Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water Balance Book

Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water Balance

  • Author : S. K. Jalota
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-02-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128097212

Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water Balance Excerpt :

Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water examines the greenhouse gas emissions and their warming effect, climate change projections, crop productivity and water. The book explores the most important greenhouse gases that influence the climate system, technical terms associated with climate projections, and the different mechanisms impacting crop productivity and water balance. Adaptive and mitigative strategies are proposed to cope with negative effects of climate change in particular domains. This book will help researchers interested in climate change impacts on the atmosphere, soil and plants. Uncovers links between climate change and its impact on crop and water outputs Integrates information on greenhouse gas cycles and mathematical equations into climate/crop models for analysis and seasonal prediction systems Provides strategies for efficient resource management and sustainable crop production in future Helps researchers interested in climate change impacts on the atmosphere, soil and plants

Climate Change and Soil Interactions Book

Climate Change and Soil Interactions

  • Author : Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-03-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 838
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128180334

Climate Change and Soil Interactions Excerpt :

Climate Change and Soil Interactions examines soil system interactions and conservation strategies regarding the effects of climate change. It presents cutting-edge research in soil carbonization, soil biodiversity, and vegetation. As a resource for strategies in maintaining various interactions for eco-sustainability, topical chapters address microbial response and soil health in relation to climate change, as well as soil improvement practices. Understanding soil systems, including their various physical, chemical, and biological interactions, is imperative for regaining the vitality of soil system under changing climatic conditions. This book will address the impact of changing climatic conditions on various beneficial interactions operational in soil systems and recommend suitable strategies for maintaining such interactions. Climate Change and Soil Interactions enables agricultural, ecological, and environmental researchers to obtain up-to-date, state-of-the-art, and authoritative information regarding the impact of changing climatic conditions on various soil interactions and presents information vital to understanding the growing fields of biodiversity, sustainability, and climate change. Addresses several sustainable development goals proposed by the UN as part of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development Presents a wide variety of relevant information in a unique style corroborated with factual cases, colour images, and case studies from across the globe Recommends suitable strategies for maintaining soil system interactions under changing climatic conditions

Climate Change  Water and Food Security Book

Climate Change Water and Food Security

  • Author : Hugh Turral
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN 10 : UIUC:30112100844312

Climate Change Water and Food Security Excerpt :

The rural poor, who are the most vulnerable, are likely to be disproportionately affected.

Advancing the Science of Climate Change Book

Advancing the Science of Climate Change

  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2011-01-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309145886

Advancing the Science of Climate Change Excerpt :

Climate change is occurring, is caused largely by human activities, and poses significant risks for--and in many cases is already affecting--a broad range of human and natural systems. The compelling case for these conclusions is provided in Advancing the Science of Climate Change, part of a congressionally requested suite of studies known as America's Climate Choices. While noting that there is always more to learn and that the scientific process is never closed, the book shows that hypotheses about climate change are supported by multiple lines of evidence and have stood firm in the face of serious debate and careful evaluation of alternative explanations. As decision makers respond to these risks, the nation's scientific enterprise can contribute through research that improves understanding of the causes and consequences of climate change and also is useful to decision makers at the local, regional, national, and international levels. The book identifies decisions being made in 12 sectors, ranging from agriculture to transportation, to identify decisions being made in response to climate change. Advancing the Science of Climate Change calls for a single federal entity or program to coordinate a national, multidisciplinary research effort aimed at improving both understanding and responses to climate change. Seven cross-cutting research themes are identified to support this scientific enterprise. In addition, leaders of federal climate research should redouble efforts to deploy a comprehensive climate observing system, improve climate models and other analytical tools, invest in human capital, and improve linkages between research and decisions by forming partnerships with action-oriented programs.

Climate Change Impacts on Basin Agro ecosystems Book

Climate Change Impacts on Basin Agro ecosystems

  • Author : Tsugihiro Watanabe
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-12-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 431
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030010362

Climate Change Impacts on Basin Agro ecosystems Excerpt :

This book is based on the outcomes of a Turkish-Japanese bilateral project dealing with the impacts of climate change on basin agro-ecosystems. The book is unique in showing an up-to-date knowledge for the developing world. The chapters are related to: a) the development and improvement of a regional climate model for a more accurate prediction with higher resolution of future changes in regional climate, b) the structure of land and water management in agricultural production systems in arid areas, especially to quantitatively evaluate the relationships among cropping systems, hydrological cycle and water balance in farmland and its environments, c) the assessment of the impact of climate change and its adaptation on agricultural production systems, mainly on the aspect of land and water management, and d) the vulnerability of agricultural production systems from natural changes and the measures for enhancing sustainability of agriculture. This book elaborates on the methodologies for the assessment of climate change impacts on agricultural production and adaptationIn this book, the concepts and processes of an integrated approach are outlined, and its application in a case project is introducedThe approaches described in the chapters would be applicable in different situations and could be improved with experience and the introduction of advanced techniques

Agroecosystem Diversity Book

Agroecosystem Diversity

  • Author : Gilles Lemaire
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-10-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128110515

Agroecosystem Diversity Excerpt :

Agro-Ecosystem Diversity: Impact on Food Security and Environmental Quality presents cutting-edge exploration of developing novel farming systems and introduces landscape ecology to agronomy. It encompasses the broad range of links between agricultural development and ecological impact and how to limit the potential negative results. Presented in seven sections, each focusing on a specific challenge to sustaining diversity, the book provides insights toward the argument that by re-introducing diversity, it should be possible to maintain a high level of productivity of agro-ecosystems while also maintaining and/or restoring a satisfactory level of environment quality and biodiversity. Demonstrates that diversified agro-ecosystems can be intensified with environmental quality preserved, restored and enhanced Includes analysis of economic constraints leading to specialization of farms and regions and the social locking forces resisting to diversification of agro-ecosystems Presents a global vision of world agriculture and the tradeoff between a necessary increase in food production and restoring environment quality

Soil Nitrogen Ecology Book

Soil Nitrogen Ecology

  • Author : Cristina Cruz
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-05-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030712068

Soil Nitrogen Ecology Excerpt :

This book highlights the latest discoveries about the nitrogen cycle in the soil. It introduces the concept of nitrogen fixation and covers important aspects of nitrogen in soil and ecology such as its distribution and occurrence, soil microflora and fauna and their role in N-fixation. The importance of plant growth-promoting microbes for a sustainable agriculture, e.g. arbuscular mycorrhizae in N-fixation, is discussed as well as perspectives of metagenomics, microbe-plant signal transduction in N-ecology and related aspects. This book enables the reader to bridge the main gaps in knowledge and carefully presents perspectives on the ecology of biotransformations of nitrogen in soil.

Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources in Agriculture Book

Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources in Agriculture

  • Author : Cornelio Alberto Zolin
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2015-07-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN 10 : 9781498706179

Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources in Agriculture Excerpt :

Climate change and its impact on water resources in agriculture pose one of the biggest challenges for food, energy, fiber, and water security worldwide and, as a consequence, for society. This book presents a multidisciplinary approach towards climate change and water resources in agriculture and provides a comprehensive perspective about the core

Global Climate Change Book

Global Climate Change

  • Author : Suruchi Singh
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-03-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128230978

Global Climate Change Excerpt :

Global Climate Change presents both practical and theoretical aspects of global climate change from across geological periods. It addresses holistic issues related to climate change and its contribution in triggering the temperature increase with a multitude of impacts on natural processes. As a result, it helps to identify the gaps between policies that have been put in place and the continuously increasing emissions. The challenges presented include habitability, biodiversity, natural resources, and human health. It is organized into information on the past, present, and future of climate change to lead to a more complete understanding and therefore effective solutions. Placing an emphasis on recent climate change research, Global Climate Change helps to bring researchers and graduate students in climate science, environmental science, and sustainability up to date on the science of climate change so far and presents a baseline for how to move into the future effectively. Addresses the variety of challenges associated with climate change, along with possible solutions Includes suggestions for future research on climate change Covers climate change holistically, including global and regional scales, ecosystems, agriculture, energy, and sustainability Presents both practical and theoretical research, including coverage of climate change over various geological periods

Climate Change and Water Book

Climate Change and Water

  • Author : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change / Working Group Technical Support Unit
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Climatic changes
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9291691232

Climate Change and Water Excerpt :

The Technical Paper addresses the issue of freshwater. Sealevel rise is dealt with only insofar as it can lead to impacts on freshwater in coastal areas and beyond. Climate, freshwater, biophysical and socio-economic systems are interconnected in complex ways. Hence, a change in any one of these can induce a change in any other. Freshwater-related issues are critical in determining key regional and sectoral vulnerabilities. Therefore, the relationship between climate change and freshwater resources is of primary concern to human society and also has implications for all living species. -- page vii.

Climate change impacts on crops in Sri Lanka Book

Climate change impacts on crops in Sri Lanka

  • Author : Amarasingha, R., Marambe, B., Suriyagoda, L., Punyawardena, R., Herath, H., Jayawardena, S., Jayakody, P. et al.
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release Date : 2021-07-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN 10 : 9789251345696

Climate change impacts on crops in Sri Lanka Excerpt :

Agriculture is one of the most important economic sectors of Sri Lanka and is key to the livelihoodof its population. As agriculture is one of the sectors most vulnerable to climate change, a thorough understanding of its impact is critical for formulating informed and effective adaptation strategies. Climate change challenges agriculture in many ways and affects – directly or indirectly – the economy, productivity, employment and food security. Assessing the impacts of climate change on crops is fundamental for elaborating evidence-based adaptation policies and strategies, guaranteeing sustainable pathways towards intensification and adopting climate-smart agricultural practices. This report presents insights about future climate change impacts on six crops (rice, maize, green gram, big onion, chilli and potato), selected according to a wide range of criteria: contribution to gross domestic product, relevance to food security and role as staple food, importance for farming systems, social impact, effect on employment, role as animal feed, consumer preferences, contribution to the export market, climatic vulnerability/resilience, market prices and price fluctuations, and farming input requirements.

Terrestrial Water Cycle and Climate Change Book

Terrestrial Water Cycle and Climate Change

  • Author : Qiuhong Tang
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-09-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118971765

Terrestrial Water Cycle and Climate Change Excerpt :

The Terrestrial Water Cycle: Natural and Human-Induced Changes is a comprehensive volume that investigates the changes in the terrestrial water cycle and the natural and anthropogenic factors that cause these changes. This volume brings together recent progress and achievements in large-scale hydrological observations and numerical simulations, specifically in areas such as in situ measurement network, satellite remote sensing and hydrological modeling. Our goal is to extend and deepen our understanding of the changes in the terrestrial water cycle and to shed light on the mechanisms of the changes and their consequences in water resources and human well-being in the context of global change. Volume highlights include: Overview of the changes in the terrestrial water cycle Human alterations of the terrestrial water cycle Recent advances in hydrological measurement and observation Integrated modeling of the terrestrial water cycle The Terrestrial Water Cycle: Natural and Human-Induced Changes will be a valuable resource for students and professionals in the fields of hydrology, water resources, climate change, ecology, geophysics, and geographic sciences. The book will also be attractive to those who have general interests in the terrestrial water cycle, including how and why the cycle changes.

Confronting Climate Uncertainty in Water Resources Planning and Project Design Book

Confronting Climate Uncertainty in Water Resources Planning and Project Design

  • Author : Patrick A. Ray
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release Date : 2015-08-20
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 146
  • ISBN 10 : 9781464804786

Confronting Climate Uncertainty in Water Resources Planning and Project Design Excerpt :

Confronting Climate Uncertainty in Water Resources Planning and Project Design describes an approach to facing two fundamental and unavoidable issues brought about by climate change uncertainty in water resources planning and project design. The first is a risk assessment problem. The second relates to risk management. This book provides background on the risks relevant in water systems planning, the different approaches to scenario definition in water system planning, and an introduction to the decision-scaling methodology upon which the decision tree is based. The decision tree is described as a scientifically defensible, repeatable, direct and clear method for demonstrating the robustness of a project to climate change. While applicable to all water resources projects, it allocates effort to projects in a way that is consistent with their potential sensitivity to climate risk. The process was designed to be hierarchical, with different stages or phases of analysis triggered based on the findings of the previous phase. An application example is provided followed by a descriptions of some of the tools available for decision making under uncertainty and methods available for climate risk management. The tool was designed for the World Bank but can be applicable in other scenarios where similar challenges arise.

Impacts of Climate Change and Climate Variability on Hydrological Regimes Book

Impacts of Climate Change and Climate Variability on Hydrological Regimes

  • Author : Jan C. van Dam
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2003-10-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN 10 : 0521543312

Impacts of Climate Change and Climate Variability on Hydrological Regimes Excerpt :

Examines the implications of possible climate changes and variability on both global and regional water resources.

Understanding Options for Agricultural Production Book

Understanding Options for Agricultural Production

  • Author : G.Y. Tsuji
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401736244

Understanding Options for Agricultural Production Excerpt :

The first premise of this book is that farmers need access to options for improving their situation. In agricultural terms, these options might be manage ment alternatives or different crops to grow, that can stabilize or increase household income, that reduce soil degradation and dependence on off-farm inputs, or that exploit local market opportunities. Farmers need a facilitating environment, in which affordable credit is available if needed, in which policies are conducive to judicious management of natural resources, and in which costs and prices of production are stable. Another key ingredient of this facilitating environment is information: an understanding of which options are viable, how these operate at the farm level, and what their impact may be on the things that farmers perceive as being important. The second premise is that systems analysis and simulation have an impor tant role to play in fostering this understanding of options, traditional field experimentation being time-consuming and costly. This book summarizes the activities of the International Benchmark Sites Network for Agrotechnology Transfer (IBSNAT) project, an international initiative funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). IBSNAT was an attempt to demonstrate the effectiveness of understanding options through systems analysis and simulation for the ultimate benefit of farm households in the tropics and subtropics. The idea for the book was first suggested at one of the last IBSNAT group meetings held at the University of Hawaii in 1993.