Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphism Book
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Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphism

  • Author : Larissa Dobrzhinetskaya
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-03-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 696
  • ISBN 10 : 0123851459

Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphism Excerpt :

Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphism (UHPM) is a fast growing discipline that was established 25 years ago after discoveries of high pressure minerals, coesite and diamonds. The current explosion of research on UHMP terranes reflects their significance for understanding large scale mantle dynamics, major elements of plate tectonics such as continental collisions, deep subduction and exhumation, mountains building, geochemical recycling 'from surface to the core', and a deep storage of light elements participating in green-house effects in the atmosphere. This book provides insights into the formation of diamond and coesite at very high pressures and explores new ideas regarding the tectonic setting of this style of metamorphism. Important, authoritative and comprehensive one-stop resource for the growing ultrahigh pressure metamorphism UHPM research community A forward-looking approach founded upon a detailed historical perspective on UHPM presents the trends in discovery, methodology and theory over the last 25 years, allowing readers to gain a clear understanding of the current trends and the approaches that will shape the science in the future A highly diverse set of articles, covering a wide range of methods and sub-disciplines

Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphism Book

Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphism

  • Author : Dennis A. Carswell
  • Publisher : The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland
  • Release Date : 2003-01-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN 10 : 9789634636465

Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphism Excerpt :

Ultrahigh pressure Metamorphism Book

Ultrahigh pressure Metamorphism

  • Author : Bradley R. Hacker
  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release Date : 2006
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN 10 : 9780813724034

Ultrahigh pressure Metamorphism Excerpt :

HP UHP Metamorphism and Tectonic Evolution of Orogenic Belts Book

HP UHP Metamorphism and Tectonic Evolution of Orogenic Belts

  • Author : Lifei Zhang
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2019-04
  • Genre: Geology, Structural
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN 10 : 1786203995

HP UHP Metamorphism and Tectonic Evolution of Orogenic Belts Excerpt :

"High pressure (HP) and ultrahigh pressure (UHP) metamorphic rocks play a key role in understanding the tectonic evolution of orogenic belts. They have typically experienced complex changes during subduction and exhumation processes arising from recrystallization, deformation, fluid-rock interactions and even partial melting, and may therefore carry valuable records of evolving geodynamic systems in an orogenic belt. This special publication addresses the current work on HP-UHP metamorphism and its relation to the tectonic evolution of orogenic belts. This special publication contains fifteen papers covering the important orogenic belts of the Himalaya, Dabie-Sulu, Tian Shan, North Qaidam and others that have been grouped into three parts: (I) new developments in the determination of metamorphic pressure-temperature (PT) conditions and their timing, (II) overview papers of well-known HP-UHP metamorphic belts and (III) research papers for some newly discovered HP-UHP belts.

When Continents Collide  Geodynamics and Geochemistry of Ultrahigh Pressure Rocks Book

When Continents Collide Geodynamics and Geochemistry of Ultrahigh Pressure Rocks

  • Author : Bradley Hacker
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-11-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 325
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401590501

When Continents Collide Geodynamics and Geochemistry of Ultrahigh Pressure Rocks Excerpt :

2Gpa has increased to more than 15. This indicates that subduction of continental fragments to depths of 100-150 km may have played a significant role in the formation of mountain belts. This volume brings together the geochemical, geophysical and geodynamical approaches to study the processes active during ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) tectonics. The collection of papers demarkates the frontier of our understanding of the creation, preservation, and exhumation of ultrahigh-pressure rocks. Audience: This volume will be of interest to any earth scientist interested in ultrahigh pressure processes and the formation and modification of continental crust.

Ultrahigh Pressure Mineralogy Book

Ultrahigh Pressure Mineralogy

  • Author : Russell J. Hemley
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2018-12-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 691
  • ISBN 10 : 9781501509179

Ultrahigh Pressure Mineralogy Excerpt :

Volume 37 of Reviews in Mineralogy, divided into three sections, begins with an overview (Chapter 1) of the remarkable advances in the ability to subject minerals-not only as pristine single-crystal samples but also complex, natural mineral assemblages-to extreme pressure-temperature conditions in the laboratory. These advances parallel the development of an arsenal of analytical methods for measuring mineral behavior under those conditions. This sets the stage for section two (Chapters 2-8) which focuses on high-pressure minerals in their geological setting as a function of depth. This top-down approach begins with what we know from direct sampling of high-pressure minerals and rocks brought to the surface to detailed geophysical observations of the vast interior. The third section (Chapters 9-19) presents the material fundamentals, starting from properties of a chemical nature, such as crystal chemistry, thermochemistry, element partitioning, and melting, and moving toward the domain of mineral physics such as melt properties, equations of state, elasticity, rheology, vibrational dynamics, bonding, electronic structure, and magnetism. The Review thus moves from the complexity of rocks to their mineral components and finally to fundamental properties arising directly from the play of electrons and nuclei. This volume was prepared for a short course by the same title, organized by Russell J. Hemley and Ho-kwang Mao and sponsored by the Mineralogical Society of America, December 4-6, 1998 on the campus of the University of California at Davis.

Geology of the Himalayan Belt Book

Geology of the Himalayan Belt

  • Author : B.K. Chakrabarti
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-03-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128020609

Geology of the Himalayan Belt Excerpt :

Geology of the Himalayan Belt: Deformation, Metamorphism, Stratigraphy presents sophisticated metamorphic and igneous rock data across various Himalayan geographic sectors, capturing their petrography, metamorphism, structure, mineralization, and regional tectonic research. With an east-west extension of about 3000 kilometers and numerous 8000 meter peaks, the Himalayas are the most spectacular mountain ranges on earth. Since the 19th century, they have provided a testing ground of global importance for the development of geodynamic concepts, from isostasy over continental collision, to more recently, feedback mechanisms between tectonics and climate. This book collects the broad range of data that’s been gathered on the Himalayas over the past 50 years, providing a comprehensive analysis and interpretation on the available data that brings the scientific community a better understanding of the geological diversity and structure of the Himalayan belt, along with new techniques that have applications in a host of global geological settings. Features a vast amount of geological research data collected in the Himalayas over the past half century Authored by a recognized global expert on the geology of the Himalayan belt Presents analysis and interpretation techniques to aid scientists in conducting fieldwork and research Provides the latest information on geodynamic concepts, from isostasy over continental collision, to more recently, feedback mechanisms between tectonics and climate

Petrochronology Book


  • Author : Matthew J. Kohn
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2018-03-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 596
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110561890

Petrochronology Excerpt :

Petrochronology is a rapidly emerging branch of Earth science that links time (ages or rates) with specific rock-forming processes and their physical conditions. It is founded in petrology and geochemistry, which define a petrogenetic context or delimit a specific process, to which chronometric data are then linked. This combination informs Earth’s petrogenetic processes better than petrology or geochronology alone. This volume and the accompanying short courses address three broad categories of inquiry. Conceptual approaches chapters include petrologic modeling of multi-component chemical and mineralogic systems, and development of methods that include diffusive alteration of mineral chemistry. Methods chapters address four main analytical techniques, specifically EPMA, LA-ICP-MS, SIMS and TIMS. Mineral-specific chapters explore applications to a wide range of minerals, including zircon (metamorphic, igneous, and detrital/Hadean), baddeleyite, REE minerals (monazite, allanite, xenotime and apatite), titanite, rutile, garnet, and major igneous minerals (olivine, plagioclase and pyroxenes). These applications mainly focus on metamorphic, igneous, or tectonic processes, but additionally elucidate fundamental transdisciplinary progress in addressing mechanisms of crystal growth, the chemical consequences of mineral growth kinetics, and how chemical transport and deformation affect chemically complex mineral composites. Most chapters further recommend areas of future research.

Blueschists and Eclogites Book

Blueschists and Eclogites

  • Author : Bernard W. Evans
  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release Date : 1986
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 423
  • ISBN 10 : 9780813711645

Blueschists and Eclogites Excerpt :

Eclogite Facies Rocks Book

Eclogite Facies Rocks

  • Author : D.A. Carswell
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2013-08-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN 10 : 9401092656

Eclogite Facies Rocks Excerpt :

The high pressures necessary for the stabilisation of eclogites in metabasic rocks andgarnetperidotitesinultrabasic rocks havebeen long recognised and experimentally established. Xenoliths of such rocks brought up in volatile charged alkaline magmas, such as kimberlites, are widely accepted to be mostly ofupper mantle derivation (Chapter 13). Eclogites are predicted to be thermodynamically stable also in the lower crust beneath cratonic regions. However, xenolith suite studies indicate that kinetic and/or compositional factors limit their distribution in the lower continental crust relative to granulite fades assemblages (Chapter 12). Occurrences ofeclogitesand gamet peridotites in exposed crustal metamor phic terrains have been interpreted in the past as exotic tectonic blocks of deeper (largely mantle) origin, because of their apparent difference in metamorphic grade compared with the encompassing rocks. Only in recent years have metamorphic petrologists begun to recognise that such crustal terrains sometimes preserve co-facial (eclogite fades), high pressure mineral parageneses in other spatially associated lithologies such as metapelites and metagranitoids. Placed in a modern, global geotectonic context, it is now apparent not only that eclogites can be expected to be stabilised in oceanic crust subducted at continental plate margins (Chapter 9), but also that eclogite fades mineral parageneses may be stabilised in a wider range ofcontinental crust lithologies, where substantial tectonic thickening has occurred in continental plate collision zones (Chapters 8-10). Recent exciting evidence from the Western Alps(Chapter 10)suggeststhat continental crust may be subducted to depths approaching 100km and iyet exhumed during subsequent orogenic uplift.

Thermochronological Methods Book

Thermochronological Methods

  • Author : Frank Lisker
  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN 10 : 1862392854

Thermochronological Methods Excerpt :

Thermochronology - the use of temperature-sensitive radiometric dating meth-ods to reconstruct the thermal histories of rocks - has proved to be an important means of constraining a wide variety of geological processes. Fission track and (U-Th)/He analyses of apatites, zircons and titanites are the best-established methods for reconstructing such histories over time scales of millions to hun-dreds of millions of years. The papers published in this volume are divided into two sections. The first sec-tion on 'New approaches in thermochronology', presents the most recent ad-vances of existing thermochronological methods and demonstrates the progress in the development of alternative thermochronometers and modelling tech-niques. The second section, 'Applied thermochronology', comprises original papers about denudation, long-term landscape evolution and detrital sources from the European Alps, northwestern Spain, the Ardennes, the Bohemian Massif, Fenno-scandia and Corsica. It also includes case studies from the Siberian Altai, Mozam-bique, South Africa and Dronning Maud Land (East Antarctica) and reports an ancient thermal anomaly within a regional fault in Japan.

Petrogenesis of Metamorphic Rocks Book

Petrogenesis of Metamorphic Rocks

  • Author : Kurt Bucher
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 319
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662030004

Petrogenesis of Metamorphic Rocks Excerpt :

Metamorphic rocks are one of the three classes of rocks. Seen on a global scale they constitute the dominant material of the Earth. The understanding of the petrogenesis and significance of metamorphic of geological education. rocks is, therefore, a fundamental topic There are, of course, many different possible ways to lecture on this theme. This book addresses rock metamorphism from a relatively pragmatic view point. It has been written for the senior undergrad uate or graduate student who needs practical knowledge of how to interpret various groups of minerals found in metamorphic rocks. The book is also of interest for the non-specialist and non-petrolo gist professional who is interested in learning more about the geolo gical messages that metamorphic mineral assemblages are sending, as well as pressure and temperature conditions of formation. The book is organized into two parts. The first part introduces the different types of metamorphism, defines some names, terms and graphs used to describe metamorphic rocks, and discusses principal aspects of metamorphic processes. Part I introduces the causes of metamorphism on various scales in time and space, and some principles of chemical reactions in rocks that accompany metamorphism, but without treating these principles in detail, and presenting the thermodynamic basis for quantitative analysis of reactions and their equilibria in metamorphism. Part I also presents concepts of metamorphic grade or intensity of metamorphism, such as the metamorphic-facies concept.