeting 2017


  • Author : Borisenko Victor E
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2017-04-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN 10 : 9789813224544

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Physics Chemistry And Application Of Nanostructures Reviews And Short Notes To Nanomeeting 2017 Excerpt :

This book presents invited reviews and original short notes of recent results obtained in studies concerning the fabrication and application of nanostructures, which hold great promise for the new generation of electronic, optoelectronic and energy conversion devices. They present achievements discussed at Special Sessions "Frontiers of Molecular Diagnostics with Nanostructures" and "Nanoelectromagnetics" organized within Nanomeeting-2017. Discussing exciting and relatively new topics such as fast-progressing nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, molecular electronics and spintronics, nanoelectromagnetics, nanophotonics, nanosensorics and nanoenergetics as well as nanotechnology and quantum processing of information, this book gives readers a more complete understanding of the practical applications of nanotechnology and nanostructures.

Semiconductor Quantum Bits Book

Semiconductor Quantum Bits


  • Author : Fritz Henneberger
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814241199

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Semiconductor Quantum Bits Excerpt :

This book highlights state-of-the-art qubit implementations in semiconductors and provides an extensive overview of this newly emerging field. Semiconductor nanostructures have huge potential as future quantum information devices as they provide various ways of qubit implementation (electron spin, electronic excitation) as well as a way to transfer quantum information from stationary qubits to flying qubits (photons). Therefore, this book unites contributions from leading experts in the field, reporting cutting-edge results on spin qubit preparation, read-out and transfer. The latest theoretical as well as experimental studies of decoherence in these quantum information systems are also provided. Novel demonstrations of complex flying qubit states and first applications of semiconductor-based quantum information devices are given, too.

Semiconductor Quantum Dots Book

Semiconductor Quantum Dots


  • Author : Mark Green
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2014
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 295
  • ISBN 10 : 9781849739856

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Semiconductor Quantum Dots Excerpt :

Postgraduates and experienced researchers will benefit from the comprehensive nature of the book, as will manufacturers of quantum dots and those wishing to apply them.

Semiconductor Nanocrystal Quantum Dots Book

Semiconductor Nanocrystal Quantum Dots


  • Author : Andrey Rogach
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-09-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN 10 : 9783211752371

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Semiconductor Nanocrystal Quantum Dots Excerpt :

This is the first book to specifically focus on semiconductor nanocrystals, and address their synthesis and assembly, optical properties and spectroscopy, and potential areas of nanocrystal-based devices. The enormous potential of nanoscience to impact on industrial output is now clear. Over the next two decades, much of the science will transfer into new products and processes. One emerging area where this challenge will be very successfully met is the field of semiconductor nanocrystals. Also known as colloidal quantum dots, their unique properties have attracted much attention in the last twenty years.

Nanocrystal Quantum Dots Book

Nanocrystal Quantum Dots


  • Author : Victor I. Klimov
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-12-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 485
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420079272

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Nanocrystal Quantum Dots Excerpt :

A review of recent advancements in colloidal nanocrystals and quantum-confined nanostructures, Nanocrystal Quantum Dots is the second edition of Semiconductor and Metal Nanocrystals: Synthesis and Electronic and Optical Properties, originally published in 2003. This new title reflects the book’s altered focus on semiconductor nanocrystals. Gathering contributions from leading researchers, this book contains new chapters on carrier multiplication (generation of multiexcitons by single photons), doping of semiconductor nanocrystals, and applications of nanocrystals in biology. Other updates include: New insights regarding the underlying mechanisms supporting colloidal nanocrystal growth A revised general overview of multiexciton phenomena, including spectral and dynamical signatures of multiexcitons in transient absorption and photoluminescence Analysis of nanocrystal-specific features of multiexciton recombination A review of the status of new field of carrier multiplication Expanded coverage of theory, covering the regime of high-charge densities New results on quantum dots of lead chalcogenides, with a focus studies of carrier multiplication and the latest results regarding Schottky junction solar cells Presents useful examples to illustrate applications of nanocrystals in biological labeling, imaging, and diagnostics The book also includes a review of recent progress made in biological applications of colloidal nanocrystals, as well as a comparative analysis of the advantages and limitations of techniques for preparing biocompatible quantum dots. The authors summarize the latest developments in the synthesis and understanding of magnetically doped semiconductor nanocrystals, and they present a detailed discussion of issues related to the synthesis, magneto-optics, and photoluminescence of doped colloidal nanocrystals as well. A valuable addition to the pantheon of literature in the field of nanoscience, this book presents pioneering research from experts whose w

Photobiology Book

Photobiology


  • Author : Lars Olof Björn
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-12-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 684
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387726557

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Photobiology Excerpt :

Since the publication of the first edition in 2002, there has been an explosion of new findings and applications in the field of photobiology. This brand new edition is fully updated, includes new references, and offers five new chapters for a comprehensive look at photobiology. The chapters cover all areas of photobiology, photochemistry, and the relationship between light and biology. The book starts with the physics and chemistry of light and then deals with the evolution of photosynthesis. Four chapters deal with how organisms use light for their orientation in space and time. There are also several medically oriented chapters and two chapters specifically aimed at the photobiology educator.

Biological Nanostructures and Applications of Nanostructures in Biology Book

Biological Nanostructures and Applications of Nanostructures in Biology


  • Author : Michael A. Stroscio
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006-04-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN 10 : 9780306486289

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Biological Nanostructures and Applications of Nanostructures in Biology Excerpt :

Biological Nanostructures and Applications of Nanostructures in Biology: Electrical, Mechanical, and Optical Properties contains reviews and discussions of contemporary and relevant topics dealing with the interface between the science and technology of nanostructures and the science of biology. Moreover, this book supplements these past groundbreaking discoveries with discussions of promising new avenues of research that reveal the enormous potential of emerging approaches in nanobiotechnology. The topics include: - Biomedical applications of semiconductor quantum dots, - Integrating and tagging biological structures with nanoscale quantum dots, - Applications of carbon nanotubes in bioengineering, - Nanophysical properties of living cells, - Bridging natural nanotubes with fabricated nanotubes, - Bioinspired approaches to building nanoscale devices and systems, - Hairpin formation in polynucleotides. This state-of-the-art survey of key developments in nanotechnology - as they apply to bioengineering and biology - is essential reading for all academics, biomedical engineers, medical physicists, and industry professionals wishing to take advantage of the latest developments and highly-promising discoveries in nanoscience underlying applications in bioengineering and biology.

Advances in Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Book

Advances in Condensed Matter and Materials Physics


  • Author : Jagannathan Thirumalai
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2020-05-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9781838805548

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Advances in Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Excerpt :

This book, Condensed Matter and Material Physics, incorporates the work of multiple authors to enhance the theoretical as well as experimental knowledge of materials. The investigation of crystalline solids is a growing need in the electronics industry. Micro and nano transistors require an in-depth understanding of semiconductors of different groups. Amorphous materials, on the other hand, as non-equilibrium materials are widely applied in sensors and other medical and industrial applications. Superconducting magnets, composite materials, lasers, and many more applications are integral parts of our daily lives. Superfluids, liquid crystals, and polymers are undergoing active research throughout the world. Hence profound information on the nature and application of various materials is in demand. This book bestows on the reader a deep knowledge of physics behind the concepts, perspectives, characteristic properties, and prospects. The book was constructed using 10 contributions from experts in diversified fields of condensed matter and material physics and its technology from over 15 research institutes across the globe.

Emerging Photovoltaic Materials Book

Emerging Photovoltaic Materials


  • Author : Santosh K. Kurinec
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2018-12-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 828
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119407683

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Emerging Photovoltaic Materials Excerpt :

This book covers the recent advances in photovoltaics materials and their innovative applications. Many materials science problems are encountered in understanding existing solar cells and the development of more efficient, less costly, and more stable cells. This important and timely book provides a historical overview, but concentrates primarily on the exciting developments in the last decade. It includes organic and perovskite solar cells, photovoltaics in ferroelectric materials, organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite, materials with improved photovoltaic efficiencies as well as the full range of semiconductor materials for solar-to-electricity conversion, from crystalline silicon and amorphous silicon to cadmium telluride, copper indium gallium sulfide selenides, dye sensitized solar cells, organic solar cells, and environmentally-friendly copper zinc tin sulfide selenides.

Essentials in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Book

Essentials in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology


  • Author : Narendra Kumar
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-05-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119096597

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Essentials in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Excerpt :

This book describes various aspects of nanoscience and nanotechnology. It begins with an introduction to nanoscience and nanotechnology and includes a historical prospective, nanotechnology working in nature, man -made nanomaterial and impact of nanotechnology illustrated with examples. It goes on to describes general synthetic approaches and strategies and also deals with the characterization of nanomaterial using modern tools and techniques to give basic understanding to those interested in learning this emerging area. It then deals with different kinds of nanomaterial such as inorganics, carbon based-, nanocomposites and self-assembled/supramolecular nano structures in terms of their varieties, synthesis, properties etc. In addition, it contains chapters devoted to unique properties with mathematical treatment wherever applicable and the novel applications dealing with information technology, pollution control (environment, water), energy, nanomedicine, healthcare, consumer goods etc.

Nanostructured Materials for Type III Photovoltaics Book

Nanostructured Materials for Type III Photovoltaics


  • Author : Peter Skabara
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2017-11-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN 10 : 9781788012508

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Nanostructured Materials for Type III Photovoltaics Excerpt :

Materials for type III solar cells have branched into a series of generic groups. These include organic ‘small molecule’ and polymer conjugated structures, fullerenes, quantum dots, copper indium gallium selenide nanocrystal films, dyes/TiO2 for Grätzel cells, hybrid organic/inorganic composites and perovskites. Whilst the power conversion efficiencies of organic solar cells are modest compared to other type III photovoltaic materials, plastic semiconductors provide a cheap route to manufacture through solution processing and offer flexible devices. However, other types of materials are proving to be compatible with this type of processing whilst providing higher device efficiencies. As a result, the field is experiencing healthy competition between technologies that is pushing progress at a fast rate. In particular, perovskite solar cells have emerged very recently as a highly disruptive technology with power conversion efficiencies now over 20%. Perovskite cells, however, still have to address stability and environmental issues. With such a diverse range of materials, it is timely to capture the different technologies into a single volume of work. This book will give a collective insight into the different roles that nanostructured materials play in type III solar cells. This will be an essential text for those working with any of the devices highlighted above, providing a fundamental understanding and appreciation of the potential and challenges associated with each of these technologies.