When Affirmative Action Was White  An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth Century America Book
Score: 5
From 3 Ratings

When Affirmative Action Was White An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth Century America


  • Author : Ira Katznelson
  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Release Date : 2006-08-17
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 9780393347142

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When Affirmative Action Was White An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth Century America Excerpt :

A groundbreaking work that exposes the twisted origins of affirmative action. In this "penetrating new analysis" (New York Times Book Review) Ira Katznelson fundamentally recasts our understanding of twentieth-century American history and demonstrates that all the key programs passed during the New Deal and Fair Deal era of the 1930s and 1940s were created in a deeply discriminatory manner. Through mechanisms designed by Southern Democrats that specifically excluded maids and farm workers, the gap between blacks and whites actually widened despite postwar prosperity. In the words of noted historian Eric Foner, "Katznelson's incisive book should change the terms of debate about affirmative action, and about the last seventy years of American history."

Affirmative Action Book

Affirmative Action


  • Author : Tim J. Wise
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2012-11-12
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9781136078422

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Affirmative Action Excerpt :

Affirmative Action examines the larger structure of institutional white privilege in education, and compares the magnitude of white racial preference with the policies typically envisioned when the term "racial preference" is used. In doing so, the book demonstrates that the American system of education is both a reflection of and a contributor to a structure of institutionalized racism and racial preference for the dominant majority.

The Affirmative Action Puzzle Book

The Affirmative Action Puzzle


  • Author : Melvin I. Urofsky
  • Publisher : Pantheon
  • Release Date : 2020-01-28
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN 10 : 9781101870884

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The Affirmative Action Puzzle Excerpt :

A rich, multifaceted history of affirmative action from the Civil Rights Act of 1866 through today’s tumultuous times From acclaimed legal historian, author of a biography of Louis Brandeis (“Remarkable” —Anthony Lewis, The New York Review of Books, “Definitive”—Jeffrey Rosen, The New Republic) and Dissent and the Supreme Court (“Riveting”—Dahlia Lithwick, The New York Times Book Review), a history of affirmative action from its beginning with the Civil Rights Act of 1866 to the first use of the term in 1935 with the enactment of the National Labor Relations Act (the Wagner Act) to 1961 and John F. Kennedy’s Executive Order 10925, mandating that federal contractors take “affirmative action” to ensure that there be no discrimination by “race, creed, color, or national origin” down to today’s American society. Melvin Urofsky explores affirmative action in relation to sex, gender, and education and shows that nearly every public university in the country has at one time or another instituted some form of affirmative action plan--some successful, others not. Urofsky traces the evolution of affirmative action through labor and the struggle for racial equality, writing of World War I and the exodus that began when some six mil­lion African Americans moved northward between 1910 and 1960, one of the greatest internal migrations in the country’s history. He describes how Harry Truman, after becoming president in 1945, fought for Roosevelt’s Fair Employment Practice Act and, surprising everyone, appointed a distinguished panel to serve as the President’s Commission on Civil Rights, as well as appointing the first black judge on a federal appeals court in 1948 and, by executive order later that year, ordering full racial integration in the armed forces. In this important, ambitious, far-reaching book, Urofsky writes about the affirmative action cases decided by the Supreme Court: cases that either upheld or struck down particular plans t

For Discrimination Book

For Discrimination


  • Author : Randall Kennedy
  • Publisher : Vintage
  • Release Date : 2015-06-09
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN 10 : 9780307949363

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For Discrimination Excerpt :

The definitive reckoning with one of America’s most explosively contentious and divisive issues—from “one of our most important and perceptive writers on race and the law.... The mere fact that he wrote this book is all the justification necessary for reading it.”—The Washington Post What precisely is affirmative action, and why is it fiercely championed by some and just as fiercely denounced by others? Does it signify a boon or a stigma? Or is it simply reverse discrimination? What are its benefits and costs to American society? What are the exact indicia determining who should or should not be accorded affirmative action? When should affirmative action end, if it must? Randall Kennedy gives us a concise and deeply personal overview of the policy, refusing to shy away from the myriad complexities of an issue that continues to bedevil American race relations.

White Fragility Book
Score: 3.5
From 55 Ratings

White Fragility


  • Author : Dr. Robin DiAngelo
  • Publisher : Beacon Press
  • Release Date : 2018-06-26
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN 10 : 9780807047422

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White Fragility Excerpt :

The New York Times best-selling book exploring the counterproductive reactions white people have when their assumptions about race are challenged, and how these reactions maintain racial inequality. In this “vital, necessary, and beautiful book” (Michael Eric Dyson), antiracist educator Robin DiAngelo deftly illuminates the phenomenon of white fragility and “allows us to understand racism as a practice not restricted to ‘bad people’ (Claudia Rankine). Referring to the defensive moves that white people make when challenged racially, white fragility is characterized by emotions such as anger, fear, and guilt, and by behaviors including argumentation and silence. These behaviors, in turn, function to reinstate white racial equilibrium and prevent any meaningful cross-racial dialogue. In this in-depth exploration, DiAngelo examines how white fragility develops, how it protects racial inequality, and what we can do to engage more constructively.

Invisible Victims Book

Invisible Victims


  • Author : Frederick R. Lynch
  • Publisher : Praeger Pub Text
  • Release Date : 1991
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 237
  • ISBN 10 : PSU:000043105618

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Invisible Victims Excerpt :

"There is nothing quite like Frederick Lynch's book which describes how affirmative action works in real life, and points to some very disturbing effects." Nathan Glazer, Harvard University

America in Black and White Book

America in Black and White


  • Author : Stephan Thernstrom
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Release Date : 2009-07-14
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN 10 : 1439129096

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America in Black and White Excerpt :

In a book destined to become a classic, Stephan and Abigail Thernstrom present important new information about the positive changes that have been achieved and the measurable improvement in the lives of the majority of African-Americans. Supporting their conclusions with statistics on education, earnings, and housing, they argue that the perception of serious racial divisions in this country is outdated -- and dangerous.

Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria  Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria


  • Author : Beverly Daniel Tatum
  • Publisher : Basic Books
  • Release Date : 2017-09-05
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9781541616585

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Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria Excerpt :

The classic, bestselling book on the psychology of racism -- now fully revised and updated Walk into any racially mixed high school and you will see Black, White, and Latino youth clustered in their own groups. Is this self-segregation a problem to address or a coping strategy? Beverly Daniel Tatum, a renowned authority on the psychology of racism, argues that straight talk about our racial identities is essential if we are serious about enabling communication across racial and ethnic divides. These topics have only become more urgent as the national conversation about race is increasingly acrimonious. This fully revised edition is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand the dynamics of race in America.

Not All Black and White Book

Not All Black and White


  • Author : Christopher F. Edley
  • Publisher : Macmillan
  • Release Date : 1998-03-04
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 9780374525415

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Not All Black and White Excerpt :

Argues that affirmative action laws are essential to American social justice and racial equality

Affirmative Action Around the World Book
Score: 5
From 2 Ratings

Affirmative Action Around the World


  • Author : Thomas Sowell
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Release Date : 2004-01-01
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN 10 : 0300107757

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Affirmative Action Around the World Excerpt :

An eminent authority presents a new perspective on affirmative action in a provocative book that will stir fresh debate about this vitally important issue

A Black and White Case Book

A Black and White Case


  • Author : Greg Stohr
  • Publisher : Bloomberg Press
  • Release Date : 2006-04-01
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 333
  • ISBN 10 : 9781576602270

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A Black and White Case Excerpt :

In the late 1990s, two lawsuits by white applicants who had been rejected by the University of Michigan began working their way through the federal court system, aimed at the abolition of racial preferences in college admissions. The stakes were high, the constitutional questions profound, the politics and emotions explosive. It was soon evident that the matter was headed for the highest court in the land, but there all clarity ended. To the plaintiffs and the feisty public-interest law firm that backed them, the suits were a long overdue assault on reverse discrimination. The Constitution, strictly construed, was color-blind. Discrimination under any guise was not only illegal, it was the wrong way to set history right in a nation that had been troubled and divided by the uses and misuses of race for more than two hundred years. To the University of Michigan, and to other top institutions striving to expand opportunity and create diverse, representative student bodies, it looked as if most of what had been put in place since the 1978 Bakke v. University of California decision was about to be undone. Black and Hispanic students were in danger of being once again largely shut out of the most important avenue of advancement in America, an elite education. To some, it appeared likely that racial integration was about to suffer their worst setback since the start of the civil rights movement. In A Black and White Case, veteran Supreme Court reporter Greg Stohr portrays the individual dramas and exposes the human passions that colored and propelled this momentous legal struggle. His fascinating account takes us deep inside America’s court system, where logic collides with emotion, and common sense must contend with the majesty and sometimes the seeming perversity of the law. He follows the trail from Michigan to Washington, DC, revealing how lawyers argued and strategized, how lower-court judges fought behind the scenes for control of the cases, and why the White House

The Ironies of Affirmative Action Book

The Ironies of Affirmative Action


  • Author : John David Skrentny
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2018-12-01
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN 10 : 9780226216423

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The Ironies of Affirmative Action Excerpt :

Affirmative action has been fiercely debated for more than a quarter of a century, producing much partisan literature, but little serious scholarship and almost nothing on its cultural and political origins. The Ironies of Affirmative Action is the first book-length, comprehensive, historical account of the development of affirmative action. Analyzing both the resistance from the Right and the support from the Left, Skrentny brings to light the unique moral culture that has shaped the affirmative action debate, allowing for starkly different policies for different citizens. He also shows, through an analysis of historical documents and court rulings, the complex and intriguing political circumstances which gave rise to these controversial policies. By exploring the mystery of how it took less than five years for a color-blind policy to give way to one that explicitly took race into account, Skrentny uncovers and explains surprising ironies: that affirmative action was largely created by white males and initially championed during the Nixon administration; that many civil rights leaders at first avoided advocacy of racial preferences; and that though originally a political taboo, almost no one resisted affirmative action. With its focus on the historical and cultural context of policy elites, The Ironies of Affirmative Action challenges dominant views of policymaking and politics.

The Hidden Cost of Being African American Book

The Hidden Cost of Being African American


  • Author : Thomas M. Shapiro
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN 10 : 019515147X

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The Hidden Cost of Being African American Excerpt :

Shapiro, the author of "Black Wealth/White Wealth, " blends personal stories, interviews, empirical data, and analysis to illuminate how family assets produce dramatic consequences in the everyday lives of ordinary citizens.

The Affirmative Action Debate Book

The Affirmative Action Debate


  • Author : George Curry
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1996-06-20
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105011858409

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The Affirmative Action Debate Excerpt :

Politicians, executives, lawyers, and social researchers discuss affirmative action policies, their benefits and problems, and alternative solutions to discrimination

White Guilt Book
Score: 4.5
From 2 Ratings

White Guilt


  • Author : Shelby Steele
  • Publisher : Harper Collins
  • Release Date : 2009-10-13
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9780061868467

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White Guilt Excerpt :

"Not unlike some of Ralph Ellison’s or Richard Wright’s best work. White Guilt, a serious meditation on vital issues, deserves a wide readership.” — Cleveland Plain Dealer In 1955 the killers of Emmett Till, a black Mississippi youth, were acquitted because they were white. Forty years later, despite the strong DNA evidence against him, accused murderer O. J. Simpson went free after his attorney portrayed him as a victim of racism. The age of white supremacy has given way to an age of white guilt—and neither has been good for African Americans. Through articulate analysis and engrossing recollections, acclaimed race relations scholar Shelby Steele sounds a powerful call for a new culture of personal responsibility.