Waste and Byproducts in Cement Based Materials Book

Waste and Byproducts in Cement Based Materials


  • Author : Jorge de Brito
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-06-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 808
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128208953

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Waste and Byproducts in Cement Based Materials Excerpt :

Waste and By-Products in Cement-Based Materials: Innovative Sustainable Materials for a Circular Economy covers various recycled materials, by-products and wastes that are suitable for the manufacture of materials within the spectrum of so-called cement-based materials (CBM). Sections cover wastes for replacement of aggregates in CBM, focus on the application of wastes for the replacement of clinker and mineral additions in the manufacture of binders, discuss the optimization process surrounding the manufacture of recycled concrete and mortars, multi-recycling, advanced radiological studies, optimization of self-compacting concrete, rheology properties, corrosion prevention, and more. Final sections includes a review of real-scale applications that have been made in recent years of cement-based materials in roads, railway superstructures, buildings and civil works, among others, as well as a proposal of new regulations to promote the use of waste in the manufacture of CBM. Favors the institution of the circular economy in the construction industry by eliminating the barriers that currently prevent industrial waste from being valorized by its inclusion in CBM design Features an in-depth exploration of the strengths and weaknesses of new raw materials and their application to CBMs Features real-scale applications that have been made in recent years of cement-based materials in roads, railway superstructures, buildings and civil works, among others Presents current, state-of-the-art, and future-prospects for the use of industrial waste in CBMs

Waste Materials and By Products in Concrete Book

Waste Materials and By Products in Concrete


  • Author : Rafat Siddique
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-11-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540742944

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Waste Materials and By Products in Concrete Excerpt :

The amount and variety of waste that humanity dumps in landfill sites is nothing short of a scandal, believes Rafat Siddique, of Deemed University in Patiala, India. Instead, we ought to be building new homes out of it! Siddique shows in this important book that many non-hazardous waste materials and by-products which are landfilled, can in fact be used in making concrete and similar construction materials.

Waste Materials Used in Concrete Manufacturing Book

Waste Materials Used in Concrete Manufacturing


  • Author : Satish Chandra
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1996-12-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN 10 : 9780815519515

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Waste Materials Used in Concrete Manufacturing Excerpt :

The environmental aspects involved in the production and use of cement, concrete and other building materials are of growing importance. CO2 emissions are 0.8-1.3 ton/ton of cement production in dry process. SO2 emission is also very high, but is dependent upon the type of fuel used. Energy consumption is also very high at 100-150 KWT/ton of cement produced. It is costly to erect new cement plants. Substitution of waste materials will conserve dwindling resources, and will avoid the environmental and ecological damages caused by quarrying and exploitation of the raw materials for making cement. To some extent, it will help to solve the problem otherwise encountered in disposing of the wastes. Partial replacement of clinker or portland cement by slag, fly ash, silica fume and natural rock minerals illustrates these aspects. Partial replacement by natural materials that require little or no processing, such as pozzolans, calcined clays, etc., saves energy and decreases emission of gases. The output of waste materials suitable as cement replacement (slags, fly ashes, silica fumes, rice husk ash, etc.) is more than double that of cement production. These waste materials can partly be used, or processed, to produce materials suitable as aggregates or fillers in concrete. These can also be used as clinker raw materials, or processed into cementing systems. New grinding and mixing technology will make the use of these secondary materials simpler. Developments in chemical admixtures: superplasticizers, air entraining agents, etc., help in controlling production techniques and, in achieving the desired properties in concrete. Use of waste products is not only a partial solution to environmental and ecological problems; it significantly improves the microstructure, and consequently the durability properties of concrete, which are difficult to achieve by the use of pure portland cement. The aim is not only to make the cements and concrete less expensive, but to provide a blend

Waste and Byproducts in Cement Based Materials Book

Waste and Byproducts in Cement Based Materials


  • Author : Jorge de Brito
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-06-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 808
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128205495

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Waste and Byproducts in Cement Based Materials Excerpt :

Waste and By-Products in Cement-Based Materials: Innovative Sustainable Materials for a Circular Economy covers various recycled materials, by-products and wastes that are suitable for the manufacture of materials within the spectrum of so-called cement-based materials (CBM). Sections cover wastes for replacement of aggregates in CBM, focus on the application of wastes for the replacement of clinker and mineral additions in the manufacture of binders, discuss the optimization process surrounding the manufacture of recycled concrete and mortars, multi-recycling, advanced radiological studies, optimization of self-compacting concrete, rheology properties, corrosion prevention, and more. Final sections includes a review of real-scale applications that have been made in recent years of cement-based materials in roads, railway superstructures, buildings and civil works, among others, as well as a proposal of new regulations to promote the use of waste in the manufacture of CBM. Favors the institution of the circular economy in the construction industry by eliminating the barriers that currently prevent industrial waste from being valorized by its inclusion in CBM design Features an in-depth exploration of the strengths and weaknesses of new raw materials and their application to CBMs Features real-scale applications that have been made in recent years of cement-based materials in roads, railway superstructures, buildings and civil works, among others Presents current, state-of-the-art, and future-prospects for the use of industrial waste in CBMs

Cement Based Materials for Nuclear Waste Storage Book

Cement Based Materials for Nuclear Waste Storage


  • Author : Florence Bart
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-08-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461434450

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Cement Based Materials for Nuclear Waste Storage Excerpt :

As the re-emergence of nuclear power as an acceptable energy source on an international basis continues, the need for safe and reliable ways to dispose of radioactive waste becomes ever more critical. The ultimate goal for designing a predisposal waste-management system depends on producing waste containers suitable for storage, transportation and permanent disposal. Cement-Based Materials for Nuclear-Waste Storage provides a roadmap for the use of cementation as an applied technique for the treatment of low- and intermediate-level radioactive wastes. Coverage includes, but is not limited to, a comparison of cementation with other solidification techniques, advantages of calcium-silicate cements over other materials and a discussion of the long-term suitability and safety of waste packages as well as cement barriers.

Cement Based Materials Book

Cement Based Materials


  • Author : Hosam El-Din M. Saleh
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-10-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789841534

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Cement Based Materials Excerpt :

Cement-based materials have been used by humans nearly since the dawn of civilization. The Egyptians used lime and gypsum cement to bind their aggregate materials, mud and straw, resulting in bricks that are used for building their famous Egyptian pyramids (between 3000 and 2500 BC). Hydrated cement is a cement material bonded together with water and used for building construction; it is characterized by acceptable chemical, physical, thermal, mechanical, and structural stability. It plays a main role in the creation of vessels for storage, roads to travel on, weather-resistant structure for protection, inert hard stabilizer for hazardous wastes, and so on. Due to the composition of these materials and their advantages, it has been practiced in different applications. Cement is an essential component of making concrete, the single most prevalent building material used worldwide for construction, skyscrapers, highways, tunnels, bridges, hydraulic dams, and railway ties. Besides their numerous desired properties, there are some undesirable features. To overcome these disadvantages, several studies were established to prepare, improve, and evaluate innovative cement-based materials. Despite its oldness and deep research, every year several methods and materials evolve and so do cement technology. This book intends to provide a comprehensive overview on recent advances in the evaluation of these materials.

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement Based Materials Book

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement Based Materials


  • Author : Mohd Shahir Liew
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-11-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 724
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128178553

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Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement Based Materials Excerpt :

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials: Properties, Modelling and Applications explores the fundamental concepts and applications of smart nanoconcretes with self-healing, self-cleaning, photocatalytic, antibacterial, piezoelectrical, heating and conducting properties and how they are used in modern high-rise buildings, hydraulic engineering, highways, tunnels and bridges. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists and civil engineers who are looking to enhance the properties of smart nanomaterials to create stronger, more durable concrete. Explores the mechanisms through which active agents are released from nanocontainers inside concrete Shows how embedded smart nanosensors, including carbon cement-based smart sensors and micro/nano strain-sensors, are used to increase concrete performance Discusses the major challenges of integrating smart nanomaterials into concrete composites

Waste and Supplementary Cementitious Materials in Concrete Book

Waste and Supplementary Cementitious Materials in Concrete


  • Author : Rafat Siddique
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2018-06-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081021576

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Waste and Supplementary Cementitious Materials in Concrete Excerpt :

Waste and Supplementary Cementitious Materials in Concrete: Characterisation, Properties and Applications provides a state-of-the-art review of the effective and efficient use of these materials in construction. Chapters focus on a specific type of material, addressing their characterization, strength, durability and structural applications. Sections include discussions of the properties of materials, including their physical, chemical and characterization, their strength and durability, modern engineering applications, case studies, the state of codes and standards of implementation, cost considerations, and the role of materials in green and sustainable construction. The book concludes with a discussion of research needs. Focuses on material properties and applications (as well as ‘sustainability’ aspects) of cementitious materials Assembles leading researchers from diverse areas of study Ideas for use as a ‘one stop’ reference for advanced postgraduate courses focusing on sustainable construction materials

Eco efficient Rendering Mortars Book

Eco efficient Rendering Mortars


  • Author : Catarina Brazao Farinha
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-04-29
  • Genre: Architecture
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128196892

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Eco efficient Rendering Mortars Excerpt :

Eco-Efficient Rendering Mortars: Use of Recycled Materials focuses on the use of waste materials into cement-based renders, discussing the origins, treatment processes and properties of relevant wastes. The book dispels mistrust through demonstrating the technical feasibility and environmental benefits of eco-efficient rendering mortars. It considers the characteristics of different waste products, such as aggregates, fillers, binders and additions. The functional requirements of renders are also discussed alongside their impact. Finally, the title considers the lifecycle and durability of modified mortars. This book offers robust support and clear guidance on the use of wastes as a substitute for natural aggregates and binders. Presents evidence supporting the use of wastes as a substitute for natural aggregates and binders Characterizes wastes and considers how to best incorporate different kinds of waste into renders Gives details on the technical efficiency and environmental impact of different waste materials on mortars Analyzes the impact of wastes on render performance in terms of fresh state, mechanical, water and durability Considers the lifecycle assessment and durability of modified mortars

Performance of Cement Based Materials in Aggressive Aqueous Environments Book

Performance of Cement Based Materials in Aggressive Aqueous Environments


  • Author : Mark Alexander
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400754133

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Performance of Cement Based Materials in Aggressive Aqueous Environments Excerpt :

Concrete and cement-based materials must operate in increasingly aggressive aqueous environments, which may be either natural or industrial. These materials may suffer degradation in which ion addition and/or ion exchange reactions occur, leading to a breakdown of the matrix microstructure and consequent weakening. Sometimes this degradation can be extremely rapid and serious such as in acidic environments, while in other cases degradation occurs over long periods. Consequences of material failure are usually severe – adversely affecting the health and well-being of human communities and disturbing ecological balances. There are also large direct costs of maintaining and replacing deteriorated infrastructure and indirect costs from loss of production during maintenance work, which place a great burden on society. The focus of this book is on addressing issues concerning performance of cement-based materials in aggressive aqueous environments , by way of this State-of-the-Art Report. The book represents the work of many well-known and respected authors who contributed chapters or parts of chapters. Four main themes were addressed: I. Nature and kinetics of degradation and deterioration mechanisms of cement-based materials in aggressive aqueous environments, II. Modelling of deterioration in such environments, III. Test methods to assess performance of cement-based materials in such environments, and which can be used to characterise and rate relative performance and inform long term predictions, IV. Engineering implications and consequences of deterioration in aggressive aqueous environments, and engineering approaches to the problem.

Waste Materials in Construction Book

Waste Materials in Construction


  • Author : G.R. Woolley
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2000-05-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1064
  • ISBN 10 : 0080543650

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Waste Materials in Construction Excerpt :

This volume presents the proceedings of the International Conference on The Science and Engineering of Recycling for Environmental Protection (WASCON 2000), of which a number of themes have been identified. All are inter-related and inter-dependent in so far as potential users of secondary, recovered or recycled material have to be assured that the material is environmentally safe and stable. It is the environmental challenge that forms a leading theme for the conference, and the themes of quality assurance and quality control support this aspect. In terms of use of 'recovered' materials, science and engineering play important and inter-dependent roles and this is reflected in themes which form the very core of the conference. Of no less importance is control of land contamination and how we propose to model for the long term impact of our aims. However dutiful and competent our ideas and studies, there has to be a measure of control and the role of legislation forms the final theme of WASCON 2000. The breadth of studies being undertaken world-wide and the innovative ideas that are expressed in papers submitted are worthy of this important subject. It is also interesting to note that papers were offered from 30 countries, a sign of the increasing awareness of the need to preserve our natural resources and utilize to the full those with which we are more familiar. This book will contribute to the understanding of and solution of environmental problems concerning the re-use of waste materials in construction.

Mechanisms of Chemical Degradation of Cement based Systems Book

Mechanisms of Chemical Degradation of Cement based Systems


  • Author : K.L. Scrivener
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1997-04-17
  • Genre: Architecture
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN 10 : 0419215700

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Mechanisms of Chemical Degradation of Cement based Systems Excerpt :

Deterioration of cement-based materials is a continuing problem, as it results in the substantial shortening of the lives of conventional concrete structures. The main costs result from poor performance and the need for early repair. With more advanced applications, where very long service lives are essential, such as the storage of nuclear waste, an understanding of the degradation processes in order to predict long term performance is very important. this book forms the proceedings of the latest Symposia at the Materials Research Society Autumn meeting in Boston.

Exploiting Wastes in Concrete Book

Exploiting Wastes in Concrete


  • Author : Ravindra K. Dhir
  • Publisher : Thomas Telford
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN 10 : 0727728210

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Exploiting Wastes in Concrete Excerpt :

Concrete will be the key material for mankind to create the built environment of the next millennium. The requirements of this infrastructure will be both demanding, in terms of technical performance and economy, and yet be greatly varied, from architectural masterpieces to the simplest of utilities.Exploiting wastes in concrete forms the Proceedings of the one day International Seminar held during the Congress, Creating with concrete, 6-10 September 1999, organised by the concrete technology unit, University of Dundee.

Advances in Cement Based Materials Book

Advances in Cement Based Materials


  • Author : Gideon P.A.G. Van Zijl
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2009-11-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN 10 : 9780203856017

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Advances in Cement Based Materials Excerpt :

Collection of selected papers on current advances in high performance construction materials. Contributions deal with the development, characterization, application procedures, performance and structural design of materials with key potential in civil engineering works. Materials treated are fibre reinforced concrete, high performance concrete, sel