Volcanic and Igneous Plumbing Systems Book

Volcanic and Igneous Plumbing Systems


  • Author : Steffi Burchardt
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-05-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128097502

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Volcanic and Igneous Plumbing Systems Excerpt :

Volcanic and Igneous Plumbing Systems: Understanding Magma Transport, Storage, and Evolution in the Earth's Crust synthesizes research from various geoscience disciplines to examine volcanic and igneous plumbing systems (VIPS) in-depth. VIPS comprise a network of magma transport and storage features in the Earth’s crust. These features include dykes, sills and larger magma bodies that form the pathway and supply system of magma beneath active volcanoes. Combining basic principles with world-class research and informative illustrations, this unique reference presents a holistic view of each topic covered, including magma transport, magma chambers, tectonics and volcanism. Addressing a variety of approaches to these topics, this book offers researchers and academics in the Earth Science fields, such as geophysics, volcanology and igneous petrology the information they need to apply the information to their own disciplines. Provides an easily understandable overview of current research on volcanic and igneous plumbing systems Includes full color illustrations to increase understanding Covers fundamental information needed to optimize comprehension Features a field example from world-class research in each chapter, including photographs and maps

Volcanic and Igneous Plumbing Systems Book

Volcanic and Igneous Plumbing Systems


  • Author : Steffi Burchardt
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-05
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 0128097493

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Volcanic and Igneous Plumbing Systems Excerpt :

Volcanic and Igneous Plumbing Systems: Understanding Magma Transport, Storage, and Evolution in the Earth's Crust synthesizes research from various geoscience disciplines to examine volcanic and igneous plumbing systems (VIPS) in-depth. VIPS comprise a network of magma transport and storage features in the Earth's crust. These features include dykes, sills and larger magma bodies that form the pathway and supply system of magma beneath active volcanoes. Combining basic principles with world-class research and informative illustrations, this unique reference presents a holistic view of each topic covered, including magma transport, magma chambers, tectonics and volcanism. Addressing a variety of approaches to these topics, this book offers researchers and academics in the Earth Science fields, such as geophysics, volcanology and igneous petrology the information they need to apply the information to their own disciplines. Provides an easily understandable overview of current research on volcanic and igneous plumbing systems Includes full color illustrations to increase understanding Covers fundamental information needed to optimize comprehension Features a field example from world-class research in each chapter, including photographs and maps

Magmatic Systems Book

Magmatic Systems


  • Author : Michael P. Ryan
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 1994-08-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 401
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080959917

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Magmatic Systems Excerpt :

With its integrated and cohesive coverage of the current research, Magmatic Systems skillfully explores the physical processes, mechanics, and dynamics of volcanism. The text utilizes a synthesized perspective--theoretical, experimental, and observational--to address the powerful regulatory mechanisms controlling the movement of melts and cooling, with emphasis on mantle plumes, mid-ocean ridges, and intraplate magmatism. Further coverage of subduction zone magmatism includes: Fluid mechanics of mixed magma migration Internal structure of active systems Grain-scale melt flow Rheology of partial melts Numerical simulation of porous media melt migration Nonlinear (chaotic and fractal) processes in magma transport In all, Magmatic Systems will prove invaluable reading to those in search of an interdisciplinary perspective on this active topic. Key Features * Fluid mechanics of magma migration from surface region to eruption site * Internal structure of active magmatic systems * Grain-scale melt flow in mantle plumes and beneath mid-ocean ridges * Physics of magmatic systems and magma dynamics

Physical Geology of Shallow Magmatic Systems Book

Physical Geology of Shallow Magmatic Systems


  • Author : Christoph Breitkreuz
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-03-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 409
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319140841

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Physical Geology of Shallow Magmatic Systems Excerpt :

This book offers a high-level summary of shallow magmatic systems (dykes, sills and laccoliths) to support geoscience master and PhD students, scientists and practicing professionals. The product of the LASI (Laccoliths and Sills conference) workshop, it comprises thematic sections written by one or more experts on the respective field. It features reviews concerning the physical properties of magma, geotectonic settings, and the structure of subvolcanic systems, as well as case studies on the best-known systems. The book provides readers a broad and comprehensive understanding of the subvolcanic perspective on pluton growth, which is relevant for mineralogical processes as well as the genesis of mineral deposits.

A Photographic Atlas of Flood Basalt Volcanism Book

A Photographic Atlas of Flood Basalt Volcanism


  • Author : Hetu Sheth
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-11-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 363
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319677057

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A Photographic Atlas of Flood Basalt Volcanism Excerpt :

This unique book presents hundreds of spectacular photographs of large-scale to small-scale field geological features of flood basalt volcanism from around the world. Major flood basalt provinces covered in this book include the British Palaeogene, Central Atlantic Magmatic Province, Columbia River, Deccan, East Greenland, Emeishan, Ethiopian, Ferrar-Karoo-Tasmania, Iceland, Indo-Madagascar, Paraná, Siberian, West Greenland, and others. Intermediate- to small-sized flood basalts (such as Saudi Arabia and South Caucasus) are also included. Different chapters of the book illustrate varied features of flood basalts, including landscapes, lava flow morphology and stacking, structures formed during lava flow transport, inflation and degassing, structures produced during lava solidification, subaqueous volcanism and volcanosedimentary associations, explosive volcanism, intrusions, igneous processes and magmatic diversity, tectonic deformation, secondary mineralization, and weathering and erosion. This book will be valuable for a large audience: specialists studying flood basalt volcanology, petrology, geochemistry, geochronology, geophysics, and environmental impact and mass extinction links; nonspecialists who want to know more about flood basalts; field geologists (such as those working in geological surveys); students of volcanology and igneous petrology, and even people employed in the industry, such as those working on flood basalt-hosted groundwater or petroleum reservoirs.

Large Igneous Provinces Book

Large Igneous Provinces


  • Author : Richard E. Ernst
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2014-09-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 667
  • ISBN 10 : 9780521871778

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Large Igneous Provinces Excerpt :

This book explores all aspects of large igneous provinces as key processes in shaping our planet, for researchers, graduate students and mining industry professionals.

Chemical  Physical and Temporal Evolution of Magmatic Systems Book

Chemical Physical and Temporal Evolution of Magmatic Systems


  • Author : L. Caricchi
  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release Date : 2015-11-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 227
  • ISBN 10 : 9781862397323

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Chemical Physical and Temporal Evolution of Magmatic Systems Excerpt :

Our understanding of the physical and chemical processes that regulate the evolution of magmatic systems has improved tremendously since the foundations were laid down 100 years ago by Bowen. The concept of crustal magma chambers has progressively evolved from molten-rock vats to thermally, chemically and physically heterogeneous reservoirs that are kept active by the periodic injection of magma. This new model, while more complex, provides a better framework to interpret volcanic activity and decipher the information contained in intrusive and extrusive rocks. Igneous and metamorphic petrology, geochemistry, geochronology, and numerical modelling, all contributed towards this new picture of crustal magmatic systems. This book provides an overview of the wide range of approaches that can nowadays be used to understand the chemical, physical and temporal evolution of magmatic and volcanic systems.

Updates in Volcanology Book

Updates in Volcanology


  • Author : Karoly Nemeth
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2016-09-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535126225

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Updates in Volcanology Excerpt :

Updates in Volcanology - From Volcano Modeling to Volcano Geology is a new book that is based on book chapters offered by various authors to provide a snapshot of current trends in volcanological researches. Following a short Introduction, the book consists of three sections, namely, ''Understanding the Volcano System from Petrology, Geophysics to Large Scale Experiments,'' ''Volcanic Eruptions and Their Impact to the Environment,' and ''Volcanism in the Geological Record.'' These sections collect a total of 13 book chapters demonstrating clearly the research activity in volcanology from geophysical aspects of volcanic systems to their geological framework. Each chapter provides a comprehensive summary of their subject's current research directions. This book hence can equally be useful for students and researchers.

Volcanotectonics Book

Volcanotectonics


  • Author : Agust Gudmundsson
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-04-30
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 601
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107024953

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Volcanotectonics Excerpt :

Explains and illustrates volcanic structures, products and processes, with worked examples and exercises, for students and professionals.

Volcanoes Book

Volcanoes


  • Author : John P. Lockwood
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2013-04-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118687949

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Volcanoes Excerpt :

Volcanoes are essential elements in the delicate global balance ofelemental forces that govern both the dynamic evolution of theEarth and the nature of Life itself. Without volcanic activity,life as we know it would not exist on our planet. Althoughbeautiful to behold, volcanoes are also potentially destructive,and understanding their nature is critical to prevent major loss oflife in the future. Richly illustrated with over 300 original color photographs anddiagrams the book is written in an informal manner, with minimumuse of jargon, and relies heavily on first-person, eye-witnessaccounts of eruptive activity at both "red" (effusive) and "grey"(explosive) volcanoes to illustrate the full spectrum of volcanicprocesses and their products. Decades of teaching in universityclassrooms and fieldwork on active volcanoes throughout the worldhave provided the authors with unique experiences that they havedistilled into a highly readable textbook of lasting value.Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion, Suggestions forFurther Reading, and a comprehensive list of source references makethis work a major resource for further study of volcanology. Volcanoes maintains three core foci: Global perspectives explain volcanoes in terms of theirtectonic positions on Earth and their roles in earth history Environmental perspectives describe the essential roleof volcanism in the moderation of terrestrial climate andatmosphere Humanitarian perspectives discuss the major influencesof volcanoes on human societies. This latter is especiallyimportant as resource scarcities and environmental issues loom overour world, and as increasing numbers of people are threatened byvolcanic hazards Readership Volcanologists, advanced undergraduate, and graduate students inearth science and related degree courses, and volcano enthusiastsworldwide. A companion website is also available for this title at ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/lockwood/volcanoes"www.wiley.com/go/lockwood/volcanoes/a

Crustal Magmatic System Evolution Book

Crustal Magmatic System Evolution


  • Author : Matteo Masotta
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-07-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 29
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119564454

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Crustal Magmatic System Evolution Excerpt :

A comprehensive picture of the architecture of crustal magmatic systems The composition of igneous rocks – their minerals, melts, and fluids – reveals the physical and chemical conditions under which magmas form, evolve, interact, and move from the Earth’s mantle through the crust. These magma dynamics affect processes on the surface including crustal growth and eruptive behaviour of volcanoes. Crustal Magmatic System Evolution: Anatomy, Architecture, and Physico-Chemical Processes uses analytical, experimental, and numerical approaches to explore the diversity of crustal processes from magma differentiation and assimilation to eruption at the surface. Volume highlights include: Physical and chemical parameterization of crustal magmatic systems Experimental, theoretical and modelling approaches targeting crustal magmatic processes Timescales of crustal magmatic processes, including storage, recharge, and ascent through volcanic conduits The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals. Find out more about this book in a Q&A with the Editors.

Volcano Tectonic Processes Book

Volcano Tectonic Processes


  • Author : Valerio Acocella
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-05-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030659684

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Volcano Tectonic Processes Excerpt :

Volcanoes have terrified and, at the same time, fascinated civilizations for thousands of years. Many aspects of volcanoes, most notably the eruptive processes and the compositional variations of magma, have been widely investigated for several decades and today constitute the core of any volcanology textbook. Nevertheless, in the last two decades, boosted by the availability of volcano monitoring data, there has been an increasing interest in the pre-eruptive processes related to the shallow accumulation and to the transfer of magma approaching the surface, as well as in the resulting structure of volcanoes. These are innovative and essential aspects of modern volcanology and, as driving volcanic unrest, their understanding also improves hazard assessment and eruption forecasting. So far, the significant progress made in unravelling these volcano-tectonic processes has not been supported by a comprehensive overview. This monograph aims at filling this gap, describing the pre-eruptive processes related to the structure, deformation and tectonics of volcanoes, at the local and regional scale, in any tectonic setting. The monograph is organized into three sections (“Fundamentals”, “Magma migration towards the surface” and “The regional perspective”), consisting of thirteen chapters that are lavishly illustrated. The reader is accompanied in a journey within the volcano factory, discovering the processes associated with the shallow accumulation of magma and its transfer towards the surface, how these control the structure of volcanoes and their activity and, ultimately, improve our ability to estimate hazard and forecast eruption. The potential readership includes any academic, researcher and upper undergraduate student interested in volcanology, magma intrusions, structural geology, tectonics, geodesy, as well as geology and geophysics in general.

Characteristics of Hawaiian Volcanoes Book

Characteristics of Hawaiian Volcanoes


  • Author : Michael P. Poland
  • Publisher : Government Printing Office
  • Release Date : 2014
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN 10 : 1411338723

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Characteristics of Hawaiian Volcanoes Excerpt :

Characteristics of Hawaiian Volcanoes establishes a benchmark for the currrent understanding of volcanism in Hawaii, and the articles herein build upon the elegant and pioneering work of Dutton, Jagger, Steams, and many other USGS and academic scientists. Each chapter synthesizes the lessons learned about a specific aspect of volcanism in Hawaii, based largely o continuous observation of eruptive activity and on systematic research into volcanic and earthquake processes during HVO's first 100 years. NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNTS FOR ALREADY REDUCED SALE ITEMS.

Dynamic Magma Evolution Book

Dynamic Magma Evolution


  • Author : Francesco Vetere
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-01-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119521136

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Dynamic Magma Evolution Excerpt :

Explores the complex physico-chemical processes involved in active volcanism and dynamic magmatism Understanding the magmatic processes responsible for the chemical and textural signatures of volcanic products and igneous rocks is crucial for monitoring, forecasting, and mitigating the impacts of volcanic activity. Dynamic Magma Evolution is a compilation of recent geochemical, petrological, physical, and thermodynamic studies. It combines field research, experimental results, theoretical approaches, unconventional and novel techniques, and computational modeling to present the latest developments in the field. Volume highlights include: Crystallization and degassing processes in magmatic environments Bubble and mineral nucleation and growth induced by cooling and decompression Kinetic processes during magma ascent to the surface Magma mixing, mingling, and recharge dynamics Geo-speedometer measurement of volcanic events Changes in magma rheology induced by mineral and volatile content The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals.

Large Igneous Provinces and their Plumbing Systems Book

Large Igneous Provinces and their Plumbing Systems


  • Author : R. K. Srivastava
  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release Date : 2022-03-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 598
  • ISBN 10 : 9781786205520

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Large Igneous Provinces and their Plumbing Systems Excerpt :

Identification of large-volume, short-duration mafic magmatic events of intraplate affinity in both continental and oceanic settings on the Earth and other planets provides invaluable clues for understanding several vital geological issues of current concern. Of particular importance is understanding the assembly and dispersal of supercontinents through Earth’s history, dramatic climate change events including mass extinctions, and processes that have produced a wide range of large igneous province (LIP)-related resources, such as Ni–Cu–PGE, Au, U, base metals and petroleum. This volume comprises 21 contributions on the latest developments and new information on LIPs and their plumbing systems and presents methodical studies on different components of LIP plumbing systems. These articles are especially helpful in understanding continental break-up events, regional domal uplift and a variety of metallogenic systems, as well as the temporal and spatial distribution of LIPs, their origin and their likely links to mantle plumes/superplumes.